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如何听懂英语语速较快的人说的话 – 译学馆
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如何听懂英语语速较快的人说的话

How To Understand Fast English Speakers

大家好!
Hello! again.
本期视频我们将聊一聊如何理解快速英语
In this video, we’ re going to talk about how to understand fast English speakers.
很多学生都会跟我反映说
So I get this question a lot from my students that I’ m having a hard time
当英语为母语的人讲话很快时就很难理解他们的意思
understanding native English speakers who are speaking too quickly.
因此今天我想就如何更好地理解快速英语
So I want to give you some ideas, and some tips and tricks today
给你们一些建议及技巧
on how to understand fast English speakers a little bit better
以及一些练习可以帮助你们加强听力技能
and some exercises you can do to strengthen your listening skills,
当遇到需要听懂母语英语者讲话的时候
when it comes to listening to native English speakers. Ok.
首先 我需要你们像母语英语者一样
First of all, I want you to do what native speakers do.
不要毫无遗漏的听出一句话中的每个单词
And that is they don’ t listen to every word in a sentence.
典型的做法是只听那些重读的单词
Typically what they are doing is listening for those stressed words.
因此 他们只听那些重读词
So they are listening for the stressed words in the sentence.
嗯因此这……每个……
And so it is … every…
英语的韵律由重音和非重音节组成
The rhythm of English is composed of stressed and unstressed sounds and syllables.
因此他们会一直选择听一句话中
So they’ ve been in condition to listen for those
那些重读的单词和重音节
stressed words and syllables in a sentence.
而这些也正是我们要听的
And that’ s really what we are listening for.
那么 为了理解这点
So in order to understand this,
我们来回顾一下句子中的重读情况
let’ s do a little bit of review of sentence stress.
假如你还记得的话
So if you remember, sentence stress is emphasizing
句重音是强调重要的单词和句子
the important words and sentences.
这些重要的词发音时会更长 更响亮并且音调更高
Those important words are longer, louder and with slightly higher pitch
现在一些母语英语者很擅长
Now some native speakers are really good at
对重要的词进行强调和重读
emphasizing and stressing important words.
也有一些不擅长
And some are not as great at it.
但那些会对重要单词进行强调的人
And but for those who do stress and emphasize those important words,
会使我们的理解更为容易
it’ s much easier to understand.
因为我们可以挑出那些加强的词
Because we can kind of pick out those stressed words and get the …
然后清楚的理解他们想表达的意思
and understand very clearly what they are trying to communicate.
好 这些句中的加强词
OK. Those stressed words in a sentence
对于听你讲话的人来说是一种需要注意的线索
are a clue for you listener to pay attention.
因此当你在说话并且在英语中加入你的节奏时
When you’re saying when you’re speaking and using your rhythm in English,
那些关键的观点就是你需要加强的
you want to stress and emphasize those key ideas.
就类似于通过强调把这些重要的观点
And…Kind of hand those most important ideas
捧在手上传递给你的听众
to your listeners by stressing them.
现在当你成为听众时也应采取相同的建议
Now you want to take this same advice as you’re listening.
然后说好的 我会去听这些强调的词
And say OK, I’m going to be listening for those stressed words.
以及一句话中的重读音节
and those stressed syllables in a sentence.
这才能帮助你更好地听并理解
That’ s what’ s going to help you really hear and understand a lot better.
好的 名字是句中需要重读的
OK. And so some examples of important words
例子
when it comes to sentence stress are names.
通常母语英语者会强调并重读名字
And typically native speakers will stress and emphasize name.
数字也是典型需要强调的词
Numbers are typically stressed and emphasized.
否定词也是典型重读词之一
And negatives are typically stressed and emphasized.
再说一遍 一些母语英语者比另一些更擅长重读
Again, some native speakers do this better than others.
但你可以……可以……假如遵循这个原则
But you can get… you can … as you follow this general rule
你就能够更好的挑出这些词
you’ ll be able to pick that out a little bit better.
好的 重读意味着它们很重要
OK. So stressed words equal … say mean that are important.
它们有重要的含义
They are important in the meaning.
那么我们可以用这些曲线
So we have that those curves of
表示重读和非重读的音节
stressed and unstressed words in syllables.
你要关注的是在这个节奏上的那些重读音节 峰
So you’ re looking for those stressed, those peaks and … in that rhythm.
注意听句子中的重读单词和观点
So as you are listening for that stressed words and ideas in a sentence,
这是代表讲话者
That’ s where the meaning in the purpose that
真正意图的重要地方
was really important meaning of what the speakers think.
好的 现在试着用这种方法……你需要多练习
OK. Now to do this you want … you need to practice.
为了做的更好 你需要大量练习
To get better at this, you need a lot of practice.
我发现一个十分神奇的资源
I’ ve found a resource that is absolutely amazing.
这个人创建了一个叫做esl–lab.com的网站
And this guy has a website called esl-lab.com
他呢……收集了许多
And he has … just dozens of
母语英语者间的对话记录
recorded conversations between native English speakers.
你可以点击试听
You can click on it. You can listen.
其中有许多人语速会有一点快
A lot of those speakers are a little bit fast speakers
或者为了让其他人能够理解
or on normal pace for the other native English speakers to…
采用比较正常的语速
be able to understand.
因此 你可以选择听这些对话
And so you’ ll listen to those recordings in those conversations,
然后他会有一个听力测验或理解作业
and then he has a listening quiz or a comprehension task,
应该说是关于这段对话的理解测试
I guess I should say, a comprehension test about that conversation.
这是个很棒的资源 我希望你们打开这个网站
It’ s an incredible resource and I encourage you to go to that website,
我这里有它的链接
and I have a link here on the website.
点击这个网站然后尽可能多的听其中的对话
Go there and listen to as many of those conversations as possible.
做听力练习
Take the quiz and as you do that
当你做的同时注意听那些重读词语
listen for those stressed and emphasized words
及句子中的重读音节
and syllables in the sentence.
检测你自己是否能够越来越好地
And see if you can get better at
把这些重读词或重要的观点提炼出来
pulling out those stressed or important ideas.
而不是把讲话者说的每个单词都听出来
instead of listening for every single word that native speaker is saying.
好了 总结一下就是 像母语英语者一样
All right. So as a review, do as native speakers do.
别逐字逐句地听
Don’ t listen to every word.
只听句子里那些重读的词
And listen for those stressed words in the sentence.
好的 我知道当你这样做的时候
OK. I know as you do this, you will get…
这样做并且练习这个技巧
do this and you practice this skill,
你就能更好的理解母语英语者说的内容
you will get better understanding native English speakers,
尤其是那些讲话语速略快的
and especially native speakers who might be speaking a little too fast.
好了 去练习吧 我们下期视频再见
All right. Go practice and I’ ll see you again in the next video.

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视频概述

一个简单的小技巧帮助你更好的理解语速很快的英语听力

听录译者

greenhoodie

翻译译者

sophie

审核员

W

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-ICERCYjL0

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