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如何巧记单词-联想记忆法

How to remember English vocabulary

大家好
Hello everybody.
在这段视频里
In this vedio,
我将给大家分享
I’m going to share
一个你能用来背
with you a technique that you can use it to remember
英语单词的技巧
English vocabulary.
我之所以推荐这个方法是因为它非常有效
And the reason that I recommend this technique is that it’s pretty effective.
事实上 我做了一个小小的实验
I actually did a small experiment.
我写下了两列我不认识的单词
I actually did a small experiment.
并尝试去记忆每一列中的单词
And I just try to memorize the words in each list
记第一列时 我没有用任何技巧
I did not use any technique to memorize thefirst list.
只是单纯的重复记忆
It was just pure repetition.
但是对于第二列
But for the second list,
我使用了那个你即将学习的技巧
I used the technique that you’re about to learn.
第二天 我试着去回忆
The next day I tried to recall the meanings
这两列单词的意思
of the words in both lists.
对于第一列 我只能回忆起12%的单词
For the first list, I was able to recall only12%.
但是第二列 我记起了几乎50%
But for the second list, I recalled as muchas 50%.
这个结果让人印象深刻
This is pretty impressive considering the fact
因为我只花了一分钟 去记忆每个单词
that I spent only one minute memorizing each word.
所以让我来解释这个方法 然后在视频结束时
So let me explain the technique and then at the end of this video,
我会给你一个练习的链接
I will give you a link
让你可以去练习这个方法
to an exercise that you can do to practicethis technique.
现在假如我们想要记住”adroit”这个单词
So let say we want to remember the word”adroit”
它表示“做某事机敏灵巧”
which means “clever or skillful at something”
或者“很擅长做某些事”
“really good at something”.
首先 我们需要做的是
The first thing we need to do is to come up
想出另外一个跟它读音相似的单词
with another word that sounds similar to this word
而且这个单词一定指某些我们能形象化的物品
and that word must refer to something that we can visualize –
也就是我们能在大脑里看到的
something that we can see in our mind.
所以 这个对于这个单词 它的替代词可以是“android”
So for this word, the substitute word could be the word’android’
意思是“一个机器人”
which means”a robot.”
对吧?
Right?
它们听起来很相像
Adroit and android sound pretty close to eachother.
我们还可以用“a drawing”代替
We could also use the phrase”a drawing”.
它听起来也很像
That sounds similar as well.
“adroid”
Adroit.
“a drawing”
A drawing.
这些词语的共同点是
What these words have
都表示了一些我们可以形象化的东西
in common is that they refer to something that we can visualize.
这一点很重要 你很快就会明白为什么
And this is a very important point and you’re going find out why soon.
现在 我们有两个选择
So we have two options here
但是让我们用“android”作为替代的单词
But let’s use the word’android’ as the substitute word.
现在试想象一个“android”
Now visualize an android.
你知道的……一个像人的机器人
You know…a robotthat looks like a human
接下来 我们要把这个图像
Next we have to associate this image to
和我们想要记的单词意思联系在一起
the meaning of the word that we want to remember.
它的意思是“善于做某事”
And again the meaning is”skillful at something.
对 就是这个意思
That’s the meaning
所以 我们可能想象到的是
So perhaps we can imagine the android
“android”在做一些需要技术的工作
doing something that requires a lot of skill.
比如 在舞台上弹吉他
Maybe we can imagine the android playing theguitar on stage.
这或许是一场正在进行的比赛
Maybe there’s a competition going on
我们还可以想像一些其他的吉他手都上台去
and we can imagine other guitarists come up on stage
想要和“android”竞争
and try to compete with the android.
但是它们都输了 因为“android”的吉他弹得特别好
But everybody loses because the android is very good at playing the guitar
“The android is adroit at playing the guitar.”
The android is adroit at playing the guitar
那么 我们要做的
So what we’re doing here
是通过图像或者故事
is associate the pronunciation with the meaning
把它的读音和意思联系起来
through an image or a story
在它们之间创造联系
We’re creating an association between them
所以 当你又碰到这个词时
So when you come across this word again
它的发音会使你回想起这个联系
the pronunciation will remind you of the association
进而想到这个单词的意思
and therefore the meaning of the word
我们来看另一个例子
Let’s take a look at one more example
假设我们想记住”lambaste”这个单词
Suppose we want to memorize the word”lambaste,”
它的意思是“严厉地批判某人或某件事”
which means”to criticize (someone or something) harshly”
第一个音节”lam”
For the first syllable’lam,’
我们可以用“lamb”-这种动物来代替
we can use”lamb”- the animal, or”lamp”
或者“lamp”-这种能发光的东西代替
the thing that generates light as the substitute word
第二个音节“baste” 我们可以用“bass”——乐器
For the second syllable”baste,” we can use”bass” – the musical instrument. And I also
碰巧我也有一个叫”Bass”的朋友
And I also happen to have a friend named”Bass”
所以对我来说 我也能用
So personally, I can use his name
他的名字作为替代词
as the substitute word as well
但是当我们把“lamb”——动物 和“bass”——乐器放在一起
But let’s use”lamb” the animal and”bass”the musical instrument together.
我们可以想象一只”lamb”在弹”bass”
So we can imagine a lamb playing the bass
但是不幸的是 “lamb”弹得很差
But unfortunately, the lamb is really terrible at playing the bass
所以”bass”很生气 开始责骂”lamb”
So the bass gets angryand starts criticizing the lamb.
“The bass is lambasting the lamb.”
The bass is lambasting the lamb
好 就这样
Ok That’s it
我希望你们觉得这个视频有用
I hope you find this video useful
如果你们想练习这个方法 我提供一个练习题给你们
And I have an exercise for you if you want to practice this technique
点击这里进入练习 现在
Just click here to go to the exercise. Now…
不幸的是 如果你想记住
unfortunately, this technique doesn’t work
那些你不懂得如何发音的单词
if you don’t know the pronunciation of
这个方法是没有效果的
the word you want to remember
那么 这时你需要另一个方法
So if that is the case, you need to use another method
这个视频里并未提到
which is beyond the scope of this video
如果你想学习这种方法 点击这里进行阅读
If you want to learn about it, click here go read about it

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视频概述

本视频讲述了一个巧记英文单词的方法,主要是运用图像记忆和故事联想,使得对单词的记忆更深刻。希望对大家有帮助。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Ιβίσκος

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XOZBrmODt6c

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