ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

泰温·兰尼斯特如何赢得尊重 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

泰温·兰尼斯特如何赢得尊重

How Tywin Lannister Commands Respect

泰温·兰尼斯特是一头猛兽
Tywin Lannister is a beast
数年来他在伊里斯手下实际充当着国王的角色
he effectively served as king for many years under Aerys
对劳勃和乔弗里的统治也有着重要影响
and wielded massive influence over Robert and Joffrey.
如果他对提利昂不是那么刻薄的话
He would have continued to be the power behind the throne
或许他能一直掌权
had he not been so horrible to Tyrion —
稍后再谈 但这不是我们关注的重点
more on that later — but that’s not the point.
在本节目中 我将探索他为何能令人肃然起敬
In this video, I want to explore why Tywin was able to command so much respect
从肢体语言到谋划策略 逐一分析
breaking down everything from his body language to his strategies.
首先 让我们看看他的权力并不来自于哪里
But to start, let’s note where Tywin’s power does not come from.
我是国王 我就有权力惩罚你
I am the king. I will punish you.
那些强调自己是国王的人并不是真正的国王
Any man who must say, “I am the king,” is no true king.
这句话是泰温说的话中最重要的一句
This is the most important sentence that Tywin ever says.
在泰温眼中 权力不是靠说出来的
According to Tywin, power does not come from telling other people
权力是靠做出来的
that you have it it comes from showing them.
泰温用很多方式诠释了他对权力的理解
Tywin does that in many ways
让我们先从权力的辅助交流
and I want to start with some of the sub-communications of power —
即通过泰温的肢体动作和声音来分析
meaning the things that Tywin does with his body language and his voice.
同时我们要给予查尔斯·丹斯大大的褒奖
And I have to give Charles Dance here massive amounts of credit
他的精湛演技将泰温的性格特点表现得活灵活现
because he did a phenomenal job of acting these scenes out.
首先让我们看看泰温是如何快速切入多人讨论的
So let’s explore how Tywin enters crowded conversations —
首先 提高声音(引起别人的注意)
first off, with a boom.
我听说我们还扣押着他(罗伯)的妹妹
I’m told we still have his sisters—
首要的任务是营救詹姆爵士
The first order of business is ransoming Ser Jaime.
拒绝休战 我们不能示弱
No truces; we can’t afford to look weak.
我们应该先发兵
We should march at once.
首先 我们必须回到凯岩城备战
First, we must return to Casterly Rock to raise more—
他们俘虏了我儿子
They have my son!
你可能在群体讨论时很难引起别人的注意
Now, you may struggle to be heard when there’s a lot of people speaking.
大部分人都是如此 你会说说停停
many of us do.You might stop and start,
试着用礼貌的方式 最后发现根本没人听你讲话
try to find your way in politely,and ultimately not get listened to at all.
泰温不同 他从默不作声到非常大声 把人吓一跳
but not Tywin — he startles people by going from silent to booming in an instant.
这立即引起了所有人的注意
That grabs attention immediately.
但有趣的是 他不会大声说很长时间
But what’s interesting is that he often doesn’t stay booming for too long.
一旦获得了关注 他立马就降下声音来
Once he has attention, he quiets right back down.
这使他在低声和高声说话时同样令人敬畏
This makes his quiet mode of interaction just as frightening as his booming tone
因为你猜不到他什么时候会突然爆发
because you never know when he’s going to switch.
他们俘虏了我儿子
They have my son!
所有人 都给我滚出去
Get out — all of you.
你没有必要像泰温那样吼叫
You don’t need to scream like Tywin does
但当你在日常社交时需要插话时
but the lesson of entering with a slightly louder and deeper tone
可以适当大声并深沉一些
is one that applies just as well to modern-day interactions.
注意观察任何一个小组 你会发现受关注的人
Pay attention to any group and you’ll see that the person who is listened to
往往是插话时声音最大的那一个
when there’s a lot of people trying to speak is often the loudest when entering.
但当你用这条技巧时 注意不要一直大声讲话
Don’t stay loud forever though if you’re going to use this small piece of advice
那样的话别人会觉得你很烦
because that can just be obnoxious.
你也许注意到泰温非常喜欢静
You may also have noticed that Tywin is very comfortable with silence.
这是一种强有力的行为 我在其他视频中讨论过
This is a power move that I discussed in another video
这里就不再赘述了 链接放在这里
so I won’t spend too long on it and I’ll link to it here
如果你想了解 可以点击角落处的白色按钮
if you want to click the little white button in the corner.
泰温喜欢在别人说了一些激怒他的话后保持沉默
But Tywin likes to use silence right after people have said something to provoke him.
他给出一些时间 让这些人后悔他们的行为
It gives them a few extra seconds to regret their decision to stand up to him
并陷入不知道他接下来会干什么的恐慌
and to sit in fear of what he might do next.
是我父亲赢得了战争
My father won the real war.
他杀了雷加王子 夺得王位 而你那时躲在凯岩城
He killed Prince Rhaegar. He took the crown while you hid in Casterly Rock.
国王己经累了 护送他回房间去
The king is tired. See him to his chambers.
泰温制造的这种寂静创造了一种对视
The silence that Tywin makes creates a stare down
在拳击或格斗比赛中也可能会看到
like you might see from boxing or UFC promotions.
第一个退缩或移开目光的人输了
The first person to flinch or look away loses
这是为什么战士要不遗余力保护每一寸土地
which is why fighters go to such great lengths to not give an inch of ground
当然 这不仅仅适于拳击比赛
and this isn’t just an arbitrary rule that was made up for boxing.
眼神退缩 移开目光 已经成为了示弱的表现
Flinching and breaking eye contact are built in evolutionary tells that communicate fear
这就是为什么它们有时在对抗中
which is why they can sometimes matter even more
比原始的力量更加重要
than raw strength when it comes to a confrontation
因为如果一方表现的无所畏惧
because when one animal isn’t afraid,
这很好的表示它身上有需要敬畏的地方
that’s a good sign that it has an advantage that needs to be respected
当弱小的人类表现出无所畏惧时
Just watch this charging gorilla back off
冲他而来的大猩猩反而退缩不前
when a puny little human doesn’t flinch
即使大猩猩能不费吹灰之力撕碎他
even though the gorilla could obviously tear him limb from limb.
猩猩不断的朝我冲过来
…charged and charged and charged again.
我确信 如果我退缩了一次 后果将不堪设想
And I think… and I’m sure, if I would have even flinched one—
但泰温语言的力量远远超出了大猩猩
But Tywin’s sub-communications of power go beyond the ape realm.
他的用语也是一种显著的人类使用权力的方式
His word choice is a distinctly human way of using power.
他不去命令别人 也不会用言语威胁
He doesn’t ask people what to do or make threats by saying,
如果你这么做 别怪我以牙还牙
“If you do this then I’m going to respond like this.”
他用“要”这个词 告诉对方他接下来要怎么做
He tells people what they are going to do using the word “will.”
其实这是明确地告诉对方 他必须这样做
It conveys absolute certainty that they will do as they are told
另外 别人一定会听泰温的话
and again, the certainty that Tywin will be listened to
给人一种感觉 大家就应该听他的话
adds to the sense that he should be listened to.
看看吧
Just watch.
你要去君临
You will go to King’s Landing.
去那儿干什么?
And do what?
统治那里
Rule.
你要代替我做国王之手
You will serve as hand of the King in my stead.
如果必要的话 你要控制年幼的国王和他母亲
You’ll bring that boy King to heel and his mother too if needs be.
还有 你绝不能把那个婊子带到御前会议 懂吗
…for one more thing — you will not take that whore to court. Do you understand?
辅助交流的循环逻辑是它们如何起作用
The circular logic of sub-communications is kind of how they work
因为人们通过辅助交流来表明已掌握权力
because when people signal through sub-communications that they have power,
我们推测 他们应该也会据此回应
we assume they ought to and respond accordingly
这一点又引出更多权力的辅助交流来
which elicits more sub-communications of power.
泰温句子结尾的变化也有类似的作用
A similar thing occurs with Tywin’s inflection at the end of sentences;
总是声调下降 着重强调这并不是个问句 像这样
it’s always downward emphasizing that this isn’t a question — like this.
乔弗里则相反 用上扬的声调质问泰温
Listen to Joffrey do the reverse asking Tywin a question with an upward tone
这绝对是现实生活的真实写照
kind of like this — this is great acting which mirrors real life.
人们紧张或者感到无能为力时
When people feel nervous or lacking in power,
自然而然会开始问各种问题
they will naturally begin to ask questions
并且像这样上扬声调
and flip their intonation upward like in this scene.
首相塔中的会议取代了小议会厅中的会议
…the council meetings in the Tower of the Hand instead of the small council chamber.
确实 开了个会
I have, yes.
我能问为什么吗
May I ask why?
别认为我错了 时不时地你也会想问问题
Don’t get me wrong. There are times when you will want to ask questions
用上扬的声调
and speak with an upward inflection.
比如 像提利昂和小指头
For instance, players like Tyrion and Littlefinger
用更加微妙的发问方式
use more subtle lines of questioning
让别人感觉那是他们自己的想法
to make someone act and feel like it was their idea to do
其实却是提利昂和小指头盘算好的
what Tyrion or Littlefinger wanted.
这种策略在现代生活中越来越有效
That strategy tends to work better in modern times as well.
比如面对雇员 你可能更倾向于说
For instance, when speaking to employees, you may prefer to say,
“你可以为我做这个吗” 而不是直接命令他们
“Could you please do this for me?” rather than demand it of them.
这种做法能让他们心甘情愿地帮助你
That way, they feel less put upon and happier to help you.
但是泰温不在乎他人是否乐于帮助
But Tywin doesn’t care if people are happy to help.
他的策略就是去创造恐惧
His strategy is to create fear.
他(提利昂)可能是最卑贱的兰尼斯特
…might have been the lowest of the Lannisters
但仍是我们的一员
but he’s one of us.
只要他一天还是囚徒
And every day that he remains a prisoner,
我们家族的名誉就会受到一天的损失
the less our name command respect.
“所以狮子的确关心(一只羊)的看法”
“So the Lion does concern himself of the opinions of—”
“不 它不是一种看法 是事实”
“No, that’s not an opinion; it’s a fact.”
如果其他家族抓到并囚禁了我们的一员
If another House can seize one of our own and hold him captive
却没有付出代价 那兰尼斯特便不再令人畏惧
with impunity, we are no longer a House to be feared.
我们稍后再谈这一点 现在
We’ll come back to that in a minute but for now,
让我们看看泰温如何操纵局势
let’s look at how Tywin manipulates situations
让别人在与他的互动中丧失自信
to further take the people he interacts with out of a confident state.
首先 他与人谈话之前经常令人等待
First, he often makes people wait before he speaks to them.
这个技巧在今天仍然用于谈判 目的是一样的
This is a tactic that is still used today in negotiations and its purpose is the same.
让某人等就是权力的标志 间接地表现出来
Making someone wait is a power signal — a circular one.
就是在说“要按照我的时间来行事”
It says, “We will do things on my time,”
谈判开始之前
and before the negotiation has even started,
双方都有微妙地共识
both parties have subtly agreed that the person who controls the time
即掌控着谈判开始时间的人更为重要
that the negotiation begins is more important.
那对你的潜意识就有持久的影响力
And that has lasting effects on your subconscious which
如果你是策略的被动方
if you’re on the receiving end of this tactic,
它将使你更像在协商一项糟糕的交易
makes you more likely to negotiate a bad deal.
处理这一条就是另一个视频的话题了
Dealing with this is a topic for another video
如果你对经常沉默 犹豫或谈判处于下风等情况下
but if you’re interested in more techniques to remain confident in situations
如何保持自信的技巧感兴趣
where you normally clam up or hesitate or negotiate a bad deal,
可能会想看一看我们的在线视频 魅力大学
you might want to check out our online course, Charisma University.
它从第一印象到领导能力都有涵盖
It covers everything from first impressions to leadership
还有大量关于在紧急关头保持自信的视频
and of course, there’s a hefty chunk on staying confident in those clutch moments.
如果你想看的话 我已经在说明里发了链接
I’ve thrown a link in the description if you want to take a look.
它也有一部分是聊肢体语言
Also, it’s got a section on body language
讲泰温·兰尼斯特把肢体语言作为一种武器
which is something that Tywin Lannister uses as a weapon.
看看他如何在监督提利昂时运用权力
Check out how he stands over Tyrion when wielding power over him.
你这个畸形的邪恶怪胎
You are an ill-made spiteful little creature
妒忌成性 欲求不满 奸猾狡诈
full of envy, lust, and low cunning.
泰温完全看不起提利昂
Tywin is literally looking down on Tyrion
如果你曾和监督你威胁你的人对话过
and if you’ve ever held a conversation while someone stood over you and threatening you,
你就知道这看起来让他们有多强势
you know how much more powerful this can make them seem.
但人们不会一直坐以待毙 他们不是懦夫
But people aren’t always sitting and they aren’t always dwarves
所以泰温让人感受自己跋扈的另一方式
so another way that Tywin makes them feel his domineering presence
是通过入侵他们的私人领域实现的
is by invading their personal space
他在做重大决策的时候尤其喜欢这样做
and he does this specifically at the exact moment that he’s making his big point
所以 人们更可能去执行他的命令而不是反抗
so that they’re more likely to react to his commands rather than resist them.
看看他如何对詹姆使用这招
Check out how he does it with Jaime here.
接下来的几个月将决定我们家族的未来
The future of our family will be determined in these next few months.
我们可以建立一个持续上千年的王朝
We could establish a dynasty that will last a thousand years.
我需要你成为你一直想成为的男人
I need you to become the man you were always meant to be —
不是明年 不是明天 —现在
not next year, not tomorrow — now.
关于改变场景 最重要的是
With regards to changing the scenario, lastly and crucially,
泰温几乎一直创造一种他掌控最后一个词的情况
Tywin almost always creates a situation where he gets the last word.
这意味着谈话在他那边已经结束了
This means that the conversation is closed on his terms.
在他做出决定命令人们马上离开时也这样做
He does this either by commanding people to leave once he’s made his point…
别再提你对凯岩城的权利
Speak no more of your rights to Casterly Rock.

Go.
或者他在决定尽快离开房间时也这样做
…or he does it by leaving the room as soon as he’s made his point.
他不给人争论的时间和空间
He leaves no time or space for argument.
你可以喝酒 开玩笑
You can drink, you can joke,
你可以做些幼稚的事让你的父亲不自在
you can engage in juvenile attempts to make your father uncomfortable
但你必须要履行自己的职责
but you will do your duty.
如果你记得上个星期关于小指头的视频
If you remember last week’s video on Littlefinger
链接在这个角落
link, in the corner right now
他也做了同样的事 只是更温和
he does the same thing — just more gently.
不论发生什么情况
In either case, the discussion ends on the terms
谈话在泰温和小指头想结束的时候结束
that Tywin and Littlefinger wanted to end on.
记住 最后一个说话能创立权威与极大的权力
So remember, speaking last creates a lot of authority and has tremendous power.
你离开之后很久还可能在引导别人的想法
It’s also likely to direct the other person’s thoughts long after you’ve left
当然 第一个开口也有很多优势
though, of course, there are advantages to speaking first
根据具体的情况而定
in terms of framing a situation
可能我需要就这个话题深入挖掘做个新视频
so maybe this is a topic that I need to dive deeper in on another video
来涵盖所有的细微差别 但现在 记住
to uncover all the nuances but for now, remember
最后一个开口 表达出大量权力和权威
that speaking last conveys a lot of power and authority.
围绕肢体语言这部分 看看接下来的剪辑
So, to wrap this section on body language up, check out this next clip
看看你能数出多少种权力的特定辅助交流方式
and see how many of the specific sub-communications of power that you can count.
这里有很多(剪辑 )让我们一起看看
There are a lot. Here we go.
你还能生育 你需要再次结婚生养
You’re still fertile. You need to marry again and breed.
我是摄政女王 不是种母马
I am Queen Regent, not some broodmare.
你是我女儿
You’re my daughter!
你要按照我的命令去做 你要嫁给洛拉斯·提利尔
You will do as I command and you will marry Loras Tyrell.
彻底结束你那些让人厌恶的谣言
And put an end to the disgusting rumors about you once and for all.
父亲 别再让我这样做了 求你
Father, dont’ make me do this again, plea—
别再多说 我的孩子们
Not another word, my children.
你让兰尼斯特的名声蒙受耻辱太长时间了
You disgraced the Lannister name for far too long.
多得让人吃惊 是不是
Crazy how much is going on, right?
这些归功于查尔斯的杰出表演 但我想解释清楚
Credit to Charles Dance here for nailing this portrayal but I want to make clear.
泰温的角色不仅仅体现在强势或凌霸他人上
Tywin’s character is not just about brute force or physical bullying.
关于策略的方面显示出他控制人们的力量
He is about strategic shows of force to keep people in line.
如果你回顾这本书里的重大事件
And if you look back on the big event of the books,
你将了解 有些事如血色婚礼之类的事很残忍
you’ll know that things like the red wedding were brutal
但它让整个王国为冒犯他的后果而提心吊胆
but it left the entire realm in fear of what Tywin would do next should anyone cross him.
真见鬼 伊利亚去世后
Heck, the Martells waited nearly 20 years
马泰尔家族为谋划复仇等了将近二十年
after Elia’s death before enacting their plot for revenge —
这就是恐惧的力量 而泰温深谙其道
that is the power of fear and Tywin knows it.
北境永不遗忘
The northerners will never forget.
很好 让他们记住向南方进军时发生了什么
Good. Let them remember what happens when they march on the south.
关于泰温的天才策略我能说了又说
I could go on and on about Tywin’s strategic genius
但是其他人已经就这个话题分析得很全面了
but others have already covered this topic really well
所以我会把一些有意思的理论链接放在说明里
so I’m just going to link to some fascinating theories in the description.
对你们这些《权利的游戏》的超级粉丝而言
For you Game of Thrones superfans,
这些视频里有些难题需要思考
here are some teasers for what you can see in those videos.
首先 前传里 泰温可能秘密计划了在暮谷镇
First, Tywin may have covertly planned Aerys’ capture at Duskendale way
对伊里斯的俘虏以及刺客对他的暗杀
before the books and planned for his assassination by proxy.
第二 泰温也可能早在在第一本书里就收买卢斯·波顿对抗罗柏·史塔克
Second, Tywin also likely turned Roose Bolton against Robb Stark as early as Book 1
这仅仅显示了他提前思考了多少步
which just shows how many steps ahead he was thinking.
如果你对这些观点毫不在意 也没关系
If those points meant nothing to you, it’s okay; it means
你只是权游的一般粉丝 不像我是超级粉丝
you’re just a regular Game of Thrones nerd and not a complete super nerd like me.
总之 作为权游中的玩家 泰温死于他仅有的缺点
Anyway, Tywin is obviously dead at this point which shows his only real flaw
那就是对提利昂盲目的憎恨
as a player in the Game of Thrones — his blind hatred of Tyrion
可能由于父子关系 不是那么盲目 但撇开这个
which may not be so blind, given the paternity, but leave that aside.
如果泰温能看见提利昂的才能 并为己所用
If Tywin had been able to see Tyrion’s talents and use them for his own ends,
我认为兰尼斯特家族将仍然统治整个王国
I think that the Lannisters would still be totally dominating
在泰温控制乔佛里的权力下 就像伊里斯王朝
with Tywin as the power behind Joffrey’s throne just as he was with Aerys —
只是这一次 泰温可能更早的铲除疯王
only this time, Tywin probably would have removed the Mad King much sooner.
所以 希望大家喜欢了解为何泰温是头猛兽
So I hope that you enjoyed learning why Tywin is such a beast.
特别感谢我的赞助商 蓝围裙
A special thanks for this episode goes out to our sponsor, Blue Apron.
如果你喜欢我 可能已花了很多时间(看视频)
If you’re like me, you’ve probably spent far more time
你可能会考虑晚餐吃什么
and you would like thinking about what to make for dinner
在杂货店里排队等待 把食品杂货袋搬回家
waiting in line at the grocery store and lugging grocery bags home,
蓝围裙帮你把这些步骤都省掉了
Blue Apron cuts those steps out
通过把做饭所需的全部新鲜食材送到家门口
and save you time by delivering fresh ingredients to your doorstep
以此节约你的时间
in exactly the amount that you need to cook a great meal.
它们全部放在冷藏盒子里
It all comes in a refrigerated box
所以不管你何时下班回家 它都不会坏掉
so it’s good to go whenever you get home from work
此外 蓝围裙赠送如何烹饪这些食材的食谱
plus Blue Apron sends the exact recipe for how to cook the ingredients
所以你实际上看起来跟大厨一样
so you look like a lot better of a chef than you actually might be
这会让约会之夜更加美好
which could make date night go a lot better.
所以 如果你想便宜好吃还节约时间 试试蓝围裙
So if you want an affordable option that tastes great and saves you time, give Blue Apron a try.
你可以订购双人餐或全家餐
You can order for two people or for an entire family
通过下方说明里的链接注册的前100人
and the first 100 people who signed up through the link in the description below
将享受前三单免费的优惠
will get their first three meals totally for free.
如果你想看看 切回到杂货店之旅
So if you want to check it out and cut back on grocery store trips
前往点击说明里的链接
go ahead and click that link in the description.
希望你们喜欢这个视频
I hope that you enjoyed this video,
希望你们能订阅这个频道 因为
hope that you decide to subscribe to the channel
接下来几周我们将推出更多有关权游的话题
because we will have much more Game of Thrones coming in the future weeks
我为他们的今晚秀感到兴奋
I’m so excited for their premiere tonight,
如果你在星期一观看这个视频的话 那就是明日秀了
technically, tomorrow if you’re watching this video on Monday —
我们下期节目见
and I will see you in the next video.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

泰温·兰尼斯特是《权力的游戏》中一位让人肃然起敬的权谋家,他对于权力的理解和运用,让他成为几位国王背后的实际掌权者。但他是如何做到的?我们一起来看看吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

兰代

审核员

审核员T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z_Nn2qMZXjA

相关推荐