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如何写好演讲稿 – 译学馆
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如何写好演讲稿

How to Write a Speech

怎样写好演讲稿
How to Write a Speech.
我们都会想象最终自己能面向观众发声
We all imagine standing before an audience and finally being heard.
要想自己的话语中肯并引起观众共鸣
If you want your words to have relevance and resonance,
就得多花时间斟酌
take the time to crop the proper message
让人铭记的词句
people will remember.
你需要掌握所讲话题
You will need mastery of the subject,
了解观众需求 列出大纲
and intended audience and outline,
准备个人简历
a biographical profile,
让结构清晰 控制自我
a structure, self control,
有会编辑的朋友 让结语令人难忘
a friend with editing skills, and a memorable final statement.
第一步
Step 1.
查找资料熟悉主题 不管是班级演讲
Research and master your subject, whether for class,
学生会发言 婚庆祝酒词
a student council speech, a wedding toast,
个人陈述 还是商务演讲
a personal statement, or a business lecture.
要确保自己对主题充分了解
Make sure you cover the topic well.
讲演稿通常有情景设定 有时会含有个人色彩
Because speeches are always situational and sometimes personal,
没有一种完全正确的模板
there is no absolutely correct way to write one,
想写得很差劲却都非常容易
but there are plenty of ways to write badly.
第二步
Step 2.
根据受众来相应
Consider your intended audience
修改演讲稿内容 调整遣词造句
and adjust your story and vocabulary accordingly.
用最简单生动的语言去立论
Find the simplest vivid language to make a point.
把所有人都包含进来 这样所有人都能参与其中
Include everyone in your message, so all feel engaged.
第三步
Step 3.
整理出所要论述的内容
Outline information according to how you build your argument
明晰时间顺序或数字顺序
or present a clear chronology or sequence.
简要介绍自己的相关履历
Introduce yourself with a brief pertinent biographical profile
说明演讲主题和目的
and define your subject and purpose.
第四步
Step 4.
一次写完 不要思前想后
Write the speech without stopping, second-guessing,
也不要编辑修改 把想法写下来
or editing to get your thoughts out on paper.
不要担心演讲稿长度或者时机是否成熟
Don’t worry about the length or timing just yet.
第五步
Step 5.
使演讲内容中信息传递步骤化 进程化
Detail the middle of your speech with steps or progressions
适当使用逻辑连接词
that advance your message using logical transitions.
用实证支持论点 避免重复
Illustrate each point with factual support and avoid repetition.
第六步
Step 6.
减少评论内容
Limit editorial commentary and
表明自己的主张 并完整陈述另一方观点
balance your assertions with a complete rendering of the opposing viewpoint.
你的任务就是把事物公正完整地呈现
Your job is to give a fair and full accounting
让观众自己做决定
and allow your audience to decide.
第七步
Step 7.
从头到尾修改你的草稿
Edit your draft thoroughly,
向重要并且靠谱的朋友请教
and ask a trusted but critical friend
你讲稿修改过后仍然存在的问题
to critique a near-final draft.
大声朗读你的演讲稿 删除无用的信息
Read your written speech aloud to eliminate useless information
或者那些读起来有趣 听起来却不好笑的笑话
or jokes that looked good on paper but flop when spoken.
第八步
Step 8.
确保演讲结尾完善
Make sure you end with a point that wraps things up,
最好是宣告式又让人铭记 听起来让人信服
preferably a declarative and memorable statement that will ring true
观众需要仔细回味认真考虑
audiences need something to chew on.
你知道吗?亚伯拉罕·林肯总统
Did you know President Abraham Lincoln
就在葛底斯堡演说当天早上修改了讲稿
made changes to the Gettysburg Address the morning of the speech.

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视频提出了几个步骤 能够帮助人们写好演讲稿

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0GGEMpiHWgQ

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