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使用actually的四种方法

How To Use ACTUALLY | Pronunciation & Use in English

This lesson is sponsored by The Ladies’ Project,
此课程由The Ladies’project赞助
a unique online community
这是一个独一无二的网上社区
for women learning English as a second language.
专门面对把英语作为第二外语学习的女性
We help women to transform their relationship to English,
我们帮助女性交更多说英语的朋友
to become more comfortable, more courageous English speakers.
让她们与英语母语者交流时更自信 更勇敢
Enrolments are open now but they’re closing soon.
现在已经开放注册了 不过很快会关闭
Membership costs just $34.99 a month
会员每月仅需34.99美元
and the link is in the description if you want to find out more.
如果你想了解更多 请点击简介的链接
Well hey there I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
大家好!我是来自mmmEnglish的艾玛
I hope you’ve been having an awesome day so far!
希望你们经历了愉快的一天!
Today’s English lesson is going to be short and sweet.
今天的课程将会简短又愉快
I’ll go over four different ways
我将会讲解
that you can use a very common, very useful word.
使用这个很常见 很实用的单词的四种方法
Actually.
Actually
We’ll also practise the pronunciation
我们还会练习它的发音
to help you sound more natural and relaxed
让你在使用这个单词的时候
when you use this word.
听起来更自然放松
‘Actually’ is one of those English words that has several different meanings
“Actually”是有许多不同意思的英语单词之一
and it can be used in a few different ways
它有些不同的使用方法
but it can also be placed in different positions within an English sentence as well
也可以用在一句话的不同位置
so that can make it seem a little confusing
所以这会让人有点混乱
and with many of my students,
我的许多学生
if you know, they’re a little confused about a word
只要对一个词比较混乱
or a little unsure about how to use it correctly,
或者不太确定如何正确使用它
they tend to avoid it
他们就趋向于避免使用这个词
but we don’t want to do that.
可我们不想这么做
There is no need this avoid this word.
没必要逃避这个词
It’s an incredibly useful word.
这是个非常有用的单词
Check it out.
来一探究竟吧
We can use’actually’ to emphasise a fact,
我们可以用”actually”强调事实
to express surprise,
表示惊讶
to correct someone politely
礼貌地纠正他人
or to change topics in a conversation.
或者转换聊天的话题
It is a very, very handy word to know.
这是个你应该掌握的 非常便于使用的词
Now let’s start with the pronunciation’actually’.
那么我们先从发音开始”actually”
Technically there are four syllables in this word.
这个词在学术上分为四个音节
But when spoken by a native English speaker and they say it naturally,
但本地人自然地说它的时候
the word reduces down to three syllables.
会减至三个音节
So the stress is on the first syllable,
所以重音在第一个音节
it’s the strongest sound.
它是最强的音
And in the second syllable, the vowel sound reduces down to the schwa,
第二个音节 元音滑向中性元音
you can hear it with the
你会听到
consonant sound.
辅音
And then the last syllable is a short sound.
最后一个音节的音很短
The schwa sound is the secret here to natural pronunciation.
这里的中性元音就是让发音自然的小秘密
It’s not
不是
but
而是
It’s a really relaxed sound.
它是个非常放松的音
Actually, check out my lesson about the schwa sound right here
Actually点击这里观看我有关中性元音的课
for some extra practice.
做些额外练习吧
You’ll get lots more pronunciation practice
你可以进行更多的发音练习
if you practise with me out loud during this lesson.
如果你想在课上和我大声练习朗读
There’s going to be lots of examples
这里有很多例子
so get ready to speak out loud.
准备大声读出来吧
So there are four different ways that you can use the word’actually’ in English sentences
在英语中 有四种方法去使用”actually”这个词
and number one is to emphasise a fact or something that happened.
第一种是强调某个事实或者发生的事
It actually takes longer to fly from Melbourne to Perth than it takes to fly from Perth to Melbourne.
事实上 从墨尔本飞到珀斯会比从珀斯飞到墨尔本耗时
So I’m using’actually’ here to emphasise a fact.
我在这里用actually强调了一个事实
It’s true.
这是真的
The wind direction has quite a significant influence on the flight time
飞行时 风向是影响飞行时间的重要因素
so it’s much faster to fly from Perth to Melbourne.
所以从珀斯飞到墨尔本更快
I’ve heard so many different versions of this story,
我听到了这件事的好多版本
I wish I knew what he actually said.
我想知道他究竟说了什么
You know I want the truth,
我想要真相
I want to know what he really said at the time.
我想知道他那时到底说了什么
I’ve only heard from others.
我之前只是道听途说
Do you know Paul?
你认识保罗吗?
We’ve spoken over the phone but we’ve never actually met.
我们打过电话 可从未真的见面
Have you got an example that you can share in the comments below?
你有好的例子吗? 可以在评论区分享给大家
I want you to write a sentence, if you can,
可以的话 我想让你造个句
where you’re using’actually’ to emphasise a fact.
用”actually”去强调一个事实
Number two, you can use’actually’ to show surprise at something unexpected.
第二种 你可以用”actually” 对意料之外的事表示惊讶
It looks like my brother actually arrived on time.
看起来我兄弟居然准时到了
I’m a little surprised, he’s usually late.
我有点惊讶 他总是迟到
I was so tired I actually fell asleep in the back of the taxi.
我太累了 居然在出租车后座睡着了
Did you hear that they actually sold their house?
你听说了吗?他们居然把房子卖掉了!
It’s been on the market for ages.
它在市场上搁了好几年了
Now’actually’ can also be used to correct someone politely.
“actually”还可以用来礼貌地纠正他人
I don’t work for the government.
其实我不为政府工作
I’m self-employed, actually.
我是自由职业者
We’re late. The meeting starts at twelve.
我们迟到了 会议十二点就开始了
Actually, think it starts after lunch.
其实午后才会开始吧
How long has she been living in Sydney?
她在悉尼住几年了?
Actually, she lives in Singapore now.
她现在其实住在新加坡
Now you can actually use’actually’ to correct yourself
当你犯了错或者不太确定的时候
which is cool when you make a mistake or you’re unsure
其实你可以用”actually”纠正自己的错误 这样挺酷的
I’m meeting with them on Thursday.
我周四会和他们见面
Actually, it might be Friday.
不 好像是周五
Can you think of your own example to correct someone politely?
你可以举个礼貌纠正他人的例子吗?
If you can, add it to the comments below so I can check it out soon
可以的话 在评论区写下来 我会尽快检查的
And finally, we can use’actually’ to introduce a new topic
最后一种 我们可以用”actually”开启新话题
or to add some extra information.
或者用来补充额外的信息
Actually, I need to ask you about something before you leave.
话说 你走之前我要问你些事儿
I’ve been meaning to talk about that with you, actually.
噢!话说我还有事要和你讨论
So notice how in both of these examples,
所以注意到这些例子的特点了吗
when we use’actually’ at the end or at the start of a sentence,
当我们把”actually”放在句首或句尾时
we use a comma
会加上逗号
and this is really important for your writing
这点对于你的写作至关重要
but also when you’re speaking.
不过当你念出来的时候
It also signals a little pause.
这也是个稍作停顿的信号
So that was the four ways that you can use’actually’
以上就是”actually”的四种使用方法
but I’ve got a couple of extra tips that I want to share with you
不过我还有几条额外的小建议要和你分享
to actually make sure that you’re using ‘actually’ correctly
来真正地确保你可以正确使用”actually”
because some of my students get a little confused
因为我的一些学生会把
between’actually’ and’currently’.
“actually”和”currently”混淆
Now in English, these are not synonyms.
在英语中 它俩可不是同义词
‘They actually moved to Tokyo.’
“他们其实搬到东京了”
is not the same as ‘They currently moved to Tokyo.’
和“他们目前搬到东京了”完全不同
In fact, that sentence is completely incorrect.
事实上 这句话完全就是错误的
‘Actually’ and’currently’ are different.
“Actually”和”currently”是不同的
And the last thing that I want to share is’actually’ and’actual’,
最后要与你们分享的是”actually”和”actual”
they have very similar meanings.
它们的意思非常接近
‘Actually’ is an adverb,’actual’ is an adjective.
“actually”是副词 “actual”是形容词
Their meanings are similar.
意思很接近
‘Actual’ means real or factual
“actual”的意思是 真实的 或 事实的
and it can also be used for emphasis
它也可以用来强调
but they are used in different positions within a sentence.
不过它会用在句子的不同位置
So usually the adjective’actual’ is found before the noun.
通常形容词”actual”放在名词之前
This is the actual spot where we met.
这里是我们见面的真正地点
This is the actual spot where I teach you.
这里是我们教学的真正地点
Now the adverb’actually’
副词”actually”
is usually used at the beginning or the end of a sentence
通常用在句首或句尾
or before the verb.
或动词前
Actually, this is where I film my videos.
事实上 这就是我录制视频的地方
I actually film them right here.
我其实就是在这儿录视频的
This is where I film my videos actually.
实际上 我就是在这儿录的视频
So I hope you actually learned something this lesson
我希望这节课你真的学到东西了
and that you actually start using this word a little more frequently
并且你真的可以在你的英语句子中
in your English sentences.
更流畅地使用它
Make it a challenge for this week.
这星期做个挑战吧!
How many times can you use the word’actually’?
你可以使用”actually”这个词多少次?
Keep it top of mind.
在脑中时刻提醒自己
Give this lesson a like
给这节课点个赞
and if you’re thinking
还有如果你觉得
‘Actually, I’ve got a friend who should really watch this video.’
我有个朋友其实也该看看这个视频
well, make sure you share it with them.
那就确保你分享给他们了
Here are a couple more lessons to keep you busy.
这有更多的课程供你学习
I think that you’ll actually like this one right here.
我觉得你真的会喜欢这边这个视频的
I’ll see you in there!
不见不散!

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视频概述

如何使用actually才会听起来更自然呢?让艾玛老师告诉你!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lazmC213yVg

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