好的 朋友们 今天我们就开门见山啦
Okay we’re going to keep it plain and simple today folks.
New Year’s Eve is around the corner,
and some of you out there might party a little too hard.
This year, let’s make New Year’s day
one where you haven’t dropped the ball
on yourself with a monumental hangover.
Today we’re covering the science behind hangovers, and we’re going
to give you some pro tips on how to not suffer too much,
assuming you don’t do the right thing which is
drinking responsibly and in moderation.
The effects of a hangover can be different from person to person,
但基本症状相似（口渴 疲劳 萎靡 胃口差
but these heavy hitting symptoms remain similar (dehydration,fatigue, depression, upset stomach
and just general lousiness).
All these symptoms are a result of several processes that happen
in the body when you hit the bottle a little too hard.
Let’s start with the breakdown of alcohol in your liver.
When alcohol passes through your liver, two enzymes help metabolize it,
or break it down into simpler parts
(show alcohol dehydrogenase [ADH] and aldehyde dehydrogenase [ALDH]).
ADH converts alcohol to acetaldehyde, a known toxin and carcinogen.
ALDH then converts this compound into acetate, which is further
broken down into carbon dioxide and water.
Some research suggests that high acetaldehyde levels can lead
认知能力损伤 记忆力下降 口干和疲劳
to cognitive impairment, memory loss, drymouth, tiredness,
amongst other run down feelings.
PRO TIP: Crush some eggs when you wake up. Eggs have a high
丰富的氨基酸 又叫做半胱氨酸 它能促使
concentration of an amino acid called L-cysteine which helps your
body more rapidly break down excess acetaldehyde, and in turn eliminates
some of your hangover symptoms.
Arguably one of the worst symptoms of a hangover is dehydration
因为脱水会导致脱力 头昏 头疼
because causes exhaustion, dizziness, headaches, amongst
most other disappointing sensations.
Alcohol has the ability to inhibit the production of a hormone called
vasopressin, which regulates how much water your kidneys hold.
When vasopressin is limited, it causes your kidneys to dump their
water reserves into your bladder.
For this reason, alcohol is called a
diuretic , and can cause your body to feel quite miserable the next day.
PRO TIP: Try drinking one glass of water for
every alcoholic drink you throw back.
The more water in your system, the less of a chance of significant dehydration.
Rarely do you wake up dehydrated without waking up feeling like you haven’t slept enough.
Over consumption of alcohol does a number on the sleep department of
your brain. Alcohol is known to mess with these two neurotransmitters
(show GABA and glutamate), which both play a significant role sleep
and wakefulness. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, which means it
stops neurons from working too much and interferes with neural processes
in the central nervous system.
Alcohol enhances GABA’s activity in receptors, ultimately turning up the
effects on the central nervous system.
Glutamate on the other hand is an excitatory neurotransmitter
that ramps up neural activity.
Alcohol can make receptors take fewer commands from glutamate,
further winding down neural activity.
Despite these depressant effects that make you want to sleep,
overconsumption of alcohol means less time in dreamy REM sleep,
which means your engine doesn’t get replenished for the next day.
So in other words falling asleep drunk
is never really going to give you a full night’s sleep, whether
or not you sleep longer than usual.
PRO TIP: Don’t drink anything at least an hour and half before bed.
Instead of waking up to pee and interrupting your already messed up
sleep cycle, prepare yourself ahead of time so you can get the most
of it how little your drunken sleep has to offer you.
Some folks out there get hit pretty hard the next day
出现恶心 腹泻 和呕吐症状
with nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Well it’s of no surprise.
Alcohol can mess with the mucus lining of your stomach, which
protects your guts from the acidic contents held within.
PRO TIP: To help alleviate the issue of a weakened stomach lining, it’s
wise to make sure you have some heavy foods in your
stomach before you begin drinking.
This goes double for proteins, which slow down the absorption
of alcohol into your blood.
Don’t drink on an empty stomach, unless you want a troubled stomach.
Ok folks, if any of you out there have your own stand by hangover cure, make
sure to post it down in the comments to help everyone else out.
But again people, there is only one logical, surefire way to stop
a hangover – don’t drink like a fool.
Take it easy on the old liver!.
And if you want to learn more about
booze here’s a video on wine, and another on how beers get skunked.
Hit subscribe and thumbs up on the way out and we’ll see you again very soon.
好的 朋友们 今天我们就开门见山啦