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高效阅读论文的方法

How to Read, Take Notes On and Understand Journal Articles | Essay Tips

今天我本来打算做的视频
So today I was going to do a video that was all
是关于我近期阅读的文献的
about the various bits of literature I’ve been reading recently
但我又觉得跟大家分享一下
but then I thought what might be useful potentially to others
我阅读期刊 文章 论文 和书籍的方法
is if I show you my method for reading and taking notes
以及如何做笔记应该会更实用
on journal articles, papers, essays and books.
这是我昨天刚读的论文
So here I’ve got a paper that I first read yesterday
题目是《国际大都市:21世纪的前沿?》
called ‘Cosmopolitan cities: the frontier in the 21st century?’
这篇文章的阅读和笔记
and I’m already halfway through my process
我已经完成了一半
of kind of reading and taking notes upon this particular paper.
大家可以看到
So as you might be able to see
我已经通读了一遍 标注了一些片段
I’ve already gone through and highlighted lots of different bits.
现在 我一般用标注和笔记两种方法
Now, I tend to use both highlighting and note-taking
但使用的方式有一点点不一样
but use them both in a slightly different way.
如果我标注了什么
If I’ve highlighted something,
那就是说我下次就能比之前更快地
it essentially means that I can go back
回顾和阅读这篇文章
and I can read through this paper the next time much quicker than previously.
所以我要做的是
so what I tend to do is pick out sentences
筛选出段落的主题句
that kind of describe the rest of a paragraph.
那么 摘要里标记的句子比后面多
So, in abstract might be a little bit more highlighted than later on
后面的标记相对来说比较分散
where it starts to get a bit more sparse
有的地方标了 有的地方没标
where I’ve highlighted and where I’ve haven’t.
像这种社会学文献
So, in a sociology paper like this
我想要找的是
particularly what I’m looking for is anywhere
简单的主题句
where it explains in a simple sentence
或能阐述文章研究内容
what the study is that’s going to be carried out
或是解释文章研究结果
or perhaps explains in a simple sentence the findings.
举个例子 从这里我们可以看到
So here we can see, for example,
作者提到
that the authors have said
我们可以将国际大都市定义为
that we conceptualize cosmopolitan cities as urban areas
文化重心是
whose cultures emphasize values
自主 自由 平等 相互尊重的城市
including autonomy, freedom, egalitarian and mutual respect.
这句话对我阅读这篇文章
Now that is not only useful for my reading of the article
和之后的写作都大有裨益
but also for my writing later on.
这里就需要我做些笔记了
So that’s where my notes start to come in.
这是款笔记应用 印象笔记
So here is Evernote, which is a note-taking application,
我要先建一个新笔记
and what I’m going to do is I’m going to make a new note
命名为
and I’m going to call it
《国际大都市:21世纪的前沿?》
‘Cosmopolitan cities: the frontier in the 21st century?’.
怎么样 不错吧?
What do you like? Wonderful.
还有一个技巧是我从”论文低语者”网站上偷学的
What I also do, and I stole this tip from The Thesis Whisperer,
就是我也要给这篇笔记加标签
is that I used the tags in here.
我建过一个名为”博士”的文件夹
So I’ve already got a folder called PhD
但里面还有关于文献的笔记
but that’s got as well as notes on literature,
行政笔记
that also got some administrative notes,
指导笔记
notes on supervisions.
所以我要给这篇笔记
So, what I’m going to do
添加“文献笔记”的标签
is I’m also going to tag this one ‘literature notes’,
还要加个作者姓名的标签
and I’m going to tag it with the names of the authors.
有了作者姓名的标签
Tagging it with the names of the authors
当我返回来继续阅读时
means that when i’m continuing my reading
我就能以作者名字分类
I might be able to group together some of the work
把同类的文章聚集起来 形成一个文集
by grouping it together as a body of work by particular author.
首先我要在笔记主体部分
The first thing I’m going to do in the actual body of the note
记下我正在研究的文章的文献标注
is I always jot down the reference for the particular article I’m working on.
这个方法很有用
This is really useful
因为我有很多次必须去找
as I found previously I’ve done awful lot of searching
某个参考文献 某本书或某篇文章
for a reference, for a particular book or a particular article
结果得返回文章里找
and I had to go back to the article and find it.
但如果我笔记里有 以后有需要的时候
If it’s in my notes then it’s there, I can just copy it down
我就可以把它复制下来 写进文献目录中
and bung it in a bibliography where I might need to use it.
那么 记下了这些参考文献之后
So with the reference now jotted down
我就要开始浏览文章
what I’m going to do is start to scan through
如果某些片段对我未来的写作有帮助
and look for bits that I might pull out
我就会把它们摘选下来
that might actually become useful for my writing later.
这跟我之前的标注是不一样的
Now this will differ to what I’ve highlighted
因为我标注的目的是
because my goal with highlighting is
为了回顾和快速浏览文章
that I can come back and scan through the article
或者如果我想找一些特定的内容
and if i’m looking for something in particular,
我可以以标注部分作为导向
I can use the highlighted sections as a bit of orientation
查找我需要的内容
to find what I’m looking for.
我摘抄的重点一般是我标注过的
The bits that I jot down will often be bits I’ve also highlighted
但我不会把标注内容全部抄下来
but I won’t jot down everything that I’ve highlighted,
如果你听懂的话
if that makes sense.
所以首先我要做的
So the first thing i’m going to do is
就是抄下我之前找到的这个引述
I’m going to jot down this quote that I found a little bit earlier.
你们可以看到
And as you can see,
我一定会把完整的文中引用放在句末
what I do is I always put the full inline citation at the end of the sentence.
这是个人习惯
This is a personal thing
能帮我记住作者姓名和文章日期
that just helps me get the author’s names and dates in my head
以加深对它们的印象
so that they’re a bit more stuck in there.
有些工作可能有点重复
It can be a bit repetitive with some work
但它的确有助于我的记忆
but it does really help kind of lock that in.
这里这个引述非常有趣
Now there’s something doubly interesting about this particular quote here.
我对人们给国际大都市的定义
So I’m really interested in how we define a cosmopolitan or metropolitan city
以及其与非国际大都市的差异很感兴趣
as opposed to a non-cosmopolitan or non-metropolitan city.
这也是我引用这句话的原因
and that’s why I’ve taken that particular quote there.
但它也引用了 Mosterin 于 2005 年发表的作品
But what it’s also got, it’s got a reference to an… work by Mosterin in 2005.
所以接下来
So what I’m also going to do
我要在我这篇笔记的末端
is down of the bottom of my note-taking article
快速做一个“阅读”部分
I’m going to do a quick To Read section
并在里头写上“Mosterin 2005年”
where I’m going to put Mosterin, 2005.
这样 当我读完这篇文章后
Which means that when I get to the end of the article
我可以从文章中把要阅读的部分摘抄下来
I can copy down all of the things that I think I should go and read from this article
再把那些内容找出来
and I can search those out
同时阅读那些文章
and read those articles as well.
所以基本上
And that very simply,
这就是我阅读和理解论文的笔记方法
is my note-taking method for reading and understanding papers.
所以阅读时做标注 让我能够返回文章浏览内容
So it‘s highlighting for reading and being able to go back and scan the article,
而笔记则让我记下工作上直接用得到的信息
it’s note-taking for things that I might be able to use directly in my work.
当然 记笔记的方法不止一种
Other note-taking options obviously do exist
如果你有不一样的方法
and if your method differs from mine
请在评论里告诉我吧
then please do let me know down in the comments.
了解大家阅读大部头文献
It’s always really useful to find out
提取自己所需信息的方法
how people go from taking a massive body of literature
是非常有意思的
and taking out the work that they need.
当然 如果你们喜欢本期视频
Of course, if you have enjoyed this video,
我会考虑录更多类似的小视频
I’m thinking about maybe doing some more little things
给大家展示我学术过程中的心得体会
like this that kind of, give an insight into my kind of academic process.
好了 如果喜欢本期视频 记得点击订阅
So, if you enjoyed this then do hit the subscribe button.
谢谢!
Cheers!

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分享一种高效阅读方法

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oddisabela

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hfTpYruV7AE

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