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天才儿童有哪些特质? – 译学馆
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天才儿童有哪些特质?

How to spot a child genius | Economist

如何发现一个天才儿童
How do you spot a child genius?
天才儿童往往有三个共同显著的特征
Gifted children tend to share three defining characteristics First,
第一 他们在很小的时候就开始培养技能
they develop skills at a very young age
莫扎特开始创作音乐时 年仅五岁
Mozart began composing music when he was just five years old Second,
其次 他们都是自主开创者
they are self-starters
斯里尼瓦瑟·拉马努金在构建复杂公式和理论的时候
Srinivasa Ramanujan was constructing complex formulae and theories…
他甚至还没学过基础数学
…before he had even been taught basic mathematics Third,
最后 天才儿童对于自己的兴趣可说是到了近乎痴迷的程度
gifted children can be near-obsessive in their interests
像作家威廉·詹姆斯·席德斯
For William James Sidis, a writer…
收集数百张有轨电车换乘票
…collecting hundreds of streetcar transfers… …
是他学习八门语言时的一个副业
was a sideline to learning eight languages
而那时他才八岁
by the time he was eight
在他11岁时 就被哈佛大学录取了
He was accepted at Harvard University at the age of 11
他们全都是门萨的优质候选人
They would all have been good candidates for Mensa…
门萨是高智商者云集的国际社会
…an international society for people with the highest IQs
它最年轻的成员只有两岁
Its youngest member is just two years old
但就算再聪明 也会有缺陷
But there can be drawbacks to being so clever
美国门萨的成员 以三倍之高的概率
Members of American Mensa are three times more likely…
比普通人更易患上过敏症
…than the general public to suffer from allergies…
或抑郁症
…or depression… …
他们患上
and they are almost six
焦虑症的可能性几乎是常人的六倍
times more likely to struggle with anxiety
而这仅仅是一些天才儿童尤其可能遇到的
And these are just some of the physical and emotional problems…
身体和情绪问题
…that gifted children in particular may face
发现那些孩子很重要
Spotting those children is important…
但他们中的很多人 都被遗漏了
…but many of them are being missed
在大多数资优儿童计划中
In most programmes for gifted children…
来自贫困背景的学生人数偏低
…students from poor backgrounds are under-represented
2015年 佛罗里达州的一个学区采取了罕见的筛选步骤
In 2015 one Florida school district took the rare step of screening…
所有孩子都参加了其资优教育计划的选拔中来
…all children for entry into its gifted-education scheme
贫困儿童的录取率增长了180%
Admissions increased by 180% among poor children
西班牙裔儿童的录取率增长了130%
130% among Hispanics
以及黑人的录取率增长了80%
and 80% among black pupils
换句话说 要发现天才儿童
In other words, to spot a gifted child…
为了寻找他们 实际上你必须
…you actually have to look for them… …
不放过所有社区
in all communities,
而不单单是靠一个来源就能发现他们
not just the ones with the resources to spot their own
找到那些“遗失的爱因斯坦” 会有很大益处
The benefits can be huge when those “lost Einsteins’’ are found
数学早熟的青少年研究
The Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth…
自1972年以来一直在观察5000名天才
…has been observing 5,000 gifted people since 1972
所有的孩子都是以高分
All of the children had test scores high enough…
考进大学 那时他们只有13岁
…to get into university when they were just 13
在成年期 前1650名的参与者
In adulthood the first 1,650 participants…
继续出版85本书
…went on to publish 85 books…
超过7500篇文章
…more than 7,500 articles…
并且还集体获得681项专利
…and have collectively secured 681 patents
其中三分之一的人取得博士学位
One-third of the group earned a doctorate…
是全国平均水平的17倍
…that is 17 times the national average Society,
培养出天才 社会也能从中受益
too, can reap the rewards when genius is nurtured
谷歌的创始人
The founder of Google…
“数学界的莫扎特”
…the “Mozart of maths”…
还有Lady Gaga 都被发现是天才儿童
…and Lady Gaga were all discovered as gifted children.
能改变明日世界的天才儿童已经在那儿了
The child geniuses who could transform tomorrow’s world are already out there.
但我们能发现他们吗?
But will we spot them?

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视频概述

本视频大致讲述了天才儿童的三个典型特征,并列举出了一些天才实例;除此之外,还为我们在寻找天才儿童的道路上指明了方向。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Fenny

审核员

审核员_JO

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xIwS3DdHQA

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