Hello and welcome to the official
English With Lucy, Business English course.
Firstly let me introduce myself.
My name is Lucy Bella Earl and I am a native, qualified English teacher.
我叫Lucy Bella Earl 是合格的本土英语老师
I’m also a graduate of Westminster Business School
where I achieved a first-class degree in Marketing Communications.
In January 2016，
I started the English With Lucy YouTube channel.
Where I’ve helped tens of millions of students improve their English skills.
Whether you like it or not,
English is the global language of business.
And many multinational companies use English as the common corporate language.
This means that if you want to work in a top company
it’s likely that you will need to be able to speak an appropriate level of English
In this 10-part course
I’m not only going to teach you business English
I’m also going to teach you how you can use it
To get a job, keep a job and progress in your career
获得工作 保住工作 并在工作中取得进步
I will be speaking clear English,
but please remember to switch on the subtitles if you’re struggling to follow.
You can also reduce the speed of the video
to slow me down.
Additionally I have placed a glossary of key vocabulary
used in each video in the description box
Right, let’s get started with the first lesson in the course.
In this lesson
I’m going to be talking to you about how you can write a perfect CV.
Also called a resume in American English.
Writing a CV in your own language
can seem like a big task.
But writing one in English can seem impossible.
With my help you will leave today’s class
with the skills you need to write a CV that will stand out
and get you the employment that you deserve
let’s start by asking ourselves
what does a recruiter want from a CV?
A CV does not get you a job,
what a CV actually gets you is a job interview.
And it’s so important that you remember this when you write one.
Applicants often feel pressure to fit
absolutely everything they have ever done or achieved into their CV,
when it’s often considered better to prioritize and highlight just a few things.
通常认为更好的做法是 排序 突出几个重点
It’s claimed that employers look at a CV for around seven seconds.
So when you’re writing one you should keep this in mind.
Some of the first things that will jump out at them are any mistakes.
I’ve taken in many CVs in my career so far
and as soon as I see a spelling mistake
my mind was made up.
There is absolutely no excuse for a mistake on a CV
you need to check it over until you know it word for word off by heart.
If you struggle with the language or spelling in general
then you absolutely must get it proofread and checked over by somebody else.
If you don’t know anyone who can do this for you
find a proofreader online and pay them for their time,
It’s an investment into your future.
The next thing that recruiters look for are skills and experience.
The relevant skills and experience with the key word here being relevant
need to stand out.
It’s likely that they will be scanning or skim-reading your CV
rather than reading everything on it.
Later on in the class we will talk about tailoring your CV
to make it relevant.
Finally recruiters will try to find out
a bit more about your personality and your character.
You can’t show so much
but you need to show enough to get you through to the interview stage
where they’ll try and find out a lot more
We will also talk about showing a bit of character later on in the lesson.
Now we should ask ourselves,
which type of CV we should write.
There are two main types of CV,
the chronological CV and the skills based CV.
There are some other types and we will discuss those in this segment also.
It’s important for you to choose the right type of CV
for the job that you’re applying for and for your own circumstances.
Let’s talk about the chronological CV.
As the name suggests
this type lists your experience and achievements chronologically
starting with the most recent.
Take a look at this example of what you might find on a chronological CV.
You can use this CV type if you really want to show
how well or how quickly you have progressed in your career or studies.
It’s also a good way to show off that you’ve had continuous employment
with no gaps
which we will discuss in a later segment
Now let’s talk about the skills-based CV,
which is also known as a functional CV.
This type shows off your skills and personal qualities
as opposed to the history of your employment and education.
Underneath the headline of each skill
you can write the roles in which you achieve them and develop them
Take a look at this example.
This is what a skills-based CV might look like.
You can use this type to mask gaps in your employment
or if you’ve had lots of short-term roles like internships and volunteer work.
The best part about this type of CV
is that you have much more opportunity to make it relevant to the job that you’re applying for.
Another option is to use a combination or hybrid of both CVs
where you stick to the conventional chronological order
but you emphasise the skills developed within each role.
Another sort of CV which is becoming more popular
is the creative CV.
This CV is all about presentation
and can help you show off your design skills and stand out from the crowd.
Using infographics is a great way to display a lot of information
in a simple and engaging way.
You could also consider a video CV,
which can be a good idea for customer facing roles
or an add-on to a traditional CV.
Academic CVs for those applying for research posts in academia.
They are usually much longer than other CVs
and recruiters are more likely to spend longer reading them.
These should emphasize your education, research, publications and experience.
这种简历应强调你的教育 研究 著作和经验
Finally we have the technical CV
which is much more directed towards IT roles.
Alongside all of the traditional information found on a CV
you’ll need to highlight your technical skills
such as programming languages, systems and platforms.
So which CV is right for you?
Comment down below with which one you would choose and give reasons.
Now let’s discuss tailoring the CV.
The biggest piece of advice that I can give you
is tailor your CV to each job application.
Work on creating a CV template
and then create a separate CV files for each individual company.
If 100 people apply for a role, which is not unrealistic
and only 10 people get chosen for an interview,
is a one-size-fits-all CV
really going to be in the top 10% of all of the applicants?
You want the recruiter to see your CV and think wow,
this person could be a perfect fit for our company.
By tailoring your CV you’re showing that you’re proactive and motivated.
通过修改简历 显示出你积极主动 热爱工作
It takes time and effort.
It also shows that you’re not just applying to 50 roles
in the hope of getting one back.
Now let’s address gaps in your CV.
Recruiters don’t want to see long periods of unemployment
but sometimes circumstances can’t be helped.
Gaps are a red flag.
They can suggest that you were fired or that you quit
and employers want you to work hard and stick around for a long time.
You really need to minimise their impacts.
Here are some things that you can do.
Use your summary statement at the top of the CV
to briefly and positively explain why you decided to change roles.
For example after spending five years in the finance industry
in 2017, I decided to change career paths.
Another thing you can do is use a skills-based CV
as we discussed before.
If you’ve got loads of gaps and you can’t explain them all,
you really should consider ditching the chronological employment timeline.
Lastly you just need to prepare to talk about it during an interview.
最后 你需要做好准备 在面试中谈到它
Even if you don’t list the gaps on your CV
you might be asked about inconsistencies in your work history
and they need valid explanations.
We’ll talk about this in the lesson on interview questions.
If you’re in a CV gap at the moment,
start doing something immediately.
Get some relevant freelance work, start a blog, take a course.
可以做自由职业 创办博客 学习一门课程
You can refer to this if gaps come up in interviews.
Now lots of people ask if they should ever be creative with the truth
and I think that you should absolutely not.
You need to sell yourself but you don’t want to lie.
Bear in mind that they will probably call your references
and if they find out that you’ve been exaggerating or lying
you’ll be at the bottom of the pile.
Another thing you want to do is keep it short.
As a rule two sides of A4 maximum,
but if it’s feasible
I’d recommend keeping it to one side of A4.
Technical and academic applicants may need more.
If it’s longer than two sides they just aren’t going to read it all
and they might miss out on important information,
they could even get a bad vibe from you.
You could also consider including URLs to portfolios,
especially for applicants in the creative industry.
You can use a link shortener to create a memorable link
that is easily copied or typed into a web browser.
Don’t depend on it as they might not look at it
and make sure the link works on all platforms.
You also need to make your CV look smart.
Always submit it as a PDF file.
It will work with all operate systems
and the format will stay consistent.
You could consider making your CV fancy and adding a layer of design.
My last tip is to make sure that you use the right language.
In another lesson I’m going to show you the weak words you should avoid using
在下一节课 我将给你们看 应该避免使用的无力词语
and the strong words you should use instead.
Right that’s it for today’s lesson
I hope you enjoyed it and I hope you learnt something.
Don’t forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
I’ve got my Facebook, my Instagram and my Twitter.
And I’ll see you soon for another lesson.
Hello and welcome to the official