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如何预防宿醉 – 译学馆
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如何预防宿醉

How To Prevent Hangovers

好的 朋友们 今天我们就开门见山啦
Okay we’re going to keep it plain and simple today folks.
新年即将到来
New Year’s Eve is around the corner,
而你们中某些人会忙于聚会
and some of you out there might party a little too hard.
今年 让我们过一个
This year, let’s make New Year’s day
不会因宿醉而搞砸聚会的
one where you haven’t dropped the ball
元旦佳节
on yourself with a monumental hangover.
今天 我们将探寻宿醉背后的科学
Today we’re covering the science behind hangovers, and we’re going
并提供一些帮助您减轻不适的小贴士
to give you some pro tips on how to not suffer too much,
如果你做不到
assuming you don’t do the right thing which is
节制饮酒 请认真观看以下内容
drinking responsibly and in moderation.
(相关介绍)
(SPLASH INTRO)
由美国化学社团制作
宿醉的感受因人而异
The effects of a hangover can be different from person to person,
但基本症状相似(口渴 疲劳 萎靡 胃口差
but these heavy hitting symptoms remain similar (dehydration,fatigue, depression, upset stomach
以及浑身酒臭)
and just general lousiness).
这些所有的症状都源于在你醉酒时
All these symptoms are a result of several processes that happen
身体内发生的化学反应
in the body when you hit the bottle a little too hard.
从酒精在肝脏里分解说起吧
Let’s start with the breakdown of alcohol in your liver.
酒精通过肝脏时 两种酶帮助它新陈代谢
When alcohol passes through your liver, two enzymes help metabolize it,
或将它分解成简单分子
or break it down into simpler parts
(即乙醇脱氢酶和乙醛脱氢酶)
(show alcohol dehydrogenase [ADH] and aldehyde dehydrogenase [ALDH]).
乙醇脱氢酶将酒精转化成具有毒性和致癌性的乙醛
ADH converts alcohol to acetaldehyde, a known toxin and carcinogen.
乙醛脱氢酶接着将此化合物转化成醋酸盐
ALDH then converts this compound into acetate, which is further
最终分解成二氧化碳和水
broken down into carbon dioxide and water.
一些研究人员认为身体中乙醛含量过高会导致
Some research suggests that high acetaldehyde levels can lead
认知能力损伤 记忆力下降 口干和疲劳
to cognitive impairment, memory loss, drymouth, tiredness,
以及其他的不良反应
amongst other run down feelings.
小贴士:醒来后食用鸡蛋 鸡蛋有
PRO TIP: Crush some eggs when you wake up. Eggs have a high
丰富的氨基酸 又叫做半胱氨酸 它能促使
concentration of an amino acid called L-cysteine which helps your
身体加快分解过量的乙醛 从而反过来在源头上减轻
body more rapidly break down excess acetaldehyde, and in turn eliminates
宿醉的一些不适症状
some of your hangover symptoms.
研究发现脱水是宿醉最糟糕的症状之一
Arguably one of the worst symptoms of a hangover is dehydration
因为脱水会导致脱力 头昏 头疼
because causes exhaustion, dizziness, headaches, amongst
以及其他令人难受的感觉
most other disappointing sensations.
酒精能抑制荷尔蒙即加压素的产生
Alcohol has the ability to inhibit the production of a hormone called
这种物质能决定你的肾脏储水量
vasopressin, which regulates how much water your kidneys hold.
当加压素量受到限制 肾脏会将
When vasopressin is limited, it causes your kidneys to dump their
储存的水转移到膀胱中
water reserves into your bladder.
因此酒精又是一种
For this reason, alcohol is called a
利尿剂 但它会使你次日身体难受不已
diuretic , and can cause your body to feel quite miserable the next day.
小贴士:在你每次喝酒前
PRO TIP: Try drinking one glass of water for
喝一杯水
every alcoholic drink you throw back.
身体系统中的水越多,导致脱水的可能性越小
The more water in your system, the less of a chance of significant dehydration.
当你从脱水状态中醒来时 一般都会感到没有睡够
Rarely do you wake up dehydrated without waking up feeling like you haven’t slept enough.
过量的酒精对睡眠中的大脑有一定影响
Over consumption of alcohol does a number on the sleep department of
酒精因含两种会捣蛋的神经递质而出名
your brain. Alcohol is known to mess with these two neurotransmitters
(伽马氨基丁酸和谷氨酸盐)它们对人体的睡眠很重要
(show GABA and glutamate), which both play a significant role sleep
GABA是一种抑制性神经递质 它能
and wakefulness. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, which means it
在中枢神经系统中
stops neurons from working too much and interferes with neural processes
阻止神经元过度工作并且干涉它的运作
in the central nervous system.
酒精加强了GABA在神经末梢的活动 最终
Alcohol enhances GABA’s activity in receptors, ultimately turning up the
中枢神经系统将受到影响
effects on the central nervous system.
另一方面谷氨酸盐是兴奋性神经递质
Glutamate on the other hand is an excitatory neurotransmitter
能加强神经系统活动
that ramps up neural activity.
酒精能够减弱谷氨酸盐对神经末梢的控制
Alcohol can make receptors take fewer commands from glutamate,
进一步减弱神经系统活动
further winding down neural activity.
尽管这些镇定作用会让你想睡觉
Despite these depressant effects that make you want to sleep,
但是过量饮酒意味着更少的优质睡眠时间
overconsumption of alcohol means less time in dreamy REM sleep,
并且次日身体机能难以快速恢复
which means your engine doesn’t get replenished for the next day.
换句话说 醉酒睡觉永远不会
So in other words falling asleep drunk
让你睡足睡好
is never really going to give you a full night’s sleep, whether
不论比平时多睡多长时间
or not you sleep longer than usual.
小贴士:睡前至少一个半小时不要喝任何东西
PRO TIP: Don’t drink anything at least an hour and half before bed.
就不会起夜如厕 破坏你已经混乱的
Instead of waking up to pee and interrupting your already messed up
睡眠系统 所以你要提前做好准备
sleep cycle, prepare yourself ahead of time so you can get the most
确保你能利用好醉酒后的睡眠
of it how little your drunken sleep has to offer you.
有些人次日发现身体不适
Some folks out there get hit pretty hard the next day
出现恶心 腹泻 和呕吐症状
with nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.
这没什么好吃惊的
Well it’s of no surprise.
酒精能破坏胃里
Alcohol can mess with the mucus lining of your stomach, which
保护内脏免于被酸性物质伤害的粘液
protects your guts from the acidic contents held within.
小贴士:若想减轻胃内部不适问题
PRO TIP: To help alleviate the issue of a weakened stomach lining, it’s
最好是确保在喝酒前
wise to make sure you have some heavy foods in your
胃里有不少食物
stomach before you begin drinking.
这会带来双倍的蛋白质 它会减慢
This goes double for proteins, which slow down the absorption
血液对酒精的吸收
of alcohol into your blood.
不要空腹喝酒 除非你不想要一个健康的胃
Don’t drink on an empty stomach, unless you want a troubled stomach.
朋友们 如果你们还有其他的减轻宿醉症状的小妙招
Ok folks, if any of you out there have your own stand by hangover cure, make
请在评论区留言 帮助更多的人吧
sure to post it down in the comments to help everyone else out.
但是再次告诫大家 防止宿醉最有效的方式
But again people, there is only one logical, surefire way to stop
是不要像一个傻子那样疯了似的喝酒
a hangover – don’t drink like a fool.
好好对待你的肾脏吧!
Take it easy on the old liver!.
如果你想了解更多有关酒的内容
And if you want to learn more about
这里有关于葡萄酒的视频和啤酒如何遭人厌恶的视频
booze here’s a video on wine, and another on how beers get skunked.
动动手指点击订阅吧 下期节目再见
Hit subscribe and thumbs up on the way out and we’ll see you again very soon.

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视频概述

科普类短视频,介绍了一些预防醉酒后身体不适的小贴士。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Aria

审核员

审核员W

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ixWfo69ONA

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