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如何看懂股票蜡烛图(k线图)?

How to Read Japanese Candlestick Charts?

《交易212》
The Japanese candlestick chart.
日本蜡烛图
Get to know the main chart patterns.
学会看懂主要的图表形态
You probably think that financial analysis is complicated
你可能会认为财务分析很复杂
but it actually comes down to two simple things:
但是实际上可以归结为两件简单的事
reading charts and reading news.
读图表和读新闻
There are many types of charts
图表有很多种类型
but Japanese candlestick or simply candlestick are the most popular ones.
其中日本蜡烛图 简称蜡烛图 最受欢迎
Such a chart consists of red and green candlesticks
蜡烛图由一根接一根的
or candles lined one after another
红色和绿色烛台或蜡烛组成
Each candle gives you detailed information
每根蜡烛都显示了
about the price movement within a specified time interval.
特定时间段内股价波动的详细信息
In fact, Japanese candlesticks are the best way
事实上 日本蜡烛图是最佳的
to visualize the ups and downs of a price
股价跌涨数据可视化工具
You can spot potential opportunities to buy or sale
可以帮助你发现潜在的交易时机
Let’s take a more detailed look.
让我们来仔细看一下
Every candle consists of a body and one or two “tails”
每根蜡烛都由一个实体和一到两根伸出来的
called shadows sticking out of it.
“尾巴” 即影线组成
The body indicates the range
实体表示一定周期内
between the open and close prices for a specific time frame,
开盘价与收盘价之间的波动幅度
and the shadows represent the highest and lowest price levels
影线则代表此周期内出现的
reached for the set interval.
最高价和最低价
Japanese candlestick charts are easy to read.
读懂日本蜡烛图很容易
A red candle shows that the price is going down,
红色蜡烛线表示股价下跌
and a green one represents an increasing price.
绿色蜡烛线表示股价上涨
If you are looking at a 10-minute chart,
如果设置的周期是10分钟
each candle represents a 10-minute time interval.
那么每根蜡烛线代表10分钟的股价波动
We see a green candle when the open price is lower than the close price.
当开盘价低于收盘价时 我们看到的是绿色蜡烛
If the price closes lower than it opened, then the candle is red.
而如果收盘价低于开盘价 那么蜡烛是红色的
As simple as that!
就是这么简单!
What kind of signals does a candlestick chart provide?
蜡烛图能提供什么信号?
It is no surprise that candlestick charts are so popular.
蜡烛图广受欢迎毫不奇怪
They are excellent for spotting market turning points.
因为它能很好地反映市场的转折点
By looking at the patterns that candles create,
通过观察蜡烛线的不同形态
you can often guess if a certain market is about to continue in its current direction,
通常可以猜测某个股市是将继续保持其走势
or reverse it.
还是即将反转
Patterns that show that the market could change direction are called reversal patterns.
反映市场可能发生逆转的形态称为反转形态
They could be bearish:
反转可能是进入熊市
ones that indicate the change from an uptrend to a downtrend
表示行情由上涨变成下跌趋势
and should be perceived as a signal to SELL
应视为卖出的信号
or bullish – these show that a price that has been decreasing
反转也可能是牛市 表示此前一直下跌的股价
is likely to start going up and we should BUY.
可能将开始攀升 此时应买入
Let’s see the most popular candlestick patterns which encourage you to BUY.
接下来看看普遍认为是鼓励买入的蜡烛形态
Bullish engulfing
看涨吞没形态
The bullish engulfing consists of a red candle,
此形态由一根红色蜡烛
followed by a bigger green one,
和更长的绿色蜡烛组成
which fully engulfs the red candle.
绿色实体可以完全包住红色实体
The pattern is an indication for a market turning point.
这一形态表示市场可能出现转折
In simple words,
简单来说
it is likely that the market may start going up and you can BUY.
上涨趋势很可能即将开启 是买入信号
The indication is even stronger
如绿色实体是红色实体的2~3倍
if the green candlestick engulfs two or three red candles.
则看涨势头更为明显
Hammer
锤子线
The name of this candle is pretty much self-explanatory.
这种形态的名称不需要过多解释
You will recognize the hammer by its short body,
可以通过以下几点辨认出锤子线 很短的实体
lower shadow that is about two or three times the length of the body,
其下影线大约是实体部分的2~3倍长
and a shorter upper shadow or no shadow at all.
上影线很短或没有
The hammer is usually a clear indication of a declining price
锤子线通常是下跌趋势即将结束
reversing its direction and starting to go up
上涨趋势即将开始的明确信号
so you can start BUYing!
此时可以开始买入
But just to be safe,
但保险起见
you could always wait for additional confirmation.
也可以再等一个附加信号以确认
Such confirmation is a green candle
比如下个交易日是绿色蜡烛
closing above the open of the hammer for example.
且收盘价高于锤子线的开盘价
Morning doji star
十字晨星
This pattern appears when there is a slight market movement
这种形态在市场波动较小时出现
and consists of three candles:
它由三根蜡烛组成
a red one,
首先是一根红色蜡烛线
followed by a doji,
接着是一个十字星
followed by a green candle
最后是一根绿色蜡烛线
closing beyond the middle of the first candle.
其收盘价超过第一根红色蜡烛的中线
If the green candle is longer than the red one,
如果绿色实体高过红色实体
the signal is even more reliable.
那传递的信号就更加可靠
Spotting the morning doji star is a signal to BUY.
十字晨星 就是买入的信号
Some chart patterns that mean you can SELL.
一些表明应该卖出的蜡烛图形态
Bearish engulfing
看跌吞没
This pattern is the opposite of Bullish engulfing.
与看涨吞没正好相反
A green candle is completely engulfed by a following red candle.
看跌吞没的第一根绿色蜡烛被后一日的红色蜡烛完全吞没
When you spot it, you can SELL
当看到此形态 则可以卖出
as the sellers on the market have possibly managed to overpower the buyers
因为它表明市场上卖方的力量可能压倒了买方力量
and the price direction could reverse.
走势可能将反转
Dark cloud cover
乌云盖顶
The dark cloud cover appears before the price drops down.
乌云盖顶出现在股价下跌前
A long green candle is followed by a red one
长绿色蜡烛后跟着红色蜡烛
that opens at a new high
后者开盘价高于前者最高价
and closes below the middle of the green candle.
且后者收盘价深入前者实体的一半以下
Keep in mind that when trading currencies
记住 外汇交易市场中
a second candle opening at new high is rare
当日开盘价高于前日最高价的情况很少见
so the red candle usually opens at the close level of the green one.
红色蜡烛的开盘价通常是绿色蜡烛的收盘价
Once you see this pattern you can go ahead and SELL
一旦遇到乌云盖顶 你可以选择立马抛售
or you can wait for another, smaller red candle to form
或者等待下一个较小的红色蜡烛的出现
and confirm the dark cloud cover.
以确认是乌云盖顶形态
Shooting star
射击之星
The shooting star is a red candlestick with a small body,
射击之星是一根实体很小的红色蜡烛线
long upper shadow and a short lower one.
其上影线较长且下影线较短
When it appears at the end of an uptrend,
当它出现在上升趋势末端
it shows you that you can SELL
表明可以抛售了
since the price, which has been rising up to that point,
因为它意味着股价向上攀升见顶
may start falling instead.
可能开始回落
See?
看到了吧?
Reading Japanese candlestick charts is not rocket science.
看懂日本蜡烛图并不是什么高难度的事
Just make sure to observe your charts carefully,
只要观察得足够仔细
and you will soon learn to spot patterns as they form.
就很快能学会在形势初具雏形时进行识别预判
For more free trading tutorials check out www.trading212.com.
更多交易培训资源请见www.trading212.com

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视频概述

本视频形象生动地描绘了几种常见的日本蜡烛图的形态,适合对股市感兴趣的人观看。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

CidEr酒神

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGFxp3Pixg8

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