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如何记忆元素周期表

How to Memorize the Periodic Table | Memory Techniques

如何记忆元素周期表
How to Memorize the Periodic Table
嗨 我是巴里·赖特曼
Hi, I’m Barry Reitman,
《超强记忆的秘诀》的作者
author of “Secrets, Tips, and Tricks of a Powerful Memory”.
让我们聊聊元素周期表
I’d like to talk about the periodic table of elements.
如果你对此感兴趣 那就太棒了
If you have an interest in it, great!
想必你已经知道它的大体样子了
And you already know how to visualise that chart.
你也知道每一个元素都有自己的序数
You also know that each element has its own number.
所以系统地记忆元素周期表是很有帮助的
So it might be helpful to memorize the periodic table of elements by the numbers.
现在我就要向你展示我将如何记住一些元素
I’m going to show you a few and how I would remember them.
我能用本系列中出现的任意一种方法去记住这些元素
I could remember them by any of the various systems that you see in this series.
可能是之前讨论过的使用身体部位的方法
It could be the body parts system that’s discussed in another.
也可能是地点定位 记忆宫殿
It could be the loci system, the memory palace system,
或是利用韵律 虽然这种方法有所局限
the rhyming system, although that has certain limitations.
让我们先从记忆宫殿开始吧
Let’s do this by the memory palace
我们把它定在你家周围
that’s where we take a walk around your home.
我想以我家为例说明一下
I’m going to show it to you on my home.
当然 你要想象的是你自己的家
You, of course, will change it to your home.
但我将要做的是以一种看似傻乎乎的方式想象每个元素
But what I’m going to do is picture each element in a silly dopey way.
集中注意力并想象
I’m going to focus on it and picture it,
这样我就能记住它
and that will allow me to recall it.
我要通过排序将信息整理好
What I’m doing is filing away my information by the numbers.
在我家 首先映入眼帘的是客厅
In my home, I’m looking at my living room first.
我打算顺时针环绕一周
And I’m going to go around it in a clockwise fashion.
我最先看到的是位于左边的书架
And the first thing I see is bookcase on my left,
然后是一个大的落地窗
and then a large picture window,
接着是一幅小小的油画
and then a small oil painting,
接着转弯
and then turn the corner,
有一个大型壁炉 上面挂着一副特别大的油画
and there is the large fireplace above which is a very large oil painting.
一 二 三 四 五
One, two, three, four, five.
当然 我可以把我家转个遍儿
Of course, I can go around my whole home.
如果你有八间房 就有了80个数字
If you have eight rooms, there is 80 numbers right there.
再说一遍 哪种方法都能用
Again, you can use any system.
我们不是在讨论具体的方法
We are not talking about the specific systems now,
而是如何运用它来记住元素周期表
but how to make use of it within this case, the periodic table of elements.
一号元素是氢
The first element, number one is hydrogen.
所以我要做的就是手拿一个氢弹
So what I’m going to do is taking a hydrogen bomb,
把它放到书架上 引燃导线
place it in that bookcase, and light the fuse.
你会点燃氢弹的导线吗
Do you light fuses in a hydrogen bomb?
也许不会 但我可以 这是我的想象 轰
Probably not, but I can. It’s my picture. Bang!
然后书架就被炸得一干二净
And the bookcase is blown up by a hydrogen bomb.
一号元素 书架 氢
Number one, the bookcase, hydrogen.
二号元素 氦
Element number two, helium.
大家都知道 氦能使气球飘起来
Everybody thinks of helium, that’s what makes the balloons rise.
好 我记忆宫殿中的第二个单词
Well, my word picture for NO.2 in the memory palace,
是一个大的落地窗
in my memory palace, is a large picture window.
所以我要做的就是拿一个氦气球
So what I am going to do is attach a helium balloon
将它栓在窗户框上 看着它飘起
to the window frame and watch it rise up.
那不可能 不是吗
And that’s impossible, isn’t it?
但这能使你印象深刻
That’s what makes it memorable.
二号是氦 氢弹炸掉书架是第一个
Helium is NO.2. Hydrogen bomb blowing up the bookcase, NO.1.
氦 二号 在落地窗前飘起
Helium, NO.2, rising, raising up the picture window.
三号是锂
NO.3 is lithium.
锂可以用许多方式来想象
Lithium can be thought of in a number of ways.
石板画家 你可以想象有人在作石板画
Lithographer and you might picture someone making prints.
或是锂这种化学物质生成的无机金属盐
Or lithium the chemical, which is a salt.
我就打算这么办
I’m going to use that.
然后我就打开盐瓶
And I’m going to take off the top of the salt shaker
把它掷到那幅画上
and throw it at that picture,
那幅小的油画就成了三号
that small oil painting which is my NO.3.
四号是客厅里的那个大型壁炉
My NO.4, in my living room is a large fireplace.
四号元素是铍
And element NO.4 is beryllium.
你要想象一个东西 让它听起来和铍很像
You make up whatever picture you want that the sounds silly with beryllium.
我想到的是很多木制滚筒
I’m just going to see a lot of wooden barrels.
如果我想到一堆木桶 就想到了这个元素
If I see a stack of wooden barrels and I’m thinking about the elements.
对 木桶 铍
Oh yeah, barrel, beryllium.
真是简单
That’s too easy.
我将这样记住四号
And what I’m going to do to remember that it’s NO.4
那就是把这些木桶塞进壁炉里 看着它们燃烧殆尽
is shovel these barrels into my fireplace and watch them burned up.
木桶和铍 在壁炉里 这就是四号
Barrels, beryllium in the fireplace, NO. 4.
锂和盐 被撒到画上 这就是三号
Lithium, the salt, being thrown at the picture, NO.3.
氦 二号 从我的落地窗上升
Helium, NO.2, lifting up my picture window.
一号 氢 氢弹炸掉了我的书架
And NO.1, hydrogen, the hydrogen bomb blowing up my bookcase.
五号 五号元素是硼
NO.5, element NO.5 is boron.
我打算用韵律的方法
I’m going to change to a rhyming scheme here.
傻瓜 我从来不喜欢那副壁炉上的巨大油画 那就是五号
Moron, I never like that big picture over the fireplace that’s NO.5.
我觉得那是一个傻瓜画的
I think it was painted by a moron.
硼 傻瓜 五号
Boron, moron, NO.5.
你可以像这样记住所有元素
And you can go through all of the element like that.
这样你将会记住整个元素周期表
And you will know the entire table of elements.

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视频概述

记忆大师巴里·赖特曼在本视频中介绍了利用多种方法记忆元素周期表的窍门。

听录译者

【MED】Star

翻译译者

Icecoffee

审核员

审核团EM

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FATxDjhMpng

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