So today I was going to do a video that was all
about the various bits of literature I’ve been reading recently
but then I thought what might be useful potentially to others
我阅读期刊 文章 论文 和书籍的方法
is if I show you my method for reading and taking notes
on journal articles, papers, essays and books.
So here I’ve got a paper that I first read yesterday
called ‘Cosmopolitan cities: the frontier in the 21st century?’
and I’m already halfway through my process
of kind of reading and taking notes upon this particular paper.
So as you might be able to see
I’ve already gone through and highlighted lots of different bits.
Now, I tend to use both highlighting and note-taking
but use them both in a slightly different way.
If I’ve highlighted something,
it essentially means that I can go back
and I can read through this paper the next time much quicker than previously.
so what I tend to do is pick out sentences
that kind of describe the rest of a paragraph.
So, in abstract might be a little bit more highlighted than later on
where it starts to get a bit more sparse
where I’ve highlighted and where I’ve haven’t.
So, in a sociology paper like this
particularly what I’m looking for is anywhere
where it explains in a simple sentence
what the study is that’s going to be carried out
or perhaps explains in a simple sentence the findings.
So here we can see, for example,
that the authors have said
that we conceptualize cosmopolitan cities as urban areas
whose cultures emphasize values
自主 自由 平等 相互尊重的城市
including autonomy, freedom, egalitarian and mutual respect.
Now that is not only useful for my reading of the article
but also for my writing later on.
So that’s where my notes start to come in.
So here is Evernote, which is a note-taking application,
and what I’m going to do is I’m going to make a new note
and I’m going to call it
‘Cosmopolitan cities: the frontier in the 21st century?’.
What do you like? Wonderful.
What I also do, and I stole this tip from The Thesis Whisperer,
is that I used the tags in here.
So I’ve already got a folder called PhD
but that’s got as well as notes on literature,
that also got some administrative notes,
notes on supervisions.
So, what I’m going to do
is I’m also going to tag this one ‘literature notes’,
and I’m going to tag it with the names of the authors.
Tagging it with the names of the authors
means that when i’m continuing my reading
I might be able to group together some of the work
by grouping it together as a body of work by particular author.
The first thing I’m going to do in the actual body of the note
is I always jot down the reference for the particular article I’m working on.
This is really useful
as I found previously I’ve done awful lot of searching
for a reference, for a particular book or a particular article
and I had to go back to the article and find it.
If it’s in my notes then it’s there, I can just copy it down
and bung it in a bibliography where I might need to use it.
So with the reference now jotted down
what I’m going to do is start to scan through
and look for bits that I might pull out
that might actually become useful for my writing later.
Now this will differ to what I’ve highlighted
because my goal with highlighting is
that I can come back and scan through the article
and if i’m looking for something in particular,
I can use the highlighted sections as a bit of orientation
to find what I’m looking for.
The bits that I jot down will often be bits I’ve also highlighted
but I won’t jot down everything that I’ve highlighted,
if that makes sense.
So the first thing i’m going to do is
I’m going to jot down this quote that I found a little bit earlier.
And as you can see,
what I do is I always put the full inline citation at the end of the sentence.
This is a personal thing
that just helps me get the author’s names and dates in my head
so that they’re a bit more stuck in there.
It can be a bit repetitive with some work
but it does really help kind of lock that in.
Now there’s something doubly interesting about this particular quote here.
So I’m really interested in how we define a cosmopolitan or metropolitan city
as opposed to a non-cosmopolitan or non-metropolitan city.
and that’s why I’ve taken that particular quote there.
但它也引用了 Mosterin 于 2005 年发表的作品
But what it’s also got, it’s got a reference to an… work by Mosterin in 2005.
So what I’m also going to do
is down of the bottom of my note-taking article
I’m going to do a quick To Read section
where I’m going to put Mosterin, 2005.
Which means that when I get to the end of the article
I can copy down all of the things that I think I should go and read from this article
and I can search those out
and read those articles as well.
And that very simply,
is my note-taking method for reading and understanding papers.
So it‘s highlighting for reading and being able to go back and scan the article,
it’s note-taking for things that I might be able to use directly in my work.
Other note-taking options obviously do exist
and if your method differs from mine
then please do let me know down in the comments.
It’s always really useful to find out
how people go from taking a massive body of literature
and taking out the work that they need.
Of course, if you have enjoyed this video,
I’m thinking about maybe doing some more little things
like this that kind of, give an insight into my kind of academic process.
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