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如何高效的学习

How to STUDY EFFICIENTLY - #BelieveLife

早上好 这里是求实国度
– Good morning Believe Nation,
今天我们将要讨论的话题是
today we’re going to talk
如何高效学习
about how you can study efficiently.
我个人最喜欢的是第三条准则
Rule number three is my personal favorite,
我很想知道你们最喜欢哪一个
and I’d love to know which one you guys like the best.
并且在你听的过程中
And as always guys as your listening,
如果你听到某些特别引起你共鸣的地方
if you hear something that really, really resonates
请在下方的评论区留言
with you, please leave it in the comments below
并且加上引号 这样其他人
and put quotes around it so other people
就会被鼓舞 并且在你写下这些的过程中
can be inspired and also as you write things down
你更有可能把它保存在这儿(脑袋里)
you’re much more likely to keep it in here as well.
下面来欣赏吧
Enjoy.
(柔弱安静的音乐)
(upbeat tranquil music)
你可能听说过番茄工作法
– And you may have heard of the Pomodoro technique,
每个人都谈论着它 但假如你没有
everyone talks about it, but in case you haven’t,
那它就仅仅是一种定时方法
it’s simply a technique where you set a timer for about
通常定时25分钟 然后在那25分钟里
25 minutes, classically, and then you work only on one
你就只专注于一件事
task during that 25 minutes session.
我想很多人都尝试过 并且它很有用
And I think a lot of people do this, and it’s very useful,
但有些地方还有待改进 我认为
but there are some areas for improvement that I don’t think
很多人并没能好好利用它
a lot of people take advantage of.
所以就让我来简明扼要地告诉你们
So let me just rapid fire give them to you.
第一条 我想谈谈我有多痴迷于
So number one and I talked about how much I’m a fan
beeminder这个应用
of the Beeminder app.
beeminder博客也是一个很好的资源
The Beeminder blog is also a good resource for productivity
就生产技术和实验上而言
techniques and experiments.
他们研究的一个东西
And one of the things that they talk about,
他们称之为微架构
is this thing they do called Tocks.
本质上 一个微架构就是一个番茄钟
Well a tock is essentially a Pomodoro session
只不过微架构是工作45分钟
except for they use about 45 minutes,
然后休息15分钟 而不是标准的工作
and then take 15 minutes breaks instead of the classic
25分钟 休息5分钟这样的结构
25 minutes, 5 minute break structure.
因此这里的建议是 以时间间隔做实验
So the tip here is to experiment with the time intervals.
不要只给自己设定25分钟的时间间隔
Don’t just set yourself to 25 minutes and assume
然后认为这是你唯一可能拥有的
that that’s the only potential interval that
学习时间
you can study at.
找到对你管用的是什么
Find what works for you.
另一条建议是
And the other one,
放一张纸在你旁边
is to put a piece of paper next to you,
在你的番茄钟开始期间 无论
during your Pomodoro session and whenever anything
发生了什么让你分心的事
comes up that distracts you,
或许是一个电话或者是催促你查看脸书
maybe a phone call or the urge to check Facebook
或者是其他事情 把它们记下来
or something, write it down.
现在 你要做两件事
Now this let’s you do two things.
第一 你要记住让你分心的事是什么
One, you can remember what the distraction was
如果发生的事很紧急
and if it happened to be something urgent,
你可以在你休息段里处理
you can take care of it during your break time.
而第二点 当你月复一月地继续番茄工作法
But two, as you continue to do lots of Pomodoro sessions
你就开始发现
over months and months, you start to see what are
问题出在哪了
the common problem points.
知道什么事经常出现来使你分心后
What comes up a lot that distracts you,
你就可以采取措施阻止这些事情
and then you can take steps to prevent these things.
因此 如果你的电话
So maybe if it’s your phone,
你忘了把它调到“请勿打扰模式”
you forget to put it in Do Not Disturb Mode.
那么你可以现在调
Well you can do that now.
如果你真的很想浏览某些网站
If it’s a certain website that you really want to visit
因为它很让你分心也很吸引你
because it’s so distracting and draws you in,
那你可以使用一个插件 像在谷歌浏览器上装个StayFocusd插件一样
then you can use an extension like StayFocusd on Chrome
在你学习期间拦截这个网站的信息
to block it during your study sessions.
这东西非常有用
Very useful stuff.
你必须要安排好你的时间
– You have to schedule your time.
不要只是把学习塞进时间表的缝隙里
Don’t just stuff studying in to cracks in your schedule.
你的时间表要围绕学习来建立
Your schedule should be built around studying.
什么意思呢
What does this mean?
意思就是 一天里 你要有个明确的时间规定
This means have an exact set time during the day
明确你什么时候开始学习
when you start to study.
我记得 对我而言 是下午六点钟
For me I remember, it was about 6 p.m.
我总是提醒自己 好吧 下午六点
I would always to myself, okay, 6 p.m.
我从学校回到家里 休息了一小会儿
I get back from school, I rest a little bit,
然后下午六点钟 到我的学习时间了
and then at 6 p.m. that’s my study time.
开始学习
It starts.
学习多长时间呢
How long does it go?
好吧 这取决于我有多少作业
Well that depends on how much assignments
要完成
and homework I have.
但至少要学习 一个小时或两个小时
But it would go for at least, an hour or two,
有时要四 五个小时或者六个小时
and sometimes it would go for four, five, or six hours.
六点钟开始学习 结束得
And it would start at six, and it would usually end like,
大概九点钟 或10点钟 或者更晚
around nine, or 10, or after that.
没有固定时间
And it would vary.
但我认为最重要的是要有
But I think what’s really important is to have that
开始时间
starting time.
六点钟
Six.
不管怎样
No matter what.
六点钟
Six.
坐下来学习
Sit down and study.
打开书本 坐下来 学习
Open the books, sit down, study.
你不一定非得在六点钟
It doesn’t have to be six for you.
想一个你自己的开始时间
Just come up with your own time.
然后 你每天都要这样做
And, you’re doing this every single day.
重要的是
What’s important about this,
它能带我们到下一个目标
is that it leads us to the next point.
你必须要让自己感到舒适
Which is you have to get comfortable
要放慢自己
and you have to slow yourself down
以便高效地学习
in order to study effectively.
你不能急于求成
You can’t rush the studying process.
我使用的秘诀之一 很简单 就是暴力破解
And one of the secrets that I use, is simply Brute Force.
没错 我还是学生时处理的很多问题
Right, a lot of the issues as a student that I dealt with,
那些我不能理解的问题
the things that I couldn’t understand,
我只是反复地用蛮力去处理他们
I just Brute Forced them through repetition.
这种反复很费时
And this repetition can take time.
你也知道要对自己有耐心
Also, you know you have to be patient with yourself.
有时候你不会马上明白
Sometimes you’re not going to understand the problem
问题所在
right off the bat.
所以你只能反复思考
So you just kind of repeat it,
反复思考 认真琢磨 琢磨
repeat it, mull it over, mull it over,
有时这意味着 你要花更长时间在上面
and that means sometimes, it takes you longer.
因此 你不可能在一个小时内快速地完成一个小的数学题
So instead of finishing a quick little math assignment
你可能要花费三个小时才能做出来
in hour, it might take you three hours.
不过这是值得的 如果你冷静下来
But that’s worth it, if you calm yourself down,
放松自己 放慢自己 通过这些行为
get comfortable, slow yourself down, kind of,
来敞开胸怀 接受信息
open yourself to absorbing this information.
是的 这就是热爱的来源
Right, this is where the love it comes in.
如果你不热爱它 那么你正在做的
If you don’t love it, and what you’re doing
就只是急于求成 而途径仅仅是学习东西
is you’re just kind of rush studying through stuff
就像死记硬背应付考试一样
just to learn it, like cramming for an exam.
那太可怕了
That’s just horrible.
太可怕了
That’s horrible.
因为你正在做的一切都是你在跳跃
Cause all you’re trying to do is you’re jumping,
就像狗狗麻木地跳跃过铁圈
you’re like a dog jumping through hoops.
基本上 当你这样做时你就是处在这样的状态
That’s basically what you are when you’re doing that.
因为你在告诉你自己
Because, you’re saying to yourself,
好吧 我通过这场考试是为了进入大学
well I got to pass this exam in order to get into college
取得好成绩 这样我的父母会喜欢的
to get good grades so my parents like me.
你正在跳过的东西 就像是狗狗的那个铁圈
That’s just hoops like a dog you’re jumping through.
不要这样子
Don’t do that.
你得像这样考虑问题
Instead, what you think about, is like this,
好吧 这个主题很吸引人
okay this subject matter is really fascinating,
让我多研究研究
let me study more.
让我多了解了解 我想知道数学
Let me learn more, I want to know how math interconnects
和 和历史是怎样相互联系的
with, with history.
我还想知道历史和科学是怎样相互联系的
And I want to know how history interconnects with science.
我想知道这个和这个是怎样联系的
And I want to know how this and this connect,
关于这个事情我想深入了解
and I want to know more depth about this thing here.
你应该这样去想
That’s how you got to think.
通常 我的思考过程
– My general process is,
你可以称它DSSS
you can think of it as, DSSS,
就DSSS 好吗
so D, S, S, S, okay.
然后第一步是 解构
And the first step is, deconstruction,
需要了解X
and that entails taking learn X.
通常指非常宽泛的 非常模糊的知识
Which is generally very large and nebulous,
像学西班牙语
learn Spanish.
把宽泛且模糊的知识分解成各个组成部分
And breaking it down into component parts
使它成为一个可衡量的目标
and making it a measurable goal,
而不只是去埋头学习
as opposed to just, learn.
因为这样没有尽头
Because that doesn’t have an end point,
没有尽头的意思就是
and what that means, with no end point,
你不能庆祝你所取得的 具有里程碑意义的成就
is that you can’t celebrate passing certain milestones.
所以要先做决定
So first is kind of deciding on,
明确你想做什么
exactly what you’re trying to accomplish,
然后 再问一连串问题
and then, asking a set of questions.
无论是问谷歌还是专业人士都可以
Either to Google and or to experts.
比如问那些看起来不擅长 实际很专业的人
Such as, who’s good at this who shouldn’t be?
这一点很重要
That’s a very important one.
所以 如果我想问
So if I’m looking at say,
超耐力跑
Ultra Endurance Running,
我会问那些看起来不擅长 实际很专业的人
I would say, who’s good at this who shouldn’t be?
就是那些跟蜘蛛(生来就擅长吐丝织网)一样
Meaning, the people who are already built like spiders,
生来就擅长这个的人
they’re genetically predisposed to be very good at this.
尽管他们的训练习惯不好 他们或许也能成功
So they might be succeeding despite bad training habits.
我想找有不好特性的人
I want to find the person who has, bad attributes,
类似于体重达到240磅的人
like somebody who’s 240 pounds.
跟我一样是的(咯咯笑)
– Like me. – Yeah. (Chuckling)
尽管你是在足球场上
Although you got the Soccer.
你也可以找到这样的人
But it’s like you could find somebody who’s,
而且我找到过 他看起来体重达230 240磅
and I did, somebody who’s like 230, 240 pounds,
真的是个大块头 可能有点壮实
really big, maybe a little chunky
但这样的人也能在比赛里跑个5000米
and they still run 50 hundred mile races.
这说明 很可能 他们是在弥补
That means, most likely, that they are compensating
用好的训练弥补自身不好的特性
for bad attributes for good training.
我想说 谁是最好的教练
I would say, who are the best coaches
谁是最有争议的教练
and who are the most controversial coaches.
哦 争议
– Oh, controversy.
然后看看这些教练的训练方法
– And look at the training methodologies of the coaches
这时候最重要的不是
and the most important thing there, is not,
这个教练是否在他所选的职业上
was the coach formally extremely successful
取得了公认的极大的成功 尽管这很有帮助
in their chosen sport, although it’s helpful.
但他们能够复制他们的成功吗
Were they able to replicate their results?
太棒了!我已经蒙圈了
– Great, so I’ve lost track,
我们还是在讨论D这一步吗
are we in the D still?
我们还在D这一步
– We’re still in D.
好吧 D 我们正在解构
– Okay, D, we’re deconstructing.
是的 那么解构
– Yep, so deconstructing,
我想说 它是最重要的
that’s I would say the most important
信息收集阶段
information gathering phase.
下一步是 选择
The next is, selection.
就是做一次80/20分析
And that’s doing an 80/20 analysis.
找到多种不同的方法
So, looking at the many different ways you can
为了达到目标而练习 你已经明确了这个目标
train for your goal, which you’ve already defined,
或者已经为这个目标努力练习了 像说西班牙语
or practiced for it, say with Spanish.
配合课本一对一练习
Like one on one lessons versus text book,
或者配合这个 配合那个 配合其他东西
versus this, versus that, versus the other thing,
配合词汇记忆一对一练习
versus vocabulary memorization.
能让我达到80%目标的这20%是什么
What are the 20% that are going to get me 80% to my goal?
是什么呢 这微小的关键是什么呢
What are the, what are the critical few?
然后关注这些微小的关键
And, then focusing on those.
所以你要有选择的过程
So you would, do this selection process.
我们经常说语言这个词
And very often, let’s say language, it’s the,
它是最高频的词
highest frequency words.
你不需要去学…- 1000个高频词
You don’t have to learn, – The top 1000 words.
是的 1000个高频词
– Yeah, top 1000 words
会让任何交流都能达到75% 80%的理解程度
are going to get you through 75%, 80% of any conversation.
然后你要有顺序
Then you have sequencing.
把事情按正确的顺序排
Putting things in the right order.
我认为 这是最被忽视的秘制酱料
This is I think, the most neglected secret sauce.
就像 你如何获取 你做了什么决定
It’s like, how do you take, what you’ve decided,
你收集到了什么 然后把这些按逻辑顺序排
what you’ve gathered and put it into a logical progression?
事情就经常失败在这上
This is where things often fail.
真的 像先做这个
Really, – Like this first,
然后是这个 再是这个是的 像 像
then this, then this. – Yep, like, like
每一项技能你都要问你自己
for each skill asking yourself,
比如这项技能的先决条件是什么
like what are the prerequisites to this skill?
我现在在健身房就那样做
Alright, I’m doing that right now in gymnastics.
像做一个慢起手倒立 或者
So like, for a press handstand, or for a,
做一个俄式俯卧撑 简单点描述的话
like a planche, it’s a little easier to describe.
就是跟在地面上做俯卧撑一样
So planche is like a pushup on the ground,
你向前倾斜 这样你的肩膀就在这里了
you lean forward so your shoulders are way out here,
然后你的脚离开地面
and then you lift your feet off the ground.
好了
Okay.
那么做俄式俯卧撑的先决条件是什么
So what are the prerequisites to a planche?
对于那些不会做俄式俯卧撑的人而言
Like for people who can’t do it.
前提是什么
What are the prereqs?
如果有人说
And, if someone says,
“今天我们要来练习下这个”
“Well today we’re going to practice this.”
好吧 在这之前我应该在技术方面和身体方面
Well what should I be able to do before this?
先学会什么呢?
Technically, and physically.
也许甚至情绪方面 对吗?
Maybe even emotionally right,
如果你在努力学习如何成为一名急诊医生
if you’re trying to learn how to be an EMT
或者其他类似急诊医生的人
or something like that.
好了 这就是你要怎样拼凑排序的问题了
Okay, that’s how you piece together this sequence.
我花费了很多时间在排序上
I spend a lot of time on the sequencing.
但我是按照严格要求做的
But this is the exact order that I follow.
最后一步 是普遍容易被忽视的
And the last one, which is almost universally neglected,
第三个S第三个S
– The third S. – The third S
是牛排
is steaks.
不像是烤架上的牛排 而是从
Not steaks like on a grill, but stakes like through
吸血鬼胸部上来的
a vampire chest.
意思是 结果
Meaning, consequences.
你需要建立激励机制
You need to built in incentives.
因为对于我们大多数不总是想努力学习
Because for most of us who are trying to learn
某些东西的人来说
something, not always,
这些都是额外课程
These are extra-curriculars.
好吧 如果你正在为工作努力学习一些东西
Right, if you’re trying to learn something
那动力就是不被解雇
for your job, the incentive is, don’t get fired.
或者加薪 对吧
Or get a raise right.
你已经建立了激励机制
You have built in incentives.
为了填补空白
But for, I’m going to learn,
我要去学习
fill in the blank.
对吧 在我空闲的时候
Right I’m going to learn how to play tennis
我要学会打网球
on my spare time.
或试着去学一点法语
Or try to learn a little bit of french before
在这之后我要去法国六个月
I go to France like six months from now.
这些都是额外课程
Those are extra-curriculars and they will
它们会挤爆你的生活
get crowded out of your life,
除非你建立激励机制
if you don’t build in incentives.
意思就是 奖励或惩罚
Meaning, rewards or punishments.
关于这一点 你当然可以阅读
So you can certainly read all about this,
《每周下厨四小时》这本书 但这本书的基本思想
in The 4-hour Chef, but the basic idea,
我会给你举个例子 就是
I’ll give you one example, would be,
打赌
a betting pool.
这个赌可以是和一个朋友打
That could be with, like a friend,
如果你错过了训练
where if you miss a workout,
你必须付一定数额的钱给你朋友
you have to pay your friend a certain amount of money.
可以是一美元 也可以是5美元
It could be a dollar, it could be $5.
[另一个声音]可以是一百美元
– [Man] Could be a hundred.
我知道一个在谷歌工作的人
– I know someone who works at Google,
他赚很多的钱 他和他的
makes a lot of money, who had an arrangement
训练伙伴有一个约定
with his training partner,
如果他们错过了训练 他们就给对方一美元
they pay each other a dollar if they missed a workout.
那是第一次他坚持训练
And that was the first time he stuck with his workout,
减掉了一百磅
lost a hundred pounds.
哇哦 一美元
– Wow, a buck.
所以说数量和影响不成比例
– So the amount can have a disproportionate impact.
但我也知道 比如有人
But I also know, people for instance,
和四五个朋友一起训练
who get together four or five friends,
他们将有一个比赛 比如谁
and they’ll have a competition like who loses
减掉了最多的身体脂肪 这个比赛是从某一时刻开始
the most body fat, by x point in time,
然后持续八个星期
eight weeks from now.
很好 你想学会如何正确地锻炼
Great, you want to learn how to exercise properly,
来达到减脂的目的 拿些钱来冒险
with the goal of losing fat, put some money on the line.
你会为了不损失100美元而努力无比
You will work infinitely harder to not lost $100,
比你为了赚100美元还要努力
than you will to make $100.
所以 我认为 奖励是
So, the stakes I think is,
结果 结果是非常重要的
the consequences I think are very important.
你可以找责任教练
You can find say, accountability coaches
通过一些途径 像stickk.com
through places like stickk.com,
s t i c k k .com或者coach.me 这样的网站上找
s, t, i, c, k, k, .com, coach.me.
事实上 我有参与coach.me网站
Which I actually, I have some involvement with.
还有其他网站
And others.
但你需要 动机
But you need, incentives.
你的动机会让你
You’re only going to be as faithful to your goals,
坚定目标
are your incentives compel you to be.
就是这样
That’s it.
太棒了
– Sweet.
让我们快速地概括总结下
So let’s, quick recap.
解构
– Deconstruction.
解构 第一个S呢
– Deconstruct. First S?
选择 80/20
– Selection, 80/20.
第二个S呢就是80/20分析法
– Second S? – Which is 80/20 analysis,
然后第二个S是 是排序
then the second S is, is sequencing.
把事情按正确的顺序排列
Putting things in the right order.
最后一个S 是奖励
And the last S, is stakes.
奖励 这就是全部步骤了
– Stakes, there you go.
快DSSS起来吧
DSSS it.
DSSS
– DSSS.
第四步 头脑清醒
– Step number four is, clear your mind
消除杂念
of all distractions.
我曾经是美国纸牌记忆速度最快
I used to hold the record for the fastest
的记录保持者
to memorize a deck of cards in the United States.
有时在我记忆一副纸牌前
And sometimes before I would memorize a deck of cards,
我的大脑会担心我生活上的事
my brain would be worried about things in my life,
或者担心正发生着的事
or things that were goin on.
那么我要做什么来让头脑清醒 毫无杂念呢
So what I would do to clear my mind of all distractions,
我会闭上眼睛
is I would close my eyes,
想象那些场景
and I would visualize those scenarios
想象着我希望这些事是怎样的
the way that I wished they were.
或者我希望这些事某天变成什么样
Or the way that I hoped they would be one day,
然后我睁开眼睛
then I would open my eyes, I would be relieved
从压力中解脱
of that stress,
然后开始记忆纸牌
and then I would memorize a deck of cards.
头脑清醒 消除杂念
Clear your mind of all distractions.
可以闭上眼睛 想象着
Maybe close your eyes, and visualize the things
你希望这些事如何进行
the way you wished they could be,
然后专注于你的学习上
and then focus on your studying.
很多人会急于求成
– A lot of people just jump in this,
就像 我想学快一点 我想学快速阅读
like oh I want to learn faster, I want to learn speed reading,
我想学 你知道的 学一门新语言
I want to learn, you know a new language,
所有这些新技能我都想学
I want to learn all these new skills,
所有这些事情我都想学
I want to learn all these things.
然后会发生什么呢 人们的
And what is happening, people are very transient
学习目标非常短暂
with their learning goals.
什么意思呢
What do I mean by that?
意思就是 他们在这上面作假
I mean, they’re kind of phony about it.
他们不是真的想要学习
They really don’t want to learn.
就像我想学这个
It’s I’d like to learn this,
我想学那个
I’d like to learn that.
有时候我又想学这个
Sometime I’d like to learn this,
某天我想学法语
someday I’d like to learn french.
某天我想学如何P图
Someday I’d like to learn how to do photos.
某天我想学如何写博客
Someday’s I’d like to blog,
某天我又想学如何做视频
someday I’d like to do video,
实际上却从来没有去学
and they never actually learn it,
因为学习不是一日而成的
because learning doesn’t happen someday.
学习是要坚持的
It has to happen, consistently.
这才是学习
And that’s the thing.
如果我们真的能明白那个要点
If we’re really going to get the point
那个学得更快的要点 我们必须
where you learn something faster, we have to approach
以不同的方式对待学习
learning itself differently.
这不可能是些小小的目标
It can’t be these one off little goals,
我们想学的不是小事
of little things we want to learn,
这对人们来说是行不通的
that doesn’t work for people.
他们不能持之以恒 就像他们
They don’t stay consistent just like people
不能够坚持节食一样
don’t stay consistent on a diet,
即便他们的目标只是减掉五磅肉
if just their goal is to lose five pounds.
他们必须要有远见
There has to be a broader vision
要知道他们是谁 他们想要的是什么
for who they are and what they want to be about.
他们想要的生活是什么
And what they want their life to be about.
如果他们能坚持节食
If they’re going to stay on a diet,
那他们也能坚持学习
same thing for learning.
如果你打算继续保持学习习惯
If you’re going to stay on a learning habit,
那你必须有一个更大的视野
then you have to have a bigger vision for yourself.
那让我们以这个话题开始
So let’s start with this conversation.
如果你想更快地学到某些东西
If you want to learn something faster,
首先你必须
you must first and foremost,
要知道你想要学的
know the connection between what you want to learn
和你梦想的生活之间的联系
and your dream life.
你真正想要的生活方式
Your real lifestyle that you want to have.
我一直都告诉人们 不要只想着
I tell people all the time, don’t just come up with
你想要学什么 因为你猜怎样
things you want to learn, cause guess what?
我们想要学会一切
We want to learn everything.
我们是好奇的动物
By human build, we are curious animals.
我们非常的好奇
We’re deathly curious,
我的意思是 我们简直是好奇心害死猫
I mean we are literally the curiosity killed the cat,
这是现在的社会现状
sort of society right now.
每个人都想立即学会50件新事情
Everyone wants to learn 50 new things immediately
但没有人学会任何东西 为什么呢
but no one ever learns anything, why?
因为这对他们来说不现实
Because it’s not real for them,
这是一种短暂的欲望
it’s a transient desire.
如果你想成为一个优秀的学习者
If you want to become a great learner,
就必须要和你的理想生活联系起来
it has to be attached to a dream life of yours.
一种你为自己设想的真正的 真实的生活方式
A true, a true lifestyle that you see for yourself.
让我给你举个例子
Let me give you an example, lots of people say,
“我想学些法语
“I’d like to learn some french.
啊 某天我要学法语
Ah, someday I’m going to learn french.
某天我要学如何说法语
Someday I’ll learn how to talk french
因为法语是一门浪漫的语言
because it’s a romantic language,
我喜欢法国食物 他们在
I like the food and they give lots of allowances
奶酪和红酒上提供很多折扣 我喜欢”
on cheese and wine, I like that.”
好了 那么
Right and so,
我是法国人 我会讲一点法语 好吧
I’m french I can say a little bit of that okay.
所以 我应该说 我会说
So, I have a little piece of french in me
点法语
I should say.
如果我没有愿景
So here’s what’s happening,
那会发生什么呢
if I don’t have the vision, for myself,
某天我到了法国
someday going to experience France,
或某天到了一个地方 那个地方讲法语
or someday going to a place where they speak french,
或者某天和一个讲法语的人
or someday having real interactions
有现实互动
with a human being, speaking french,
而这对我而言很重要
and it’s important to me.
这也是一种深远的梦想 愿望
And is a deep, sort of dream, desire,
愿景
vision for that.
我永远不会去
I’m never going to do the work
真正的学习法语
to actually learn french.
没有为什么
There’s no why, there.
你必须要知道你想要什么样的生活
You have to know what you want of your life,
在这之后你才能成为一名优秀的学习者
before you become a master learner.
让我再重诉一遍
Let me say that again.
你必须要知道你想要什么样的生活
You have to know what you want of your life,
在这之后你才能成为一名优秀的学习者
before you become a master learner.
在我弄明白我想要过什么样的生活
Until I know what I want my life to be about,
每天想要经历什么
what I want to experience on a daily basis,
我的梦想是什么
what do I want my dreams to be,
我想成为什么样的人之前
who I want to be,
我不知道要学什么
I don’t know what to learn.
我只是对事物很好奇
I’m just going to be curious about things
我会去尝试
and I’ll dabble in them.
但是真正掌握的那条路径
But that path to real true mastery,
就是我们说的那部分
is that part where we say,
就是 我想要怎样的生活呢
okay what do I want my life to be about?
现在 让我们增长知识 提升技能
Now let me develop the knowledge, the skills,
竞争力 和能力 去塑造这样的生活
the competencies, the capabilities to build into that life.
而这就是你成为
And that’s where you get someone
优秀学习者的那条路径
who becomes a master learner.
我不是说你只有清楚
Now I’m not saying you have to know
你最终的生活目标是什么后你才能学习
your ultimate purpose in life before you can learn anything.
我只是说如果你想要学得更快
I’m just saying if you want to learn faster,
就开始弄清楚你的目的
start figuring out that purpose.
弄清楚你的方向
Start figuring out your direction,
你将会学得更快
you’ll learn a lot faster.
我在大学时最喜欢学习法是
– My favorite study hack in university was to listen
听音乐
to music.
不是任何音乐都听 只听
Not just any music, specifically it was,
歌剧魅影 配乐
the Phantom of the Opera, instrumental soundtrack,
和侏罗纪公园里的配乐
and the Jurassic Park instrumental soundtrack.
我翻来覆去地听
And I listened to those, over and over and over
这些音乐
and over again.
而我也不知道为什么
And I didn’t know why.
我只是觉得它能帮助我接收更多
I just felt like it helped me be more receptive
的信息
to the information.
我觉得我吸收了更多信息
I felt that I absorbed it more,
我能学得更好
and I could study better.
而我只是一遍 一遍 一遍
And I just looped those tracks, over and over
一遍 又一遍 地循环这种方法
and over and over and over again.
现在 科学表明 听器乐演奏
Now, science has shown us that listening to instrumental
尤其是听莫扎特 如果你能听懂莫扎特的音乐的话
music, especially Mozart, if you can handle Mozart music,
真的能让你达到巅峰状态
that really can get you in the zone,
真的能打开你的思维 接收
and really open your mind up and be receptive
进入大脑的信息
to information coming in.
我们甚至已经为学习做出了播放列表
We’ve gone so far as to even make playlists for studying
你可以在我们第五个系列节目里查看
that you can check out in our five series.
所以 我感觉 音乐真的很重要
And so, music I feel is really important.
我认为音乐为很多事情设定了基调
I think music sets the tone for a lot of things,
无论你试图在生活中做什么
whatever you’re trying to do in life.
如果你想被激励
If you want to be motivated,
你可以听鼓舞人心的音乐
you can listen to inspiring soundtracks.
如果你想专注 你可以听器乐演奏
If you want to focus, you can listen to instrumental,
听古典乐
classical music.
我发现 特别是对学习 真的
For studying especially, I found that that really,
真的有帮助
really helped.
所以我要鼓励你们
And so I would encourage you,
做一张伴奏曲的播放列表
to make a playlist that is focused on instrumentals.
你可以试试我们一起做的音乐列表
You could try the ones that we put together,
或者你也可以自己做一张
or you can create your own.
只要确保它们是伴奏配乐就行
Just make sure that they’re instrumental.
没有歌词 因为歌词
There’s no lyrics, because the lyrics
会让你分心
can distract you.
然后你单曲循环
And that you’re playing the same songs repeatedly,
一遍又一遍 一遍又一遍
over and over, and over and over again,
这样你就不会太分心 思绪也不会飘到其他地方去
so you don’t get too distracted and go somewhere else.
所以这就是我最大的学习法
So that was my biggest study hack
我在大学时 这个方法真的很有用
that really helped me through university.
我希望它也能帮助你
And I hope it helps you too.
感谢各位的观看
Thank you guys so much for watching.
我做这个视频是因为Ruchita Dargar让我做的
I made this video because Ruchita Dargar asked me to.
所以如果你们有什么话题
So if there’s a topic you’d like me to cover
想让我在下期“相信生活”里提到的话
in the next edition of Believe Life, leave it down
在视频下方评论
in the comments below,
我会看看我能做些什么
and I’ll see what I can do.
我也很乐意知道你从这个视频里
I’d also love to know what did you learn
学到了什么
from this video,
你最喜欢的方法是什么
what was your favorite takeaway?
你现在要怎样更有效地学习
How are you now going to study more efficiently,
你学到了什么
what did you learn?
或者你也有建议要跟我们分享
Or do you have a tip to share as well?
请在下方评论
Please leave it down in the comments below,
我很想知道你们会说什么
I’m excited to find out what you guys have to say.
最后 我想快速地喊话Wolfsuka
Finally, I want to give a quick shout out to Wolfsuka,
谢谢你购买了我的书
thank you so much for picking up a copy of my book,
《你的一句话》
Your One Word.
这对我来说真的 真的 真的意义重大
It really, really, really means a lot to me,
我希望你享受阅读
and I hope you’re enjoying the read.
再次感谢各位的观看
So thank you guys again for watching.
我相信你们
I believe in you.
我希望你们继续相信你们自己
I hope you continue to believe in yourself,
无论属于你们的那句话是什么
and whatever your one word is,
爱你们
much love.
祝你们有美好的一天
Have an amazing day.
下次再见
And I’ll see you soon.
(长笛声)
(flute music)
没人生来聪慧
Nobody’s born smart.
我们都是从零开始的
We all start at zero.
不会说话
Can’t talk.
不会走路
Can’t walk.
当然也不会做代数
Certainly can’t do algebra.
更不用说阅读 写作
Adding reading, writing,
骑自行车了
riding a bike.
没有人一开始就擅长所有事情
Nobody’s good at anything as first.
历史表明 有一段时间里 爱因斯坦不能数到10
There was a time when Einstein couldn’t count to 10.
莎士比亚不得不和我们其他人一样
And Shakespeare had to learn his ABC’s
学习ABC
just like the rest of us.
幸好 我们生来就是为了学习的
Thankfully, we’re born to learn.
当然 学习过程很缓慢
Slowly, surely.
你 蹒跚 滑倒 爬行 跌倒
You stumble, slip, crawl, fall
你 失败 跌落
and you fail, and fall.
你 挫败 迷茫 你尝试
Frustrating, confusing, trying,
努力 直到有一天 你会走路了
struggling, until one day, you walk.
一直脚走在了其他人前面
One foot in front of the other,
一个想法紧接着一个想法
one idea on top of the next.
每个错误的回答 都会让你的大脑慢慢的变得更发达
Each wrong answer, making your brain a little bit stronger.
失败只是成长的另一种说法
Failing is just another word for growing.
你要继续前进
And you keep going.
这就是学习
This is learning.
要知道你总会明白的
And knowing that you’ll get it,
即使你还没明白
even if you haven’t gotten it yet.
因为整个宇宙中
Because the most beautiful, complex concepts
最美 最复杂的概念
in the whole universe,
是由基本理念构成的
are built on basic ideas,
这些基本理念 任何人
that anyone,
任何地方都能理解
anywhere can understand.
无论你是谁 无论你在哪
Whoever you are, wherever you are.
你只需知道一件事
You only have to know one thing,
那就是你能学会一切
you can learn anything.

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视频概述

你的学习效率高吗?想知道如何高效学习吗?这里有几种方法可以帮助你高效学习哦!来看看吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Sharon

审核员

瞌睡虫儿

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YVrlXNRGxg

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