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如何恰当地运用手持抖动拍摄 – 译学馆
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如何恰当地运用手持抖动拍摄

How To Use Shaky Cam Right

Hey, guys! Henry here
大家好!我是亨利
and welcome to a short video essay on
欢迎观看这个关于
how to use shaky cam.
如何使用手持抖动拍摄的短视频
Right.
好的
The majority of filmgoers
大多数影迷
as well as filmmakers in general
和制片人
have a very firm opinion
对于手持抖动拍摄
when it comes to shaky cam.
都有共识
And the opinion
对于手持抖动拍摄
it is a plague
人们的固有观点是它是一场灾难
that shakey cam is a technique
它总被认为是
used exclusively by filmmakers
只有那些不懂行的电影制作人
who do not know what they are doing and
才会使用的技巧
if a scene uses a shaky cam and you remove it,
若某场景中使用了手持抖动拍摄技术 去掉这种效果后
that scene without exception
这一场景将毫无意外地
becomes better by default.
会拍的更好
In this video essay,
在这个短片里
I want to explain why that mindset is wrong.
我将解释那种观念为什么是错误的
Now firstly,
首先
it is true that shaky cam has been utilized
手持抖动拍摄
by a great many directors to
如今被许多导演
a very poor standard.
以非常低的门槛滥用的现象很普遍
Take this example, for instance.
以此为例
As you can see,
正如你所看见的
that example of shaky cam
那个手持抖动拍摄的例子
is exceptionally poor.
拍的很糟糕
It is nearly impossible to
因为几乎不可能搞清楚
to decipher what’s going on
发生了什么
or even who is winning the fight.
甚至是谁打赢了都一概不知
Now, there are a thousand and one examples
如今 手持抖动拍摄
of poorly done shaky cam.
很糟糕的例子数不胜数
But in this quick essay,
但在这个短片里
I want to address just one example
我会举一个
where it is used
它如何正确使用
and it works.
以及达到拍摄效果的例子
And that example is in the film
而那个例子
28 weeks later.
是在电影《惊变28周》里
Let’s watch that again.
一起再看一次吧
So, as the protagonist is running down the hallway,
当主角在走廊奔跑时
the camera is stable.
镜头是平稳的
As it smoothly tracks his movements,
平稳地记录着他的运动
and then a few seconds later,
而数秒之后
as a zombie charges down the very same hallway,
一个丧尸也在那个走廊上面猛冲
the camera is shaking and sporadic
镜头在摇晃 并且断断续续
in a total contrast to the prior shot.
与之前的镜头截然相反
And this contrast between steady and shaky cam
而平稳和抖动拍摄的差别
is used throughout this entire scene.
贯穿了整部片子
We get a steady shot of the protagonist
主角的镜头很平稳
and his wife not moving.
他妻子也没有移动
It is immediately followed by a quick shot
紧接着就是丧尸的快镜头
of a zombie where the camera is shaking
这时候镜头就开始抖动
and he snaps his head around.
然后他摆过头来
We get a steady shot of the retacless
主角在田野里奔跑时
running in a field.
镜头十分平稳
It is immediately followed by a shaking shot
紧接着就是从丧尸后面
from behind the zombie.
拍过来的抖动镜头
I think part of the reason why
我认为这些场景
this scene is nowhere near as nauseating as
之所以不像其他手持抖动拍摄的例子一样
other examples of shaky cam is.
让人恶心 部分原因
Because the technique is used sparingly.
是因为它没有被滥用
Most of the shots are not shaking at all
大多数镜头都十分平稳
and are quite easy to decipher.
也很容易看清
But that reason right there
但这个原因
doesn’t quite explain why this is a particularly effective
并不足以说明它是这一技巧使用的好例子
use of the technique, but rather why it isn’t a bad one.
但足以见得它还不错
So, to explain why this is a great example of
因此 要解释为什么
how to use shaky cam.
这是一个手持抖动拍摄的好例子
We need to first understand the effects of the technique.
我们首先需要理解这一技巧的作用
Every cinematic technique
任何电影技巧
has an effect.
都有它的作用
The long shot helps to establish a strong sense of place.
长镜头可以帮助建立强烈的空间感
A moving camera that doesn’t ever stay still
始终不停的移动镜头
helps to create a sense of momentum,
营造了一种动态感
but also instability.
以及不确定感
As we can never quite find a stable footing,
因为我们永远无法找到一个绝对稳固的立足之地
I’d like to argue that
我倾向认为
the number one effect shaky cam has on an audience.
手持抖动拍摄带给观众的第一感觉
Aside from the nausea,
除了恶心以外
is essentially a more condensed effect of the moving shot.
本身就能营造出一种比移动镜头更加强烈的效果
It creates a sense of instability.
它会给人一种不安的感觉
So bringing this back to 28 weeks later,
因此我们回到电影《28周以后》上来
we can see why this use of shaky cam.
可以看到为什么运用手持抖动拍摄
is just so provocative.
如此令人身临其境
In contrast to the steady shots,
相较于平稳镜头而言
the shaking shots where the infected are the subjects
拍摄对象为丧尸的晃动镜头
gives them a strong sense of instability
赋予了丧尸一种不平衡感
and helps to reinforce their feral nature.
同时有助于塑造他们凶猛的本性
So what can you take away
所以从这个短片当中
from this for this video essay?
你有哪些收获呢?
Well, shaky-cam is just like
嗯 手持抖动拍摄
any other cinematic technique.
跟其他的电影技巧一样
It has its place in film and when used correctly,
它在电影里面有一席之地 如果使用得当
it can be quite provocative.
会富有强烈的感染力
The real reason the technique has developed
而这一电影技巧
such a poor reputation
之所以拥有如今的坏名声
is because the vast majority of people who use it
真正的原因是
do not understand its effect
大多数使用者都不理解它的作用
and as a result,
因此
we see it constantly used in scenes
我们看见这一技巧总是大量出现在
where it is detrimental to the overall experience,
不适合它的场景中
rather than adding to it.
而不是在正常拍摄的基础上添加几处
So if you have a friend
因此 如果你有朋友
who thinks that shakey cam is a plague that
坚定不移的认为
without exception
手持抖动拍摄应该
needs to be eradicated from
被杜绝
all future films.
出现在今后的电影当中
Feel free to show them this video.
您可以给他们看看这个视频
Please do like and subscribe
请点赞并点击订阅
and I will see you guys next time
下一次
on the Closer Look.
Closer Look见

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译制信息
视频概述

手持抖动拍摄 优势 《惊变28周》为例

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

寒江雪

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJBULcZpg5E

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