ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

英文中“excuse me”该怎么说和用? – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

英文中“excuse me”该怎么说和用?

How to Say and Use EXCUSE ME in English

在这个美语发音视频中
In this American English pronunciation video,
我们将重温 如何发音和使用这个短语’excuse me’
we’re going to go over how to pronounce and use the phrase ‘excuse me’.
瑞秋英语-美语发音指导
Rachel’s EnglishAmerican English Pronounciation Guide
短语’excuse me’可以被用到不同的情境中
The phrase ‘ excuse me’ can be used in different situations
并表达不同的含义
to mean different things.
但是首先 我们来谈谈excuse这个词的发音
But first, let’s talk about the pronunciation of the word ‘excuse’.
我将以两种不同的方式来表达
I’m going to say it two different ways.
你能听出来有什么不同吗?
Can you hear the difference?
[ik’skjuz] [ik’skjus]
Excuse,excuse.
[ik’skjuz] [ik’skjus]
Excuse, excuse.
它的两个读音在末尾处略有不同
It’s a subtle difference, and it’s in the ending sound.
如果词尾发浊辅音
If the ending sound is voiced,
在这种情况下 发[z]音 [ik’skju:z] 那么它是个动词
in this case, a Z sound, excuse, then it’s a verb.
如果末尾发清辅音 [ik’skju:s] 那么它就是名词
If it’s unvoiced, excuse, then it’s a noun.
在“excuse me”这个短语中excuse是动词
It’s a verb in the phrase ‘excuse me’.
在多数情况下 我们都会使用/z/音
for the most part, we will be using a Z sound.
这个短语可以用在不同的场合中
The different ways to use this phrase.
首先 你可以用它来吸引某人的注意
First, you can use it to get someone’s attention.
– 打扰一下 请问洗手间在哪?- 在那个角落附近
>> Excuse me, where’s the bathroom?>> Around the corner.
– 打扰一下 请问现在几点了?- 啊 大概九点十五
>> Excuse me, do you have the time?>> Ah, it’s about 9:15.
– 谢谢你 先生- 不用谢
>> Thank you sir.>> You’re welcome.
由于我们用它来引起某人的注意
Because we’re using it to get someone’s attention,
所以这个短语的发音必须清楚 发出的声音要大一点
excuse me, it has to be very clear and a little bit louder.
所以 我们以和sit中元音一样的[i]音开头
So, we begin with the IH as in SIT vowel.
[i] [i] [i] 微张开下颚
ih, ih,ih, a little jaw drop.
[ik’s] [ik’s] [ik’s]
Ex-, ex-, ex-.
接下来 我们需要发/k/的音
Next is the k sound.
为了发出[k]音 舌头的后半部分需要接近并触碰柔软的上颚
To make the K, the back part of the tongue reaches up and touches the soft palate.
[ik] [k] [k]
Ex-, kk, kk.
[k’s] [k’s]
ks, ks.
你们注意到我的下颌是如何闭合的吗
Do you see how my jaw closes?
那是因为牙齿必须咬合到一起才能发出S音
That’s because the teeth have to be together to make the S.
舌尖要放低 压在牙齿根部上
The tongue tip is down, pressing here,
然后舌头压在牙齿背面的齿根部朝向牙齿
to put a little tension in the tongue,
稍稍施加一点压力
behind the bottom front teeth.
[iks] [iks]
Ex-, ex-.
现在我们继续发[k]的音
Now we have the k sound again.
舌头的后部抵达并触碰柔软的上颚
The back part of the tongue reaches up and touches the soft palate,
[k] [k] [k]
kk, kk, kk.
由SK音节开始重读音节
The SK cluster begins the stressed syllable.
da-DA-da [ik’skjuz mi:]
da-DA-da, excuse me.
它和few一样有 [ju:]的双元音
It has the EW as in FEW diphthong.
所以舌尖要低 在牙齿背面的根部抵住 并施加压力
So, the tongue tip is down, pressing behind the bottom front teeth.
对于双元音中的第一个单元音 舌头的前半部分
For the first half of the diphthong, the front part of the tongue
到达口腔的最顶端
is reaching towards the roof of the mouth,
[i] [i] 来发出Y音
/i/, /i/, to make that Y sound.
[ik’s] [i] [i] [i]
/ik’s/, /i/, /i/, /i/
然后我们发元音O的音 [ik’skju] 所以嘴唇呈圆形
Then we have the OO vowel, excu-, so the lips will round.
[ik’skju:z mi] [z mi] [z mi]
Excuse me, -se me, -se me.
然后我们来发[z]音 和辅音[m]还有元音[i]
Then we have the Z sound, the M consonant, and the EE vowel.
所以为了发出[z]音 舌头放在这里
So, to make the Z sound, the tongue is here,
接触到牙齿背面的根部 朝向牙齿的地方 然后牙齿咬合
touching the back of the bottom front teeth, and the teeth are closed,
[z] [z] 它发音有点像S
zz, zz. It’s just like the S
除了利用声带振动发出声音
except I’m vibrating the vocal cords with my voice,
[z], [z], [zm]
zz. ZZ-mm.
当我们闭合嘴唇发出[m]
Then we just close the lips to go into the M sound.
[ik’skjuz] [mi]
Excuse me, ee.
然后和she中的元音/i/一样 嘴唇要分开
And then the EE as in SHE vowel. Lips will part,
下颌不能张开太大 因为舌头正在向着 口腔的顶部抬起
jaw won’t drop much because the tongue is lifting pretty high here to the roof of the mouth.
舌尖向下 但是舌头前部抬起
The tongue tip is down, but the front part lifts.
[ik’skjuz mi], [ik’skjuz mi]
Excuse me, excuse me.
让我们再来看一次
Let’s watch one more time.
– 打扰一下 请问洗手间在哪?- 在那个角落附近
>> Excuse me, where’s the bathroom?>> Around the corner.
– 打扰一下 请问现在几点了?- 啊 现在大概九点十五
>> Excuse me, do you have the time?>> Ah, it’s about 9:15.
– 谢谢你先生- 不用谢
>> Thank you sir.>> You’re welcome.
我们也可以用这个短语来避开某人
We also use this phrase to get around somebody,
或者当我们在拥挤的人群中不小心撞到某人
or if we accidentally bump into somebody in a crowd.
这种情况下 我们并不是要引起某人的注意
Now here, we don’t really need to get someone’s attention,
所以我们可能会小声说 /’skjuzmi/ /’skjuzmi/ /’skjuz mi/
so we might really mutter it, excuse me, ‘scuse me, ‘scuse me,
完全将第一个音节去掉
dropping the first syllable altogether.
我还曾注意到有些时候 当我无意碰撞到某人时
I’ve noticed sometimes I even almost just whisper it
我甚至是在耳语
if I accidentally bump into somebody,
或者当我需要从两个人中间穿过的时候
or if I need to slide between two people,
[‘skjuz mi] 说三次
‘scuse me [3x].
所以这与第一种情况十分不同
So this is very different from the first case
需要引起别人注意时 我们必须说的十分清楚才行
where we needed to get someone’s attention, and we had to say it really clearly.
[ik’skjuz mi] [‘skjuz mi] [‘skjuz mi]
Excuse me, ‘scuse me, ‘scuseme.
请让一下 请让一下
>> ‘Scuse me, ‘scuse me.
请让一下 请让一下 谢谢 请让一下
>> ‘Scuse me, ‘scuse me, thank you. ‘Scuse me.
当我们没听明白时也可以使用这个短语
We can also use this phrase if we don’t understand,
或者我们需要他们重复刚说了什么的时候
and we need somebody to repeat what they’ve said.
[‘skjuz mi] [‘skjuz mi]
Excuse me? Excuse me?
这里我们再次将第一个音节去掉
Here again I’m dropping the first syllable.
不一定非要这么做 [‘skjuz mi]
you don’t have to.Excuse me?
但是它不用很清楚的发音
But it doesn’t have to be so clearly pronounced
因为我们并不想引起某人的注意
because we’re not getting someone’s attention.
我们不必引起注意 我们已经有关注的焦点
We don’t have to get the focus here, we already have the focus.
[‘skjuz mi] [‘skjuz mi]
Excuse me, excuse me?
同时注意 声调逐渐上扬
Notice also, the voice is going up in pitch.
这就意味着 它是一个问题
That means it’s a question.
它表示你没有听清楚
That’s the signal to the person that I didn’t understand.
[ik’skjuz mi]
Excuse me?
– 我不知道我将要得到什么- 什么?
>> So I don’t know what I’m going to get.>> Excuse me?
– 我不知道我将要得到什么- 奥
>> I don’t know what I’m going to get.>> Ah.
– 三个怎么样?- 什么?
>> How about three?>> Excuse me?
– 三个怎么样?- 哦 三个很好 好的
>> How about three?>> Yeah, three works. Okay.
Excuse me?音调要升高
Excuse me? Voice goes up in pitch.
Excuse me? [说六次]
>> Excuse me? [6x] >> Excuse me? [6x]
就像在问 你刚说什么?只是这样说更快而已
It’s just like saying “what did you say?” only it’s a little faster.
[‘skjuz mi] [‘skjuz mi]
Excuse me, excuse me?
这个短语还可以用于讽刺
This phrase can also be used sarcastically,
某人对某事的反应过度
as a response to somebody overreacting to something.
比如 Rachel 你总是把厨房搞得一团糟
For example, Rachel, you always make a mess in the kitchen.
[ik’skju:z mi]
Excuse me.
当我们像这样用来表达讽刺的时候
Now, when we use it sarcastically like that,
我们往往会把重音节拖长
we tend to really stretch out the stressed syllable,
[ik’skju:z] [ik’skju:z] [ik’skju:z mi]
excuse, excuse. Well excuse me.
当然 这样表达是有一点粗鲁
Of course, it’s a little bit rude, you would be using this,
可能你会在和某人争论的时候用到它
maybe, in an argument with somebody.
– 爸爸 我不能相信你竟然吃掉了最后一块饼干!- 好吧 对不起
>> Dad, I can’t believe you ate the lastcookie!
>> Well excuse me!
所以你现在知道了 excuse me 的四种不同用法以及发音
So there you go, four different ways to use and pronounce the phrase ‘ excuse me ’.
所以发音很重要
So the pronunciation matters.
我们是要引起他人的注意吗?这样我们要发音清楚
Are we trying to get somebody’s attention?Then we need to be really clear
我们是要表达还没有理解对方的话吗?
Are we signaling that we don’t understand?
那么我们需要提高音调来表达疑问
Then we need to phrase it as a question with the pitch going up.
Excuse me?
Excuse me?
而不是 excuse me
Instead of, excuse me.
一个示例当你突然打嗝时用这个短语
Bonus example! Use it when you accidentally burp.
-[打嗝]对不起 – 嗨
>> [burp] Excuse me!>> Hi.
– 嗨
>> Hi.
我希望这个视频可以帮助你理解使用这个短语的方法和场合
I hope this video has helped you figure out how and when to use this phrase.
不要忘记点赞并分享这个视频!
Don’t forget to like and share this video!
就这些 非常感谢观看”瑞秋英语”
That’s it, and thanks so much for usingRachel’s English.
– 你有没有碰你的麦克风? 你不能触碰它- 你确定?
>> Did you touch your mic? You can’t touch it.>>Excuse me?
如果你喜欢本视频 那就订阅吧
If you like this video, be sure to subscribe,
点击这里或在视频描述中点击订阅
either click here or in the description.
但是不止这些
but don’t stop there,
一定要在日常生活播放列表 “本·富兰克林”或者是”每周单词”系列
keep learning with my American English in Real Life playlist
坚持学英语哦
my Ben Franklin playlist, or my Word of Weeks series.
点我发现海量精彩视频
Click on me to check out my channel with hundreds of great videos.
别忘了访问我的网站
Don’t forget to visit my website,
你可以了解有关高级会员及在线课程信息
where you can learn about my premium membership and online courses.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

该视频介绍了“Excuse me”的几种发音和不同适用情境

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

慕橙

审核员

审核员 GK

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHpHKLPvXPA

相关推荐