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如何让您的作品更有趣?

How to make your writing funnier - Cheri Steinkellner

Did you ever notice how many jokes start with, “Did you ever notice?”
你可曾注意到 有多少笑话是以“你可曾注意到?”开始的
And what’s the deal with, “What’s the deal?”
这种情况是怎么回事呢?
There’s a lot of funny to be found
只要留意
by simply noticing the ordinary, everyday things
你平时不注意的日常事务
you don’t ordinarily notice everyday.
就会发现很多有趣的事情
So if you’d like to add a little humor
所以 如果你想在
to that story, or speech, or screenplay you’re writing,
故事 演讲 剧本中增添一点幽默
here are a few tips and tricks for finding the funny.
这里有一些发现幽默的小技巧
All great storytelling, including comedy writing,
所有好故事的叙述 包括喜剧创作
consists of a handful of basic ingredients:
都由一些基本要素组成
who,
人物
what,
事件
when,
时间
where,
地点
why,
原因
and how.
和经过
Writers have been asking these questions since at least the 1st century BC,
至少从公元一世纪起 作家们就一直在问这些问题
yet none can be answered with a simple yes or no.
然而 没有一个问题可以简单地回答“是”或“否”
They demand details,
它们要求细节
and the more specific the details, the funnier the story.
而且细节越具体 故事就越有趣
Let’s start with the who, the comedic character.
让我们从人物开始—喜剧角色
Think about the books, TV shows, and movies that make you laugh.
想想那些让你发笑的书籍 电视节目和电影
They’re usually filled with funny types, or archetypes.
它们通常充满了有趣的类型或原型
The know-it-all,
无所不知的人
the loveable loser,
可爱的失败者
the bad boss,
坏老板
the neurotic,
神经质的人
the airhead.
没有头脑的人
Incidentally, these are all stock characters found in Commedia Dell’Arte,
顺便一说 这些都是艺术喜剧
or the artists comedy of late Renaissance Italy,
(意大利文艺复兴晚期的艺术家喜剧)中常见的角色
and they have yet to get old.
他们还没有过时
The Commedia rule for creating comic characters is find the flaw,
创造喜剧角色的喜剧法则就是找到缺陷
then play it up.
然后加以渲染
Or you can try playing with opposites.
或者你也可以试试制造反差
When the smartest guy in the room does the stupidest thing,
当房间里最聪明的人做了最愚蠢的事
or the doofus outwits the brainiac,
或者傻瓜用智慧战胜了聪明的人
we tend to laugh because we didn’t see that coming.
我们往往会笑 因为我们没有预见到这一点
Ancient Greek funnyman Aristotle is said to have said,
据说古希腊幽默作家亚里士多德说过
“The secret to humor is surprise.”
“幽默的秘诀就是给人惊喜”
This surprise, or incongruity theory of humor,
这种惊喜 或者说幽默的不协调理论
says we laugh at things that seem out of place
认为我们会对那些看起来不合适
or run up against our expectations,
或出乎我们意料的事情发笑
like a frog dating a pig,
比如青蛙和猪约会
or a lizard selling insurance,
蜥蜴卖保险
a baby disco dancing,
婴儿跳迪斯科舞
a nun disco dancing,
修女跳迪斯科舞
a cat disco dancing.
猫跳迪斯科舞
Actually, a baby, a nun, or a cat doing pretty much anything,
事实上 婴儿 修女或者猫做任何事情都会使人发笑
especially involving disco.
尤其是迪斯科
One fun way to find incongruities is by drawing connections.
找到矛盾的一个有趣的方法是建立联系
Actually drawing them with a mind map.
也就是用思维导图来画它们
Start small.
从小事开始
Pick a word,
选一个词
I choose pickle.
我选泡菜
Jot it down, then quick as you can, try making connections.
记下来 然后尽可能快地试着建立联系
What do pickles make me think of?
泡菜让我想到什么?
Who eats pickles?
谁吃泡菜?
What treasured pickle memories do I have from childhood?
我童年有什么珍贵的泡菜记忆?
Another great way to generate comedic material
另一个产生喜剧素材的好方法
is to shift from observation to imagination.
是从观察转向想象
Try going from “what is” to “what if?”
试着从“是什么”到“假如?”
Like, what if instead of a horse, for example,
比如 如果不是马
you just had a pair of coconuts?
而是一对椰子
Okay, let’s think of some other memorable moments in history,
好了 让我们想想历史上其他值得纪念的时刻
literature,
文学著作
or film.
或是电影
Now, what if they featured coconuts?
现在 如果他们以椰子为特色呢?
Get wild, let it go.
狂野一点 放开想象
Even if an idea seems overdone,
即使一个想法看起来有点过火
or too obvious,
或太明显
or just plain dumb,
或者只是单纯的愚蠢
try jotting it down, anyway.
不管怎样 试着把它记下来
What’s obvious to you may not be to the next person.
对你来说很明显的事情对另人一个来说可能不明显
And the opposite of the dumbest idea might just turn out to be the smartest.
相反 最愚蠢的想法可能会变成最聪明的
What about all that dumb stuff that happens in real life?
那现实生活中发生的那些蠢事呢?
Have you ever noticed how much comedy revolves around things
你有没有注意到喜剧总是围绕着
that irritate, frustrate, and humiliate us?
那些让我们恼怒 挫败和感到羞耻的事情转
Will Rodgers said, “Everything’s funny as long as it happens to somebody else.”
威尔·罗杰斯说过:“只要发生在别人身上的事都是有趣的”
So if you’re having a crummy morning,
所以 如果你有一个糟糕的早晨
imagine it happening to a character you’re writing about,
想象它发生在你正在写的人物身上
and by afternoon, you may at least get a funny story out of it.
到下午 你至少可以从中得到一个有趣的故事
Once you’ve got your characters and story,
一旦你有了角色和故事
here are a few quick and easy comedy writing tricks to make them zing.
这里有一些快速简单的喜剧写作技巧 能让它们充满活力
The rule of three,
三的法则
or zig zig zag.
或者之字形
Try setting up an expected pattern, zig zig,
试着建立一个预期的模式 比如zig zig
then flip it, zag.
然后反转 这就是zag
A rabbi, a priest, and a coconut walk into a bar.
一个拉比 一个牧师和一个椰子走进一家酒吧
The punchline rule says put your punch at the end of the line.
关键句规则表明 要把你的笑点放在句尾
A rabbi, a priest, and a coconut walk into a disco.
一个拉比 一个牧师和一只椰子走进一家迪斯科
That brings up the rule of K.
这就引出了K法则
For some reason, words with a k-sound catch our ears
出于某种原因 带有K发音的单词会吸引我们的耳朵
and are considered comical.
并被认为是滑稽的
Coconut,
椰子
disco,
迪斯科
pickles,
泡菜
crickets?
蟋蟀?
Okay, so we don’t always get the laugh.
然而 我们并不是总能找到笑点
Humor is subjective.
幽默是主观的
Comedy is trial and error.
喜剧是试错
Writing is rewriting.
写作是重写
Just keep trying.
只要不断尝试
Find the flaws,
找到缺点
discover the details,
发现细节
insert incongruities,
插入不协调的地方
incorporate k-words,
加入发音k的单词
and remember the most important rule of writing funny:
记住写笑话最重要的规则
have fun.
享受乐趣
As Charles Dickins said,
正如查尔斯·狄更斯所说
“There is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious
“世界上没有什么比笑声
as laughter and good humor.”
绝妙的幽默以及迪斯科
And disco.
更具有感染力了”

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有趣的作品通常会用到一些喜剧的技巧,一起来看看吧!

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