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如何用发夹来开锁 – 译学馆
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如何用发夹来开锁

How to Pick a Lock With Hairpins

This video will show how a standard pin and tumbler lock
本期节目将向您展示
can be picked with hairpins just like
用发夹打开标准弹子锁的方法
it’s been done and nearly every spy movie ever made.
就像特工电影里演的那样
The first thing we need to learn is how these locks work.
首先 我们得了解这些锁的工作原理
In a pin and tumbler lock like this,
像这样的弹子锁
which is the most common type of lock in use today,
是所有锁里最常见的一类
a series of pins cut at different lengths
这些弹子被切成不同的长度
prevent the barrel of the lock from turning.
只有当每个弹子
unless each pin is pressed up to the exact right height.
都被推到正确的高度 才能让锁芯转动
The grooves cut into the key are a unique match,
钥匙上的沟槽就是用来匹配弹子的
lifting each pin just enough for a split in their center to
使他们正好升到与锁芯的分离点
align with the edge of the locks barrel allowing it to turn.
这样锁芯才能旋转
To open this lock without the key,
我需要两件简易工具
I need to make two simple tools.
就可以不靠钥匙来开锁
The actual pick that I will use to manipulate the pins
一根用来控制弹子的开锁器
and also a small lever that
再加上一根小的操纵杆
will allow me to apply rotational pressure to the barrel.
我就能转动锁芯
To begin with the pick, a hairpin is bent open
开锁第一步 扳开一个发夹
until the ends are about 90 degrees apart.
扳开至大约90度
The bit of rubber on the straight side of the pin needs to be removed,
刮掉发夹直条一头的橡胶
which is pretty easily done with your teeth
如果你手头没有其他工具的话
if there are no tools present.
可以用牙齿很轻易的咬掉它
The end of the pick now needs a slight bend,
通过把开锁器插入锁孔里
which can be done by pushing it into the lock itself
轻轻扳弯开锁器的一端
and applying pressure like so.
稍微用点力就行
The last improvement that can be made
接下来
is to bend the other half of the hairpin
把后半段发夹弯曲
into a bit of a handle,
做成一个把手
which will make the pick a lot easier to control.
这样开锁的时候更容易控制
Now making the lever that will turn the lock
现在制作用来转锁的操纵杆
is extremely simple and
非常简单
just involves bending a pin as shown.
像这样弯一下发夹就行
So it can be inserted into the keyhole,
这样它能插进钥匙孔里
causing pressure on the arm to
当推动操纵杆力臂的时候
translate into rotational force on the lock.
会转化成开锁的转动力
Now we’re ready to actually begin picking and
现在我们可以开始撬锁了
our lever is inserted into the lower side of the keyhole,
操纵杆插进钥匙孔的底部
leaving enough room for the pick to be inserted above.
给开锁器留出上方的空间
The first step is to
第一步
put tension on the lever with one hand
用一只手给操纵杆施力
so that the barrel of the lock is under pressure to turn.
让锁芯有旋转的力
It of course cannot turn because
由于弹子卡住了锁芯
the pins are in the way and cause the barrel to seize.
此时它还不能转动
But it’s precisely this friction between
但我们要利用这种
the pins and the barrel that I’ll be taking advantage of.
弹子和锁芯之间的阻力
Keeping tension on the barrel the pick is inserted
保持锁芯受力 然后插入开锁器
and the first thing to notice is
你会发现
that even though the lock is under pressure,
即使锁芯是被弹子卡住的
some of the pins still move up and down freely.
其中一些弹子还是能自由上下移动
Because of inherent imperfections in all locks,
由于锁具内在设计的原因
only one or two pins
同一时间只会有1至2个弹子
will ever bind against the barrel at the same time.
接触到锁芯
For now, the pins that easily raise and fall can be ignored
此时 你不用理会可以上下活动的弹子
and our focus should be on finding one
只要专注于找出
that is currently seized.
目前卡住的那根
Seized pins can be identified by one of the time,
把开锁器推到顶点去感受
feeling each pin with the end of the pick,
每一个弹子
pressing them up slightly and letting them fall again.
轻轻往上推让他们落下
When we find a seized pin, it will behave differently,
当你找到一根比其他更难推上去的弹子
being much harder to push up than the rest,
那就是被卡住的弹子了
assuming you are keeping constant pressure on the lever this whole time.
此时保持操纵杆在受力状态
Once the first seized pin is found,
一旦你找到了第一个被卡住的弹子
which just happens to be the third pin in this lock.
对目前这把锁而言 是第三个弹子
It is very slowly and carefully forced upwards.
小心翼翼地把它慢慢往上推
Eventually the split in the seized pin
最后 弹子的分离点
will align with the edge of the barrel and
会与锁芯边缘对齐
there should be an audible click.
会有一下咔哒声
Click.
咔哒
The click is the sound of the barrel
声音来自锁芯
suddenly being allowed to rotate forward very slightly
突然锁芯可以轻微旋转了
before hitting and seizing on one of the other pins.
接着锁芯碰到另一根弹子 被卡住了
Since the barrel has been allowed to slightly rotate,
锁芯的轻微转动也使得
it prevents the pin we just worked on from falling and
刚才被撬起的弹子不会掉下来
at the same time, a new seized pin has been created,
同时 再用开锁器找到新的弹子
which can be identified and treated the same as the first.
就可以用同样的方法来处理
As each seized pin is successively identified,
每当一个卡住的弹子被找出来时
by feeling it with the end of the pick
使用开锁器把弹子推到顶端
and the tension on it is released by
通过对齐分离点与锁芯的边缘
aligning its gap with the edge of the barrel.
来撬起这个弹子
It causes one of the remaining pins to then become seized
然后继续寻找下一个被卡住的弹子
until every pin has finally been aligned
直到整排弹子都被撬平
and the lock opens.
锁就打开了
If once you believe every pin has been dealt with,
有时你觉得每个弹子都被处理好了
you find that the lock still does not open.
但你发现锁还没打开
There’s a good chance that one of the pins
很有可能其中一个弹子
was pressed too high
被推得太高了
and it’s a gap is above the edge of the locks barrel.
于是在锁芯的边缘上方会出现一条缝隙
If this happens,
此时
there’s a chance that reducing the tension on the lever
减小操纵杆上的受力
will cause the offending pin to fall into alignment
会使这个弹子掉下来一些
and allow the lock to open.
与其他弹子对齐成一排
But it may also allow other pins to fall.
但是这有可能会让别的弹子也掉下来
which could require starting over.
这样的话就要重新开始
In this video, I used two transparent practice lock.
本视频采用了透明锁
So you can see what I’m doing on camera
这样你就可以看到镜头前我在做什么
and there are a number of other practice locks
类似的用作练习的锁
like this that can be purchased online.
可以在网上购买到
For this skill to be of any use in a real situation though,
开锁技能可以运用于现实生活中
it’s important to be able to identify
通过感觉和听觉
and adjust seized pins by feel and sound alone.
去识别和调整被卡住的弹子位置很重要
As real locks, don’t usually come with transparent sides.
现实生活的锁不会都是透明的
Both of the tools that I made in this video
我在视频里所使用的工具
could also potentially be formed out of a single hairpin
也可以把一个发夹
by breaking it in half.
折成两半来使用
But doing so would not leave enough extra
但是 这样就没有足够的材料
to bend a handle for the pick
做成弯曲手柄
and would also result in a lever only half as long.
同时会导致控制杆只有原先的一半
Because of these things, using an individual pin
因此使用一个专门的操作杆
for each tool as I demonstrated here
就像我视频演示中的
is far easier than trying to use just one.
两根发夹比单根的发夹更容易
But it is possible with enough practice.
但是 这仍然需要多练习
This project was made in part
本视频由“全时数”合作完成
as a collaboration with All Time Numbers who
除此外
have made their own video to go along with this one.
“全时数”还制作了一系列视频
All Time Numbers is a brand new channel from all time tens
这是一个全新的频道
with quite a few great videos out already.
有大量优秀的视频作品
You can check them out by clicking on the icon on screen now
你可以通过点击屏幕上面的图标来收看
or through the link in the video description below.
也可以通过视频下方的链接
If you’d like to see more of my own videos, you can
如果想收看更多我的视频
find them on my Youtube channel NighthawkInLight.
你可以关注我的YouTube账号NightHawkInLight
Thanks for watching.
感谢收看

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视频概述

本视频会教你如何像电影里特工一样,用发夹来开锁。

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

晓义

审核员

审核员_XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjuT_63Ioig

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