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准备好这些,你就可以把小狗狗带回家了

How to Take Care of a Puppy: Bringing a Puppy Home


Hi.
我是lams的Kathy Santo今天我要讲的是
I’m Kathy Santo with Iams. Today we’re going to talk
如果你要带新宠物狗回家你需要做些什么
about what to do when you bring home your new puppy.
我们讲的内容会涵盖需要准备的东西和准备步骤等全方面
We’ll cover everything from supplies and preparation steps
甚至包括开车接狗狗回家,和最初的几天
to the car ride home, the first few days–
还包括如何介绍他或者她给家庭成员,以及其它更多方面
how to introduce him or her to your family, and more.
在带宠物回家前 你需要准备
Before you bring your puppy home, prepare yourself with
以下这些东西
the following supplies.
优质宠物食物 这可以给狗狗一个好的开始
Premium puppy food to get your new puppy off to a good start,
不锈钢圆边的食碗和水碗
stainless steel non-tip food and water bowls,
有你宠物名字和你联系方式的身份牌
identification tags with your puppy’s name and your contact information.
一个颈圈 一个皮质或尼龙的六英尺带子
A collar, and a leather or nylon six foot leash that’s
大概半英寸或0.75英寸宽 为意外准备的去污剂
1/2 to 3/4 inches wide, stain remover for accidents.
刷子和梳子 要选择适合你宠物毛质的
Brushes and combs suited to your puppy’s coat, dog
狗用香波 牙刷和牙膏 高质安全的
shampoo, toothbrush and toothpaste, high-quality safe
狗咬玩具 这可以帮助放松牙齿
chew toys to ease teething.
跳蚤 扁虱和寄生虫药
Flea, tick, and parasite controls.
指甲钳
Nail clippers.
一个房间 或者是一块能属于他自己的地方 比如笼子
A room, or at least a place he can call his own, like a cage
或是一个纸箱 这个地方的大小需要能容纳成年体型
or a crate that will fit his adult size.
当然别忘了 奖励用的零食
And of course, treats.
当你准备好这些东西时
Once you have the supplies, it’s time to
是时候带狗狗回家了
puppy-proof your home.
养一只宠物很像养小孩
Raising a puppy is a lot like raising small children.
它们什么情况都可能发生
They get into everything.
有些情况甚至对它们健康有害
Some of what they get into can be hazardous to their health.
所以在准备带它们回家之前
So start preparing for your puppy’s arrival long before
就要开始准备
the actual date.
以后你会感谢自己
You’ll thank yourself later.
一个有用的提示 趴在地上看
A helpful tip: Get down on your hands and knees to view
就像你的宠物那样
the world like your puppy will.
这会帮助你看到那些平时被忽略的东西
It may help you to find things that you wouldn’t have seen
不然
otherwise–
电线 藏在沙发下或椅子下的小东西
electrical wires, small objects hidden under couches
这些可能会不小心被吞 或是
and chairs that could be swallowed, or hiding spaces
小狗会被困住的藏身处
where a small pup could get stuck.
有种可以喷在沙发椅子脚的喷雾
There are sprays that can be applied to furniture legs,
也可以喷在木质家具和其他不可移动的东西上 这个能防止你的宠物
woodwork, and other immovable items to help deter your puppy
咬这些你不想让它们咬的地方
from chewing on things you don’t want him to chew on.
有没有房间你不希望宠物进去的?
Are they rooms your puppy should be restricted from
至少等它们得到更好的训练或更可靠
entering until he’s better trained and more reliable?
如果有这样的房间 在这些房间门口装一个宝宝门
If so, install a baby gate, or keep the doors to those rooms
关着这些门直到你的宠物长大
closed until your puppy matures.
折叠栅栏是个完美选择 特别是当你在家但是忙着
Exercise pens are excellent for when you’re home, but busy
或者无法随时注意
or unable to fully dedicate yourself to
监督你的小宠物时
supervising your young pup.
如果你正准备做晚饭 举个例子
If you’re about to make dinner, for example, rather
比起把宠物单独关在箱子或是锁在笼子里
than crating your dog or locking him in a puppy proof
在厨房架一个折叠栅栏让它陪着你
room alone, set up an exercise pen in the kitchen with you.
这样会让它习惯呆在你旁边
This will allow him to get used to being around your
习惯家庭生活 同时又能不妨碍你
family’s routines while also staying out of the way.
这也让他感到自己是家庭的一部分
It will also allow him to feel like he’s part of the family.
一旦你的房子准备好了 是时候把你新的家庭成员
Once your house is ready, it’s time to bring your new family
带回家了
member home.
你会需要尽全力让回家这件事
You’re wanting to do your best at keeping this from being
不对你的宠物造成太大压力
overly stressful experience for your puppy.
所以先别急着带它认识所有家庭成员
So it may not be the best idea to bring the whole family,
特别是如果你有特别容易兴奋的小孩
especially if you have excited, young kids.
还有 千万记得 震动 声音 以及
Also, keep in mind that the vibration, sounds, and the
你车的移动对小狗来说很吓人
movements of your car can be very scary for young pup and
这些会让它们紧张
make them nervous.
第一次回家路上 可以找个乘客帮你抱着小狗
On the first trip home it’s OK to have a passenger hold your
用柔软的毯子或是毛巾裹着抱在怀里
puppy in a soft blanket or towel on their lap.
第一次开车回家后 下次你应该开始用笼子
After the first trip home, you should begin using a crate to
运宠物来保障它们和其它乘客
travel for both the dog and the other passenger’s safety
的安全
in the car.
买个狗座椅安全带吧 这是专门设计来
Try purchasing a dog seat belt that’s specifically designed
控制和保护你的宠物
to restrain and protect your companion
防止意外
in case of an accident.
带新宠物回家的最佳时机是
The ideal time to bring home a new puppy is when
当整栋房子很安静时
the house is quiet.
尽量减少来访者
Do your best to minimize the number of visitors stopping by
特别是最初几天 这几天你能培养它的日常活动
the first few days so you can establish a daily routine by
你需要以下几个步骤
following these steps.
第一步
Step one.
在带它进房间前 先带它去
Before bringing him in the house, take him to the area in
让它方便的地方 然后
your yard that will serve as his potty and spend a few
在那里待一会
minutes there.
如果它去了 奖励它
If he goes, praise him.
如果没有 先进房子 但是确保
If not, proceed into the house, but be sure to take him
在它每次需要方便的时候带去院子
to this spot each time he needs to go to the bathroom.
第二步
Step two.
带它去它的新房间
Take him to the room which will service as his new den,
如果它选择了某一块地方待着 在那里放好笼子
and if using one, set up his crate.
在房间里放好床和狗咬玩具 然后让它
Put bedding and chew toys in the room and let him
探索一番
investigate.
如果它咬床或是在床上尿尿
If he chews or urinate on his bedding,
把床拿走
permanently remove it.
你要理解小奶狗不像成年狗
Understand that a young puppy is not like an adult dog.
要对它们有耐心 并且持续监督它们的行为
Treat him with patience and constant supervision.
特别是在幼狗时期 和它互动的方式是非常关键的
The way you interact with your puppy at this age is critical
对它将来的融入来说
to his socialization.
你可以根据
Use
这些提示 首先
these tips: One.
你要多花些时间陪它们
You should spend a little extra time with your new puppy
在第一天接回家时 但是也要让它尽快适应
on his first day home, but you want to acclimate him to your
你的日常活动
regular routine quickly.
有必要的话 雇一个遛狗的人或是请邻居帮忙
If necessary, hire a dog walker or ask a neighbor to
在训练期带它规律地出去散步
come take him out at regular intervals during this training
狗狗长大时也要一直规律遛狗
period, and going forward as your pup grows up.
第二
Two.
一直监督狗狗情况并且
Supervise your puppy at all times and
经常和它互动
interact with him regularly.
第三点
Three.
注意这些迹象
Be alert for signs–
嗅并转圈
sniffing and circling–
这是要去厕所的意思
that he has to go to the bathroom.
立刻带它出去
Then take him out immediately.
第四
Four.
建立日常习惯
Establish your routine.
小奶狗是控制不了膀胱的
A young puppy has no bladder control and will need to
在饭后 喝水后 睡醒和玩耍后
urinate immediately after eating, drinking,
立刻去尿尿
sleeping, or playing.
在晚上它需要
At night he’ll need to relieve himself at
至少三小时去一次厕所
least every three hours.
第五点
Five.
不要因为意外惩罚狗狗
Don’t punish an accident.
不要因为他不小心随地大小便就指着他鼻子或叱责他
Never push his nose in the waste or scold him.
它不会理解的 甚至以后会在你不注意他的时候
He won’t understand and might learn to go to the bathroom
上厕所
when you’re out of sight.
第六点
Six.
每一次它在外上厕所
Praise your puppy every time he goes to
表扬奖励它
the bathroom outside.
第七点
Seven.
喂食专为奶狗设计的食品
Feed your puppy a formula designed for puppies.
就像婴儿一样 它们需要营养
Like a baby, he needs nutritious,
和极度易消化的食物
highly digestible food.
第八点
Eight.
准备好附近兽医院的联系方式
Have the contact info of your local veterinary office
以备不时之需
readily available in case of an emergency.
对于那些孩子来说 另一个极其重要的
For those with children, another extremely important
事情就是带新宠物回家时 要确保你的孩子
part of bringing home your new puppy is making sure your kids
知道如何和狗狗相处 也知道哪些不能做
know how and how not to handle a young dog.
如果你的孩子太小 或者不知道怎样
If your children are young or aren’t familiar with how to
和小奶狗接触 你需要花点时间陪着他们
handle puppies, you need to spend some time with them
在最初的几天里 解释那些常识
during these first few days explaining commonsense rules
示范如何和奶狗玩
on how to play with the puppy.
比如说 告诉他们 狗狗听觉很灵敏
For example, tell them that dogs have sensitive hearing,
所以千万记得不要尖叫或是喊叫
so it’s important not to shriek or yell.
小奶狗需要大量休息时间 就像是
Puppies in particular need a lot of rest, just like a
成长中的婴儿一样
growing child.
控制孩子与狗玩耍的时间 15到30分钟即可
Limit puppy-children play sessions to 15 to 30 minute
每天两到三次
periods two to three times a day.
你需要持续关注它们
You need to keep an eye on a puppy.
一只兴奋的狗在跑跳和咬着玩的时候力气会很大
An excited puppy can be strong when he jumps, and play bites,
这可能对小孩子来说太粗暴
which can be too rough for young children.
一直监督他们的互动
Always supervise interaction and separate them
当玩的太嗨时分开他们
if play is too rough.
如果你还有其它宠物 你需要花些时间
If you have other pets, you’ll also need to spend some time
让它们适应相互的存在
getting them used to having each other around.
首先最好让原住民和新宠物分开
At first it’s best to keep resident pets separated from
但就分开几天
your new puppy, but only for a few days.
接着 让它们闻对方的味道 触摸对方
After that time, let pets smell and touch each other
这一过程可以通过一扇开一条缝的门
through a slightly open door.
接下去的几天 让它们这样接触几次
Do this several times over the next few days.
再接下来 让原住民去新宠物的窝
After that, give the resident pet access to the den area
接触对方
with your new puppy.
监督这次接触 如果有任何问题
Supervise their meeting and go back to through-the-door
就还是继续让它们通过门缝熟悉对方
meetings if trouble arises.
折叠栅栏也可以让新旧宠物在一个
Exercise pens can also help old and new pets get used to
可控的安全环境中互相接触
each other’s presence in a restricted and safe manner.
最后 你需要做的是 带你的宠物去
Lastly, what you’ll need to do is get the puppy in to a
宠物医院接受初步身体检查
veterinarian for an initial puppy examination to make sure
确保它很健康
he’s in perfect health.
我是Howdini网站中lams的Kathy Santo
I’m Kathy Santo for Iams with Howdini.
如果你需要带新宠物回家
I hope that you found this helpful as you welcome your
希望这个视频能帮到你
new addition into your family.
如果想要了解更多的有关照顾训练宠物的信息
For more information on puppy care and training, visit
浏览iam.com/puppy网站
iams.com/puppy.

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