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如何用发夹来开锁 – 译学馆
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如何用发夹来开锁

How to Pick a Lock With Hairpins

本期节目将向您展示
This video will show how a standard pin and tumbler lock
用发夹打开标准弹子锁的方法
can be picked with hairpins just like
就像特工电影里演的那样
it’s been done and nearly every spy movie ever made.
首先 我们得了解这些锁的工作原理
The first thing we need to learn is how these locks work.
像这样的弹子锁
In a pin and tumbler lock like this,
是所有锁里最常见的一类
which is the most common type of lock in use today,
这些弹子被切成不同的长度
a series of pins cut at different lengths
只有当每个弹子
prevent the barrel of the lock from turning.
都被推到正确的高度 才能让锁芯转动
unless each pin is pressed up to the exact right height.
钥匙上的沟槽就是用来匹配弹子的
The grooves cut into the key are a unique match,
使他们正好升到与锁芯的分离点
lifting each pin just enough for a split in their center to
这样锁芯才能旋转
align with the edge of the locks barrel allowing it to turn.
我需要两件简易工具
To open this lock without the key,
就可以不靠钥匙来开锁
I need to make two simple tools.
一根用来控制弹子的开锁器
The actual pick that I will use to manipulate the pins
再加上一根小的操纵杆
and also a small lever that
我就能转动锁芯
will allow me to apply rotational pressure to the barrel.
开锁第一步 扳开一个发夹
To begin with the pick, a hairpin is bent open
扳开至大约90度
until the ends are about 90 degrees apart.
刮掉发夹直条一头的橡胶
The bit of rubber on the straight side of the pin needs to be removed,
如果你手头没有其他工具的话
which is pretty easily done with your teeth
可以用牙齿很轻易的咬掉它
if there are no tools present.
通过把开锁器插入锁孔里
The end of the pick now needs a slight bend,
轻轻扳弯开锁器的一端
which can be done by pushing it into the lock itself
稍微用点力就行
and applying pressure like so.
接下来
The last improvement that can be made
把后半段发夹弯曲
is to bend the other half of the hairpin
做成一个把手
into a bit of a handle,
这样开锁的时候更容易控制
which will make the pick a lot easier to control.
现在制作用来转锁的操纵杆
Now making the lever that will turn the lock
非常简单
is extremely simple and
像这样弯一下发夹就行
just involves bending a pin as shown.
这样它能插进钥匙孔里
So it can be inserted into the keyhole,
当推动操纵杆力臂的时候
causing pressure on the arm to
会转化成开锁的转动力
translate into rotational force on the lock.
现在我们可以开始撬锁了
Now we’re ready to actually begin picking and
操纵杆插进钥匙孔的底部
our lever is inserted into the lower side of the keyhole,
给开锁器留出上方的空间
leaving enough room for the pick to be inserted above.
第一步
The first step is to
用一只手给操纵杆施力
put tension on the lever with one hand
让锁芯有旋转的力
so that the barrel of the lock is under pressure to turn.
由于弹子卡住了锁芯
It of course cannot turn because
此时它还不能转动
the pins are in the way and cause the barrel to seize.
但我们要利用这种
But it’s precisely this friction between
弹子和锁芯之间的阻力
the pins and the barrel that I’ll be taking advantage of.
保持锁芯受力 然后插入开锁器
Keeping tension on the barrel the pick is inserted
你会发现
and the first thing to notice is
即使锁芯是被弹子卡住的
that even though the lock is under pressure,
其中一些弹子还是能自由上下移动
some of the pins still move up and down freely.
由于锁具内在设计的原因
Because of inherent imperfections in all locks,
同一时间只会有1至2个弹子
only one or two pins
接触到锁芯
will ever bind against the barrel at the same time.
此时 你不用理会可以上下活动的弹子
For now, the pins that easily raise and fall can be ignored
只要专注于找出
and our focus should be on finding one
目前卡住的那根
that is currently seized.
把开锁器推到顶点去感受
Seized pins can be identified by one of the time,
每一个弹子
feeling each pin with the end of the pick,
轻轻往上推让他们落下
pressing them up slightly and letting them fall again.
当你找到一根比其他更难推上去的弹子
When we find a seized pin, it will behave differently,
那就是被卡住的弹子了
being much harder to push up than the rest,
此时保持操纵杆在受力状态
assuming you are keeping constant pressure on the lever this whole time.
一旦你找到了第一个被卡住的弹子
Once the first seized pin is found,
对目前这把锁而言 是第三个弹子
which just happens to be the third pin in this lock.
小心翼翼地把它慢慢往上推
It is very slowly and carefully forced upwards.
最后 弹子的分离点
Eventually the split in the seized pin
会与锁芯边缘对齐
will align with the edge of the barrel and
会有一下咔哒声
there should be an audible click.
咔哒
Click.
声音来自锁芯
The click is the sound of the barrel
突然锁芯可以轻微旋转了
suddenly being allowed to rotate forward very slightly
接着锁芯碰到另一根弹子 被卡住了
before hitting and seizing on one of the other pins.
锁芯的轻微转动也使得
Since the barrel has been allowed to slightly rotate,
刚才被撬起的弹子不会掉下来
it prevents the pin we just worked on from falling and
同时 再用开锁器找到新的弹子
at the same time, a new seized pin has been created,
就可以用同样的方法来处理
which can be identified and treated the same as the first.
每当一个卡住的弹子被找出来时
As each seized pin is successively identified,
使用开锁器把弹子推到顶端
by feeling it with the end of the pick
通过对齐分离点与锁芯的边缘
and the tension on it is released by
来撬起这个弹子
aligning its gap with the edge of the barrel.
然后继续寻找下一个被卡住的弹子
It causes one of the remaining pins to then become seized
直到整排弹子都被撬平
until every pin has finally been aligned
锁就打开了
and the lock opens.
有时你觉得每个弹子都被处理好了
If once you believe every pin has been dealt with,
但你发现锁还没打开
you find that the lock still does not open.
很有可能其中一个弹子
There’s a good chance that one of the pins
被推得太高了
was pressed too high
于是在锁芯的边缘上方会出现一条缝隙
and it’s a gap is above the edge of the locks barrel.
此时
If this happens,
减小操纵杆上的受力
there’s a chance that reducing the tension on the lever
会使这个弹子掉下来一些
will cause the offending pin to fall into alignment
与其他弹子对齐成一排
and allow the lock to open.
但是这有可能会让别的弹子也掉下来
But it may also allow other pins to fall.
这样的话就要重新开始
which could require starting over.
本视频采用了透明锁
In this video, I used two transparent practice lock.
这样你就可以看到镜头前我在做什么
So you can see what I’m doing on camera
类似的用作练习的锁
and there are a number of other practice locks
可以在网上购买到
like this that can be purchased online.
开锁技能可以运用于现实生活中
For this skill to be of any use in a real situation though,
通过感觉和听觉
it’s important to be able to identify
去识别和调整被卡住的弹子位置很重要
and adjust seized pins by feel and sound alone.
现实生活的锁不会都是透明的
As real locks, don’t usually come with transparent sides.
我在视频里所使用的工具
Both of the tools that I made in this video
也可以把一个发夹
could also potentially be formed out of a single hairpin
折成两半来使用
by breaking it in half.
但是 这样就没有足够的材料
But doing so would not leave enough extra
做成弯曲手柄
to bend a handle for the pick
同时会导致控制杆只有原先的一半
and would also result in a lever only half as long.
因此使用一个专门的操作杆
Because of these things, using an individual pin
就像我视频演示中的
for each tool as I demonstrated here
两根发夹比单根的发夹更容易
is far easier than trying to use just one.
但是 这仍然需要多练习
But it is possible with enough practice.
本视频由“全时数”合作完成
This project was made in part
除此外
as a collaboration with All Time Numbers who
“全时数”还制作了一系列视频
have made their own video to go along with this one.
这是一个全新的频道
All Time Numbers is a brand new channel from all time tens
有大量优秀的视频作品
with quite a few great videos out already.
你可以通过点击屏幕上面的图标来收看
You can check them out by clicking on the icon on screen now
也可以通过视频下方的链接
or through the link in the video description below.
如果想收看更多我的视频
If you’d like to see more of my own videos, you can
你可以关注我的YouTube账号NightHawkInLight
find them on my Youtube channel NighthawkInLight.
感谢收看
Thanks for watching.

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译制信息
视频概述

本视频会教你如何像电影里特工一样,用发夹来开锁。

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

晓义

审核员

审核员_XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjuT_63Ioig

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