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Photoshop:移除物体

How To Remove ANYTHING From a Photo In Photoshop

在这个视频中
In this video,
我将教你如何用Photoshop移除照片中的物体
I’m going to show you how to remove anything from a photo in Photoshop.
PTC:Photoshop训练频道
大家好
Hi.
我是Photoshop训练频道的杰西·拉米雷兹
I’m Jesus Ramirez from The Photoshop Training Channel.
在本视频中
In this video I’m going to show
我将教你三种方法
you how to remove distracting elements from a photo,
来移除照片中那些干扰元素
using three different techniques.
前两种方法会帮你学习“基本的物体移除”
The first two techniques will help you with basic object removals.
而第三种方法
But with the third technique,
是需要我们身体力行去好好解决的一个复杂任务
we’re really going to get our hands dirty and tackle a complicated task,
但是我会把步骤分解成易消化的小部分
but I’m going to divide it up into small digestible chunks
这样你们就能跟上我的节奏
so that you can follow along.
好 咱们开始吧
Okay, let’s get started.
我们要处理这张图片
We’re going to work with this image,
图上一对情侣在沙滩漫步
we have a couple walking on the beach,
然而一个路人入镜了
and we have a photo bomber.
若想把这个抢镜的人从照片中移除
And, if we wanted to remove this photobomber from the photo,
步骤非常非常简单
we can do so very very easily,
首先 复制图层以便在不损害原图的情况下操作
first, duplicate the layer to work nondestructively.
你可以使用Ctrl+J(微软电脑)或Command+J(苹果电脑)进行复制
You can press Ctrl J, Command J on the back,
然后我们可以把这个图层命名为“编辑”
and we can call that layer, “Edit.”
然后要选用“套索工具”
Then you can select the Lasso Tool,
借助“套索工具” 我们可以简单地徒手创建一个选区
and with the Lasso Tool, we can just simply freehand a selection.
我们要绕着抢镜的人划出选区
So, we’re going to freehand a selection around the photo bomber,
选区不必非常精确
and it doesn’t have to be very precise,
只要能把这个人圈起来就好
as long as you go around her.
话虽如此
But, having said that,
但请尽量使选区贴合原人物图像
try to keep as much of the original background as you can.
按住Alt键(微软电脑)或Option键(苹果电脑)
So, you can hold “Alt”, “Option” on the Mac,
同时点击并拖动鼠标能减少选区
and click and drag to subtract from the selection.
顺便说一下 如果你按住的是Shift键
And by the way, if you hold “Shift”,
就能扩大选区
you add to the selection.
而按住Alt键(微软电脑)或Option键(苹果电脑)
And once again, Alt, Option on the Mac,
同时点击并拖动
and click and drag.
你就能减去选区内容
You subtract from a selection.
选区创建后 你就能进行“编辑” “填充”了
With a selection active, you can go into “Edit”, “FILL”,
然后我们从下拉列表中选择“内容识别”
and we’re going to select “Content-Aware” from the dropdown,
要确保已经勾选了“颜色适应”选项
and make sure that you have Color Adaptation checked,
再点击“确认”即可
and press OK.
然后我就用Ctrl+D(微软电脑)或Command+D(苹果电脑)来取消选定
Then I’m going to press Ctrl D, Command D to deselect.
神奇的一幕出现了
And notice that almost like magic,
那个抢镜的人被移除了
Photoshop removes that photo bomber.
“内容识别”技术的工作方式就是
And the way that the Content-Aware technology works is by
它会分析选区周围的像素
analyzing the pixels that are surrounding the selection,
并用这些像素信息
and it uses that information to generate the pixels that are
代替选区内部的像素
going to go inside of that selection.
由此可见
So, Photoshop does a great job
Photoshop很擅长推测人像后面的背景
in guessing what would be behind this person.
这个方法更适用于单一背景的图像
And this technique works best with a simple background,
就像我拿来做例子的这一张图片
like the one we have in this example.
这是原图 这是处理后的图
So that’s before, and after.
还有 如果你对“内容识别”的更多用途感兴趣的话
And by the way, if you’re interested to find out more about the Content-Aware technology,
我制作了一系列视频
I made a series of videos
使用“内容识别”处理不同要求的图像
dealing with all the different tools that use Content-Aware,
包括用“内容识别”进行图像填充
including the “Content-Aware Fill”.
如果你对本系列视频有兴趣
If you’re interested in watching that series,
我会把链接放在下方的简介里
I’ll post a link down below in the description.
下一个例子
So, for the next example,
我们要用这张威尼斯的图片
we’re going to use this image here of Venice,
我把照片放大
and I’m going to zoom in.
我们要做的就是
And what we want to do is remove this group
把坐在这里的一群人移除
of people that are sitting here.
我可以重复之前的步骤
So, what I could do is I could try to do what I just did,
用“内容识别”工具进行填充
use a “Content-Aware Fill”.
但是你们稍后可以看到
But as you will see,
这么做得不到我们想要的效果
it won’t give us the results that we’re looking for.
你看我先快速地划出选区
So, let me just make a really quick selection,
然后进行“编辑”→“填充”→“内容识别”
and go into “EDIT”, “FILL”, “Content-Aware”,
但是这次Photoshop没有很好地完成这个任务
and notice that Photoshop didn’t do that good of a job this time.
因为照片里有一些我不想要的元素
It included elements that I do not want to have in the photo.
所以我要使用组合键Ctrl+Alt+Z(微软电脑)
So I’m going to press Ctrl Alt Z,
或者组合键Command+Alt+Z(苹果电脑)以撤销操作
Command Alt Z on the Mac to undo.
而且 为了对图层进行无损操作
And, actually, to work non destructively,
我要复制这个图层
I’m going to duplicate this layer.
复制时要用到Ctrl+J(微软电脑)
So, I’m going to press Ctrl J,
或者Command+J(苹果电脑)
Command J on the Mac,
接下来我们要用一个不同的工具
and we’re going to use a different tool.
这个工具就是
And the tool that we’re going to use is
“修补工具”
this tool here called the “Patch Tool”,
它就位于“污点修复画笔工具”下面
which is nested under the “Spot Healing Brush Tool”.
你还要确保选中了“正常”和“源”模式
Also, make sure that “Normal” and “Source” are selected.
然后我就要单击并拖动鼠标创建选区
Then I’m going to click-and-drag and make a selection
把我想要替换的像素选出来
around the pixels that I want to replace.
选区创建完毕后
With the selection active,
我就要缩小画面 找一个用来取样的区域
I’m going to zoom out and look for an area to sample from.
这片区域看起来比较像他们坐着的那个地方
So it looks like this area is very similar to the area where they’re sitting on,
所以我要单击鼠标并把选区拖走
so I’m going to click and drag over to that side.
你可以在选区里看到预览画面
And you can see the preview inside of the selection,
我会尽量使画面相匹配
and I can try to match it as best as I can.
当我对这块区域满意时
When I’m happy with the area,
就可以松开鼠标了
I can just release,
然后使用组合键Ctrl+D(微软电脑)或Command+D(苹果电脑)取消选定
and then press Ctrl D, Command D to deselect.
如你所见 Photoshop做得很棒
And notice that Photoshop did a much better job.
我之所以没有选择这个地方
The reason that I didn’t select this side here,
是因为灯柱的阴影投在了这里
is that there’s a shadow from this lamp post,
所以我才没有复制这里
so I didn’t want to duplicate that.
这次修改并不完美
The edit wasn’t perfect,
主要是因为我没有把选区拖动到正确的位置
and it was mainly because I didn’t drop the selection in the right area.
所以我会再试一遍 点击并拖动鼠标
So, I can try that again, let me click and drag,
试着找到一个更匹配的位置
and just try to get a better closer match.
比如像这样
So maybe something like that.
按Ctrl+D键(微软电脑)或Command+D(苹果电脑)取消选定 这样看起来就好多了
Ctrl D, Command D to deselect, so that looks much better.
砖墙排列更整齐了
The bricks align better.
这个区域有些问题
There’s issues like this area here,
但是我们可以在特定区域使用“修补工具”
but we could easily fix these issues
这样就能轻易解决问题
by just using the “Patch Tool” on those specific areas.
然后我会双击“抓手工具”以缩小图像
Then I can double click on the “Hand Tool” to zoom out,
你就能看到修改前
and you can see the before,
和修改后的图像
and the after.
在我们讲述更复杂的例子之前
Another tool that I want to show you
我想向大家介绍另一个工具
before we move on into the more complicated example
即“仿制图章工具”
is “the Clone Stamp Tool”,
它能让你从另一个区域复制像素进行绘画
which simply allows you to paint in duplicate pixels from another area.
所以选中了这个工具之后
So, with that tool selected I’m going to zoom
我要缩小图片 并创建一个新图层用来修图
in and create a new layer to work on destructively.
然后在这个图层上
And, with this layer,
我要确保选中“当前和下方图层”或者“所有图层”
I can make sure that “Current & Below” are selected, or “All Layers”.
这些对当前示例来说都无关紧要
It really doesn’t matter in this example,
所以我就选“当前和下方图层”好了
so I’ll leave it on “Current & Below”.
然后我只需要选定用以复制像素的区域即可
Then, I can just select areas to copy pixels from.
所以如果我想移走这个灯柱
So if I wanted to remove this lamp post,
我或许可以从这里的这个角落开始
I can start maybe in this corner here,
然后使用键盘上的括号键增大笔刷的型号
and then use the bracket keys on the keyboard to increase the size of my brush,
之后我就可以试着去对齐已复制的像素了
and I can try to align what I just copied,
我在这个区域取样
what I just sampled, this area here,
然后把所取像素对齐到另一个窗户上
and align it to the other window,
然后我就可以像这样绘制这些像素了
and then I can paint in those pixels likeso.
我知道这里有一些灯柱的影子 但是没关系
And I know I’m getting a little of the shadow, but that’s okay.
接下来我将从另一个不同区域取样 或许这个区域就可以
Then I can sample from a different area, maybe this area here,
我要尽可能地沿着直线涂抹
and line it as best as I can,
然后像这样涂去路灯的其余部分
and paint away the rest of the lamp like so.
我不准备在这个例子上花费太多时间
And I’m not going to spend too much time on this example
因为我真正想展示给大家的是接下来的这个例子
because the example that I want to show you is the one after this.
通过这个例子你就知道如何使用“仿制图章工具”
But you can see how you can start painting things away
无损地移除图片中的物体
nondestructively using the Clone Stamp Tool.
以上基本就是之前几分钟我教给大家的内容
And this is basically what we did in just a couple minutes.
我们已经能够非常快速地移除灯柱
Really quickly, we were able to remove that lamp post
虽然会有一些细节上的问题
and there’s a couple details there that
不过我们不再多花时间赘述
again, we’re not going to spend the time on now
因为我想把更多时间花在下一个例子上
because I want to spend more time in the next example.
那么我们现在就来处理这个图片吧
So we’re going to work with this image here,
我要试图移除背景中的汽车
and what we’re trying to do is to remove the truck from the background.
首先
So, first of all
为了避免破坏原图
we want to work nondestructively
我要两次使用组合键Ctrl+J(微软电脑)或Command+J(苹果电脑)
so I’m going to press Ctrl J, Command J on the Mac twice
从而把这个图层复制两次
to duplicate the layer two times.
上面的图层我们就将它命名为“模特”
The layer on top will be the “model”,
下面的图层就命名为“背景”
and the layer below that will be the “background”.
然后 就像用Photoshop处理很多东西一样
And just like with a lot of things in Photoshop,
我倾向于把各元素分开来
I like to separate my elements so that they’re
这样就能易于控制
easier to control.
尽管我们要处理的是单一图片
So, even though we’re going to work with a single image,
我们仍会使用多个图层来控制不同的元素
we’re still going to use different layers to control different elements,
我觉得这种方式让修图更容易
and I think that makes it easier to work with.
那么现在 既然我们建好两个图层了
So, now that we have these two layers set up,
我就要选定我的“模特”图层了
I’m going to select my model layer,
我会点击使用“快速选择工具”
and then click on the quick selection tool.
你可以通过点击并拖动鼠标在模特周围创建选区
You can click and drag and make a selection around the model.
如果你使用的Photoshop是CC以上版本
If you’re working with Photoshop CC and newer,
你就能先选中“选择对象”项目
you can click on Select Subject
这时候如果你再点击“快速选择工具”
while the quick selection tool is selected,
Photoshop就会自动识别并确认对象
and Photoshop will make a selection based on whatever it
从而创建选区
thinks the main subject is.
在这种情况下 针对这个模特图层
In this case, the model.
Photoshop会做一个相当好的工作
And Photoshop does a fairly good job.
虽然并不会非常完美
It’s not going to be perfect,
你可以点击并拖动鼠标来增加选区
you can click and drag to add to the selection,
你也可以使用Alt键(微软电脑)或Option键(苹果电脑)来减少选区
and you can also subtract from the selection by holding Alt Option
只需点击那些不应该被选中的区域即可
on the Mac, and clicking on areas
就像这张图上的这些区域
that shouldn’t be selected, like these areas there.
顺便说一下 选区不需要很完美
And by the way, the selection doesn’t need to be perfect.
你只需要
As long as you mask out the areas
不把汽车附近的像素选进去即可
near the distractive object, you should be fine.
我要放大图像
I’m going to zoom in and just make sure
确认一下手镯是否被选定了
that it selected the bracelet,
该选的我一个都没选少
I didn’t miss one piece.
总而言之 “快速选择工具”是个好东西
But overall, it did a really good job.
我要创建一个图层蒙版
I’m going to create a Layer Mask,
现在我们就有了一个只包含模特的图层
and now we have a layer that just contains the model.
那么现在 我要创建一个
And now, we’re going to create a layer
只包含背景的图层
that only contains the background.
为了达到这个目的 我需要使用模特的图层蒙版
To do so, I’m going to use the model Layer Mask.
所以我会按住Ctrl键(微软电脑)
So, I’m going to hold “Ctrl”,
或者苹果电脑上的Command键
that’s “Command” on the Mac,
同时点击“图层蒙版”的小窗口
and click on the Layer Mask thumbnail
来把“图层蒙版”载入为选区
to load “the Layer Mask” as a selection.
请注意现在我的模特图层为非选中状态
Notice that my model layer is disabled,
然后我要选中“背景”图层
and I’m going to select the background layer.
选中背景图层后
With the background layer selected.
我要依次点击“选择” “修改” “扩展”工具
I’m going to go into select, modify, expand.
这一步将会使选区变得更大
And this is going to make my mask larger.
我要把它扩展到5像素
And I’m going to expand it by five pixels,
但是具体扩展数值
but this may be different for you depending
要视你图片的大小而定
on the size of your photo.
我这个图片相当大 所以我用5像素
This is a fairly large image, so I’m using five pixels.
在具体操作中 你可能需要用到2像素 或者3像素
In some cases, you may need two, or maybe even three.
而这个例子中我们应用5像素
So, we’ll go for five in this case.
但关键是
But the point is,
现在选区和背景之间有了空隙
that now I have that space in between my subject and the background.
所以在选中“背景”图层后
With the background selected,
我会使用组合键“Shift+Backspace”(微软电脑)来调出“填充”窗口
I’m going to hold Shift and backspace to bring up the fill window.
然后在“内容”条目的下拉列表中 我会选择“内容识别”选项
Then under contents, I’m going to select Content-Aware,
并勾选“颜色适应”效果
make sure the Color Adaptation is checked,
然后点击“确定”
and press okay.
然后Photoshop就会自动移除照片中的模特
And Photoshop is going to remove the model from this photo.
我这个活做得不完美 但是还好啦
It’s not going to do a perfect job, but that’s okay.
我们要继续修一下这个背景图
We’re going to continue building upon this background,
为我们的模特创建一个更干净的背景
to just create a clean background for our model.
而我们现在有一个背景图层和一个模特图层
So, we have a background and a model layer.
现在我要做的就是看一下我的照片
What I’m going to do now is look at my photo,
看一下那些需要替换的像素
look at the pixels that I need to replace,
然后看一下哪些像素是我可以用来克隆 复制的
then look at the pixels in the photo that I can use to clone, copy,
或者说怎样用它们来覆盖汽车
or somehow use to cover the car.
我立刻关注到的就是
So, right off the bat I’m noticing
这里有几个柱子
that I have these columns here.
一个 两个 三个 四个 五个柱子
One column, two, three, four, and five.
而这根柱子完全可以被我们用上
And this column, we can pretty much use the whole thing.
对于这些被遮住的窗户
Then we have these windows,
或许我可以用这里的这扇窗户
so I’m probably going to use this window here to replicate
复制至少三次即可
it at least three times,
然后把它用到这三个区域
to use in these three areas.
然后这里有个标志 我不确定它是什么
Then we have this sign, I’m not really sure what that is,
看起来好像是一张广告
but it looks like some sort of advert.
但是我们可以复制它 然后把它粘贴到另一边
But, we can copy it, and place it on the other side.
然后我们还得复制一下部分街道
Then we also have to duplicate parts of the street.
我会从复制街道开始
And I’ll start there,
因为我觉得从这里开始是最容易的
’cause I think that’s the easiest place to start.
这也是你在处理照片时要做到的
And that’s what you have to do in your photo,
首先要看一下内容 然后再看看你可以采用什么 复制什么
look at the contents, and see what you can take, and duplicate.
我要用“矩形选框工具”创造一个选区
I’m just going to create a selection using the Rectangular Marquee Tool.
然后使用组合键Ctrl+J(微软电脑)
Then I’m going to press Ctrl J,
或者Command+J(苹果电脑)来复制它
Command J on the Mac, to duplicate that.
那么现在我已经复制好了
So now, I have this duplicate.
我需要提到的一件事情就是
One thing that I should have mentioned,
我先撤销这一步操作以便你们能看到它
and I’ll undo that so you can see it,
就是当我使用矩形选框工具的时候
is that when I selected the Rectangular Marquee Tool,
“羽化”这里我填的是3像素
I had a feather of three pixels.
这意味着图形边缘不会很锐利
That means that the edges will not be sharp,
3像素的情况下图形边缘是模糊的
they’re going to be blurry, three pixels.
我故意填这个数值的原因是我不想要锐利的边缘
And I left that value on purpose because I don’t want sharp edges.
我想要平滑的边缘 这样当我复制某物
I want smooth edges, so when I copy something,
并粘贴在某处时
and I paste it somewhere else, I won’t see
我就看不到锐利的边缘了
that sharp edge.
现在我们用Ctrl+J(微软电脑)或Command+J(苹果电脑)再次进行复制
So, once again, Ctrl J, Command J to duplicate.
然后我把这一块复制到了这里
And I have that piece right there,
我要把它移动到这边
and I’m going to move it over to this side.
现在很明显它们的颜色不匹配 但是我们可以处理一下
Now obviously, the colors don’t match, but we can fix that.
我会创建一个“色阶”调整图层
I can create a Levels Adjustment Layer,
点击下面的按钮剪切到图层
clip it to the layer below it so that the only
这样此调整才能影响下面的所有图层
thing the levels adjustment layer effects is the strip right below it.
请注意一下步骤 如果我想做调整的话
So, notice how, if I make an adjustment,
就要用到这个滑块
it only affects that strip.
那么我可以点击并拖动这个黑色的滑块 把它往右拖
So, I can click on the black point and drag it to the right
直到选区和其他区域的亮度得到匹配
until that matches illuminance of that area.
选中这个图层蒙版 然后使用组合键Ctrl+I(微软电脑)
Then, with the Layer Mask selected, I can press Ctrl I,
或者Command+I(苹果电脑)
Command I on the Mac, to invert
来让图层蒙版转变成黑色
to make the Layer Mask black,
这一步会使调整得到隐藏
which will hide the adjustment.
然后我会选中“画笔工具”
Then, with the brush tool selected,
用白色前景色在特定的区域进行涂抹
you can paint with white to reveal the effect
以显示效果
only in certain areas.
然后我会选中两个图层
Then I can select both layers.
按Shift键并依次点击这两个图层就能选中它们了
If I hold Shift and click on both layers, it selects them.
之后使用组合键Ctrl+E(微软电脑)或Command+ E(苹果电脑)来使这两个图层融合成一个
Ctrl E, Command E on the Mac to merge into one layer.
现在我会使用“移动工具”
So now, I can simply use the move tool,
按住Alt键 同时点击并拖动鼠标 将其拖动至右方
click and drag to the right, to duplicate as I hold Alt.
当你已经选择“移动工具”
So when you hold Alt,
并按压Alt键拖动某物时
and you have the move tool selected, and you drag something,
你拖动的其实就是它的复制层
you will drag a duplicate.
然后我会按住Shift键
I’m going to hold Shift,
同时点击第一个图层和最后图层 就能同时选中所有图层
click on the top and bottom layer to select them all.
然后我会使用Ctrl+E(微软电脑)或者Command+E(苹果电脑)
Then I’m going to press Ctrl E, Command E on the Mac,
来使这三个图层合并成一个
to merge the three layers into one.
然后我会创建一个“图层蒙版”
Then I’m going to create a Layer Mask,
用黑色前景色在这些区域进行涂抹
and paint with black in these areas to reveal
来显示出原来的背景
the original background.
如果有地方需要稍微暗一点
And if something needs to be a little bit darker,
就像这个区域
like this area here,
那么你可以采取我们之前的步骤 创建一个色阶调整图层
you can do what we did earlier, create a Levels Adjustment Layer,
并确保点击按钮剪切到图层
make sure that it’s clipped.
把滑块拖到更暗的位置 然后选中“图层蒙版”
And, just make it darker, then select the Layer Mask.
使用组合键Ctrl+I(微软电脑)或者Command+I(苹果电脑)把它转变成黑色
Ctrl I, Command I to invert and
之后用白色前景色在图层蒙版上进行涂抹 来露出本区域的效果
paint with white on the Layer Mask to reveal that effect in that area.
请记住图层蒙版是用来隐藏和显示像素的
Remember, Layer Mask, hide and reveal pixels.
黑色前景的效果是隐藏 白色前景色的效果是显示
Black hides and white reveals.
通过为调节图层添加蒙版 你就能隐藏或者显示所做的调节
With an adjustment layer, you’re hiding the adjustment, or revealing it.
所以我们用白色前景色进行涂抹的时候就能够显示调节
So, we’re painting with white to reveal that adjustment.
在本教程中 我不需要多个图层
In this tutorial, I don’t need multiple layers,
所以我会通过使用组合键“Ctrl+E”来合并图层
so I’m going to merge down by pressing Ctrl E.
现在就成一个图层了 这样很好
So now it’s one layer, and that’s good.
现在我要在这个窗口上进行工作了
Now we’re going to work on the windows,
我要向你们展示一些东西
and there’s something I want to show you.
首先我们要创建一个新图层
First, we’re going to create a new layer,
然后选择“仿制图章工具”
then select the Clone Stamp Tool,
然后我们就能对这个窗口进行复制
and we can copy this window.
请看会发生什么
But watch what happens.
如果我按压Option键(微软电脑)或者Alt键(苹果电脑)的同时点击鼠标
If I hold Alt Option on the Mac and click,
就能设置仿制源
it will set a clone source.
那意味着我们要在本区域复制像素
That means that that’s the area that we’re going to copy pixels from.
然后当你涂抹的时候 就会呈现一个精确的复制效果
And when you paint, it creates an exact copy,
正如你所愿
as you would expect.
我们确实可以改变仿制图章工具对像素的复制
We can actually change how the Clone Stamp Tool copies pixels,
我们可以水平 垂直 按比例转化这些像素
we can invert those pixels horizontally,
之类的事情都可以做到
vertically, scale them, anddo all sorts of things.
让我来向你展示我说的是什么意思
Let me show you what I mean by that.
如果你进入“窗口” “仿制源”
If you go into Window, Clone Source,
如果你点击这个按钮 你就能垂直地进行图像克隆
you can click on this button here to flip the clone horizontally.
也就是说如果我来到这里 按住Alt键(微软电脑)或Option(苹果电脑)
So that means that if I come in here and hold Alt Option on the Mac,
同时点击鼠标进行取样
and click to sample from that point,
然后你会看到它会水平地翻转这个图像
notice how now it inverts it horizontally,
然后我就能水平地进行涂抹
and I can paint horizontally.
然后你可以看到这个瞄准箭头 这就是我取样的地方
And you can see the target, that’s where I’m sampling from.
这个小X图标能随着涂抹刷而移动
That little plus X icon that’s moving along the paint brush.
如果我往右移动 它就会往左移动
Not that if I go right, it moves left.
如果我往左 它就会往右
If I move left, it goes right.
那是因为Photoshop正垂直翻转样本资源
That is because Photoshop inverts the sample source horizontally,
所以我就能够
so it allows me to just
垂直地进行涂抹 就像这样
paint in horizontally, like so.
我要双击“抓手工具”
I’m going to double click on the hand tool.
这就是前后对比了
So that’s before, and after.
我现在要做的就是
What I’m going to do now is zoom
放大此区域并继续修改
in here and continue working on this area.
我要把翻转取消
I’m, going to disable the flip,
先通过点击键盘上的左括号键
make the Clone Stamp Tool smaller
使“克隆工具”变小
by tapping on the left bracket key on the keyboard,
然后我要确保
and I’m just going to make sure that
这里的一切看起来恰如其分
everything here looks right.
很明显的一点就是当你处理图像时
And obviously, when you’re working on your image,
你需要在细节上花费更多的时间
spend a little more time working on the details.
就是这样 这就是前后对比
So, there we go, that’s before and after.
我现在可以做的就是
What I can do now is,
复制此区域 点击“编辑”
make a copy of this area here, edit,
“合并拷贝” “编辑” “粘贴”
copy merge, edit, paste.
然后把所复制的图像移动到右边 移动到这里
And just move it to the right, right about here.
然后我可以把这些图层融合成一个
And I can just merge these onto a layer.
现在我们就有一张图层了
So, we have one layer there.
让我们放大这个图像
And let me zoom in,
我要选择“仿制图章工具”
and I’m going to select the Clone Stamp Tool, and I’m going to use
然后用这个工具修理中间的柱子
it to fix this middle column.
所以我要从这个邻近的柱子上取样
So, I’m going to sample from the column
只需按住Alt键单击即可
next to it by holding Alt, clicking, and
然后就能开始在另一个柱子上涂抹了
then start painting on the other side.
请记住此处无需太完美
And remember that it doesn’t need to be perfect
因为某些区域是要被模特覆盖的
because some of these areas are going to be covered by the model.
是吧?
See?
然后我要把窗户图层
And I’m going to drag the windows layer
拖动到道路图层下方
below the road layer,
这样道路就能帮助覆盖一些像素
that way the road helps cover some of those pixels.
那么然后呢
So, actually, you know what?
然后我要做的就是选中这些图层
What I’ll do is I’m just going to select both these layers,
通过使用Ctrl+E(微软电脑)或Command+E(苹果电脑)
and just press Ctrl E, Command E on the Mac,
把他们合并成一个图层
just to put them in one single layer.
现在我要处理人行道部分了 我会按住Alt键
Now I’ll work on the sidewalk, so I’ll hold Alt,
然后单击鼠标从这里取样
and click to sample from this area.
之后涂抹掉这些不完美的部分
And then paint away these imperfections.
我的操作过程相当快
I’m going fairly fast,
只是为了能在有限的时间内
just to try to get through all of it
处理完这张图
in a reasonable amount of time.
你可以看到这张图已经略具成效了
So, you can see how it’s starting to look much, much better already.
而对于车头部分
And, for this part,
我要先复制这个区域
I’m just going to duplicate this area.
所以我要先使用“矩形选框工具”
So, I’m going to select it
把本区域选中
with the Rectangular Marquee Tool,
然后我会用Shift键增加选区内容
and I’m holding Shift to add to the selection.
然后点击“编辑” “合并拷贝” “编辑” “粘贴”
And then go into edit, copy merge, edit, and paste.
然后把它移动到这边
And move this over to the other side.
增加透明度
Bring down the opacity,
然后使用键盘上的左右箭头
and then move it left and right accordingly,
把这个部分适当左右移动
using the arrow keys on the keyboard.
再把不透明度增加到100%
Increase the opacity to 100%,
按住Alt键(微软电脑)或者Option键(苹果电脑) 这一步就完成了
and hold Alt, Option on the Mac, and it goes away.
当你按住Alt键(微软电脑)或者Option键(苹果电脑)
So, when you hold Alt, Option on the Mac,
并创建一个新图层蒙版时
and create a new Layer Mask,
图层蒙版会变成黑色 然后它会隐藏所有内容
the Layer Mask becomes black, so it hides all the contents.
然后你可以选用“画笔工具”
Then you can select the brush tool and paint with white
用白色前景涂抹那些你想要显示出来的区域
when you want to reveal those areas,
就像这样
like so.
这种情况适用于你不想要显示整个图层
Don’t want to reveal the entire layer,
只想显示特定区域的时候 我认为它看起来好多了
just certain areas; I think it looks better.
接下来我要把所有图层合并在一起
I’m going to merge all the layers together,
所以我会按住Shift键
so I’ll hold Shift,
点击并选中它们
click on them to select them.
选中之后
When they’re selected
我会使用Ctrl+E(微软电脑)将他们合并成一个图层
I’ll press Control E to merge them into one layer.
现在让我们来关注剩余的柱子部分
Now let’s focus on the remaining pillars.
这就是一个非常简单的工作了
That is a very simple job;
我们可以简单地选取像素进行克隆 继续克隆
we can simply select pixels to clone from and continue cloning.
这是一个重复性的工作
It’s just a repetitive task.
我不会花太多时间使其变得完美无缺
I’m not going to spend too much time and be perfect.
但是你可以把自己的图片处理得完美
You can be perfect on your images.
不过你看 就算我的操作速度非常快
But you can see that even going fairly quickly here;
也能得到相当好的结果
I’m getting really good results.
我要从这个区域取样
And I’m sampling from that area,
然后像这样把这些像素克隆到这里
and then just cloning in pixels like so.
我把图像缩小
I’m going to zoom out,
看起来好像我把右边这里漏过了
and it looks like I missed one piece right here.
当我处理这种情况时
When I do this type of work,
一般我会把左手放在Alt键上
usually I have my left hand on the Alt key,
然后从不同地方取样进行涂抹
and I’m sampling from many different places and painting.
那么这就是前后对比了
So that’s before and after.
这就是这张图没有模特的样子
This is what it looks like without the model.
我要做的就是把这个图层
And what I’m going to do now is merge this layer
和下面的图层进行合并
onto the layer below,
现在我们就剩一个背景图层了
so now we have just a single background layer.
现在注意要如何处理这些倒影
And notice how the reflections keep repeating themselves.
处理此类问题的一个方式就是
One thing that you can do to fix a problem
使用“仿制图章工具”来
like this is to select the clone stamp tool,
复制区域
and just copy areas,
然后涂抹明显和这个区域相同的其它地方
and paint over the areas that are obvious that are repeating,
就像这里的这个窗户一样
like in this panel here.
然后同样在你的图片里
And again, in your image,
花费更多时间复制
spend a little more time duplicating things,
然后看看哪些地方是重复像素
and seeing what pixels repeat,
从而消除那些倒影部分
and just get rid of those.
但是在本教程中
But in this tutorial,
我就不再多花时间做这些了
I’m not going to spend too much time on that.
所以我要把图片缩小
So, I’m going to zoom out,
这下来我们要处理的是
and now we’re going to work on the
模特图层的图层蒙版
Layer Mask or the model layer.
但是在此之前 我们需要记住汽车在哪里
But before we do that, we need to remember where the car was;
它就在这里这个区域
it was in this area here.
所以我要把所有图层都选中 然后按住组合键Ctrl+G(微软电脑)
So, I’m going to select everything, then press Ctrl G,
或者Command+G(苹果电脑)
Command G on the Mac,
然后把所有图层放在一个组里 取名为“编辑”
to put those layers into a group, and I’ll call it, “Edit”.
然后我会创建一个图层蒙版
Then I’ll create a Layer Mask,
用黑色前景色进行涂抹
and I’ll paint with black to reveal the original pixels
以显示背景中的原始像素部分
found in the background.
我这样做是因为我不想过分地使用复制像素
I’m doing so because I don’t want to keep using the pixels that I duplicated over
因为很明显复制的就是复制的
and over again because it’ll be obvious that it’s a duplicate.
所以我会试着尽可能多地使用原始像素
So, I’m trying to use as many of the original pixels as possible.
这个区域是汽车部分
The areas where we have the car,
很明显这里是我们需要将选区位进行微调的部分
obviously that’s the areas that we really want to fine-tune the selection.
所以我想关注的唯一区域就是
So, the only areas that I really want to focus on
离模特非常近的部分
are the areas that are really close to the model there.
我要处理的就是模特图层
And, I’m going to do that in the model layer.
在模特图层中 我要把这些像素隐藏
So in the model layer, I’m going to hide these pixels away.
很明显
And obviously, this is where you want
这个区域是你需要花费更多时间进行微调的区域
to spend a lot of your time fine-tuning the selection
以使抠图更为可信
so that it’s more believable.
这是我喜欢使用这种方法的原因
And this is why I like this method
因为我可以用黑色前景色在图层蒙版上进行涂抹
because I can paint with black on that Layer Mask,
隐藏边缘 使背景凸显
hide the edges, and the background comes through.
以上就是从照片中移除障碍物的基本步骤
So those are the basic steps for removing a distracting object from a photo.
请在评论里告诉我你从这节课中
Please let me know in the comments below what you learned
学到了什么
by watching this video,
请不要忘记点击订阅 然后打开通知按钮
and don’t forget to click on that subscribe, and notification buttons.
非常感谢观看
Thank you so much for watching,
下次教程再见
and I’ll see you in the next tutorial.

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视频概述

使用Photoshop时,在不损害背景的情况下,快速移除照片中多余物体的三种方法。如何使用“内容识别”

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ABC

审核员

审核员 AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOTxsRTjkNM

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