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如何更聪明而非更辛苦地工作

HOW TO WORK SMARTER NOT HARDER - THE POMODORO TECHNIQUE

如果你是想要快速学习
So if you’re the kind of person that wants to learn things faster,
或用2-3个小时完成一天工作的那种人
or finish a day’s
那么这个视频真的对你有帮助
work in 2 to 3 hours, then this video might actually help you.
我知道我是一个学习很慢的人而且
I know I was a slow learner and it took
把吉他弹到低于平均水平都花了我三年时间
me 3 years to be below average at playing guitar,
但其实我只需要花费三分之一的时间
3 whole years when I could’ve been there in 1/3 of the time.
我非常喜欢学习新事物 所以我必须改变我的方法
I really enjoy learning new stuff so I had to change my approach.
经过几周的探索我发现了一个
After few weeks of searching I’ve encountered an
可以帮助我快速学习的方法
idea that really helped me to go crazy fast through the learning curve.
我用它来学习编程 我真的被惊讶到了
I used it to learn programming, and literallyI was amazed.
我在机器人方面很有自信并且在短短四个月内
I was confident in android and finished my first freelance project
完成了我的第一个自由职业项目
in just 4 months.
当我回想起时
When I think back,
我很高兴偶然发现了这个方法
I am so glad that I stumbled upon the concept, because I would’ve wasted
不然我得多花8个月才能学完
12 months for something I’ve learned in 4.
帮助我的是番茄工作法
So what helped me, is the Pomodoro Technique.
它是在20世纪90年代初被Francesco Cirillo发明的
It was invented it in the early 1990 by Francesco Cirillo,
以厨房计时器命名
it was named after the kitchen timer,
形状像一个西红柿
shaped like a tomato,
他过去在大学时经常跟踪他的工作
he used to track his work as a university student.
就像这样:
And it goes like this:
首先选择一样你想做的事情
First pick something you want to work on,
计时25分钟并且极度专注
set a timer for 25 minutes, and focus extremely
全力以赴完成任务
hard on the task you are working on,
把你脑子里使你分心的事
if a distraction pops in your head, write it down
写在一张纸上 然后立刻专注于你的任务
on a piece of paper and get back on the task immediately.
计时器响起之后休息五分钟
After the timer rings take a 5 minute break.
这是一个番茄钟
That is one Pomodoro session.
在四个番茄钟之后休息20-30分钟
After 4 Pomodoro sessions take a longer break of 20-30 minutes,
然后重复这个过程
and repeat the process.
这听起来很简单 但是关键点是
It sounds simple, but the KEY part is
你在过程中必须极度专注
that you must be EXTREMELY focused during the session,
没有手机 没有脸书 没有任何东西
no phone, no facebook, nothing.
在我们极度专注的时候
Our brain tends to be very effective
我们的大脑往往
at remembering and connecting information when we are extremely
在记忆和联系信息时会变得非常有效
focused.
这可以从我们的祖先说起
This dates back to our ancestors,
当掠夺者在附近的时候他们必须小心
they had to pay attention when a predator was nearby,
这是生死攸关的情况
it was a life or death situation,
当他们专注的时候大脑高速运转
and when they focused the brain worked really hard
收集并储存所有的信息
to collect all the information and store it,
所以在将来这样的遭遇
so in the future the encounter would likely
很有可能对他们有利
to be in their favor.
但在当下
But in today’s world,
我们很多人都失去了专注的能力 是的
so many of us just lost the ability to focus. Yes,
我确实每天花一个小时练吉他
I did spend an hour a day on the guitar,
但在这60分钟内 我会看脸书
but also I checked Facebook, watched 3 different
在视频网站上看同一首歌的三种不同的封面
covers of the same song on YouTube and practiced
所以我大脑会认为没啥重要的
in those 60 minutes, so my brain thought it
所以我的成果并不理想
was nothing important, and I got the mediocreresults I had.
当我用这个方法去学习编码的时候
When I implemented the concept to learn coding,
我的日常计划是12个番茄钟
my daily schedule was 12 Pomodoro sessions
每一节25分钟 两节之间休息五分钟
each 25 minutes long and 5 minutes of restin between.
在四个番茄钟之后我会休息20分钟
After 4 pomodoros I would take longer breakof 20 minutes.
一开始我怀疑它是否真的有效
I was skeptical at first if this would even work,
但是四周之后我很惊讶
but after 4 weeks I was amazed how much
我学到了这么多
stuff I learned.
我从来没有这么多产过
I’ve never been so productive in my life,
而且它帮助我克服了
and It also helped me to overcome the procrastination
我的拖延症 因为我不需要思考
I was facing, because I didn’t thought
我要把自己封闭多少小时
about the number of hours I need to lock myself
去学习
in and study.
相反 我只要在任意时间完成一个番茄钟
Instead I had to finish just 1 Pomodoro session at a time.
你几乎可以用番茄工作法完成任何事情
You can use the Pomodoro technique to virtually anything,
无论是学习新事物
whether it be learning something new,
练习一样乐器 还是为进入大学而学习
practicing an instrument, studying for college,
我此刻也在用它
I literally use it at this moment
写这个剧本
while writing this script.
不是花六七个小时在分散的工作上
Instead of spending 6-7 hours of diffused work,
或者花一整天时间写一个剧本
and spend my entire day writing a script,
而我只用四个番茄钟
I just do 4 Pomodoro sessions and I
完成了相同量的工作
get the same amount of work done.
不要像过去的我一样 花三年时间
Don’t be like the old me and spend 3 years
去学习一样只要六个月就能完成的事情
for something that can be done in 6 months.
这不是你花多少时间的问题
It’s not about how much time you spend,
而是你应该怎样高效的利用你的时间
but how effectively you spend your time that matters.
那么现在你了解了这个方法
So now that you’re familiar with the concept,
你是否会亲身试验这个方法
It’s up to you whether or not you will actually
取决于你 或仅仅点播下一个视频
test it on yourself or just click away to the next video.
感谢观看 下次再见
Anyway thanks for watching and I’ll see younext time.

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视频概述

这个视频提出了一个Pomodoro的概念,那么具体是怎么操作的呢?它真的能帮助你快速高效的完成一项工作吗?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

胖虎

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WqBuh4HWu8U

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