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停一停!别再谋害你养的金鱼了 – 译学馆
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停一停!别再谋害你养的金鱼了

How To Keep Your Goldfish Alive For 15 Years

The longest-living goldfish on record was 43 years old.
有记录以来最长寿的金鱼活到43岁
But chances are your goldfish
但是你的金鱼甚至
didn’t even live a quarter that long.
可能还活不到它寿命的四分之一
In fact, most goldfish don’t survive past their fifth birthday,
事实上 大多数金鱼都活不过五岁
and that’s a major problem since they’re supposed
那么问题来了
to live for about as long as your cat.
既然它们本来能活得和猫一样久
So why are goldfish dying so young?
为什么你的金鱼没几年就英年早逝了?
为什么宠物金鱼总是很容易死掉?
The usual culprit behind your goldfish’s untimely demise is,
金鱼早夭的罪魁祸首通常是……
well, poop.
嗯 便便
You see, goldfish waste contains toxins like ammonia
你知道 金鱼排泄物中含有氨那样的毒素
that can burn gills and even damage the brain.
会烧伤鱼鳃 甚至损伤大脑
In the wild, this isn’t a problem.
在野外水域 这不是问题
Freshwater lakes and ponds are home to armies
淡水湖和池塘是细菌大军的家园
of bacteria that break it down into less harmful chemicals.
这些细菌会把粪便分解成危害较小的化学物质
But in your home tank,
但在家里的鱼缸里
there’s no bacteria to be found.
没有这类细菌
You have to introduce it,
你不得不加入细菌
and that’s where a lot of goldfish owners slip up
许多金鱼主人疏忽了这一点
because you can’t just buy a fish the same day you get your tank.
因为不能在买鱼缸的当天就买金鱼
The process of growing bacteria takes patience.
培养细菌的过程需要耐心
First, you’ll need to remove chlorine
首先需要用水质调节剂
from your tank water using a conditioner.
除去鱼缸水中的氯
Chlorinated tap water is fine for you to drink
人可以喝氯化处理后的自来水
since it kills off germs,
因为氯可以杀菌
but it’s not so great for the bacteria you want to cultivate.
但自来水可不适合培养细菌
Once you’ve created a safe space for the bacteria to grow,
一旦创造出一个适宜细菌生长的空间
they’ll come from all over:
细菌就会从各处而来:
the air, the outside of the tank, and any rocks
从空气中 从鱼缸外 从随便什么石头上
or plants you stick in the tank for decoration.
从种在鱼缸里作装饰的植物上
You can also buy commercially sold bacteria cultures grown in labs.
你也可以购买实验室培育的商用细菌
After that, all they need is dinner.
接种之后 细菌需要进餐
Fish food will do.
鱼食就可以
As the food breaks down, it releases ammonia for the bacteria to eat,
食物被分解后 释放出的氨被细菌摄取
and finally, you wait for a while.
最后 你需要等一段时间
Depending on how much bacteria you start with,
时间长短取决于一开始放了多少细菌
the process can take about two months.
这个过程可以花上大约两个月
That’s right, two months.
没错 两个月
But then there should be enough bacteria.
但两个月后就应该有足够的细菌了
You can double-check with a simple water test kit.
可以用简易水质测试套件复查一下
But here’s the thing, all the bacteria in the world
但这里要注意 如果鱼缸太小
won’t keep your fish alive if the tank is too small.
哪怕加入世界上所有的细菌都没法让金鱼成活
You see, as these bacteria gobble up goldfish poop,
你看 这些细菌摄入金鱼的粪便
they produce some waste of their own,
它们自己会产生一些排泄物
and if it’s not sufficiently diluted,
如果细菌排泄物得不到充分稀释
it can kill your goldfish.
就会杀死金鱼
A dinky, single-gallon bowl is much too small,
容量一加仑的碗太小了
and even the 10-gallon tank you see
甚至宠物店里看到的
in every pet store won’t cut it.
10加仑鱼缸都不能稀释到位
A single adult goldfish needs at least twice
一条成年金鱼至少需要那两倍的水
that much water to thrive.
才能茁壮成长
That’s almost 40 kilograms of water,
也就是几乎40千克水
2000 times heavier than your goldfish,
比金鱼重两千倍
and even with a huge tank, you’ll still need
即使用了一个巨大的鱼缸
to replace about 30% of the water every two weeks
你仍然需要每两个星期换掉大约30%的水
because besides poop, goldfish release hormones and pheromones into their environment,
因为除了排便 金鱼还会向生活环境中释放激素和信息素
which if left unchecked, can stunt their growth.
如果含量不受控制 将会阻碍它们的生长
That might help explain why goldfish
这可能有助于解释为什么
in healthy environments can reach the size of an American football,
健康环境中金鱼可以长到美式橄榄球那么大
while your last goldfish
而你养的上一条金鱼
wasn’t much bigger than your index finger.
比你的食指大不了多少
Once you have a big, detoxified tank,
有了一个巨大的“解毒鱼缸 ”
Goldie just needs one more thing: your attention.
金鱼还需要另一样东西:你的关注
Because you’re not swimming in the tank with her,
因为你没有和它一起在缸里游泳
it’s hard to notice if something’s wrong with, say, the water quality.
所以你很难注意到水质的问题
So oftentimes new goldfish owners don’t realize anything’s amiss
养金鱼的新人通常意识不到哪里出了问题
until it’s too late,
等到发现已经太晚了
and common diseases like fin rot, white spot disease,
等发现烂鳍病 白斑病和真菌感染这些常见病时
and fungal infections have already taken hold.
已经来不及救治了
So it’s a good idea to pay careful attention to how the water looks and smells,
所以最好仔细关注水的外观和气味
and anyway, spending time with your goldfish will
花时间在金鱼身上是值得的
be worth it since you can teach Goldie
因为你可以教金鱼游过铁环
to swim through hoops and eat from your hand.
从你的手里找吃的

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视频概述

想养金鱼但总是活不过三天?这个视频科普了养金鱼的一些注意事项。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ifhY_AHbSRA

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