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如何快速记单词 – 译学馆
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如何快速记单词

How to learn and remember vocabulary

好 露西
OK Lucy
快速回答
quick question
你为什么要用鸽子
Why did you use pigeons
作为主要的例子
as your main example
在这整个视频中?
throughout this whole video?
听我说 别担心
Look, don’t worry about it
这……这没关系
it..it will be fine.
如果你问一个语言老师
If you ask a language teacher
我怎样才能提高我的词汇量?
how can I improve my vocabulary?
他们可能都会说:
They’ll probably say something similar to:
看书
read books
看电影
watch films
和当地的人交流
speak with natives
做词汇练习
do vocabulary exercises
然后重复 重复 重复!
and repeat, repeat, repeat!
这些都是有效的方法
These are all valid points!
当我学西班牙语的时候
When I was learning Spanish
我很快地扩大了我的词汇量
I managed to expand my vocabulary incredibly quickly
这都归功于我自创的一个方法
and this is thanks to a method that I created for myself.
这种方法可能早就存在了
This method probably already exists
但是我根据我的需要找到了一个解决方案
but I identified my need and I created a solution.
我需要做一件事情
I needed something that I could do
一点点地
bit by bit
一天天地
day by day
我也会告诉你怎么用这个方法
And I’m gonna explain to you how you can do this method too
我的方法会帮助你训练你的大脑
My method is going to help you train your brain
开始用第二语言来思考
to start thinking in that second language
那么 第一步是什么?
so, what’s the first step?
好 当你早上醒来的时候
Well, when you wake up in the morning
你想办法提醒自己
you somehow need to remind yourself
今天我要搜索一些我之前不认识的单词
that today I’m going to be searching for words that I don’t already know.
不间断的!
Constantly!
所以你可以在门上贴便利贴
So whether you put a poster on your door
在冰箱上贴便利贴
a post-it note on your fridge
手机上设置备忘录
a reminder on your phone
做任何事情提醒自己今天
anything to remind you that today
学习新单词!
new words!
接下来 从你离开房子的时候
So, from the minute you leave the house
你需要注意那些
you need to be on the look out
你不认识的单词
for words that you don’t know
试着用你正在学习的语言来想
Try to start thinking in the language that you’re trying to learn
对我来说(我正在学习的语言)是西班牙语
for me it’s Spanish
所以 我用西班牙语思考
So, I’m thinking in Spanish
我看见一个鸽子
I see a pigeon
(它的西班牙语是)’paloma’
‘paloma’
好 这个我知道
OK, I know that one
我看见一个公交站
I see a bus stop
我不确定怎么用西班牙语来说它
I’m not sure how to say that in Spanish
然后 我立刻打开我的手机
so, I whip out my phone quickly
用英文把它写下来
write it down in English
然后忘了这个单词
and then I forget about it
一整天都继续做这件事
and I keep on doing that throughout the day
所以你持续关注
So you’re constantly on the look out
我知道它用西班牙语怎么说吗?
Do I know that in Spanish?
是的 我知道 不管它
Yes I do. Left it.
我知道它用西班牙语怎么说吗?
Do I know that in Spanish?
我不知道 写下它
No, I don’t. Write it down.
你可能花了一整天写了五个单词
You might end up with five words at the end of the day
也可能写了
You might end up with twenty words
二十个单词
at the end of the day
这取决于你的(语言)水平和你所处的地方
it depends on your level, and also where you are
通过这种方法训练你的大脑
By doing this you are train your brain
来习惯于
to become accustomed to
用那种第二语言来思考事情
thinking about things in that second language
它会帮助你趋于流畅
and it will help you towards fluency
之后 你也需要在你手机上
Then, you’re also creating a list
把所有你这一天看到的
on your phone
不知道怎么说的东西
of all the things that you’ve seen throughout the day
做成一个列表
that you don’t know how to say
在你晚上回到家的时候
Now the important part of this
就要开始这件事情最重要的部分了
comes when you arrive home in the evening.
所以当你在那一天从工作中或者
So when you get home from work
学校里回到家
or university that day
你需要抽出几分钟的时间
you need to dedicate a couple of minutes
来制作一个生词日记
to creating a word diary
我用便条簿来做 因为
I use a notepad for this because
我喜欢每天用两页纸
I like to use use two pages per day
然后 我写下日期
so, I write the date
简短的写一下这天我做了些什么
I write a short sentence about what I did that day
然后我打开手机
And then I go ahead and I look
看着我手机里的这些今天不认识的单词
at the words that I didn’t know today
把它们添加到我的日记里
on my phone and I add them into my diary
所以……
so…
所以我今天看到的单词有:
So the words I saw today were;
鸽子 垃圾 公交站 珠宝店和摩天大楼
pigeon, litter, bus stop, jeweller’s and skyscraper
我不知道怎么用西班牙语来说这些单词
and I don’t know how to say those in Spanish
然后我翻到下一页
So I move on to the next page
在网上搜索
And I go and search them on the internet
第一个单词是鸽子
So the first word was pigeon
然后用我的电脑
So I get my computer
在一个像“WordReference”的网页上
I use a website like ‘WordReference’
搜索“pigeon”
I search ‘pigeon’
然后听(它的)读法
and I listen to the pronunciation
“paloma”
‘paloma’
好 “paloma”
great, ‘paloma’
然后把它写在我的单词日记里
and then I add that to my word diary
在我的生词中有一个是“摩天大楼”
one of my words was ‘skyscraper’
我不认识
that I didn’t know
所以我用“WordReference”这个网页搜索“skyscraper”
so I use ‘WordReference’ to search for ‘skyscraper’
然后听它的读法
and then I listen to the pronunciation
“rascacielos”
‘rascacielos’
“Rascaielos” 好 把添到我的单词日记里
‘Rascacielos’ ok, and I add that to my word diary
“rascacielos”
‘rascacielos’
好极了!然后继续做这个
great! And then I just keep on doing that
直到我的列表满了为止
Untill my list is full!
然后我就有了一个
and then I have a definitive list
我今天遇到的所有新单词的
of all the new vocabulary
一个最终的列表
that i saw today
所以理想状态下你应该每天都写这个日记
So ideally you need to do this diary every day
让它成为你生活的一部分
Make it a part of your life
你常规的一部分
and a part of your routine
你跟着这个流程所做的
So what you’re actually doing by following this process
这种方法
and this method is
就是训练自己的大脑
you’re training your brain
来慢慢的寻找和巩固
to be constantly looking and confirming
用第二种语言来认识单词
that it knows words in that second language
紧接着
and immediately
当你不认识的时候
when it doesn’t know
注意!把那个单词写下来
alert! you write that word down
然后你知道过一会儿你会去搜索它
and then you know that you’re going to search for it later.
在你做了这个几个月之后
It’s really interesting to look back through
回过头来看你的单词日记是一件真的很有趣的事情
your word diary after months of doing this process
因为你看到单词你会想
because you see words and you just think
“我的天哪 我不敢相信我竟然不知道怎么说它们!”
‘Oh my god, I can’t believe I didn’t know how to say that!’
前一天晚上完成了你的日记
When you wake up the next morning
当你第二天醒来的时候
after having completed your diary the night before
你会立刻发现
You’ll immediately see
skyscraper的西班牙语是rascacielos
skyscraper = rascacielos
pigeon的西班牙语是paloma
pigeon = paloma
就这么慢慢地 它在那 在你的脑袋里
You just are constantly, it’s there, it’s in your mind.
一旦你用这种方法来训练你的大脑来用这种办法思考和运行
Once you’ve trained your brain to think and process in this way
记单词将会变得更加容易
it’s going to be so much easier to pick up vocabulary
也可以找出你的词汇量缺少的地方
and also to identify where your vocabulary is lacking!
对你们中的多数人来说 这可能会有用!
For many of you, this might work!
试一试
Give it a try
如果真的有用的话 我很乐意听你们的成功故事
if it does work I’d love to hear about your success stories
如果你问一个lang t…ugghgghh
If you ask a lang t…ugghgggh

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视频概述

一种简单实用的小tip教我们快速记住单词,很实用!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Denise Xia

审核员

Y

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXGdzTXydIY

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