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如何正确地读出GIRL和WORLD – 译学馆
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如何正确地读出GIRL和WORLD

How to pronounce GIRL & WORLD

[music]
[音乐]
Well, hey there, I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
大家好 欢迎来到艾玛英语
Today we’re going to go through the pronunciation
今天我们将练习一下
of these tricky words.
这些棘手单词的发音
Do you find any of them difficult?
你们发现没这些单词都挺难的?
But before we do that, I want to tell you about
不过在开始上课前 我想先介绍下
the community tab right here inside Youtube.
Youtube上的社区板块
Now if you’re a subscriber,
如果你已经关注了艾玛英语
you probably already know about this.
或许你已经对它有所了解
You’ve probably already seen
可能你已经浏览过
some of my posts, some of my pictures.
我发布的一些动态和照片
It’s a cool way that we can hang out a little bit more.
这是个很酷的 能让我们有更多互动的方式
Now I have to admit that I find social media
不得不承认 当代社交媒体
a little overwhelming.
已经有点儿势不可挡了
Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat…
像Facebook Instagram Twitter Snapchat这些软件
everywhere.
在生活中无处不在
So I was really really glad when
其实我真的很开心
YouTube created a space where we can hang out together
YouTube提供了一个能让我们一起互动的场所
and I can share pictures
让我可以分享图片
and I can ask you for recommendations
也可以向你们寻求推荐
and show you some behind the scenes sort of stuff.
还能和你们分享一些幕后花絮片段之类的东西
So to be honest,
坦诚地讲
I would much rather be here chatting with you guys.
我更喜欢在这里和大家聊天
This is where I spend all of my time
我基本上把所有时间都花在这里
and this is where I want to hang out with you.
我也期待在这里和你们有更多的交流互动
In fact, this lesson today
实际上 今天这节课
came from my YouTube community.
就来自于我的YouTube社区中的一个问题
I asked you
我之前在YouTube上问网友
what were some difficult words to pronounce
有哪些单词发音难度比较大
and Puji suggested,
网友Puji建议
girl, world, and other words that have ‘rl’ in them.
像 girl world 和其他含有 rl 的单词发音比较难
So thanks for the recommendation, Puji!
感谢Puji的推荐!
Okay, back to the lesson!
好 那我们继续开始今天的课程
What do all of these words have in common?
这些发音困难的单词有哪些共同点呢?
The R and the L at the end.
它们都以R和L结尾
And also the vowel sound.
并且它们中都包括元音字母
Yes, all of these words have different vowel letters
没错 这些单词都含有不同的元音字母
but we know that
但我们知道
that doesn’t mean much in English, right?
这些特点在英语单词并没有太大意义 对吧
These vowel letters are all pronounced in
但这些元音字母的发音
exactly the same way, with the /ɜː/ vowel sound.
完全相同 都发/ɜː/这个音
So this is where your eyes start playing tricks on you in English.
这里你的眼睛可能会欺骗你
You see different vowel letters
你看到不同的元音字母
and so you try to pronounce them differently. Don’t!
于是你试图发不同的音 但别这么做
This sound is the same for all of them.
它们的发音都是相同的
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
To make this sound, your tongue is flat in your mouth.
在发这个音时 舌头在口腔内放平
The front of it,
舌头的前端
the front of your tongue should be behind
舌头的前端应当在
your bottom teeth, like this.
下排牙齿的后面 像这样
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
If the sound still doesn’t sound right,
如果发出的声音听起来还是不对
try pushing your lower jaw out a little further
试着将你的下颌再向外伸一点
to lengthen your tongue.
从而让舌头能伸长一些
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
A consonant cluster is when two or more consonants
接下来 我们需要解决关于RL辅音连缀的发音问题
A consonant cluster is when two or more consonants
辅音连缀是指在一个单词中 两个或两个以上
are together in a word and they can be
的辅音连在一起 它们的发音可能
difficult to pronounce.
会比较困难
Often consonants are much easier when there is a vowel sound between them, right?
通常当有一个元音在它们之间的时候 辅音的发音通常容易许多 对吧?
But this cluster is actually pronounced differently
但不同的英语母语者对这个辅音连缀
by different native English speakers.
的发音也不相同
So this could be part of the reason why this word
这可能也是这个单词让你
is difficult for you.
觉得发音困难的部分原因
You keep hearing it being pronounced in different ways
因为你总是听到它的不同读音
and now you’re a bit confused!
然后你就会感到困惑
When listening to standard American pronunciation,
当听标准美式发音时
you’ll hear both of these consonant sounds.
你会听到这两个辅音都发音
While when you’re listening to standard British
但在听标准英式
or Australian pronunciation, you won’t hear that /r/
或澳大利亚发音时 你不会听到/r/
consonant sound.
这个辅音
I’m going to ask my brother-in-law Alan
我打算让我的姐夫艾伦
to help me to demonstrate this.
来协助我展示一下
You remember him from this video, right?
你们还记得他在这个节目里出现过 对吧?
He’s American.
他是美国人
Hey Alan, can you say ‘girl’ for me?
嗨 艾伦 你能说一下girl这个单词吗?
girl
girl
Great! Now use it in a sentence.
非常好!现在用它来造个句
There is a very pretty girl walking down the street.
There is a very pretty girl walking down the street
Perfect! Thanks, that’s all I need.
非常好!谢了 没有别的事了
So you just heard Alan really pronounce that /r/ sound.
你刚刚听到艾伦确实发出了/r/ 的音
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
In fact, the vowel sound is hardly there at all!
但实际上 他几乎没怎么发出元音!
girl
girl
Now this is not how I pronounce it at all.
这并不是我平常的发音方式
In British English and Australian English,
在英式英语和澳大利亚英语中
this R is silent
这个R是不发音的
and it’s the vowel sound that is much clearer.
同时 元音的发音更清晰
girl
girl
So I’ll be teaching in this lesson with my accent.
那么我将用我自己的口音来上这节课
I won’t be doing any rubbish American impersonations
我不会做任何蹩脚的美式口音模仿
but if you’re really keen to learn to pronounce this word
但如果你真得想学习
in an American accent,
它的美式发音
I’ve added a few extra links in the description
我在描述框中额外添加了一些
to American English pronunciation lessons that I recommend you try.
我推荐的美式发音课程的链接
OK. So let’s get started!
那么让我们开始吧
girl
girl
So starting with the /g/ consonant sound.
从辅音/g/开始
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
Now this sound is made right at the back of the mouth.
这个声音正是从口腔后部发出的
By blocking the throat with the back of the tongue.
通过用舌后部抵住喉咙
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
So moving into the /э:/ vowel sound.
接着变化到元音/ɜː/
girl
girl
Notice that my tongue doesn’t move, it doesn’t
注意我的舌头没有动
change position to the consonant sound /r/.
它没有改变位置去发辅音/r/
It just stays with the vowel sound.
只是固定在发元音的位置
/э:/ /э:/ girl girl
/ɜː/ /ɜː/ girl girl
Nice! Now we need to move to the /l/ sound
很好!现在我们要讲/l/的发音
and we do that by lifting the tip
我们发这个音时
of the tongue up
要把舌尖抬起
so that it’s behind the top teeth.
然后抵在上齿后
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
The girl is waiting by the door.
The girl is waiting by the door
Is that your girlfriend?
Is that your girlfriend ?
curl
curl
The /k/ consonant is the unvoiced
这里的辅音/k/是
pair of the /g/ sound.
/g/的清辅音
So actually, your tongue, your throat,
所以实际上 你的舌头 你的喉咙
everything is in the same position.
都在同一位置
It’s just that one sound is voiced,
只是一个是浊辅音
made with your vocal cords.
要用声带发音
/g/
/g/
and the other is unvoiced and it’s made with air.
另一个是通过气流发出的清辅音
/k/ /k/ curl
/k/ /k/ curl
See that my tongue is staying in exactly
注意看我的舌头
the same position. It doesn’t change.
它一直在同一位置 从未变过
curl
curl
Now moving to the /l/ sound,
接着变化到/l/音
we need to lift the tip of the tongue
我们要抬起舌尖
so that it’s touching behind the top teeth.
使之抵住上齿
curl
curl
It’s so curly!
It’s so curly.
She helps her grandmother to curl her hair.
She helps her grandmother to curl her hair.
Let’s try another.
我们再试试另一个
pearl
pearl
/p/
/p/
and add the vowel.
并加上元音
/pɜː/ /pɜː/
/pɜː/ /pɜː/
Move to the /l/ sound by lifting the tongue
发/l/音时 抬起舌尖
up to the top of your mouth, behind your teeth.
到口腔的上部 紧贴牙齿
pearl
pearl
She had a beautiful pair of pearl earrings.
She had a beautiful pair of pearl earrings.
world
world
This one’s a little trickier.
这个词稍微有点棘手
Starting with the /w/ consonant sound, watch my lips.
以辅音/w/开始 看我的嘴唇
/w/
/w/
See how they come together in a tight circle
注意观察它们怎样形成一个小圆
/w/
/w/
and it’s a voiced sound made with your vocal cords.
并且 这个音要靠声带震动发出
/w/
/w/
Now add the vowel sound.
现在 加上元音
/wэ:/
/wэ:/
It’s exactly the same as this word here,’were’,’were’.
它与were的发音完全相同
Now do exactly as we did before,
现在我们照在之前做得再正确地做一遍
flip your tongue up to the top of your mouth,
抬起舌尖到口腔上部
behind your teeth.
抵住牙齿
/wэ:l/
/wэ:l/
Now you’re saying ‘whirl’
现在你发出了whirl的音
and this means to spin around and around and around, really quickly,’whirl’, ‘whirl’.
这个词指不停地快速转圈圈 whirl whirl
So we need to finish with the
我们最后要以
/d/ consonant sound, right?
辅音/d/结束 对吗?
At the end of’whirl’, my tongue is up behind my teeth.
在whirl音的末尾 我的舌头紧贴着上齿
whirl
whirl
And the rest of my tongue, the sides of my tongue,
我舌头的其他部位 我的舌边
it’s not touching anything.
不与任何部位接触
whirl
whirl
For the /d/ sound, you’ll need to
发/d/音时 你要缩小
close the gap with the edges of your tongue.
舌边缘与口腔内侧的间隙
Here at the top of your mouth.
在口腔顶部
Try to catch the sound
试着捕捉声音
and then release it.
再将它发出
Your teeth will naturally come up closer together
当你试着这样做时 你的牙齿
as you try to do this.
会自然而然合在一起
world
world
So try to exaggerate the movement that’s happening in your jaw.
试着刻意夸张下巴的动作
Your jaw is extending down and out to make the /э:/ sound.
你的下巴在向下并且向外移动来产生出/э:/音
Remember if that sound is…
记住 如果声音……
if your jaw is too close
如果你的下巴太靠近
to your neck, you’ll make a different sound.
脖子 你会发出不同的声音
[pronouncing]
[发音中]
So that movement and that length in your jaw
所以 下巴的运动和长度
is going to help you to make the correct sound.
会帮助你发出正确的声音
world
world
The whole world is watching.
The whole world is watching.
It’s the most beautiful place in the world.
It’s the most beautiful place in the world.
Should we keep going with some more examples?
我们要继续讲几个例子吗?
Why not?
为什么不呢?
hurl
hurl
So you might be thinking what on earth is’hurl’?
你可能会想hurl究竟是什么意思呢?
It’s actually a really useful word.
它实际是一个很实用的单词
It means to throw something
指“扔出某物”
and usually with a lot of force, usually in an angry or a violent way.
通常要用很大的力气 而且是用一种生气或者暴力的方式
He hurled the lamp across the room.
He hurled the lamp across the room.
A really strong violent way.
非常暴力的方式
Hurl. Add the vowel. Hurl.
/h/ 加上元音 /hз:/
Okay so that’s this word,’her’.
好的 现在与her同音
Then you need to add the /l/
然后你需要加上/l/音
so the tip of the tongue comes up
舌尖抬起
hurl
hurl
And you’ll often hear ‘hurl’ used in these collocations.
你可能经常听见‘hurl’用于以下的搭配中
‘to hurl abuse’ or ‘to hurl insults’
‘to hurl abuse ‘ 或者 ‘to hurl insults’
So this means to throw insults or abuse at someone,
意思是谩骂或者辱骂某人
to yell at them really loudly.
冲某人大喊大叫
To hurl abuse at someone.
To hurl abuse at someone
He hurled abuse at the waiter as he was dragged out of the restaurant.
He hurled abuse at the waiter as he was dragged out of the restaurant.
Ready to try a more complex sentence?
准备好挑战一个更复杂的句子了吗?
Let’s try and put a few of these words together.
让我们试着用这几个词造个句子
The world watched as the girl with the curly hair
The world watched as the girl with the curly hair
hurled pearls across the room!
hurled pearls across the room!
The world watched as the girl with the curly hair
The world watched as the girl with the curly hair
hurled pearls across the room!
hurled pearls across the room!
Can you think of any other words with this combination
你还能想到其他可以像这样组合的单词吗?
of letters in them? Try to write a sentence with
试着在评论中写出这些句子
these words in the comments to help everyone else to practise here.
来帮助其他人练习
Write it in the comments.
请在评论区留言
So depending on your native language you will find
根据你的母语 你会发现
one way of pronouncing these words a little easier than the other.
某种发音方法比其他的发音方法更容易
Perhaps the American’girl’ is easier for you
可能读美音的girl对你来说要容易一些
or maybe the British pronunciation is ‘girl’.
或者英音的girl更容易
Whatever! It really doesn’t matter.
无所谓!这些都没关系的
My advice is to experiment with both pronunciations
我的建议是试着练习两种发音
and then just do what feels easiest
然后用你觉得最简单的
and most comfortable for you.
又最舒服的方法发音
Both pronunciations are acceptable
两种发音都是可以的
and the most important thing is that you are understood
最重要的是别人能听懂
and that you feel comfortable making these sounds.
并且你能很舒服地发出这个音
So do whatever helps you to feel most comfortable.
那么 用你感到最舒服的方法发音吧
So that’s it for this pronunciation lesson,
以上就是本节发音课的全部内容
if you want to keep practising your pronunciation
如果你想继续和我一起练习发音
with me, then check out these lessons right here.
就看看这些视频吧
Make sure you hit subscribe
如果你还没订阅
if you haven’t subscribed already
那就赶快订阅吧
and I’ll see you in the next lesson.
我们下节课再见
Bye for now!
那么再见咯!

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视频概述

艾玛教大家如何正确发出单词中的元音及RL辅音群的英音,同时也包括元音辅音的过渡变化,更有清晰的舌型展示哦!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LDoNyusYyCU

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