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如何更迅速地学习? – 译学馆
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如何更迅速地学习?

How To Learn Anything Faster - 5 Tips to Increase your Learning Speed (Feat. Project Better Self)

Hey guys it’s practical psychology here
嗨 朋友们 这儿是实用心理学
and in this video Daniel from Project Better Self
在这段视频中 来自《创造更好的自己》的Daniel
is gonna give us five amazing tips on how to learn faster
将会给我们五个如何更迅速学习的惊人建议
I hope you guys enjoy.
希望你们喜欢
Every single one of us is either learning something new at the moment
我们中的每个人要么正在学习一些新的东西
or is planning to do in the future,
要么正在计划未来做些什么
who is playing an instrument,
比如说 学一门乐器
learning a second language,drawing
学一门二外 绘画
or maybe learning how to code in the best.
或学习如何更好地使用编码
He must depended on learning new things,
他必须依靠学习新的事物
they had to learn more effective ways to hunt
他们必须学习更有效的狩猎方法
and learn how to make better tools,
并且学会如何制造更好的工具
so they can have a higher chance of survival.
这样他们才能有更高的生存机会
We see that learning has always been an integral part of our lives,
我们知道学习是我们生活中不可或缺的一部分
so it comes natural that we spend some time learning how to learn.
所以我们花时间学习去如何学习是一件很正常的事情
Here are five tips that you can use to lap your competition,
这儿有五个技巧 你可以用来超越你的竞争对手
and leave your friends wondering how you learn so fast.
并且让你朋友知道你是如何迅速地学习
Number one,deconstruct the skill and implement the 8020 principle.
第一 解构技能并落实8020原则
It is a concept developed by Italian economist vilfredo pareto,
这是意大利经济学家弗雷多·帕雷托提出的概念
which explains that 80 % of your desired outputs
它解释了80%的预期产出
will come from 20%of your inputs.
将来自于你20%的投入
Well, the exact ratio of varies from situation to situation,
确切的比率因情况而异
you’ll find that 20 % of people in your life
你会发现生活中20%的人
will lead to 80 % of your happiness,
会给你带来80%的幸福
20 %of your customers will drive 80 %of your sales,
20%的顾客会给你带来80%的销售额
and 20%of your learning methods will lead to 80 % of your results .
20%的学习方法会给你带来80%的成果
When it comes to learning,
当提到学习时
it feels like there’s so much we don’t know,
你会发现有很多我们不知道的东西
so it’s easy to jump around everywhere.
所以我们很容易四处碰壁
This will only lead to wasted time what you want to do
这只会浪费你想做的事的时间
instead is to focus on one or two things
相反 倘若你只专注于一两件事
that will drive the middle for what you want to achieve
它会推动你实现你想实现的目标
and devote most of your time practicing those things.
并把大部分时间花在实践这些事情上
For example,if you want to learn how to play the guitar
例如 倘若你只是想学会如何弹吉他
instead of focusing on strumming,
而不是专注于弦乐模式上
patterns notes on the fret-board, hammer-on pull-off techniques.
在指板上记笔记 用锤子拉的技巧
You should only focus on learning the basic chords
你应该只专注于学习基本和弦
and transitions between them,
以及它们之间的转换
because that will give you 80 % of the results
因为这会给你带来80%的成效
and in 20 % of the time you’ll be able
并且你会有20%的时间
to play the songs you wanted.
弹想弹的音乐
Number two,have a laser-like focus
第二 像激光一样聚焦
and use the Pomodoro Technique to learn quickly.
使用番茄工作法快速学习
It’ll be important to commit your full focus and attention
当你研究和练习你的技能时
when you’re researching and practicing your skill.
全神贯注地集中注意力是至关重要的
These days that’s easier said than done
如今 说起来容易做起来难
thanks to our short attention spans and
由于我们注意力的跨度很短暂
constantly buzzing devices to help you stay focused
且不断嗡嗡作响的设备 我们开始使用番茄工作法
start using the Pomodoro Technique.
来帮助你保持专注
The Pomodoro Technique consists of
番茄工作法主要在于
shutting down all external distractions
阻止所有外界干扰
and fully focusing on the task
并将注意力集中在任务上
for short period of time usually 20 to 25 minutes
时间很短 通常为20到25分钟
and then taking a short break of one to five minutes.
然后短暂休息1到5分钟
I’ve learned coding from scratch
我用这个原理在四个月内
in four months by using this principle.
从头开始学习编码
My daily schedule was 12 pomodore sessions,
我每天的日程安排是12个番茄时段
each spending around 25 minutes of focus state
每个番茄时段用25分钟集中注意力
and five minutes of rest,
和5分钟的休息时间
and after every four sessions I would take a longer break.
每4个番茄时段之后 我需要更长的休息时间
The Pomodoro Technique produces amazing results,
番茄工作法产生了惊人的效果
because our brain is more receptive to new information
因为当我们集中注意力仔细看它时
when we’re focused,when you look at it.
我们的大脑更容易接受新信息
It’s basically common sense more focused in steeper connections.
更专注于过高的联系这基本上是常识
Number three,learn by doing.
第三 从实践中学习
Immersion is by far the best way to learn anything
投入是迄今为止学习任何东西的最佳方式
and as research shows it turns out
有研究表明
that humans retained 10 % of what they learned from reading,
人类从阅读中学到的东西有10%
20% of what I learned from audio-visual,
从视听中学到的东西有20%
50 % of what alert when they see a demonstration
当他们看到演示时有50%的人会注意
up to 70%of what they learn.
那么他们会掌握所学知识的70%
When they practice what they learned
当他们实践学习的东西时
and up to 90% of what they learn.
那么他们掌握所学知识的高达90%
When they use it immediately
当他们立即使用它时
try to remember how you learned to play soccer
试着记住你是如何学会踢足球
ride a bicycle or swim
骑自行车或者游泳的
instead of watching tutorials or reading a textbook
而不是看教程或者
on how to do something the way to
阅读关于如何做事的教科书
learn faster is to get your hands dirty and
迅速学习的方法是弄脏你的手
gain experience through making mistakes.
通过犯错来获得经验
Number four,be persistent.
第四 坚持不懈
Unfortunately,many of us give up before
不幸的是 许多人是在被赛斯·戈丁称为低谷之前
or during what Seth Godin calls the dip,
或在那期间放弃的
Godin says that although it’s important to know when to quit,
戈丁说 尽管知道何时辞职很重要
many potential winners don’t reach success,
但许多潜在的胜利者并没有取得成功
because they quit before the dip.
因为他们在低谷前就放弃了
According to Godin five reasons,
根据戈丁的五个理由
you might fail to follow through are
你可能无法坚持到底
you run out of time and quit,
你没时间 所以辞职
you run out of money and quit,
你没钱 所以辞职
you get scared and quit,
你害怕 所以辞职
you’re not serious about it then quit ,
你不认真 所以辞职
or you lose interest and quit .
或者你失去了兴趣 所以辞职
Psychologists have also studied what’s known as the transition cycle.
心理学家还研究了所谓的过渡周期
When we experience the opportunity to learn something new,
当我们体验到学习新事物的机会时
we enter what many people call the honeymoon phase.
我们进入了许多人所说的蜜月期
This is where we experience releases of dopamine
这就是我们体验新事物时
as we experience new things.
多巴胺释放的地方
In other words.We’re hardwired to appreciate and seek out novelty,
换言之 我们天生就喜欢并寻求新奇
because it makes us feel good .
因为它让我们感觉愉悦
Once the honeymoon phase is over we experience the dip
一旦蜜月期结束 我们就会进入低谷
and our progress begins to Plateau or diminish,
我们的进展开始平稳或者衰退
this is when most of us quit.
这是我们大多数人辞职的时候
The reason why this is important is that
这一点之所以重要
if you can predict the dip is coming,
是因为倘若你能预测 当你学习到新东西时
when you’re learning something new.
低谷就要来临了
It’s easier to fight through it,
那么克服它就更容易了
because you know deep exists
因为你知道深层次的存在
and it only lasts its temporary.
并且它只是暂时的
Number five,get enough sleep.
第五 睡眠充足
Sleep plays a big role in our ability
睡眠对我们学习新信息和技能的能力
to learn new information and skills.
起着重要作用
When we are awake,
当我们清醒时
new situations and stimulate can prevent
新的情况和刺激可以阻止
new memories from consolidating in our minds,
新的记忆在我们的头脑中巩固
but when we are asleep
但当我们睡着时
we’re better at creating new memories.
我们更擅长创造新的记忆
One study from a German research lab found that
德国研究实验室的一项研究发现
sleep helps our memory formation most.
倘若你知道以后你需要这些信息
If you know you will need the information later.
那睡眠对我们的记忆形成帮助最大
In fact,some scientists believe the brain can
事实上 一些科学家相信大脑
actually change its own structure and organization.
实际上可以改变自己的结构和组织
This is a theory called the brain plasticity theory
这就是所谓的脑塑性理论
and it suggests those all-important structural
它表明了我们大脑中
and organizational changes in our brain take place.
那些至关重要的结构和组织正在发生
When we are asleep without adequate sleep,
当我们睡眠不足时
we have a hard time learning something new,
我们很难学习新的东西
because our brain doesn’t have the opportunity
因为我们的大脑没有机会
to review and absorb the new information.
回顾和吸收新的信息
When you get enough sleep,
当你睡眠充足时
while you’re learning a new skill,
当你学习新技能时
you’ll be able to consolidate those memories faster
你将能够更快地巩固那些记忆
and make fewer mistakes overall,
并减少总的错误
so to recap break down the skill,
因此 回顾一下分解技能的过程
and use the Pareto principle practice the 20 %
用帕累托原理实践20%
that will give you 80 % of the results,
这将会给你80%的成效
Focus deeply when practicing the skill
在练习技能时要集中注意力
and use multiple Pomodoro sessions learn by immersing yourself
使用多种番茄时段 通过沉浸自己来学习
and actually doing the skill you’re learning,watching or reading
而实际上你学的技能只看或读是不够的
is not enough be persistent and
要坚持下去
follow through the deep where majority of people will quit
并在大多数人都会放弃的地方坚持下去
and finally get adequate sleep
最后拥有充足的睡眠
to help your brain store all the information
来帮助你的大脑储存所有的信息
and prepare you for the day ahead.
为你的下一天做好准备
Leave a like below.
如果你喜欢这个视频
If you liked the video
请在下面留个赞
and make sure to subscribe to practical psychology.
请务必订阅实用心理学
If you haven’t already,
如果你还没有订阅
you can check out my channel too for similar videos.
你也可以去我的频道找到类似的视频
Anyway, thanks for watching and I’ll see you next time.
不管怎样 感谢观看 下次见

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视频概述

视频提出了五个如何更迅速学习的方法,帮你在众多竞争对手中脱颖而出

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收集自网络

翻译译者

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rA2XHWM__yE

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