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如何在作品中设置悬念? – 译学馆
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如何在作品中设置悬念?

How to make your writing suspenseful - Victoria Smith

什么造就了优秀的恐怖故事?
What makes a good horror story?
诚然 你可以创造一些可怕的怪物
Sure, you could throw in some hideous monsters,
喷涌而出的鲜血
fountains of blood,
以及从各个角落鱼跃而出的生物
and things jumping out from every corner,
但正如经典恐怖小说作家H.P.洛夫克拉夫特所写的
but as classic horror author H.P. Lovecraft wrote,
“最古老而强烈的恐惧是对未知的恐惧”
“The oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown.”
想要利用这种恐惧作家不能只展现恐怖氛围
And writers harness that fear not by revealing horrors,
还要让读者对其抱有持续的期待
but by leaving the audience hanging in anticipation of them.
也就是 让读者处于悬念中
That is, in a state of suspense.
人们最熟知的关于悬念的例子
The most familiar examples of suspense
来源于恐怖电影和悬疑小说
come from horror films and mystery novels.
闹鬼的洋馆里藏着什么?
What’s inside the haunted mansion?
哪位前来赴宴的客人是元凶?
Which of the dinner guests is the murderer?
但悬念并不止在这些题材中存在
But suspense exists beyond these genres.
英雄能够拯救世界吗?
Will the hero save the day?
有情人会终成眷属吗?
Will the couple get together in the end?
究竟什么不可告人的秘密
And what is the dark secret
让主角深陷如此痛苦之中?
that causes the main character so much pain?
创造悬念的关键 是设置一个或多个
The key to suspense is that it sets up a question, or several,
让读者渴望得到答案的问题
that the audience hopes to get an answer to
并延缓给出答案
and delays that answer
在此期间 让读者保持兴趣和疑问
while maintaining their interest and keeping them guessing.
有哪些写作技巧
So what are some techniques you can use
能让你在自己的作品中达到此目的呢?
to achieve this in your own writing?
用第三人称讲述故事
Limit the point of view.
不要使用能窥见万事万物的上帝视角
Instead of an omniscient narrator who can see and relay everything that happens,
而是从角色的视角讲述故事
tell the story from the perspective of the characters.
他们起初会与读者一样一无所知
They may start off knowing just as little as the audience does,
当他们了解更多的时候 读者亦然
and as they learn more, so do we.
以经典小说《吸血鬼德古拉》为例
Classic novels, like “Dracula,” for example,
剧情通过书信和日记展开
are told through letters and diary entries
角色们在其中诉说各自的经历
where characters relate what they’ve experienced
以及面临的恐惧
and fear what’s to come.
其次 选择正确的故事舞台和意象
Next, choose the right setting and imagery.
拥有无尽长廊和密道的老旧洋馆或者城堡
Old mansions or castles with winding halls and secret passageways
预示着秘而不宣的幽灵
suggest that disturbing things are being concealed.
午夜 雾气以及风暴都大同小异地
Nighttime, fog, and storms all play similar roles in limiting visibility
起到降低可见度 限制人物行动的作用
and restricting characters’ movements.
这也是维多利亚时代的伦敦成为流行设定的原因
That’s why Victorian London is such a popular setting.
平常的地点和物体也能变得凶险
And even ordinary places and objects can be made sinister
正如哥特小说《蝴蝶梦》中所写的
as in the Gothic novel “Rebecca”
主角新居中的鲜花
where the flowers at the protagonist’s new home
被形容为“猩红色”
are described as blood red.
第三 利用措辞和句式
Three: play with style and form.
设置悬念 不仅要仔细设计即将发生的事情
You can build suspense by carefully paying attention not just to what happens
还要专注于事情是如何一步步发生的
but how it’s conveyed and paced.
埃德加•爱伦•坡在《泄密的心》中
Edgar Allan Poe conveys the mental state of the narrator in “The Tell-Tale Heart”
利用戛然而止的不完整的句子展现主角的精神状态
with fragmented sentences that break off suddenly.
故事中的其他简短陈述句
And other short declarative sentences in the story
则创造出了令人窒息的顿挫节奏
create a mix of breathless speed and weighty pauses.
银幕上 阿尔弗雷德•希区柯克的电影艺术
On the screen, Alfred Hitchcock’s cinematography
之所以出名 源于长时间的静默和楼梯的镜头
is known for its use of extended silencesand shots of staircases
带给人的不适感
to create a feeling of discomfort.
四 利用戏剧性讽示
Four: use dramatic irony.
你无法让读者永远呆在暗处
You can’t just keep the audience in the dark forever.
有时 创造最好的悬念
Sometimes, suspense is best served
是要把关键性的秘密揭示给受众而不是角色
by revealing key parts of the big secret to the audience but not to the characters.
亦即戏剧性讽示技巧
This is a technique known as dramatic irony,
悬念就从后续会发生什么
where the mystery becomes not what will happen
变成了角色会在何时 如何了解真相
but when and how the characters will learn.
在经典戏剧《俄狄浦斯王》中
In the classic play “Oedipus Rex,”
主角并不知道他杀了自己的父亲
the title character is unaware thathe has killed his own father
娶了自己的母亲
and married his mother.
可观众知道
But the audience knows,
看着俄狄浦斯王最终知道真相
and watching Oedipus gradually learn the truth
故事也达到了其悲剧高潮
provides the story with its agonizing climax.
最后 以悬念作结
And finally, the cliffhanger.
谨防过度使用
Beware of overusing this one.
有人认为它是信手拈来的把戏
Some consider it a cheap and easy trick,
但其效果却令人难以忽视
but it’s hard to deny its effectiveness.
章节 剧集 分册 或者一季 会在揭露关键真相前
This is where a chapter, episode, volume, or season
或者剧情即将柳暗花明的时候结束
cuts off right before something crucial is revealed,
此处也是悬念诞生的地方
or in the midst of a dangerous situation with a slim chance of hope.
等待 不管是片刻还是几年
The wait, whether moments or years,
让我们穷尽想象 预测可能发生的事情
makes us imagine possibilities about what could happen next,
制造出额外的悬念
building extra suspense.
可怕的事情几乎总能避免
The awful thing is almost always averted,
让观众感受到结束 让情绪得到释放
creating a sense of closure and emotional release.
但这并不会阻止我们担心
But that doesn’t stop us from worrying and wondering the next time
主角何时会再次遇到危险
the protagonists face near-certain disaster.
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视频概述

本视频列举了在作品中设置悬念的五个方法:限制视点、选择正确的故事舞台和意象、措辞和句式、戏剧性讽示、以悬念作结。

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收集自网络

翻译译者

Hermes赫斯

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjKruwAfZWk

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