ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

传统意大利橄榄油是怎么生产的? – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

传统意大利橄榄油是怎么生产的?

How Traditional Italian Olive Oil Is Made

意大利的传统橄榄油是如何制成的
How traditional Italian olive oil is made
全世界橄榄油的总产量每年多达300万吨
The world produces up to 3 million tons of olive oil per year.
地中海国家占据着橄榄油市场的主导地位
Leading the market areMediterranean countries
这些国家包括西班牙 意大利 希腊 和突尼斯
like Spain, Italy, Greece, and Tunisia.
橄榄油在那些国家如此受欢迎当然是因为气候
The reason why olive oil is so popular there is, of course, climate,
但也是因为悠久的历史
but it is also the result of centuries of history,
早在10000年之前就已经有相关记载
with the first evidences recorded as early as 10,000 years ago.
橄榄有好几百种 这叫做栽培品种
Olives have hundreds of varieties, called cultivars,
这意味着每个国家橄榄的风味都不同
which means their flavors vary from country to country.
我们参观了一家在意大利的橄榄油磨坊
We visited an olive oil mill in Italy
位于普利亚区的南部地区
in the southern region of Puglia,
那里光是对意大利的橄榄油供应就达到40%
a region that alone supplies 40 % of Italy’s
对世界的橄榄油供应则达到12%
olive oil production and 12% worldwide.
从食物到如画的景色
Olive oil is an essentialpart of the culture here,
橄榄油都是当地文化的基本组成部分
from food to the picturesque landscape.
这个地区仅有400万的居民
While the region has4 million inhabitants,
却有多达6000万株橄榄树
there are as many as60 million olive trees,
有一些树已经存在了几个世纪
and some have been there for centuries.
这个地区有1000多家橄榄油磨坊
Divided among corporateand local businesses,
分布于企业和本地产业中
there are over 1,000 olivemills spread across the region.
为了更真切地感受这个地区
To get a true feeling of the territory,
我们拜访了一家位于莫诺波利的家庭经营磨坊
we visited a family-runmill in the city of Monopoli
那里一切都采用传统的生产方式制作
where things are stilldone the old-fashioned way.
橄榄油都产自各种本地的品种
The olive oil producedhere comes from a blend
比如Cima di Mola, Olivastra, Simona, Picholine
of local cultivars: Cima di Mola, Leccina, Olivastra, Simona, Picholine,
Coratina,以及 Cellina di Nardò等品种
Coratina, and Cellina di Nardò.
将丰收的橄榄放进磨坊的传输带上
First, harvested olives enterthe mill on a conveyor belt.
该过程会去掉90%的叶子
This process gets rid ofabout 90% of the leaves,
而剩下的10%叶子
while the remaining 10%of the leaves are ground
会随着橄榄和橄榄核一起碾成糊状
into paste with olives and pits.
然后在室温下用石磨碾压
Then, the olives are pressed at room temperature using granite wheels,
这是一种叫“冷榨”的技术
a method that is called”cold-pressed.”
这意味着橄榄油的提取过程是不加热的
It means that oil wasextracted with no heat,
避免了对橄榄油清淡风味的影响
which would harm its delicate flavor.
接着橄榄糊被放入捏炼机器
The paste then movesinto a kneading machine
使水和油分离
that helps break itdown into water and oil.
将橄榄糊铺放在大纤维盘上
It’s spread over large fiber discs.
把这些圆盘层层堆叠 然后放入液压机中
The discs are piled up andplaced onto a hydraulic press.
在这里你开始可以非常清楚地看到
This is where you can start to see oil
橄榄油和水
and water quite clearly:
黄色的液体是油 黑色的是水
the yellow liquid is oil,while the black is water.
每一叠纤维盘需要两个半小时才能压榨好
It takes around 2.5 hours for each pile to be pressed fully.
这个过程之后油和水会被完全分离
After which, oil and waterwill be separated for good.
最终的成品叫做未过滤的橄榄油
The final product iscalled unfiltered olive oil
看起来像是雾状的
and has a cloudy appearance.
未过滤的橄榄油会被储存在不锈钢容器中
It is then stored instainless steel tanks.
可以直接销售
It can be sold straightaway,
也可以等待一个月或几个月直至成熟
left to mature for one or several months,
或者可以过滤除去多余的絮状物和橄榄颗粒
or it can be filtered to remove any excess of pulp or olive particles.
使用漏斗和脱脂棉进行过滤
Filtering is done througha funnel and cotton wool.
冷榨橄榄油的过程中
When an oil is cold-pressed,it’s made without
不会使用任何的化学药剂 不会精加工
the use of chemicals, and is unrefined,
这称为特级初榨
it’s called extra-virgin.
是橄榄油中最上等的
This is the highest gradewhen it comes to olive oil.
橄榄油是按照它的酸度水平划分等级的
Olive oil is graded by its acidity level.
高质量的特级初榨橄榄油
A high quality extra-virginolive oil will have
酸度低于0.8%
less than 0.8% acidity.
毕竟它是纯正的鲜榨橄榄汁
It’s a pure fruit juice after all…

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

视频介绍了传统意大利橄榄油是如何生产的,让我们来看看传统手工艺生产橄榄油的复杂工序吧

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Eva

审核员

审核员Y

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCKUpFMmKJw

相关推荐