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5个做课堂笔记的好方法

How to Take Notes in Class: The 5 Best Methods - College Info Geek

What is the best system for taking notes in class?
在课堂上做笔记的最佳方法是什么呢?
Well, luckily for you, I did the research
你很幸运哦 我做了调研
and it turns out that there are five different note taking systems
结果发现人们普遍认为不错的
that are generally accepted to be pretty darn good.
记笔记方法有五种
And of course, I will be representing these
老样子 我将用街头霸王的角色们
note taking systems with Street Fighter characters.
来讲解这些做笔记的方法
Because…why not?
原因嘛…有何不可呢?
主持人:Thomas Frank 1991-2014
“有何不可?”
So, the five note taking systems
我将在视频中讲到的
I’m going to go over in this video
五种记笔记的方法
include the outline method, the Cornell method, the mind map method,
包括提纲法 康奈尔笔记法 思维导图法
the flow method, and the write on the slides method.
流水作业法和幻灯片笔记法
The first note taking system on my list is the outline method.
我清单上的第一个笔记法
是提纲法
I chose Ryu to represent it
我选街头霸王中的Ryu来代表它
because the outline method is straightforward,
由于提纲法层次分明
based on hierarchy, disciplined
所以它简单易懂
and overall very simple.
整个学科都很简单
In fact, you couldn’t get more simple than the outline method
事实上 除非你直接把整个段落抄下来
unless you were just straight up writing paragraph notes down.
否则你找不到比提纲法更简单的办法了
And if you think
如果你真的认为
that’s going to be a good note taking method,
抄段落是个很好的记笔记的方法
Well, things are not gonna work out for you.
那么提纲法可能不适合你
The outline method is a note taking system
提纲法是一个
that’s based on bullet points and hierarchy.
基于要点和层次的笔记法
Basically, to take outline style notes,
一般来说 当你用提纲法做笔记时
you simply create top level bullet points
你需要先记下课堂上所有要点中
of all the main points in the lecture.
等级最高的重点
Then you make lower level bullet points
然后你再用较低等级的要点
to fill out all the details.
去填充所有细节
If you’re taking outline notes on paper,
如果你在纸上用提纲法做笔记
it’s a good idea to either space out your main bullet points
当老师要检查的时候 要么把主要的重点这样区分开
or summarize them at the top if your professor goes through them.
要么在最前面写上总结 两种写法都行
And then make new bullet points that are more detailed down the line.
然后在每一行下面写出更加详细的要点即可
However, if you’re taking these notes on a computer like I always did in a program
如果你像我一样 通常在电脑上用软件做笔记
like Evernote or Byword or another word processor,
像是印象笔记或Byword或其他做笔记工具
you can easily go back, add new bullet points and format things
你就可以在尽量不打乱原有笔记结构的情况下
without having to mess up the structure of your document too much.
很方便的查看之前记的笔记 新增重点 还能排版
So honestly, for the outline method
所以坦白说
I think using a computer is a perfect approach.
我觉得用电脑才是使用提纲法的完美方式
The second note taking method on my list is the Cornell method.
我清单上的第二种笔记法
是康奈尔法
I’ve chosen Chun-Li to represent it
我选择用Chun Li来代表它
because she’s got multiple kicks
因为她会多种腿法
and it’s got multiple sections.
而康奈尔法就由很多部分组成
The Cornell method was developed by Walter Pauk back in the 1950s
康奈尔法是Walter back在20世纪50年代发明的
and it still holds up pretty well today.
它至今依旧很受欢迎
When you take your notes in the Cornell style,
当你用康奈尔笔记法时
you divide your paper into three distinct sections.
你要把纸分成三块不同的区域
On the top of your paper you’ll two different columns,
纸张的上半部分为两栏
the left one being the cue column
左边是提示栏
and the right one being the note taking column.
右边是笔记栏
Underneath those two columns you add another box for the summary.
在这两栏下面再加一行作为总结栏
During class, you use the note taking column on the right to write notes in a normal style.
上课时 你用右边的笔记栏正常记笔记就可以
However, this is where the Cornell method deviates from other note taking systems.
然而 接下来就是康奈尔法与其他笔记法的区别
As soon as you can after class,
下课后
you write down questions or cues in the cue column.
你可以把问题或提示写在提示栏里
These are meant to help you review later.
提示栏就是为了你之后复习设计的
You also write down a summary of the lecture in the summary column.
你也可以在总结栏中写下课堂总结
These two sections of the Cornell method,
康奈尔法的这两部分
the summary and the cue column,
即提示栏和总结栏
They’re both designed to help you build reviewable notes the first time you write them.
设计目的就是在你记完笔记后 可以很方便地复习
That way you don’t have to go back and rework your notes so much.
这样你就不用反复的翻回去 然后修改你的笔记了
Note taking system number three is the mind map method.
第三个记笔记法是思维导图法
You know it’s been said that your mind is a map of the territory that is reality.
有人说 人类的头脑是现实世界的地图
So maybe by that logic,
按这个逻辑的话
the mind map system is the perfect note taking system.
思维导图法就是完美的笔记法
OS: Actually that doesn’t make any sense at all.
事实上这种说法根本没道理
Either way, I chose Dhalsim to represent the mind mapping system,
不管怎样 我选了Dhalsim来代表思维导图法
because he’s a meditator
因为他是冥想者
and he’s always focused on improving his mind.
而且他一直致力于改进自己的思维方法
To begin a mind map,
要做一张思维导图
you simply take a blank piece of paper,
你只需拿一张白纸
draw a circle in the middle of it
在中间画一个圆
and add the main topic of the lecture there.
并将课程的主题写在里面
Then you’ll start branching off little trees and adding sub topics.
然后你要开始做分支 并添加子主题
Eventually you’ll have lots of little branches
最终你会拥有很多小分支
and you’ll create a mind map.
然后你的思维导图就完成了
I never actually used mind maps for my class notes
我从没用思维导图做过课堂笔记
but I have used them for blog post topics before.
但我之前用过它写博客的主题
When I’m wanting to write a blog post
当我想写一篇
on all the ways you could save money in college
关于在大学里如何省钱的博客时
I wanted to make sure I could cover all my bases.
我想确保我能覆盖所有的要点
So I created a mind map.
所以我做了一个思维导图
I put “saving money in college” in the middle
我把“大学里的省钱法”写在中间
and then tried to figure out all the different facets of a student’s life
然后尝试找出学生生活中
where they have to spend money.
必须花钱的各个方面
Building a mind map help me organize all these topics
做思维导图可以帮我梳理这些主题
and as a result, I was able to create a more comprehensive list in the end.
结果是 我能列出一个更全面的方法清单
The fourth note taking system is the flow method.
第四个记笔记方法是流水作业法
This system was invented by the writer Scott Young,
这个方法是作家Scott Young发明的
who’s probably best known for
他为人所知的原因可能是
going through the entire MIT computer science curriculum in a single year.
在一年内修完了麻省理工学院全部的计算机科学课程
Scott uses what he calls holistic learning
Scott使用他所谓的系统化学习法
and his approach is diametrically opposed to the rigid transcribing style of the outline method.
而且他的方法 和有点死板的提纲法完全相反
As a result, I chose Blanka to represent this note taking system.
因此 我选了Blanka来代表这个笔记法
His fighting style is that of basically a wild animal
他的战斗风格基本是那种野生动物型的
and it’s the complete opposite of more disciplined fighters like Ryu or Guile.
和Ryu或者Guile这种纪律型战士完全相反
And that is a perfect way to describe the flow system of note taking.
而这就是流水线笔记法的完美描述
You’re not trying to get every single detail
你不会想要把课堂上的每个细节
from the lecture down to your paper,
都记到自己的笔记上的
and in fact the point is not to transcribe the lecture at all.
事实上 重点并不是抄下课堂上的一切
Rather it’s to learn while you are sitting in class.
而是在上课的时候学习
As you take your notes,
当你做笔记时
your goal is to create an original document
你的目标是创建一个
that represents your mental image of the subject.
能够代表你对课程理解的原始文档
It’s not to record verbatim what your professor said.
而不是逐字记录老师说了些什么
As you take notes, you can go back to earlier points,
当你做笔记时 你可以翻回之前的重点
add details, draw on arrows and little offshoots
添加细节 画箭头 做些分支
and basically create something that is your own.
或是简单地写下一些你自己的想法
The entire point of the flow system of note taking is to learn it once.
流水线笔记法的要点是只学一次
This lets you accelerate your learning
这会提高你的学习速度
and that’s the real strength to this system.
这才是它真正的优势
Final system of taking notes is
最后一个笔记法是
the lazy man’s way of taking notes.
懒人笔记法
I call it the write on the slides method.
我将它称作幻灯片笔记法
To represent this note taking method, I chose Zangief.
我选择Zangief来代表这种方法
Because Zangief…
因为Zangief…
Seriously, do you really think I put a whole lot of thought into these things?
讲真 你真的以为 我会花很多心思去找原因吗?
If your professor actually lets you download the lecture slides before class,
如果你的老师允许你课前下载幻灯片的话
then it can be pretty convenient to just go print them off
那么 干脆把幻灯片印出来
at the computer lab and write directly on them.
然后直接在上面记笔记就很方便了
One of the cool things about this method is
这个方法很酷的一点是
that the slides more or less mirror the flow of the lecture.
幻灯片或多或少地体现了课堂的流程
You almost get a timeline view when you take notes on slides.
在印出来的资料上记笔记后 你可以掌握时间线
It’s kind of like SoundCloud
这有点像SoundCloud
where people can actually leave comments at specific times during an audio file.
人们在听音频文件时 可以在特定的时间写下评论
Taking notes on slides isn’t that accurate,
幻灯片笔记法虽然没有那么精准
but it’s pretty close.
但已经很接近了
When you do it you can look back and say
当你用幻灯片笔记法时 你可以翻回去然后说
“okay, at this slide, he was talking about
“在这一页 老师讲的是
return on the cost of buzzword synergy management.”
流行语和管理成本的回报”
Those are the real strengths of the method.
这些就是流水线笔记法真正的优点
You don’t have to write as much
你不需要记那么多
because the slides sort of do it for you.
因为幻灯片基本都帮你记了
And you get a sort of timeline view for your notes.
而且你的笔记还有一个可视的时间轴
So, those are in my humble opinion
所以 就我的浅见而言
the best five note taking systems out there.
这是我认为的最好的五种笔记法
Which one’s right for you?
哪一个更适合你呢?
Hey there, thanks for watching my video
嘿 感谢观看我的视频
on the different note taking systems you can use.
它是有关你可以使用的几种笔记法
If you like this video,
如果你喜欢这个视频
I would absolutely appreciate it
给我点个赞并分享给一个
if you could give it a like and share it with a friend
相比你而言不太擅长记笔记的朋友
who’s maybe not as good taking notes as you are.
我将感激不尽
Charity’s a good thing right?
行善是件好事 对吧?
If you want to hear more videos every single week
如果你想每周听到更多关于
on being awesome in college,
如何在大学变得优秀的视频
including more videos on how to take better notes,
包括更多的如何更好地记笔记的视频
which I’ll having coming out in the next couple of weeks,
也就是接下来几周我要推出的
then hit the subscribe button up in the corner.
那么就点击右上角的订阅按钮
Yeah, that one.
对 就是这个
If you missed last week’s video,
如果你没看上周的视频
well you can click the button right under that.
你可以点击下面的按钮
It’s not actually a button,
实际上它并不是一个按钮
it’s more like a little movie clip
它更像是一个小的电影剪辑
but it’ll get you there all the same, so whatever.
但不管怎样它都会让你跳转到那里
You want to get links to other websites with additional information
如果你想获得更多与这些笔记法相关的
on any of these note taking systems
信息的网站链接
then click the orange logo on the left corner
那么 点击左上角的橙色标志
where you’ll find the companion blog post for this video.
你就可以找到这段视频的博客文章
If you’d like to get a free chapter of my book,
如果你想在我的书《Hacking Productivity 》出版后
《Hacking Productivity 》, when it comes out,
获得它的免费章节
well, click that thing.
那就点击那里
Also, if you would like to suggest any other video ideas
如果你有任何关于未来视频的建议
for the future or leave a comment
或想要写评论
then leave a comment or you can connect with me on Twitter.
那就写下评论 或者你也可以在推特上联系我

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视频概述

你想提高学习效率吗?想知道怎样的笔记法最好吗?那么进来看看吧!以游戏角色来代表笔记方法绝对生动形象!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Icyyyy🌸

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AffuwyJZTQQ

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