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如何恰当地运用手持抖动拍摄 – 译学馆
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如何恰当地运用手持抖动拍摄

How To Use Shaky Cam Right

大家好!我是亨利
Hey, guys! Henry here
欢迎观看这个关于
and welcome to a short video essay on
如何使用手持抖动拍摄的短视频
how to use shaky cam.
好的
Right.
大多数影迷
The majority of filmgoers
和制片人
as well as filmmakers in general
对于手持抖动拍摄
have a very firm opinion
都有共识
when it comes to shaky cam.
对于手持抖动拍摄
And the opinion
人们的固有观点是它是一场灾难
it is a plague
它总被认为是
that shakey cam is a technique
只有那些不懂行的电影制作人
used exclusively by filmmakers
才会使用的技巧
who do not know what they are doing and
若某场景中使用了手持抖动拍摄技术去掉这种效果后
if a scene uses a shaky cam and you remove it,
这一场景将毫无意外地
that scene without exception
会拍的更好
becomes better by default.
在这个短片里
In this video essay,
我将解释那种观念为什么是错误的
I want to explain why that mindset is wrong.
首先
Now firstly,
手持抖动拍摄
it is true that shaky cam has been utilized
如今被许多导演
by a great many directors to
以非常低的门槛滥用的现象很普遍
a very poor standard.
以此为例
Take this example, for instance.
正如你所看见的
As you can see,
那个手持抖动拍摄的例子
that example of shaky cam
拍的很糟糕
is exceptionally poor.
因为几乎不可能搞清楚
It is nearly impossible to
发生了什么
to decipher what’s going on
甚至是谁打赢了都一概不知
or even who is winning the fight.
如今 手持抖动拍摄
Now, there are a thousand and one examples
很糟糕的例子数不胜数
of poorly done shaky cam.
但在这个短片里
But in this quick essay,
我会举一个
I want to address just one example
它如何正确使用
where it is used
以及达到拍摄效果的例子
and it works.
而那个例子
And that example is in the film
是在电影《惊变28周》里
28 weeks later.
一起再看一次吧
Let’s watch that again.
当主角在走廊奔跑时
So, as the protagonist is running down the hallway,
镜头是平稳的
the camera is stable.
平稳地记录着他的运动
As it smoothly tracks his movements,
而数秒之后
and then a few seconds later,
一个丧尸也在那个走廊上面猛冲
as a zombie charges down the very same hallway,
镜头在摇晃 并且断断续续
the camera is shaking and sporadic
与之前的镜头截然相反
in a total contrast to the prior shot.
而平稳和抖动拍摄的差别
And this contrast between steady and shaky cam
贯穿了整部片子
is used throughout this entire scene.
主角的镜头很平稳
We get a steady shot of the protagonist
他妻子也没有移动
and his wife not moving.
紧接着就是丧尸的快镜头
It is immediately followed by a quick shot
这时候镜头就开始抖动
of a zombie where the camera is shaking
然后他摆过头来
and he snaps his head around.
主角在田野里奔跑时
We get a steady shot of the retacless
镜头十分平稳
running in a field.
紧接着就是从丧尸后面
It is immediately followed by a shaking shot
拍过来的抖动镜头
from behind the zombie.
我认为这些场景
I think part of the reason why
之所以不像其他手持抖动拍摄的例子一样
this scene is nowhere near as nauseating as
让人恶心 部分原因
other examples of shaky cam is.
是因为它没有被滥用
Because the technique is used sparingly.
大多数镜头都十分平稳
Most of the shots are not shaking at all
也很容易看清
and are quite easy to decipher.
但这个原因
But that reason right there
并不足以说明它是这一技巧使用的好例子
doesn’t quite explain why this is a particularly effective
但足以见得它还不错
use of the technique, but rather why it isn’t a bad one.
因此 要解释为什么
So, to explain why this is a great example of
这是一个手持抖动拍摄的好例子
how to use shaky cam.
我们首先需要理解这一技巧的作用
We need to first understand the effects of the technique.
任何电影技巧
Every cinematic technique
都有它的作用
has an effect.
长镜头可以帮助建立强烈的空间感
The long shot helps to establish a strong sense of place.
始终不停的移动镜头
A moving camera that doesn’t ever stay still
营造了一种动态感
helps to create a sense of momentum,
以及不确定感
but also instability.
因为我们永远无法找到一个绝对稳固的立足之地
As we can never quite find a stable footing,
我倾向认为
I’d like to argue that
手持抖动拍摄带给观众的第一感觉
the number one effect shaky cam has on an audience.
除了恶心以外
Aside from the nausea,
本身就能营造出一种比移动镜头更加强烈的效果
is essentially a more condensed effect of the moving shot.
它会给人一种不安的感觉
It creates a sense of instability.
因此我们回到电影《28周以后》上来
So bringing this back to 28 weeks later,
可以看到为什么运用手持抖动拍摄
we can see why this use of shaky cam.
如此令人身临其境
is just so provocative.
相较于平稳镜头而言
In contrast to the steady shots,
拍摄对象为丧尸的晃动镜头
the shaking shots where the infected are the subjects
赋予了丧尸一种不平衡感
gives them a strong sense of instability
同时有助于塑造他们凶猛的本性
and helps to reinforce their feral nature.
所以从这个短片当中
So what can you take away
你有哪些收获呢?
from this for this video essay?
嗯 手持抖动拍摄
Well, shaky-cam is just like
跟其他的电影技巧一样
any other cinematic technique.
它在电影里面有一席之地 如果使用得当
It has its place in film and when used correctly,
会富有强烈的感染力
it can be quite provocative.
而这一电影技巧
The real reason the technique has developed
之所以拥有如今的坏名声
such a poor reputation
真正的原因是
is because the vast majority of people who use it
大多数使用者都不理解它的作用
do not understand its effect
因此
and as a result,
我们看见这一技巧总是大量出现在
we see it constantly used in scenes
不适合它的场景中
where it is detrimental to the overall experience,
而不是在正常拍摄的基础上添加几处
rather than adding to it.
因此 如果你有朋友
So if you have a friend
坚定不移的认为
who thinks that shakey cam is a plague that
手持抖动拍摄应该
without exception
被杜绝
needs to be eradicated from
出现在今后的电影当中
all future films.
您可以给他们看看这个视频
Feel free to show them this video.
请点赞并点击订阅
Please do like and subscribe
下一次
and I will see you guys next time
Closer Look见
on the Closer Look.

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译制信息
视频概述

手持抖动拍摄 优势 《惊变28周》为例

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

小恐龙

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJBULcZpg5E

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