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如何处理晒伤

How To Treat A Sunburn

So you’ve got to sunburn and you want to know how to treat it
你被晒伤了 你想知道如何处理
well you found the right video
那么看这个视频就对了
because at the end of this video,
因为看完这段视频后
you’re gonna become a pro
你就是处理晒伤的专业人士
now before I begin telling you everything that you need to know about treatments
在我开始告诉你关于治疗晒伤的所有事情之前
if you’re a regular on my channel you will know that
如果你经常看我的节目
I’m not usually one of those healthcare professionals whose all doom and gloom
你应该知道我不是那种悲观的医疗专家
but getting sunburned is actually very serious
但是 被晒伤实际上是非常严重的
so serious in fact by just getting it once every two years
严重到即便你每两年只被晒伤一次
it can triple your risk of getting melanoma skin cancer
你患上黑色素瘤皮肤癌的风险会增加三倍
which is why it’s so important that you don’t get it in the first place
所以你一开始就避免被晒伤是非常重要的
and I’m going to discuss all of this
在这段视频的最后
how to reduce your chances of getting sunburn at the end of this video
我会讨论如何降低晒伤的几率
so if you do have sunburn right now
如果你现在已经被晒伤了
you need to promise me that it’s never going to happen again
你一定要向我保证它不会再发生了
because you now know just how serious it is now
因为你现在知道它有多严重了
let’s begin with treatments
我们从治疗方法开始讲
okay so the first thing that you need to do when you’ve got sunburn
当你被晒伤的时候 你需要做的第一件事
is you need to get out of the Sun straightaway
就是马上远离太阳
a preferably go indoor
最好是到室内
now please remember this
现在请记住这一点
that sunburn isn’t only when your skin is peeling it’s blistered its raw
晒伤不只是皮肤脱皮 起水泡或是红肿
sunburn is also classified as when your skin is just pink or it’s just irritated from the Sun
还包括皮肤开始变红或是受到太阳刺激
these are all classified as sunburn
这些情况都算是晒伤
so now let’s say you’re indoors which is great
现在我们假设你在室内 这很好
you need to first start by taking frequent cool showers or cool baths
首先 你需要不断洗冷水澡或泡冷水澡
and this is going to help relieve the pain
这会有助于减轻疼痛感
now please remember once you finish your bath once you finish the shower
现在请记住 一旦你洗完或是泡完冷水澡
please don’t dry yourself vigorously with a towel
不要用毛巾使劲擦身体
you need to gently pat yourself dry
你要轻轻拍掉身上的水
and leave a little moisture on the skin to apply moisturizer over
在皮肤上留一点水分 涂上保湿霜
it’s gonna help trap the moisture in
这将有助于锁住水分
generally speaking you can use any moisturizer
一般来说 你可以使用任何一种保湿霜
but they do say that those containing aloe vera so aloe vera based moisturizers
但人们说那些含有芦荟的保湿霜(芦荟保湿霜)
have a more cooling and soothing effect
有更好的清凉和舒缓作用
but if you don’t have it
但如果你没有
you can use any moisturizer
也可以使用任意一种保湿霜
the more often you use it the better
你用的次数越多就越好
just please remember make sure to moisturizer it doesn’t contain benzocaine
不过你要保证你的保湿霜不含苯佐卡因
or any ingredient in the same family which ends in caine
或任何以“caine”结尾的同类成分
the reason for this is that it can irritate the skin
其原因是这些成分会刺激皮肤
and potentially cause an allergic reaction
并可能引起过敏反应
The smaller areas of the skin which are very uncomfortable and
对于非常难受且没有办法缓解的小部分皮肤
nothing’s really helping you can use a topical mild steroid cream
你可以在皮肤表面使用温和的类固醇乳膏
such as hydrocortisone for example
比如氢化可的松
you can purchase this from any pharmacy
你可以在任何一家药店买到它
well make sure that you’re not using it on the face
一定不要用在脸上
and always beats your pharmacist first
且一定要先咨询药剂师
so they can check the it’s safe and suitable to use it
这样他们才能确认这种药是否安全 是否适合你用
and that little information leaflet that comes with it always read that to
你一定要看看药品附带的那张小说明书
again to make sure that you’re safe and suitable to use it
以再次确认药品对你来说是安全的 合适的
now steroid creams should be used very thinly
我们应该涂上很薄的一层药膏
in what we call fingertip units
也就是我们说的“指尖单位”
so one fingertip unit should cover two palms in area
所以一个指尖单位的药膏应该覆盖两个手掌的面积
so that’s just how thinly you need to be using it
这就是你使用它时的厚薄程度
now if you do want more information
如果你想要知道更多
on how to use a steroid cream properly
关于如何正确使用类固醇霜的信息
I did make a video about quite a long time ago
我在很久以前做了一个视频
and I will leave a link up here and in the description below for you
我将在这里以及接下来的视频中留下链接
so you now know all about creams
你现在对乳霜了如指掌了
but what else should you be doing
那么你还应该做些什么呢?
well an important fact to remember
你要记住一个重要的事实
is that when we get sunburned
当我们被晒伤时
it draws fluid towards the skin surface from the rest of the body
晒伤的部分会从身体其他部位的皮肤表面吸收水分
what does this mean
这是什么意思呢?
well it basically means that you’re gonna have to increase your water uptake
这就意味着在晒伤后的恢复期内
during this period of recovery from the sunburn
你必须增加你的水分摄取量
because if you don’t you’re gonna be at risk of dehydration
因为如果你不这么做 你会有脱水的风险
which you’re gonna make you feel terrible
这会让你感到很难受
and it’s also gonna slow down the recovery process
而且这也会使恢复过程减慢
now let’s say that you’ve tried all the tips
现在假设你已经尝试了
that I’ve mentioned so far in this video
我在视频中提到的所有方法
and you’re still in a lot of pain and discomfort
你还是感到非常痛苦和不适
then another option for you to take is paracetamol or ibuprofen
那么你的另一个选择是扑热息痛或布洛芬
however before you take these medicines
不过 在服用这些药物之前
please always speak to your pharmacist
请务必告诉你的药剂师
just so that it can make sure it is safe and suitable to take the medicine
以确保服用这种药物是安全的 合适的
and always read the information leaflet that comes with it
也务必要看看药物附带的说明书
now please remember that if your skin does blister from the sunburn
请记住 如果你的皮肤因晒伤而起水泡了
please do not pop or scratch these
请不要弄破或抓伤它
leave them alone
让它保持现状
when we get blisters from sunburn
当皮肤因晒伤而起水泡时
this is usually the sign of a secondary degree burn
这通常是二级晒伤的征兆
and these blisters they play a critical part in one the healing process
这些水泡对于愈合过程和预防感染
and two preventing infections
都发挥着重要的作用
because when you break that physical barrier
因为当你弄破或抓伤它们
by popping or scratching them
从而打破了这种物理屏障
it’s gonna let in all them germs
这会导致所有细菌侵入
it’s also recommended that you speed to your doctor or healthcare professional
如果你真的因晒伤而起水泡或肿胀
if you do get any blisters or swelling from sunburn
建议你赶快去看医生或医疗保健专业人员
what I will do actually is I’ll leave a full list
我会在下面的视频中列出一个清单
of when you should seek medical advice in the description below
告诉你什么时候应该寻求医疗建议
and I would highly recommend everyone to read it
我强烈建议大家阅读一下
now sober skin is healing
现在皮肤正在愈合
you need to protect it as much as possible from the sunlight
你要尽可能保护它免受阳光的伤害
so try and cover it as much as possible which is highly woven clothe
所以尽量用紧密编织的织物把皮肤盖住
tightly woven fabric basically means when you hold it
紧密编织的织物也就是放到光线下
in front of the light nothing passes through
不会被光线穿透的织物
so I really hope that my video helps you today
真心希望今天的视频能够帮到你
but please remember that the start of this video you made me a promise
但请记住 视频一开始你向我保证过
and you said that this is never going to happen again
不会再被晒伤了
so please keep that promise because you now know the facts
请信守承诺 因为现在你知道了晒伤的严重性
you know that getting sunburnt once every two years
你知道每两年晒伤一次的话
triples your risk of melanoma skin cancer
你患黑色素瘤皮肤癌的风险会增加三倍
so please remember that fact
请记住这个事实
so it’s super important that you protect yourself and your family from getting it in the first place
所以首先避免自己和家人被晒伤是十分重要的
this means using a sunscreen often and correctly
这就意味着要经常并正确地使用防晒霜
with the right UVA and UVB protection
它的UVA和UVB防护指数也要适合你
now I understand that buying the right sunscreen can be a little difficult and tricky
我明白买到合适的防晒霜有些困难 也有些棘手
but I did make a video a few months ago
不过几个月前我做了一个视频
all about how to pick the best sunscreen
内容是关于如何选择最好的防晒霜
what ingredients to look out for what UVA and UVB is and all that stuff means
需要关注的成分以及什么是UVA和UVB
so I highly recommend you watch that video
所以我强烈推荐你看看那个视频
I’m gonna link it up here and description below
我会在这里和下面的视频中给出链接
and I promise you once you watch that video
我向你保证 只要你看了那个视频
you’re gonna become a sunscreen Pro
你就会成为防晒霜专家
there’s also many other things that you can do to avoid sunburn
你还可以做其他很多事情来避免晒伤
one of which is having a physical barrier
其中之一是靠物理屏障来防晒
so wearing loose-fitting clothes which is deeper in color
也就是穿颜色较深且宽松的衣服
wearing a hat spending more time in the shade and less time in the Sun as much as possible
戴上帽子 尽量长时间待在阴凉处并少晒太阳
this is especially important
这一点尤其重要
when the Sun is is strongest between 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
特别是在上午11点到下午3点间阳光最强烈的时候
but please try and spend most of your time in a shade
请尽量长时间待在阴凉处
that’s the best thing you can do
这是最好的做法
there’s a lot more things that you can d
你能做的事情还有很多
o which I’m gonna leave in the description below
我将在接下来的视频中提供相关内容
I also explain all of these in much more detail in the sunscreen video
我还在防晒霜的视频中详细地解释了这些内容
which I just spoke about which is an even better reason to watch it
就是我刚才提到的视频 请务必观看一下
and that’s the end of the video
视频就到这里了
I really hope my tips help you
希望我的方法能帮到你
always remember that you’re awesome and I will see you next week
要记住你是很棒的 下周见
did you see that did it in one take
看到了吗?我一次就拍好这个视频
and I’ve got a live viewer here on FaceTime
我在FaceTime上有一个直播观众
who’s a who just watched that how was it
她刚才看了视频 怎么样?
hey guys thanks for watching this week’s video
感谢朋友们观看这周的视频
make sure to click that like follow or subscribe button now
记得给视频点赞并点击订阅按钮
to stay up to date with new weekly videos
以观看每周最新的视频

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视频概述

视频讲述了如何防止并处理晒伤。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Spencer

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kjwc9gcoW80

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