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如何写出一封理想的推荐信? – 译学馆
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如何写出一封理想的推荐信?

How to get a strong recommendation letter (Get Accepted to Your Dream University Part #8)

Hey guys, welcome to my channel.
大家好 欢迎来到我的节目
Today is another educational video.
今天又是一个教育视频
We are gonna talk about a very important part of your application.
我们将会讨论在学校申请中非常重要的一部分
Recommendation letters.
推荐信
And the goal of this video is to help you get accepted
这个视频的目的就是帮助你
to a dream university.
可以被梦想的学校录取
So if you’re interested, please take your notepad
如果你感兴趣的话 就拿出你的笔记本
to write things down and listen carefully.
认真听讲并且做好记录吧
We’re gonna talk about recommendation letters,
我们下面会说到
what to write in them,
如何写推荐信
and we’re gonna look at a recommendation letter
我们还会看到一封
that got a student into Harvard.
帮助一名学生入学哈佛的推荐信
So it’s gonna be a very important
所以这会是一个十分重要
and very informative video.
而且信息量很大的视频
Continue watching.
不要走开 继续看
(upbeat music)
[音乐]
I like to divide the application into four parts.
我喜欢把申请分成四个部分
Part number one, your GPA and test scores, 30%.
第一部分 你的绩点和考试成绩 这部分占到30%
Part number two, your results, your work experience,
第二部分 你的成果 你的工作经历
your volunteer experience, 30%.
以及你的志愿者经历 一共占30%
30% your personal statements, motivation letters and stuff.
另外30%是你的个人陈述 自荐信之类的
And 10% are your recommendation letters.
最后10%是你的推荐信
What does that mean for you?
这对你来说意味着什么呢?
It means that 10% of your total preparation time
这意味着你总准备时间的10%
should be dedicated to working with your recommendation letters.
应该用来认真准备你的推荐信
First thing to remember is that different program
首先你要记住不同的项目
require a different recommendation letter,
需要不一样的推荐信
so always always check the admissions section
所以你要经常查看
of your university’s program.
学校的招生说明
For bachelor’s programs you would normally take
对于本科项目 你一般需要
two recommendation letters from teachers at school,
邀请两位老师写推荐信
preferably from subjects that are related to your field of study.
最好是专业相关科目的老师
For master’s programs that are more scientific,
硕士项目要更学术一点
you would probably have two academic recommendation letters
你可能会需要准备两封学术推荐信
from your professor or maybe manager of your department,
可以来自你的教授 部门经理
maybe some lecturers that you work closely with.
也可以是密切合作的讲师
And for your MBA you would probably have two professional recommendations.
如果是工商管理硕士你可能需要两封专业推荐信
Once you’ve looked at your university’s page
去学校网站上查询一下你就会知道
and realized that you need one academic for example
比方说你可能需要一封学术推荐信
and one professional recommendation letter.
和一个专业推荐信
It’s time to decide who’s gonna submit those recommendations.
这时你要决定请谁来帮你提交它们
I’ve recently been to Stanford
我最近去了一趟斯坦福大学
where we talked about the admissions to MBA programs
我们讨论了一下工商管理硕士的招生
and what they told me is
他们告诉我
that they see so many recommendation letters from superstars,
他们看到过很多来自超级明星的推荐信
they see recommendation letters from kings and queens,
他们看到过来自国王王后的推荐信
they see recommendation letters from managers of top corporations,
他们看到过来自公司高层的推荐信
and they are no longer impressed by them
但这些也没让他们印象深刻
because what they’re looking for, they’re looking for a recommender
因为他们想找到的是
who really has worked with you, who knows you as a person,
真正和你一起工作过的 对你本人有了解的
who can tell real life stories, anecdotes.
可以讲述生活中真实故事的推荐人
Like when we think about personal statements
个人陈述
and when we think about recommendation letters,
和推荐信
these two parts of your application
申请过程中的这两个部分
are the only way to show you as a person,
是你通过你的故事和成果来进行
to show you through stories and through your accomplishments.
自我展示的唯一途径
So it’s very important to choose a person who you used to work with,
所以找一个你曾经一起工作过的
who knows you from inside out.
对你有着很深了解的人非常重要
There’s no point in reaching out to somebody who’s super famous or
没必要找一些特别有名的
who only knew you for like a week and ask them for recommendation letter.
或者只认识了一个星期的人帮你写推荐信
Cause they won’t be able to tell any stories,
因为他们讲不出关于你的故事
and 90% chance they’re gonna tell you
而且有90%的可能是他们会表示
that they would not be able to submit that recommendation
没有办法帮你提交推荐
cause they don’t really know you.
因为他们并不是真正意义上的了解你
Which makes total sense.
这也很合乎情理
Submitting your application.
提交申请
So basically when you fill everything
基本上当你填好学校网页上所有东西之后
in on the university’s website, you click this Apply button,
就可以点击申请按钮
and there is a section called Recommendation Letters
推荐信是其中一个部分
where you would insert your recommender’s email.
在这部分你需要提供推荐人的邮箱
A very important thing to remember,
记住一件十分重要的事
I know some recommenders who have like @gmail or @hotmail.com.
我知道有些推荐人喜欢用Gmail或者Hotmail邮箱
That would not work, cause this ruins your credibility.
这不可以 这类邮箱会影响你的可信度
Cause anyone could create @gmail email address
因为任何人都可以创建Gmail邮箱
and submit any recommendation.
从而提交推荐信
So please ask your professor or your teacher
所以务必请教授 老师或者你的老板
to find a corporate email or your boss,
找一个公司邮箱
like it should be @yourcompany.com, @youruniversity.com
比如以公司或者学校名称为后缀的邮箱
Cause this adds credibility to your application,
这会为你的申请增加可信度
and sometimes recommendation letters
而且有些时候来自Gmail的推荐信
that are coming from @ gmail would not be considered at all,
将不会被考虑
so please pay attention to that.
所以一定要注意这一点
So in the Recommendation Letter section,
在推荐信部分
you put in your recommender’s email
你提供了推荐人的邮箱
and they get an email from a university
他们会收到一封来自大学的
that asks them to submit a recommendation letter.
邀请他们提交推荐信的邮件
Now what should be in that recommendation letter?
那么推荐信里应该写些什么呢?
Now let’s talk about the content itself.
现在我们来谈谈具体内容
If you are coming from an international university
如果你来自一个国际学校
and English is not a native language
英语不是你的母语
at that country where you’re coming from,
那么在你的国家
you might have the same problem as I used to have.
你可能会遇到和我一样的问题
When I talked to my professors
当我邀请我的教授
and asked them to submit a recommendation letter,
请他们帮忙写推荐信的时候
they told me” Unfortunately Marina,
他们会告诉我 对不起 玛丽亚
we do not speak English,
我们不会说英语
and please write recommendation letters yourself.
你先自己写一遍
We’re gonna check the content and if we approve,
我们帮你检查 没有问题的话
we’re just gonna submit it.”
我们就帮你提交
That means double work for me,
这意味着我的工作量要翻倍
cause it’s gonna be me who’s writing
因为我不仅要写完
all the recommendation letters,
所有的推荐信
and I will need to check them.
还要检查他们
And by the way guys,
顺便说一句
always check your recommendation letters,
要经常检查你的推荐信
always check your personal statements.
要经常检查你的个人陈述
Our team has created a service that’s called fluent.express
我们的团队创建了fluent.express这项服务
where you can submit your text,
你可以提交文案
and a native speaker would instantly check it,
会有一位以英语为母语的人立刻帮你检查
because it’s not just about grammar and spelling mistakes,
因为不仅要检查语法和拼写错误
it’s also about the way you phrase your sentences,
还要检查你是如何遣词造句
the way use different words.
和使用词汇的
Sometimes you would use words that do not make any sense.
有时你用到的单词可能没有任何意义
So please please, very important, check everything on fluent.express,
所以非常非常重要 请在fluent.express上面检查所有内容
or if you’re able to hire like a professional editor, do that.
或者你可以委托给专业的编辑
But fluent.express is a lot cheaper compared to other options.
但相比之下 fluent.express会便宜很多
Now when you think about the content of recommendation letter,
一般在推荐信里
it’s always about anecdotes.
会讲到很多故事
So what I used to do,
我以前是这么做的
I used to sit down with my professors
我和教授们坐在一起
and I would go through stories that I wanted them to mention.
把我希望他们能够提到的一些事讲一遍
I wanted them to highlight
我希望他们能强调
that I am one of the top performing students in class,
我是班里最优秀的学生之一
and I wanted them to highlight how I did well at the exams.
我希望他们强调我成绩优异
I wanted them to highlight that I have an active social life.
我希望他们强调我在社交生活中十分活跃
And we sat down and we talked about things
我们一起讨论
that I contributed to my department’s social life
我在学院活动中作出的贡献
like I sang at the concerts and I organized some events.
比如我在音乐会上唱歌以及组织过一些活动等等
And I also wanted them to highlight my volunteer experience
我还想他们能够强调我的志愿者经历
like the way I helped other professors,
比如我是怎么帮助其他教授
the way I organized different competitions for students.
怎么帮助组织各类学生竞赛等等
So it’s really your job to sit down with the recommender
所以你需要做的就是和教授坐在一起
and go through things that you want them to mention
回顾一遍你想让他们提到的事情
because they have so many students
他们有那么多学生
and sometimes they can just forget things.
有些事他们可能就忘记了
So that’s really important if you’re writing a letter yourself,
如果你是自己写推荐信的话
then it still makes sense to sit down with a professor
坐下来和教授谈谈也非常有用
and just discuss in your own language
你可以用你的母语讨论
what you’re gonna write about
你将要写的内容
cause sometimes they can add some valuable ideas.
因为有时他们会给你提供非常有用的建议
And after you have all of that,
当你完成了这些
you put down the letter together,
把推荐信整理到一起
we’re gonna look at the samples so you know how it looks,
再参照下推荐信模板 知道大概的格式
and your recommender just pastes it into the field that’s provided by the university,
教授们只需要在学校提供的区域复制粘贴就好了
so it’s gonna be an automated link.
就是会有一个自动发送的链接
People no longer send any hard copies.
不用寄任何复印件
So it’s all online.
全部在线提交
Really easy but still it’s possible to mess up
虽然简单 但也有可能出问题
because sometimes people forget about deadlines,
因为你可能会忘了截止日期
especially if you’re applying in the second deadline
特别是你的申请截止日期在第二批的话
which is like beginning of January,
比方说一月初的时候
a lot of professors would either go to vacation
很多教授不是去度假
or have a lot of exams at work and university
就是忙于很多考试
and they would just forget about your recommendation letter,
他们很可能会忘记你的推荐信
and it’s your job to make sure that
所以你的任务就是要确定
the application is complete before you submit it,
你提交的时候申请材料是齐全的
cause if they don’t submit recommendations,
如果他们没有提交推荐信
the admissions committee is not gonna consider your application.
招生委员会是不会考虑你的申请的
So please be careful about the deadlines
所以一定要牢记截止日期
and please start this work as early as you can.
能早点准备就早点准备
Talk to your professors, talk to your teachers,
去跟教授们 老师们
talk to your colleagues.
还有你的同事交流
Another thing, sometimes you don’t wanna tell
另外 有时你不想告诉
your manager that you’re quitting,
你的经理你打算辞职
that you might be quitting your job in a year or two,
当你被硕士或者工商管理硕士项目录取之后
if you get accepted to your master’s or MBA.
你可能会在一年或者两年内离职
A lot of universities understand that and sometimes
大部分学校会理解这一点
they would allow you to ask for recommendation letter
他们允许你的同事或者客户
from your colleague or maybe your client,
帮你提交推荐信
again manager is always preferred,
还是那句话 最好是经理
the CEO of the company is always preferred,
或者公司的CEO
but he cannot be a relative.
但不可以是亲戚
So Dmitry was my recommender,
Dmitry是我的推荐人
he’s now my husband but he’s also my CEO,
他现在既是我的丈夫又是公司CEO
and at the time when he recommended me,
不过他帮我推荐的时候
we were not married so it was technically all correct,
我们还没有结婚 所以请他推荐没有问题
but please make sure that it’s not your husband
但是请记住 不是要你的丈夫
or your dad or your mom who’s recommending you.
或者父母来推荐你
They do not allow that.
学校不允许这么做
And yeah then you submit recommendations
当你提交了推荐信
and you just wait for the answer.
就可以等待结果了
And if you’re applying to six universities,
如果你申请了六所学校
that means that your recommender
意味着你的推荐人
would need to submit their recommendation six times.
需要提交六次推荐信
So you can apply to 20, you can apply to 30,
当然你也可以申请20所或者30所
but please make sure your recommender knows your plans
但一定事先把计划通知你的推荐人
because that means like 30 times they’re gonna click
因为他们可能要完成
copy paste, copy paste, and send send send.
30次的复制粘贴然后发发发
And all of the universities are different.
所有学校都是不同的
For some universities, one letter should be okay.
对于一些学校 一封推荐信就够了
For other universities, like University of Florida,
对于另一些学校 比如佛罗里达大学
MBA program would ask you like seven questions,
他们的工商管理硕士项目
they ask the recommender seven questions.
会问你的推荐人七个问题
So it’s not just copy pasting stuff,
这就不能只是复制粘贴了
it’s actually creating a recommendation letter for every single university
它相当于向七个单独的学校写推荐信
and it could be a lot of work.
这需要花很多工夫
Okay let’s look at a recommendation letter,
好了 我们来看这一封推荐信
that got a student into Harvard University.
他帮助一名学生成功入学哈佛
It’s gonna be for bachelor’s program.
这是一个本科项目的推荐信
So as I mentioned for bachelor’s program,
像我之前说的
you normally ask your teachers, like two different subjects,
你一般需要邀请两位不同学科的代课老师
to submit a recommendation.
来提交推荐信
So here we have a guy who’s asked
所以这名学生邀请了
his chemistry teacher to submit a recommendation.
他的化学老师来提交推荐信
I’m gonna give you a link below
我会给你一个链接
so you can check out the recommendation letter yourself.
你可以自行查看这封推荐信
Basically this one is super long.
但这篇推荐信有点长
Normally I would say it’s 250 words.
正常情况下250个词就够了
This one is long, well, I would say it’s like 500 words.
这篇这么长我觉得得有500个词
Again make sure you’re within the word limit.
再强调一遍 不要超出字数限制
It starts with To Whom It May Concern,
信的开头是To Whom It May Concern
which is a very basic phrase for all formal letters
这在正式信件里是比较基础的用法
when you don’t know who you’re talking to and you
当你不知道你的信要写给谁
probably don’t know who you’re talking to from the admissions committee.
你很可能不知道你要写给招生委员会里的谁
So To Whom It May Concern, date,
就用To Whom It May Concern 还有日期
and then, okay, here we go, very important,
继续看 这些十分重要
the first paragraph mentions that Allen,
第一段写Allen
who’s the student we’re talking about,
就是这封信说的这个学生
has taken part in the Chemistry Olympiad
参加了化学奥林匹克竞赛
taken by approximately 11,000 students nationwide,
这项比赛全国大概有11000名学生参加
and he got a second position.
他获得了第二名
Super important.
划重点
You start with things you want to highlight,
你想要强调的事情一定要放前面
cause admissions committee has like
因为委员会他们可能只有五分钟
maybe five minutes to look through your application,
来浏览你的信
cause they have thousands,
他们手上有上千封推荐信
sometimes it’s longer, sometimes even shorter,
这个时间可能会长点或者短点
but they scan everything.
但他们会浏览到全部内容
So it’s really important to put important things at first.
所以把主要的事情放前面很重要
And so the teacher actually here
然后这个老师实际上是
is the principal of his school,
学校校长
he starts with the Olympiad
他从奥林匹克竞赛开始说起
and I think it’s really really smart.
我觉得这非常非常聪明
Then in the second paragraph he talks about
第二段他讲到
his academic performance,
学生在学术上的表现
and he says that he was the top excelling student
他提到在两个部分的大学化学课程中
among the two sections of AP Chemistry class,
他是最优秀的学生
and he mastered laboratory techniques, earned top score.
他熟练掌握实验操作并在考试中获得了高分
So he highlights that Allen is a top student.
这里他强调了Allen是尖子生
And then again he goes back to anecdotes.
接着他继续讲故事
He doesn’t just mention that the student is good,
他不仅仅提到这个学生很优秀
the student is talented,
很有天赋
he tells that Allen spent an extensive amount of time
他说Allen还会花很多时间
studying independently, like self-study,
独立学习 比如自学新知识
in order to ensure that he would cover all
他想确保他可以涉猎到所有
of the topics that our class did not yet study
课堂上还没有讲到的知识
and often sought additional instructions during lunch.
午餐时候 他也经常寻求指导
Like this is super important.
这部分就十分重要
He says, he does real stories,
他讲的是真实的故事
how Allen invested his personal time into studying,
Allen是怎么用自己的时间学习
and this is again a real anecdote
再强调一遍 这是真实的故事
that the admissions committee is looking for.
这是招生委员会想看到的内容
It’s not looking for adjectives,
他们不想看形容词
it’s not looking for compliments,
也不想看溢美之词
it’s looking for real stories, and here what the principal does,
他们想看真实的故事 这位校长就是这么做的
he just talks about all of the stories.
他一直在讲故事
The next paragraph talks about Allen’s social life.
下一段说到Allen的社交生活
So it’s always important to highlight yourself
强调你是社交生活中的一份子
as a part of the community.
十分重要
It’s always important to mention
提到你在班级中发挥的作用
how you function within your class.
十分重要
So here he says that Allen often explained concepts to confused classmates,
所以这里他讲到Allen经常帮同学答疑解惑
actively participated during discussion,
积极参与讨论
asked questions to ensure he had a firm understanding of concepts.
通过提问来加深对一些概念的理解
So he’s showing that Allen is an active student,
所以他在说Allen是一个积极向上的学生
not only focusing on himself but also helping others.
不仅仅关注自身 也会帮助他人
And he finishes with some compliments,
信件结尾是一些夸奖
but they are are already proven by actions.
但上文的事实已经早把这些体现出来了
He exhibits the qualities of a leader
他表现出了成为一个领导
and promising scientist who truly loves science.
以及一个真正热爱科学的科学家的品质
I love this phrase.
我喜欢这种表述
And then again he goes back to his extracurricular activities
接下来他又接着说到课外活动
and he says that his free time is also connected to studying.
他说这个学生的空余时间同样和学习相关
And this is why I tell you guys
这也就是为什么我告诉你们
it’s really important to do some volunteer work,
参与一些志愿者工作十分重要
it’s very important to do some extra academic stuff,
做一些额外的学术工作也十分重要
travel to learn languages, travel to learn things,
或者通过旅行来学习新语言和新的知识
cause this is something you can always mention
这些事在推荐信或者个人陈述里
in your recommendation letters and personal statements,
你都可以经常提到
so they look like you’re doing a lot
这样在别人看起来你做了很多事情
and you probably are doing a lot.
你可能也真的做了很多事情
Allen was a participant at the Research Science Institute at MIT
Allen还曾在麻省理工的科学研究所
where he has conducted research.
做过一些研究工作
So he’s mentioning like all of the different extracurricular scientific stuff
所以他提到了Allen参与过的
that Allen has done.
各种各样的课外活动
And he finishes his letter with just some personal traits.
最后他写了一些个人特点
And it’s really important to show your personal stuff as well
对于个人展示 这个也很重要
like Allen is a charismatic individual,
比如 Allen很有个人魅力
he’s respected and liked by faculty and peers.
他的老师和同事都很尊重他
You can actually take some phrases to your recommendation letters.
你在推荐信里可以用到一些短语
I really like that.
我个人很喜欢这种表述
He’s an individual who’s respected and liked by faculty and peers.
他很受同事和老师的喜欢和尊重
And again all of the compliments are followed by real anecdotes.
所有的称赞都要有真实事情作为依据
Throughout his high school career,
在他的高中生涯里
Allen often stopped by my room during lunch
Allen经常在午餐的时候到我的办公室来
to take my AP Chemistry tests
参与大学化学课程测试
to review his general chemistry,
复习化学知识
but he also often stopped by during lunch or after school
他也经常在午餐后或者放学后过来
to chat about his latest developments, events at school,
闲聊一些关于他的成长 学校里发生的事
and other various topics.
或者其他话题
So again showing how Allen is actually interested
这里又说了一遍Allen是真的
in studying chemistry.
对化学感兴趣
He’s a balanced individual with a sense of humor.
他是个全面发展的学生 而且很有幽默感
So some compliments as well.
加了一些赞美
And active participant in community activities and stuff.
他很积极地参与社区活动等工作
And he finishes the letter by formally recommending him.
最后他又正式推荐了一遍
He says that Allen Cheng would truly be
他表示Allen Cheng的加入
a superior addition to the student body at Harvard.
对于哈佛的学生群体十分有益
So basically he’s kinda selling the student to Harvard.
可以说他是在向哈佛推销这个学生
This is an ideal recommendation letter.
这是一篇理想的推荐信
This is something you can rely on when writing your own.
你自己写的时候可以以这个为参照
Again don’t forget the main rule of recommendation letter,
再强调一遍 不要忘记推荐信的基本要求
any compliment should be followed by an anecdote,
所有的赞美都要有真实事件支撑
and the recommendation letter should be provided
而且推荐信应该由一个
by a person who knows you well and
十分了解你的
who used to work with you a lot.
你曾经一起工作过的人提供
That was it for me guys.
我的建议就是这些
I really hope that this video was useful
我真的希望这个视频对你有用
and I really hope that you’re now one step closer
我也希望你现在距离
to getting into universities of your dreams
被梦想学校录取只有一步之遥
Thank you so much watching this video.
感谢你观看我们的视频
Don’t forget to use fluent.express.
不要忘记使用fluent.express
And don’t forget that there’s the whole comment section below this video
也不要忘记 在这条视频下方的评论区
where you can ask people about their admissions process,
你可以请教别人关于申请过程的问题
where you can communicate with people
你也可以
who are in the same situation as you
和其他申请者交流
cause I know it can be really lonely going through this process.
我知道这是个孤独的过程
If you’re not yet subscribed to this channel,
如果你现在还没有订阅我们的节目
hit the red Subscribe button and like this video
记得点击红色订阅按钮
if you enjoyed the content.
如果你喜欢我们的内容 点击喜欢
And I will see you soon.
我们会很快再见
Don’t forget to recommend this video to other applicants.
不要忘记把这个视频推荐给其他申请者
Bye.
下次见

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视频概述

申请季到了,推荐信找谁写?写什么?怎么写?答案就在这个视频里

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

一颗大橙子

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MG3EbXE6TAg

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