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美式打招呼的方法 – 译学馆
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美式打招呼的方法

How to say HELLO! How are you? Greet Americans! English Pronunciation

在这个美式英语发音的视频中
In this American English pronunciation video,
我们将会复习美国人如何打招呼
we’re going to go over how to greet Americans.
如你所知 上次我在
As some of you know, last time I was here in LA,
LA的YouTube Space制作了一个视频
at the YouTube Space, I made a video
内容是怎样向人们介绍自己
on introducing yourself to people.
当时我不认识任何人 现在
At thetime, I didn’t know anybody. Now,
我又回来了 还是上次那些小伙伴
I’m back again with all the same people.
因此他们又要在这个视频说
So they’reall going to be in this video again saying
“hey”
‘hey’.
首先 让我们听一连串不同的问候
First of all, let’s listen to a bunch of differentgreetings.
Hey
>> Hey.
Hey, Anthony.What’s up?
>> Hey, Anthony.>> What’s up?
Hey, Rachel.
>> Hey, Rachel.
Whassup Rachel?
>> Whassup Rachel?
Hey Veronica.Hey.
>> Hey Veronica.>> Hey.
Morning, guys.Morning.
>> Morning, guys.>> Morning.
Hi.Hey.
>> Hi.>> Hey.
Hey. Hey!Hello.
>> Hey. >> Hey!>> Hello.
Greetings.Hey, what’s going on?
>> Greetings.>> Hey, what’s going on?
Hey man.What up, doe?
>> Hey man.>> What up, doe?
你可能注意到了大多数人都说的”Hey”
You probably noticed a lot of people said’hey’.
在美国 这绝对是最普遍的
This is definitely the most common
问候人的方式
way to greet someone in America.
这非常日常
It’s pretty casual,
然后我一直使用它跟我的朋友打招呼
and I use it all the time with my friends.
Hey, hey.
Hey, hey.
注意声调
Notice the shape of thevoice.
音调先是稍微向上
There’s a little curve up, and then
然后向下 Hey,
a curve down in the voice. Hey,
Hey, hey
hey, hey.
一般来说 这是一个重读的词
So basically, it’s a stressed word.
发出辅音H然后发出AY这个双元音 就像在Say这个单词里一样
with the.H consonant sound and go into the AY as in SAY diphthong.
一定要确保
Make sure you drop
你在发出这个双元音的前半部分时把下巴放得足够低 He-e
your jaw enough for the first half of thatdiphthong. He-e,
hey, hey
hey, hey.
Hey.
>> Hey.
Hey VeronicaHey.
>> Hey Veronica.>> Hey.
Hey Rachel.
>> Hey Rachel.
Hey.Hey.
>> Hey.>> Hey.
有些时候我们也会听到”Hi” 它也是
We also heard’hi’ a few times. Again,
重读的 所以它有重读音节
it’sstressed, so we have that shape of a stressed syllable,
Hi.
hi.
Hi.
Hi.
它H这个辅音音素开始
It begins with the H consonant sound,
然后我们发/ai/的音 就像buy这个词里一样 同样地
and we have the AI as in BUY diphthong. Again,
要确保读这个词的前半部分时
make sure you drop your jaw enough
下巴要放得足够低 Hi.
for the first half of that diphthong. Hi,
Hi.
hi.
Hi.
>> Hi.
你们看 在我们发/ai/的音的时候放低下巴 就像在发buy这个词的时候一样
Look at that jaw drop we have on the AI as in BUY diphthong.
我们也说’hello’ 这是一个双音节词 重音在第二个音节上
We also heard’hello’. This is a two-syllableword with stress on the second syllable.
da-DA hello 所以 第二个音节
da-DA, hello. So, it’s that second syllable
是先高后低
with the up-down shape of the voice.
第一个音节
The first
会比较平缓:he- he- he-
The first
这个词开始于H这个辅音
It begins with the H consonant and has the
然后是/e/这个元音 就像在bed这个词里一样
EH as in BED vowel.
但它发音很快he- he- hello
But this is very quick,he- he-, hello.
第二个音节开始于
The second syllable begins
辅音L 所以舌头要伸到这里 ll
with the L consonant, so the tongue will come up here, ll,
并且碰到牙齿后面的
ll, and touch the roof of the
上颚
mouth just behind the teeth.
hello
Hello.
接下来是/o/这个音 和NO一样
Then wehave the OH as in NO diphthong.
前半部分放低你的下巴
jaw for the first half of the sound,
并且在第二部分嘴型要变圆 Hello
and make sure you round your lips for the second half. Hello.
Hello
Hello.
Hello
>> Hello.
这里嘴型变圆是为了发出第二个音节的/o/的
A little bit of lip rounding here for the second half
发音
of the OH diphthong.
也许你注意到了 有些人加了”man”这个词 Hey man
You may have noticed, some of the guys added’man’. Hey man.
Hey man
>> Hey man.
对一个男人说这个当然没问题啦
It’s ok to say this only to a man.
但是也许你注意到我对一群女孩
But youmay have noticed that I used the term’guys’
使用了”guys”这个词
for a bunch of girls.
所以 “guys”更中性一点 Hey guys
So,’guys’ is a littlemore gender neutral.
Morning guys Morning
Hey guys. >> Morning guys.>> Morning.
因为我是早上录的视频
Because I was filming in the morning,
很多人跟我打招呼 对我说”morning”
a lot of people said’morning’ as their greeting.
这是”good morning”的缩略版
This is short for’good morning’.
很简单 morning
Simply,’morning’.
Morning 现在
Morning. Now,
你可以在下午和晚上说”afternoon”
you could say’afternoon’
或”evening”但是他们不完全一样
or’evening’ during those times, but it’snot nearly as common. Morning.
Morning guysMorning
>> Morning guys.>> Morning.
Hey, morning guysMorning
>> Hey, morning guys.>> Morning.
很多时候打招呼会用到这些词:hey, hi, morning等等
Most greetings involve one of these greetingwords: hey, hi, morning, and so on, and often
并常常伴有一个问题 最恰当的回应方式就是回答问题
a question. The appropriate way to respond is to answer the question,
并且自己再问对方一遍
and to ask the
这个问题
same question yourself.
比如: 嘿 你好吗
For example: >> Hey, how are you?
我很好你好吗?
>> Good,how are you?
让我们来看看这样的一些互相问候的场景
Let’s take a look at a few of these exchanges.
斯塔西 克里斯蒂娜 嘿!嘿 瑞秋
>> Staci, Kristina. Hey!>> Hey, Rach!
你们过得怎么样
>> How are you guys?
哦 看到你很高兴哦
>> Oh, it’s good to see you!
嗯 我也很高兴见到你们 最近过得好吗我很好
>> Yeah, you too! How’ve you been?>> Good, good.
嘿 斯古特 你过得咋样你过得咋样 老兄?
>> Hey Scooter. What’s up?>> What up doe?
嘿 麦克斯 你怎么样?嘿 一切都好吗?
>> Hey Max. What’s up?>> Hey, how’s it going?
很好呀 你呢?
>> Good, how are you?
嘿 简 嘿 弗兰克嘿
>> Hey Jenn, hey Frankie.>> Hey.
你们今天过得怎么样?
>> How are you guys doing today?
很好
>> Good.
你呢?
How are you?
不太好哦 你过得不好?
>> Not good.>> Good. You’re not good?
不好 我刚刚摔坏了手机
>> Not good. I just broke my phone.
嘿 有什么进展吗没什么进展 你呢
>> Hey, what’s going on?>> Not much. How are you?
我就在外面玩会 我听说今天是你的生日
>> Just hanging out. I hear it’s your birthdaytoday.
是的 确实是瑞秋 生日快乐呀
>> It is, actually.>> Happy birthday, Rachel.
谢谢你
>> Thank you.
你过得怎么样特别好呢
>> How are you?>> Fabulous.
嗯 你一直都是这样!
>> As always!
嘿 艾伦嘿 你过得怎么样
>> Hey Aaron.>> Hey, how are you doing?
很好 你呢?我也很好
>> Good, how are you?>> Good.
How are you
How are you.
我们听到这句话的两种读法
We heard this two ways.
第一种单词”are”要重读
Oncewith the word’are’ stressed.
How are you
How are you?
How are you guys
>> How are you guys? [3x]
How are you?
How are you?
但大多数时候你会听到这个单词弱读
But most of the time, you’ll hear it with that word reduced.
How are you?
How are you?
How are you?
>> How are you? [6x]
Great, how are you?
>> Great, how are you? [3x]
How are you? 那么
How are you? So,
在第二种读法中 要把它读得非常短 er
in that case, make sure it’s really short, er,
er er how-er how-er you
er, er, how-er, how-er you.
How are you, da-DA-da. How are you, da-da-DA.
How are you, da-DA-da. How are you, da-da-DA.
这个问题最常见的回答就是”good”
The most common response to this phrase is’good’.
有时候你会听到”great”
You might sometimes hear’great’.
甚至有个人说: 你过的怎么样?特别好
One person even said: >> How are you?>> Fabulous.
你一直都这样!
>> As always!
不幸的是 有个人说”我过得不好”
And unfortunately, one person said’not good’,
因为她刚刚摔坏了自己的手机
because her phone had just broken.
你过得不好吗
>> You’re not good?
不好
>> Not good.
我刚刚摔坏自己的手机
I just broke my phone.
我们听到的另外一个问题是”How’s it going?”
Another question we heard was’how’s it going?’
我们会把”how is”缩略成”how’s how’s”
So we’re contracting’how is’, how’s, how’s.
所以只需要在how的词末加上/z/的音
So just put a Z sound there at the end of’how’.
下一个单词是元音开头的
The next word begins with a vowel,
所以/z/的音会把两个词连接起来
so the Z should link those two words together.
How’s it, how’s it, how’s it going?
How’s it, how’s it, how’s it going?
“it”词末的T 我们不把它发出来: how’s it going 只是在那
the Stop T at the end of’it’. We’re not releasingit: how’s it going. So, just hold the air
停顿一下 然后再继续说后面的词
for a second, and then release again.
这里可以以NG辅音结尾 ng
Youcan either end with the NG consonant, ng,
也可以以辅音N结尾 nn Goin’
or with the N consonant, nn. Goin’,
goin’
goin’.
这样说更随意 但是可以这样
It’s a little more casual, but that’s ok.
How’s it going, how’s it goin’.
How’s it going, how’s it goin’.
过得咋样就那样
>> How’s it goin’?>> It’s goin’.
Hey how’s it goin’? Da-da-DA-da
>> Hey, how’s it goin’? Da-da-DA-da.
How’s it going. 同样地
How’s it going. Again,
这里的回答可以有 “good” “great” “not bad”等等
the answershere will be good, great, not bad, etc.
怎么了?
What’s up?
这句话的回答和”发生了什么”的回答一样
This is answered just like’what’sgoing on?’
通常是”没事”或”没什么”
Usually’nothing’ or’not much’,
但你可以说你在那时候在做什么
but you can say what you’re doing in thatmoment.
这里你会听到”tsup”
You can hear this as’tsup’, with
TS是略读的发音
the TS reduction.
我们也会听到”whatssup”的读法完全去掉了T的发音
We also heard it as’whassup’,where the T was dropped altogether.
我们甚至听到有人说”whadup”
And we even heard one person say’whadup’.
那么他对这个词做了什么处理呢?
So what was he doing here?
他丢掉了S的发音 所以现在T出现在两个元音之间
S sound, so now the T came between two vowelsounds.
所以T就浊化了
So it was a Flap T, sounding like
听起来像D的发音 Whadup
a D. Whadup.
What’s up. Whassup.
>> What’s up. >>Whassup,
过得怎么样啊 瑞秋?
What’s up, Rachel?
嘿 布里斯 怎么样啊?哦 嘿 瑞秋 怎么了?
>> Hey, Brysi. What’s up?>> Oh hey Rachel. What’s up?
嘿 斯古特 怎么样啊?怎么样啊
>> Hey Scooter. What’s up?>> Whadup doe?
我希望这个可以帮到你
I hope this was helpful.
下一次遇见认识的人的时候
The next time you see someone you know,
不要害怕 要走上前去
don’t be afraid to go
开始对话
up and start a conversation.
我非常感谢在这个视频中出现的每一个人
A huge thanksto everybody who was in this video.
斯塔西和克里斯蒂娜都有很好的教程频道
Staci and Kristina both have awesome how-tochannels.
斯塔西有编织教程 克里斯蒂娜
Staci does knitting tutorials, and Kristina,
有折纸教程
paper crafts.
艾伦有很棒的滑板视频
Aaron makes awesomeskateboarding videos.
安东尼做音乐评论视频
Anthony does music reviews.
东是做儿童音乐的 伊万有很好的绘画教程
Don does children’s music. Evan makes awesomedrawing tutorials.
瑞秋英语怎么样啊
>> Whassup Rachel’s English.
你们都过得怎么样?
How you all doing,people?
我是伊万 来自卡通频道
This is Evan, from your channel Cartoon Block.
我会教小孩子学会
Showing kids how to do their thing,
画画和写生一类的东西
drawing and sketching and all that.
维罗妮卡
Veronica
有很棒的游览加利福尼亚的视频
has great travel videos on California.
罗斯和艾门都做化妆时尚频道
Roseand Eman both have great makeup and style channels.
好极了
Fabulous.
齐班•盖做喜剧漫画
Qban Guy does sketch comedy.
赛拉的手工频道非常棒
Sarah’s crafting channel is awesome.
克里斯
Chris
和海拉一起做”海拉厨房”这个节目 这是一个很棒的厨艺节目
and Hilah work on HilahCooking, a great cookingchannel.
比利带着玩偶做好听的儿童音乐
Billy does awesome children’s music
你在我的另一个视频里看到过
with puppets. You met one of the puppets
其中的一个玩偶
in one of my other videos.
布里斯在他的频道里把摇滚和
Brysi mixes rap with
电子游戏进行混剪
video games on his channel.
詹森在自己的频道里画喜剧小品
Jason does comedysketches on his channel.
斯古特的喜剧频道里有很多百佳榜
Scooter has great 100 lists on his comedy channel.
麦克斯他在自己的喜剧视频里从来不穿有袖子的衣服
MaxNo Sleeves never wears sleeves in his comedy channel.
过得很精彩的简小姐有做指甲的频道
MissJennFabulous has a nail channel,
她确实教会了我用另一种方式
where she did teach me a different way to
来涂指甲
paint my nails.
皮特是很多不同频道的
And Pete is a video producer
油管视频的
behind the scenes on several different YouTube
制作人
channels.
那是什么意思?”doe”表示什么呢?
>> Yeah, what does that mean? What does’doe’mean?
Doe是一个…习语 可以有”尽管””然而”的意思
>>’Doe’ is a…urban term, which can mean’though’. However,
你把它加到句末
you just add it for that
就是为了强调一下所有的句子都可以加吗?
emphasis onto the end of sentences.>> Pretty much anything?
它很像一个感叹号 差不多这样吧
>> It’s like an exclamation point, almost.
你可以再说一遍吗?
>> Can you say it again?
Whatup doe!
>> Whadup doe!
今天就到这里了 非常感谢你观看瑞秋英语
That’s it, and thanks so much for using Rachel’sEnglish.

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视频概述

地道美式表达 快速入门口语必备

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翻译译者

Thalie

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=orWL34vG3tY

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