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让我们来聊聊“Money”吧! – 译学馆
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让我们来聊聊“Money”吧!

How To Talk About MONEY 💰 English Conversation & Vocabulary

大家好 我是来自“mmmEnglish”的艾玛老师
Well hey there! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish
这节课我们来谈谈“Cash”吧!”Moollah”
and in this lesson, we’re talking about cash! Moollah.
“Big ones” “Bucks” “Quid”
Big ones. Bucks. Quid.
“Dosh” “Dough” “Coin”
Dosh. Dough. Coin.
“Money”
Money.
大多数国家有自己的货币
Now, most countries have their own currency
也就是钱的称呼
– the name for their money.
就像美元 英镑 欧元 日元 卢比 迪拉姆
So dollars, pounds, euros, yen, rupee, dirham,
人民币 盾
renminhbi, dong.
那么 你能帮我一个忙吗
In fact, can you do me a favour and write the name of
在视频下方评论写下你们国家货币的名称
your country’s currency in the comments below this video?
我很好奇 我们会在评论里
I’m curious to see just how many currencies
见到多少种货币呢
we can collect down there.
但我们这节课讲的可不是货币噢
But currency is not what this lesson is about.
而是我们用英语来讨论金钱时
This lesson is about the nouns, the verbs, the adjectives
所使用的名词 动词以及形容词
that we use to talk about money
并且它们有很多种表达
in English and there are plenty!
钱这个东西
The thing about money is,it’s a pretty dang
在生活中真的非常重要 不是吗
important part of life really, isn’t it?
也难怪为什么我们有
So it’s no wonder at all why we have
这么多不同的词来谈论金钱
so many different words to talk about money
其中还有大量的俚语
including plenty of slang words.
比我在这里罗列的要多得多
Plenty more than I’ve listed here.
在某个地方或社会 这些词通常是独一无二的
And these words are often unique to a place or to a community.
不是所有英语母语者都能理解
They may not be understood by all native English speakers
更遑论运用了
or even used by all native English speakers.
如果你要去一个以英语为母语的国家游玩
So if you’re visiting an English-speaking country,
在去之前做一番调查
do a little research before you arrive
因为你在英国听到的”quid”和”skint”
because you’ll hear’quid’ and’skint’ in England
在澳大利亚通常不会被使用
but they’re not commonly used here in Australia.
而可能会说”bucks”和”broke”
We would probably say’bucks’ and’broke’ instead,
这样说会更像美式英语一些
which is a little more like Americans.
当你在一个以英语为母语的国家时
So when you’re in an English-speaking country,
一定要留心听这些单词
make sure you’re listening out for these words.
看看当地人是如何讲“钱”的
Listen for the way that local people talk about money.
名词“money”是一个通用词 你可以在
Now the noun’money’ is a universal word, you can use it
任何一个讲英语的国家使用
anywhere in an English-speaking country.
在澳大利亚 你会听到人们用这些词中的任意一个
In Australia, you’ll hear people use any of these words
来表示钱 不只是刚刚讲的这些哦
to refer to money and more of them.
但最常使用的是”bucks” “cash”
But the most common ones are bucks, cash,
“coin”当然还有”money”
coin and of course, money.
用英语来谈论钱的时候 其中最复杂的事情之一
One of the trickiest things about money words in English
就是如何使用它们
is how they are used
因为”dollars”和”bucks”都是可数名词
because dollars and bucks are countable nouns.
所以如果你有不止一块钱
So if you have more than one,
就一定要用复数形式
it must be plural.
一定要注意这些词复数形式的发音
Make sure you check your pronunciation on that,
对于英语学习者来说
it’s very common for English learners
忘记复数的”S” 说成”five dollar”的情况非常普遍
to drop the plural’S’ and say”five dollar”
这是错误的表达的 应该是”five dollars”
which is incorrect,”five dollars”.
而”bucks”只是对美元的非正式称呼
Now,’bucks’ is just an informal casual word for dollars.
是”dollar”的同义词
It’s a synonym.
Can I borrow ten bucks?
Can I borrow ten bucks?
和下面这句话意思完全一样
It has exactly the same meaning as
Can I borrow ten dollars?
“Can I borrow ten dollars?”
前者只是不太正式
It’s just more informal.
“bucks”经常用于
And often’bucks’ is used as a bit of a
打折或者销售商品时
sales or marketing tool
因为”buck”会莫名使商品听起来更便宜
because somehow’bucks’ makes things sound cheaper
或者不那么贵
or less expensive.
It’s only twenty bucks!Let’s get it…
It’s only twenty bucks! Let’s get it…
What? Twenty dollars? I’m not paying that.
What? Twenty dollars? I’m not paying that.
No… It’s only twenty bucks. It’s nothing!
No… it’s only twenty bucks. It’s nothing!
事实上 这是同样的价钱
So this is exactly the same amount
但是使用”bucks” 不知怎么的听起来更便宜
but using’bucks’ makes it sound cheaper somehow.
因此这是个不错的销售技巧
So it’s a good sales tool.
“cents”和”coins” 也是关于钱的可数名词
‘Cents’ and ‘coins’ are also countable nouns relating to money.
Do you have any coins?
Do you have any coins?
I need them to pay for parking.
I need them to pay for parking.
对不起 I’ve only got fifty cents.
Sorry. I’ve only got fifty cents.
“quid”是可数名词
Now,’quid’ is countable
但它没有复数形式
but it doesn’t have a plural form.
It’ll cost you a quid.
It’ll cost you a quid.
Can you lend me twenty quid?
Can you lend me twenty quid?
没有复数发音
There is no plural sound.
所以当你再想到钱时
Now when you think about money like this,
就很容易知道它是可数的 对吧
it’s easy to see how it’s countable, right?
我们清楚地知道自己在银行存了多少美元和美分
We know exactly how many dollars and cents we have in the bank.
所以钱当然是可数的 对吧
So of course money is countable, right?
但实际上 在英语中 有一些指钱的名词
But actually, some English nouns that refer to money
是不可数的
are uncountable and this has a huge impact
这对用这些词造句会有很大的影响
when you’re using these words in English sentences.
所以要想了解更多相关知识
So to find out more about that,
请查看我这堂关于不可数名词的课
check out this lesson I made about uncountable nouns
但现在 我们来继续讲一讲
but right now, we’ll continue talking about
和钱有关的不可数名词 好吗
uncountable nouns relating to money, okay?
“money”是不可数名词而 “cash”是它的同义词
‘Money’ is an uncountable noun and’cash’ is a synonym.
它也是不可数名词
It’s also an uncountable noun which means
意味着它们只有单数形式
that they have only one form.
没有复数形式
There is no plural form.
我们不会说”moneis”或者”cashes”
We would never say ‘moneis’ or’ cashes’.
Did you bring any money for the tickets?
Did you bring any money for the tickets?
I haven’t got enough money to pay for lunch. Sorry.
I haven’t got enough money to pay for lunch. Sorry.
这是一个很有趣的现象
Now, this is interesting!
当总数额超过了一千
Once an amount gets over a thousand,
你会注意到人们说”grand”或者”K”
you’ll notice people saying’grand’ or’K’
这表示”一千”
and this just means thousand.
这在所有的说英语的国家
So this is quite common across
都非常常见
all English-speaking countries.
He earned 80K in three months.
He earned 80K in three months.
We borrowed fifty grand from my parents
We borrowed fifty grand from my parents
to put a deposit on a house.
to put a deposit on a house.
那就是指五万美元
So that’s fifty thousand dollars.
那么 有一些名词既是
Now some nouns in English can be
可数又是不可数名词
countable and uncountable.
“coin”就是这种词
‘Coin’ is like this.
coins是可数的 你看
Coins are countable, you can see
我这里就有几个硬币
I’ve got several of them right here.
这是”coin”的常见用法 对吧
Now this is the common use of’coin’, right?
我这里有几个硬币 但是”coin”也可以用于非正式场合
There are several coins here but’coin’ can also be used informally
作为钱的同义词
as a synonym for money.
She must be on some good coin.
She must be on some good coin.
They’ve just bought a new house!
They’ve just bought a new house!
这句话的意思是 她一定在赚大钱
So this means she must be making lots of money.
“She’s on good coin” 而不是”She’s on good coins”
“She’s on good coin” not”She’s on good coins”
好了 现在来说说在英语中
Okay so let’s talk about some verbs to use
一些和钱有关的动词
when you’re talking about money in English.
所以 当你工作时 你“earn money”, 不是吗?
So when you go to work, you earn money, don’t you?
你有没有想过别人赚多少钱?
Have you ever wondered how much money someone else earns?
有些人比别人更加
Some people are much better at
善于“save money”
saving money than others, right?
而有些人一拿到钱
Some people spend their money straightaway
就立马”spend money” 之后他们不得不
as soon as they get it and then they have to
向他们的朋友和家人”borrow money”
borrow money from their friends and family.
你身边有这类人吗
Do you know anyone like that?
你向银行”borrow money”
When you borrow money from a bank,
也就是你向银行贷款的意思
you take out a loan.
所以当你缺钱时
So the bank loans you money,
银行”loan money”给你
when you don’t have enough.
注意”loan”可以是动词 也可以是名词
So notice here that’loan’ can be a verb and also a noun.
问题是 你”owe the bank money”
But the problem is that then you owe the bank money.
我讨厌这种欠别人钱的感觉
I hate the feeling of owing someone money.
我总是尽快”repay that money”
I always try to repay that money as quickly as possible.
你向银行贷款后
When you loan money from the bank,
你得还款 对吧
you have to repay the money, right?
还有利息
With interest.
所以如果你没有一拿到钱就”blow all your money”
So if you don’t blow all your money as soon as you get it.
这是一种非正式的说法
That’s just an informal way of saying
意思是“你花光了钱”
“Spend all your money.”
如果你拿到钱后没有立刻
So if you don’t blow all your money as soon
将它们花光
as you get it,
你也许可以去”invest the money”
you may be able to invest the money.
当某个人 可能是你的亲属 去世的时候
And when someone, perhaps a relative, passes away
可能会给你留下一部分钱
or they die, they might leave you some of their money.
那么 你就能”inherit money”
And when this happens, you inherit money.
事实上 大多数事情都需要花钱 不是吗
So the reality is that most things cost money, don’t they?
不是所有东西 但是大多数都需要 天哪
Not everything, but most things cost money. Goodness,
有太多太多不同的
there are lots and lots of different
动词可以和“money”搭配 不是吗
verbs to use with’money’, aren’t there?
同样 这些动词也可以和”money”的同义词相搭配
And also they can be used with the synonyms of’money’, as well.
有许多的搭配都需要努力记忆
Lots of collocations to try and remember.
我们来说说当谈到钱时
Let’s talk about adjectives that you can use
你会用到的形容词
when you’re talking about money.
学会用不同的形容词
So it’s important to know that there are
修饰事物是非常重要的
different adjectives to use with things.
当你用钱跟别人做买卖时
So the things that you can buy with money and people.
可以用来描述人们用钱买东西的行为
So that describes people’s behaviour with money.
现在我们开始学习这些形容词
So let’s start with adjectives that describe things
来描述人们所买的东西吧
that people can buy.
当然 你可能习惯用”expensive”这个词
So of course, you’re probably used to the adjective, ‘expensive’,
来表示某物品价格高昂 对吧 还有”cheap”
when something costs a lot of money, right? And’cheap’,
来表示物品比较便宜
when something doesn’t cost a lot of money.
但我想向你们介绍一些
But I want to introduce you to a few other words,
其他的形容词
other adjectives.
我想扩大你们的词汇量
I want to push your vocabulary a bit further today.
请你们想像这样一个情景
So I want you to think about a situation
你要买某件东西 并且你很满意它的价格
where you bought something in the past and you were happy with the price.
虽然不便宜 但你很乐意付钱
It wasn’t a cheap item but you were happy to pay the price.
在你看来 你所买的东西
In your opinion, the value that you get
物有所值
is equal to the cost.
这个商品给你带来的益处和
The benefit of the item is equal to the amount
你所花费的钱是等价的
that you will pay for it.
那么你就可以说”It’s worth it.”
So then, you can say”it’s worth it.”
We paid more for the house than we wanted to,
We paid more for the house than we wanted to,
but it’s worth it. It’s in a beautiful location.
but it’s worth it. It’s in a beautiful location.
你也可能认为价格”fair”或”reasonable”
You might also say that the price was fair or reasonable
但是如果这东西比你认为的价钱还要贵
but if something costs more than you think it’s worth,
你可以说 “it’s pricey”
you could say that”it’s pricey.”
I almost bought a new sofa today, but I decided
I almost bought a new sofa today but I decided
it was too pricey.
it was too pricey.
I’ll keep looking for one that’s a little cheaper.
I’ll keep looking for one that’s a little cheaper.
形容词”cheap”并不总是褒义的
Now the adjective’cheap’ is not always a positive one.
它也可以表示粗制滥造的产品
It can suggest that something is poorly-made, the quality is bad
因此如果你想要表达某样东西便宜
So if you want to say that something is cheap
又想表达出一种较为正面的含义
but express it in a more positive way,
可以使用”affordable”或者”economical”
you could use’affordable’ or’economical’.
We need more affordable housing options in the city.
We need more affordable housing options in the city.
Catching a bus to Thailand is more economical than flying.
Catching a bus to Thailand is more economical than flying.
这是比较正面的方式来表达”cheaper”
That’s a positive way to express’cheaper’.
那么我们如何来描述人和他们的钱呢
So how can we describe people and their money?
你可能知道一些人
You probably know someone who is
他们对于金钱十分”generous”
generous with the money that they have.
并乐于和周围的人分享
They share it with everyone around them.
他们很”generous”
They’re generous.
如果某人有很多钱 你可以说
Now if someone has a lot of money, you could say
They’re rolling in it.
“They’re rolling in it.”
好像他们在钱里打滚儿一样 真的是太富有了
As in they’re rolling in money. They’ve got lots of it!
另一个经常用的是”They’re loaded.”
Another common one,”They’re loaded”
或者是”They’ve got heaps of coin.”
or even”They’ve got heaps of coin.”
如果某人比较贫穷
Now if someone doesn’t have much money,
你可能会听到
you might hear
“They’re broken.”或”They’re skint.”
“They’re broke” or”They’re skint”
在澳大利亚和美国 “broke”是个常用词
So’broke’ is common in Australia and in America,
而在英国则常用”skint”
‘skint’ is commonly used in the UK
但两者都能指
but both being that someone doesn’t have
某人的钱不多或没钱
much money or any money.
I’m completely broke.
I’m completely broke.
如果你知道某人不喜欢花钱时
Now if you know someone who doesn’t like to spend their money,
你可以说”they’re tight.”或者”a cheapskate”
you could say”they’re tight” or”a cheapskate”.
这些词具有侮辱性 都不是善意的表达
Now these are both insults, they’re not kind words.
所以 在和朋友交谈时 要避免使用这些词
So don’t use them to talk about your friends
除非你是在开玩笑
unless you’re joking around.
My boss is so tight, he cancelled our Christmas party
My boss is so tight, he cancelled our Christmas party
because there were too many people to invite.
because there were too many people to invite.
如果你不想去侮辱某人
So if you don’t mean to insult someone
并且你认为他们不花钱是好事
and you’re suggesting that it’s a good thing
那么就需要使用
that they don’t spend their money, then instead
一些不同的形容词 比如
use a different adjective like
“thrifty” 或者”money-conscious”
‘thrifty’ or’money-conscious’.
My auntie is thrifty with her money,
My auntie is thrifty with her money,
she doesn’t earn much money but she lives comfortably.
she doesn’t earn much but she lives comfortably.
如果某人不喜欢花钱
Now if someone doesn’t like to spend money,
并不一定是件坏事 对吧
that’s not necessarily a bad thing, is it?
有时 也可以是一种非常正面的品质
Sometimes that’s a really positive quality.
在这堂课中我介绍了
So I’ve introduced a lot of new words
许多新词 许多与钱有关的表达
throughout this lesson. Lots of words to do with money.
我建议你们现在就花点时间
What I suggest you do, is take a few moments
来写一篇短文
to write a paragraph right now.
写一写你生活中符合这些
Write about the people in your life who suit
形容词表达的人或者用我们之前提到的动词
these adjectives or things you’ve done with the verbs
来描述一下你做过的事
that we talked about earlier.
你知道的有钱人
Do you know someone who’s loaded
或者勤俭节约的人都有谁呢
or someone who’s thrifty?
那就在评论里告诉我吧
Tell me about it in the comments.
请使用这些词练习造句
Practise using these words in sentences.
我真的期望你们会喜欢这堂课
I really hope that you enjoyed this lesson.
钱是我们大家
Money is something that we
经常谈论的东西 对吧
all talk about a lot, don’t we?
所以我希望你们今天学会了
So I hope that you learned some new ways
新的表达方式来表达自我
to express yourself today.
请表示一下对”mmmEnglish”的喜爱和支持
Please show your love and support
点击下方红色的订阅按钮
for the mmmEnglish channel by clicking that red subscribe button just down there.
如果还没关注 一定要关注哦
If you’re not a subscriber already, you should be!
来加入我们吧
Come and join us!
如果你想继续收看我们的节目 并且和我一起练习
If you want to keep watching and keep practising with me,
那就来收看这些课程 另外
check out these lessons here. Otherwise,
感谢观看 我们下周见
thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week.
今天就到这里吧
Bye for now!

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译制信息
视频概述

不同的地方钱的表达也不同,不同的人对钱的态度不同 那么如何形容呢?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

infinite

审核员

审核员_DB

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=toyh9bGhctk

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