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被狗追着咬,你该怎么办?

How to Survive a Dog Attack, According to Science

如何“狗口逃生” 根据科学
You’re walking home one day
有一天你走在回家的路上
when suddenly, you’re confronted by a dog.
突然迎面走来了一条狗
It’s right in front of you,
它就在你正前方
staring and scowling.
虎视眈眈 凶神恶煞
The dog’s body is tensed up.
这条狗全身开始警觉起来
Its ears are flattened
耳朵平放
and it bares its teeth.
龇牙咧嘴
Two more dogs appear on either side of you,
这时你的两侧又多出了两只狗
and another one growls behind you.
还有一只狗在你的背后不停叫唤
In the United States alone,
就只是在美国
There are roughly 4.5 million dog bites a year.
一年就有大约450万人被狗咬伤
Nearly 1 in 5 of those dog bites gets infected.
其中近五分之一的伤势出现感染
And some of those infections can even be deadly.
一些感染甚至会 要了命
So, what do you do?
那么 该怎么办呢
How do you get away from an aggressive dog or dog pack?
怎样才能避开凶猛的狗或者狗群呢
Here’s how to survive a dog attack,
这就教你如何“狗口逃生”
根据科学
Although stray dogs have certainly been known to attack people,
显然 大家都知道流浪狗会攻击人
most dog bites happen
但还是会有人被咬
because pet dogs aren’t trained or leashed properly.
通常是因为没有训练过或没有牵好宠物狗
Many people are bitten
许多人被咬
when they’re trying to protect
是因为他们想要保护
their own dogs from other dogs.
自己的狗不被其他狗欺负
Children should be taught to stay away from strange dogs,
应该教孩子们离奇怪的狗远远的
or at least always ask permission to pet a strange dog.
或者至少也应该得到领养奇怪狗狗的许可
Luckily, there are many ways to
幸运的是 这有一些办法
de-escalate an aggressive situation
减轻恶狗或狗群
with a dog or dog pack,
攻击的伤害
whether the dog is domesticated or feral.
不管是家狗还是野狗
第一 保持冷静
Some pet dogs misinterpret
一些宠物狗会误会
peoples’ fearful behavior,
人们害怕时的动作
like yelling and jumping around wildly,
像大叫 狂跳这样
as aggressive play.
它们会误以为那是攻击性动作
These dogs will escalate their own
由于受到刺激 这些狗就会
erratic behavior because they’re excited by yours.
越发失控它们不稳定情绪
They’ll start jumping, barking, and even biting.
它们就开始大跳大叫 甚至是咬人
Turn sideways toward the dog,
你应该侧过身去
so you’re not facing off.
就避免了与狗直面对视
Stand still and don’t move.
站在原地 保持不动
Say “no” in a firm and low tone.
坚定低沉地说出“不”
第二 不要看着狗
When a dog is domesticated and friendly,
如果是一只狗是被驯养的 友好的
eye contact is completely safe
那它透露出的眼神是绝对安全的
and reenforces friendly bonding.
并且能加深友谊情谊
But when a dog is displaying aggressive behavior,
但如果一只狗表现出的是攻击行为
eye contact communicates a challenge to them.
你的眼神交流是在挑衅它
Look to the side, or down at the ground.
请看旁边 或者低头看地面
第三 把一样东西放在地下
Whether it’s your purse, backpack,
不管是你的钱包 背包
hoodie, or even a shoe,
卫衣 甚至是鞋子也好
place the object down on the ground
地上放个东西
between you and the dog.
放在你和狗之间
The dog will interpret the object as a kind of shield, or fence.
狗就会把这个东西看作是一种保护物 围栏
Do not try to hit the dog with the object.
不要向狗扔东西
That won’t do any damage to the dog,
这对狗来说并没有什么伤害
and it will make the dog even more aggressive.
反而会让它更加狂躁
第四 向后退
Do this slowly, while looking away from the dog.
慢慢地转身 目光从狗身上转移
If the dog also turns its head away,
如果狗也掉头
and its body seems more relaxed,
身体松懈下来
keep backing away slowly.
请慢慢背向离开它
After a minute or two,
一两分钟后
if the dog doesn’t follow you,
如果这只狗不再跟着你
walk away at a normal pace.
就以正常的步调走开
If these tactics don’t work,
如果这些方法都没有用的话
and the dog knocks you down,
狗击倒你的话
you can still do things to protect yourself.
你仍可以做这些事情来自卫
第五 身体蜷曲成球
This way, the dog can’t easily bite
这样的话 狗就不会轻易地咬到
your most vulnerable areas,
身体最脆弱的地方
such as your face and your stomach.
比如你的脸和肚子
Cover your neck and ears with your arms.
用胳膊护住脖子和耳朵
Curl your fingers into fists to protect them.
十指紧握 以免受伤
What can you do if a dog pack attacks you?
如果遇到一群狗的群攻 该怎么办
Well, there are additional tricks to try.
好的 这还有其他方法可以尝试
第六 寻找武器
If there are sticks or rocks around,
如果旁边有棍子或者石子
pick them up and throw them
捡起它们丢向
at the top dog, or alpha dog.
带头的狗
The key is to focus on the dog that’s leading the pack.
要点就是要瞄准带头的狗
If you can scare that dog away,
如果你可以把那条狗吓跑
the others will follow it.
其他的狗也会跟着离开
Try not to let any dog get behind you,
尽量不要让狗跑到你的后面
and if there’s any higher ground, slowly climb to it.
要是有更高一点的地面 慢慢爬上去
That can include getting on top of a car,
比如说车顶
or a big mailbox in a city.
或者城市里的大邮箱
If a dog does bite you,
如果狗咬到了你
wash your wounds with soap and water.
用肥皂水清洗你的伤口
Apply antibiotic cream,
使用消炎药膏
and get to a hospital right away to avoid infection.
然后立刻就医 防止感染
You can use ice in a clean, wet towel
你可以用干净的湿毛巾或者浴巾冰敷
or wash cloth to reduce the pain.
来减轻疼痛
Dogs can be dangerous,
有些狗可能是危险的
but if you stay calm,
但是只要你保持冷静
and use the tactice in this video,
应用视频里的方法
you have an excellent chance
你就很有可能
of surviving a dog attack,
“狗口逃生”
According to Science.
根据科学

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视频概述

讲述了一些避免被狗咬的方法

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收集自网络

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gB3IAAn8fFQ

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