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如何让蔬菜水果保鲜更久

How to Keep Your Fruits and Veggies Fresher for Longer

have you ever had to throw away fruits and veggies
你有没有过这样的经历
just because they didn’t look gettable any more?
因为蔬菜水果看起来不新鲜了 所以只好丢掉?
most of us get a little carried away at the store
很多人一到商店里就有点控制不住自己
and buy more than we can eat,
一不留神就会买得太多而吃不完
and then don’t store them properly.
然后又没有用合适的方法保存剩余的蔬菜水果
In this case, pay attention!
这种情况下就要注意啦!
There are ways to make your food stay fresh and crisp longer
以下方法能让你的食物更久地保持新鲜可口
1. Keep your fridge clean
1.保持冰箱干净
let’s start with the basics
让我们从基本的开始
I know cleaning the fridge isn’t the most exciting thing to do
我知道清理冰箱并不是什么好差事
but it’s necessary if you want food to last longer.
但是如果你想更久地保存食物 那就必须这么做
Leftover residue or mold spores can make your fruits and veggies go bad much faster.
因为隔夜菜的残渣或是霉菌孢子会让蔬菜水果腐烂得更快
2. keep onions in nylon stocking
2.把洋葱保存在尼龙丝袜里
but twist or tie knots to separate them from each other.
但是记得转几圈或是打几个结 把每个洋葱都分隔开
Now that’s what I call a smart reuse!
这就是我所说的巧妙的废物利用
Onions can get rotten pretty quickly if there’s too much moisture.
湿气太多会导致洋葱很快腐烂
That’s why it ‘s better to keep them in a cool dark place.
所以最好把洋葱保存在阴凉的地方
And you hang them in tights, they can last up to 8 months
如果还用丝袜挂起来 就可以保存八个月之久
3. Store garlic in a dark place with low humidity
3.把大蒜保存在阴凉干燥的地方
It’s best to keep them in a dark, dry place like a container or a paper bag.
大蒜最好放在密闭容器或纸袋这类阴凉干燥的地方
Also, keep in mind that if the whole garlic bulb stays intact it can last up to 2 months.
还有 记住 完好的蒜头可以保存两个月之久
But the storage time of separated cloves is only 3-10 days.
而掰开的蒜瓣则只能保存3到10天
4. Place the stems of parsley, cilantro, basil and asparagus in a container with water
4.把欧芹 香菜 罗勒 芦笋的茎放在带水容器里
and leave them at room temperature.
室温保存
If you don’t want to put them in the fridge,
假如你不想把它们放进冰箱里
then you have to treat them the way you treat flowers.
那就得像养花一样去呵护它们
Also,don’t wash them until you’re ready to use them.
而且 要等到用的时候才能清洗它们
5. Put potatoes in a dark and cool place.
5.把土豆放在阴凉处保存
Plastic bags aren’t the best option for storing potatoes.
塑料袋不是保存土豆的最好选择
Paper or mesh bags work better.
纸袋或者网袋会更适合
Another great preservation trick is to
另一个很不错的保存窍门是
place them in a box with grids and cover the bottom with newspaper.
把土豆放在有格栅的盒子里并盖上报纸
6. To make avocados ripen faster,
6.把牛油果用报纸包好 放进纸袋里
wrap them in newspaper and put them in a paper bag.
能让它熟得更快
It usually takes avocado 7 days to ripen.
牛油果通常需要7天才能成熟
But if you use this tip it will only take 3-5 days.
但是如果用这个方法 就只需要3到5天
And if you put a banana inside the paper bag with the avocado,
如果还在纸袋里再放一根香蕉
it’ll be ready in only 2 days!
那么只要两天牛油果就能成熟
7. Don’t store tomatoes in the fridge.
7.不要把番茄保存在冰箱里
Their storage time can vary from 3 weeks to 2 months.
番茄一般可以保存三周到两个月不等
It all depends on how ripe they are when you buy them.
具体时长取决于购买时番茄的新鲜程度
To make them last longer, keep them in the pantry or on the counter,
想要保存得更久 就得把它们放在储藏室或是橱柜上
because low temperatures make them lose their flavor.
因为低温容易让番茄的风味流失
8. Keep mushrooms in a paper bag with parsley.
8.把蘑菇和欧芹一起放进纸袋里
Don’t ever wash them until you’re ready to cook,
除非要用来做菜了 否则千万不要洗蘑菇
because humidity can ruin them.
因为水汽会毁掉它们
Just leave mushrooms in the fridge in a paper bag
只要把蘑菇放进纸袋 再放进冰箱
and add some branches of parsley, which has antioxidant properties,
接着放几根有抗氧化特性的欧芹
preventing the appearance of spots.
就能有效地避免蘑菇生斑
9. Use white vinegar to disinfect strawberries.
9.用白醋给草莓消毒
You should wait to wash berries until right before eating them,
你必须等到吃的时候才能洗草莓
because water makes them soft which is bad for storing.
因为洗过之后草莓会变软 腐烂得更快
Take 1 part white vinegar and 2 parts water to disinfect them.
把白醋和水按1:2的比例混合来给草莓消毒
Make sure there are no berries with mold
记得确保里面没有带霉点的草莓
because they’ll ruin the others.
因为它会让其他的草莓也腐烂
After that, you can either eat them or
草莓消毒以后 你可以直接吃掉
after removing their stems put them in a tightened bag in a freezer
也可以把茎摘掉 装进密封袋 放进冰箱保存
where they‘ll last up to 4 months.
这样草莓就能保存四个月之久
10. To keep lettuce, spinach, or collards fresh wrap them (after disinfecting).
10.把生菜 菠菜 甘蓝消毒后包起来保存
No one likes soggy green leaves, right?
没有人喜欢湿烂的叶子吧?
To avoid this, wash them in a large amount of cold water
为了避免这种情况要先用大量冷水冲洗菜叶
and dry them completely before putting them in the fridge.
等完全干燥之后再放进冰箱
You can keep them either in a container or in an airtight bag.
你可以把它们保存在容器或是密封袋里
Just don’t forget to wrap them in a paper towel to absorb the remaining water
如果想要保鲜时长达到两周
if you want them to stay crisp for up to 2 weeks.
就别忘了用纸巾包起来把剩余的水分吸干
11. Wrap a lemon in tin foil or sprinkle it with salt after cutting it.
11.切开的柠檬要用锡纸包起来或者撒点盐保存
If you only need half a lemon, don’t let the other half go to waste.
就算你只要用半个柠檬 也别把另一半丢掉
Wrapping it in aluminum foil or putting salt on the pulp
用铝箔包好或者在果肉上洒点盐
will help it stay fresh for 3 days.
可以让它保鲜三天
Just don’t forget to rinse it well before using again.
只是下次用之前要记得洗干净
12. Sprinkle an avocado with lemon juice.
12.在牛油果上洒点柠檬汁
If you’ve cut an avocado in two,
把牛油果切成两半之后
save it from turning brown
如果想要防止它氧化变质
by putting a few drops of lemon juice on the pulp
可以在果肉上面滴几滴柠檬汁
or by brushing the avocado half with a little bit of edible oil.
或者在切面上刷点食用油
You can also put it in a container with chunks of onion at the bottom.
也可以把它保存在放有洋葱块的容器里
With these tips, the avocado will retain its color for 1 or 2 days.
这些小窍门能使牛油果保持新鲜的颜色一两天
13. Leave peeled potatoes in a container with water and white vinegar.
13.去皮的土豆保存在装有白醋和水的容器里
To store freshly peeled potatoes up to 4 days,
如果想让去皮后的土豆保存四天之久
put them in a container full of water,
可以把它们泡在装满水的容器里
add a few drops of white vinegar, and place it in the fridge.
加几滴白醋 再保存在冰箱里
This will help to prevent them from turning gray.
这样可以防止它们发生酶褐变
14. Freeze ripe bananas for your smoothies.
14.熟透的香蕉冷冻之后可以做成冰沙
If you’ve bought bananas that are already really ripe,
如果你买到已经熟透了的香蕉
but you want to store them for longer,
而又想让它们保存得更久
simply remove the peel, cut them in two,
很简单 剥皮之后把香蕉切成两半
and put them in an airtight bag.
然后放进密封袋里
You can leave them in a freezer for up to 3 months
再放进冰箱里 就能保存三个月之久
and use them for smoothies or homemade ice cream, yum!
可以用它们来做冰沙或者自制冰淇淋 强烈安利!
15. Make cubes with cilantro, parsley, basil, or any other herb or edible plant.
15.把香菜 欧芹 罗勒 以及其他香料或是食用植物冻成块保存
This is a great trick that will save not only your food but time as well.
这是个非常好的窍门 除了保存食物 还能节省时间
Finely chop the herbs or plants you want to use and pack them into ice cube wells.
把要用的香料或植物切碎 放进制冰盒里
Then add melted butter
灌入融化的黄油
but don’t forget to let it cool before freezing.
不过别忘了等黄油冷却之后再冰冻
You can also use extra virgin olive oil.
当然用特级橄榄油也可以
When cooking, melt a few frozen cubes of flavor into your pan
做饭时在平底锅里加几颗香料冻块融化
and enjoy the nice taste!
就可以享用美味啦!
16. Keep citrus fruits, such as oranges, on the counter.
16.把橙子这些柑橘类水果保存在橱柜里
Citrus fruit should be stored away from direct sunlight,
柑橘类水果保存时要避免阳光直射
at room temperature, and in an open space.
并且室温保存在通风的地方
This will greatly reduce mold growth and the rapid spoiling of the fruit.
这会大大减少霉变 防止它们腐烂得太快
17. Put bell peppers in a paper bag.
17.把甜椒保存在纸袋里
If the bell pepper isn’t cut, keeping it in a paper bag will help to keep it crisp
甜椒没有切开的话 放在纸袋里有助于保持清脆
and reduce moisture build-up, which creates an environment for mold growth.
还能降低湿度 防止产生有利于霉菌滋长的环境
If it’s cut then wrap it in a paper towel and put it in an airtight container.
如果切开了的话 就用纸巾包好再保存在密封盒里
18. Put plastic or aluminum foil around the stems of bananas.
18.用塑料膜或铝箔把香蕉蒂包住
This yellow fruit is known for producing ethylene gas while it gets ripe.
众所周知这种黄色水果成熟时会产生乙烯
So putting plastic or aluminum foil around its stem won‘t let this gas spread to other parts of the fruit
所以用塑料膜或铝箔包住香蕉蒂能防止乙烯扩散到其他部位
saving the pulp from becoming a brown mushy mess for 4-5 days.
从而使香蕉保持4到5天不氧化变质
19. Don’t store fruits and veggies
19.不要把蔬菜水果保存在
near a gas stove or in an area that tends to have heat or smoke.
煤气灶旁 高温处 或是有烟的地方
Just like ethylene, natural gas is known to increase the ripening process.
和乙烯一样 天然气也会加快瓜果的成熟过程
When fruits or veggies are exposed to the heat even from a toaster oven,
因此当处于高温环境下 甚至是只有面包机那样的温度下时
they’ll get ripe way too soon.
蔬菜水果也会很快成熟
20. Store potatoes with apples to keep them from sprouting.
20.把土豆和苹果一起保存来避免土豆发芽
Apples are potatoes’ best friends because they can keep all the sprouts away.
苹果是土豆最好的朋友 因为它能有效避免土豆发芽
But onions are not great companions for potatoes
而洋葱对土豆就不是很友好了
since they can make them go bad faster.
因为和洋葱放在一起只会让土豆烂得更快
21. Wrap your celery stalks in tin foil.
21.用锡纸包住芹菜梗
I don’t know about you,
我不知道你是怎样想的
but I love crispy, juicy celery as a snack!
但我个人喜欢吃清脆多汁的芹菜作为零食
If you’re anything like me then you’d better keep your celery in the fridge, wrapped in tin foil.
如果你跟我一样 那你最好把芹菜用锡纸包起来再保存在冰箱里
This way you can extend its freshness up to a whole month!
这个方法能让芹菜的保鲜期延长到整整一个月
22. Keep roots like ginger or turmeric in the freezer.
22.像生姜或黄姜这种根类要冷冻保存
If you use roots for juicing or cooking you can freeze them and they’ll still grate quite easily.
如果你是用姜榨汁或者做饭 也可以冷冻保存 因为冷冻后也很好刮粉
But their storage period will be much longer.
但这样保存的时间更长
23. Use glassware for fridge storage
23.用玻璃器皿在冰箱里保存食物
Many plastics may contain harmful chemicals
大多塑料可能含有有害化学物质
that can speed up the maturing process and increase spoilage.
这些物质会催熟和加速腐败
That’s why it’s better to store fruits and veggies in glass containers.
所以最好把蔬菜水果保存在玻璃容器中
Or you can finally put your Mason jars to use!
或者终于可以让你的梅森罐发挥作用啦!
24. Trim the carriot
24.胡萝卜剪掉叶子之后再保存
Any green tops draw out moisture
绿叶都会吸收水分
and cause carrots to go limp pretty quickly.
这会导致胡萝卜很快变软
That’s why it’s better to cut them off and leave
所以胡萝卜要切掉叶子再保存
unpeeled carrots in a zip-top bag in the fridge.
没剥皮的胡萝卜可以装进拉链袋子 再放进冰箱
If the carrots are peeled, keep them in a tightly covered container filled with water.
已经去皮的胡萝卜就得保存在装满水的密封容器里
25. Don’t keep cucumbers in the fridge
25.黄瓜不要保存在冰箱里
They don’t like the cold!
黄瓜不能冷冻保存
Low temperature can cause them to spoil faster.
因为低温会让它们腐烂得更快
They are also super sensitive to ethylene gas,
另外黄瓜对乙烯也非常敏感
so keep them away from bananas, melons, and tomatoes.
所以不要把黄瓜和香蕉 瓜类或西红柿放在一起
Do you know any other tips to keep your fruits and veggies fresh?
你知道其它保存蔬菜水果的小窍门吗?
Let me know in the comments!
在评论里告诉我吧!
If you learned something new today,
如果今天你学到了一些新知识
then give this video a like and share it with a friend.
那就点赞并分享这个视频吧
But hey! Don’t go anywhere just yet!
但是 嘿 别急着走开!
We have over 2,000 cool videos for you to check out.
我们还有两千多个有趣的视频等你来看
All you have to do is pick the left or right video,
你只需要选择左边或右边的视频
click on it, and enjoy!
动一动你的小鼠标吧!
Stay on the Bright Side of life!
让我们一起发现生活中的美好吧!

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视频概述

二十五条让食物保鲜更久的小窍门。快来涨知识啦!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x4CAz9xjwKY

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