ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

如何在Photoshop中衬托图片主体 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

如何在Photoshop中衬托图片主体

How to Enhance a Subject in Photoshop

Today I’m going to show you how to enhance your subject in PhotoShop.
今天我将向你展示如何在PS中衬托图片主体
《PHLEARN》让学习变得有趣
Hello and welcome to phlearn. My name is Aaron Nace,
嗨 欢迎来到Phlearn 我叫Aaron Nace
you can find me on Phlearn.com
你可以在Phlearn.com上找到我
where we make learning fun,
我们让学习变得有趣
and in today’s video,
在今天的视频中
We’re gonna to show you how to enhance your subject in PhotoShop.
我们将向你展示如何在PS中衬托图片主体
This is all about bringing more attention to your subject
这些都是为了给主体带来更多的关注
And we are going to talk defferent ways to do this.
目前有很多方法都能做到这一点
And everything you have to do is how to process the image
但它们都与你如何处理图像有关
You can be drawn more to the lighter areas than you are at the darker areas photo.
你会被图片中的亮区所吸引 而非暗区
You’ll also be drawn into areas that have a little bit more colour,
同样地 你也会被颜色更丰富的区域所吸引
or more even going to add a little bit of a blur to your image
我们甚至会在锐化主体的同时
while sharpening your subject as well.
给图像添加一些模糊效果
All of these things are just can bring the attention right to your subject.
所有的这些都是为了给主体带来关注
Here we are in PhotoShop, you can download this type of image on the Phlearn.com.
现在我们进入PS界面 你可以在Phlearn网站上下载示例图片
Just follow the link in the discription right down below.
只需点击简介下方的链接即可
So the first thing we wanna do is just brighten up subject a little bit.
那么 我们首先要做的就是把主体调亮一点
We are gonna grab a cruves adjustment layer
我们选择“曲线调整图层”
Let’s go ahead and start by making a little bit brighter.
我们先把主体调亮一点
And then we are point the layer mask
然后点击“图层蒙板”
and hit the CRTL or CMD I
按住CRTL/CMD+I键
That’s gonna invert my layer mask
这样就会变成“反向图层蒙版”
hiding my layer.
隐藏图层
Now the next thing I want to do is zoom way out.
接下来要做的就是缩小视图
We’re gonna zoom out so I can see how my subject
缩小视图以便能够看到 主体和主体的光线强度
and the light levels of my subject relates to the rest of the image.
是如何与图片的其他部分相关联的
Super important step there.
这一步至关重要
We’re gonna grab a Marquee Tool,
我们找到“选框工具”
let’s go ahead and grab our Elliptical Marquee,
然后选择“椭圆选框工具”
and just make a selection right around your subject.
并围绕主体创建一个选区
And you can hold the spacebar down and move your selection
如果需要的话 可以在创建选区的同时
while you’re creating it if you need to.
按住空格键 移动选区
Pro tip there.
专业提示
Now once we have our selection around our subject
现在 一旦我们围绕主体建立好了选区
it’s time to click on our layer mask.
就可以点击“图层蒙版”了
I’m gonna hit CTRL or CMD+I,
按住CTRL/CMD+I键
invert that area on our layer mask.
反向图层蒙版上的区域
And then we’re gonna deselect by hitting CTRL or CMD+D.
然后按住CTRL/CMD+D键取消选择
So now we have our Curves adjustment layer
那么现在我们就有了一个“曲线调整图层”
making our subject a little brighter.
它能让主体变得更亮一点
We need to add a blur
显然 由于主体看起来有点失真
because obviously it doesn’t look realistic.
我们就需要给主体添加些模糊效果
And this is also super helpful to do when you’re zoomed out.
做这一步的时候 缩小视图的话也很有帮助
If you’re too far zoomed in when you do your blur,
倘若你添加模糊效果的时候 视图过大
it can be difficult to tell whether the blur is gonna look like, fake or realistic.
就很难分辨出模糊效果的真实性
So for instance,
举个例子
let’s go ahead and zoom out.
我们把视图缩小
We’ll go to Filter, Blur and Gaussian Blur.
选择“滤镜”-“模糊”-“高斯模糊”
This is just blurring the layer mask by the way.
顺便说一下 这里只是模糊了图层蒙版
See if you did a blur like this, for instance,
比如 你做了这样的模糊处理
you could still pretty much tell that there’s something go on in Photoshop, right?
你还是可以看出来一些PS处理过的痕迹 对吧?
Like there’s a blur,
就像这里有模糊效果
but…I don’t…I’m not buying, yeah.
呃……其实我并没觉得有模糊效果
So you just want to kind of bring your blur out a little bit more.
那么你就会想让模糊效果更明显一点
And again, it helps to be zoomed out.
再强调一下 缩小视图很有帮助
And you can see right about there actually looks pretty good.
你可以看到这样(把滑块滑到这里) 效果看起来确实很好
Like I don’t necessarily see,
最起码没刚刚那么明显
let’s just call it 350, in this case,
这个示例中我们就输入350吧
it’s gonna be different for every image by the way, so don’t just type in 350.
顺便说下 每个图像都不一样 别都输入350
There we go.
好了
That’s it, okay.
就这样 搞定
Now you can also use your move tool and kind of move this around.
现在你也可以使用移动工具来移动这个
So if you’re like, you know, where am I gonna put this highlight?
你愿意的话 可以想想 我要把这个高亮放在哪里呢?
You can just kind of move it right into place, that looks pretty good.
你可以把它移动到合适的位置 这样看起来就很好
Now we’re going to do this same thing,
现在 我们要做同一件事
adding a little bit of color to our subject,
给主体添加一点色彩
and the great part is we can just copy the layer mask.
最棒的是我们可以复制“图层蒙版”
So let’s go ahead and zoom in here.
那么 我们先放大视图
We’re gonna grab an adjustment layer and go to Vibrance.
来到“调整图层” 选择“自然饱和度”
And we’re just gonna take that Vibrance slider and drag it up.
点击“自然饱和度” 的滑块 向后拖拽
Now this will be different for every image sometimes just a little bit of vibrance will help.
这对于每幅图像来说都不一样 有时候一点点自然饱和度就够了
In this case, we can really go pretty far with it.
在此示例中 我们可以把滑块拖拽很远
Now again I don’t want this to be visible on my entire image,
我不想让它在整个图片上都是可见的
I’m trying to draw more attention to my subject.
我正设法使主体更突显
So we’re gonna hold ALT or OPTN,
那么 按住ALT/OPTN键
and I’m gonna click and drag this Curve adjustment layer mask.
点击并拖动“曲线调整图层蒙版”
There we go, you can see that double arrow there that means it’s working,
好了 你可以看到这里有个双箭头 这就表示可以了
so hold ALT or OPTN,
按住ALT/OPTN键
click and drag your layer mask from one layer to another,
点击并拖动图层蒙版到另一个图层
and you can see it just copies that layer mask.
你可以看到 它只是复制了那个图层蒙版
So in this case, it’s adding vibrance
在此示例中 它是在曲线调亮的区域
to the same place where we lightened up with curves.
添加了自然饱和度
Now we’re going to go ahead and darken the borders of our image.
现在我们要把图像的边框调暗
Kind of giving it a little bit of a vignette.
就好像加了一些晕影
So let’s go ahead and zoom out again.
那么我们再将视图缩小
When you’re doing your lightening and darkening,
当你调节明暗的时候
highly recommend being zoomed out.
强烈建议缩小视图
We’re gonna grab a curves adjustment layer,
我们找到一个“曲线调整图层”
bring it down just a little bit, we don’t have to go too far.
把它调低一点点 不用调太多
And this time you want to use a Elliptical Marquee,
这次使用“椭圆选框工具”
but just make a larger selection here.
就是为了在这里创建一个更大的选区
That looks pretty good.
看起来还不错
And on our layer mask we’ll hit CTRL or CMD+I.
然后在图层蒙版上按住CTRL/CMD+I键
It’s gonna invert that and then let’s hit CRTL or CMD+D to deselect.
它就会反选区域 然后再按住CRTL/CMD+D键取消选择
Okay, now obviously you can see the border there.
好了 现在可以很明显地看到边界了
So same like we did before.
和之前一样
Filter, Blur, Gaussian Blur.
选择“滤镜”-“模糊”-“高斯模糊”
There we go, and we’re just gonna blur it by the same way.
好了 然后我们用同样的方法把它做模糊化处理
That looks pretty good, maybe a little bit more, just so it’s a little bit less obvious there.
这样看起来还不错 可能再多一点 如此就不会很明显了
Okay.
搞定
Now we’re looking pretty good.
现在看起来很不错
The last couple of things we want to do is add a little bit of a blur,
最后我们再添加一些模糊
and a little bit of a sharpen.
以及一些锐化
So we’re gonna create a new layer.
我们要创建一个新图层
We’ll go to Image and down to Apply Image.
选择“图像”-“应用图像”
And we’re gonna choose our layer is going to be merged,
然后“图层”选择“合并图层”
super important,
这很重要
and blend mode just choose normal.
“混合模式”选择“正常”
This just puts a snapshot of your image on a new layer.
这只是将你的图像快照放到一个新的图层
So you can do things like blur or sharpen.
你可以做一些模糊或是锐化处理
Let’s hit OK.
点击“确定”
We’re gonna go to Filter, down to Blur,
然后我们选择“滤镜”-“模糊”
and we’re gonna go to our, you know what we’re gonna go to
我们还是选择 选择……
Blur Gallery.
“模糊画廊”
And we’re gonna go to Iris Blur.
然后选择“光圈模糊”
So the Iris Blur is really nice,
“光圈模糊”的效果非常好
basically in the center of the area here,
基本上 在这个区域的中心位置
It’s not gonna get blurred,
主体不会变得模糊
and it’s kind of kind of blur more and more as it goes to the edge.
而是到了边缘时 才会变得越来越模糊
Let’s go ahead and crank up our blur,
我们把模糊度调大一点
so you can get kind of get an idea what we’re doing here.
这样你就知道我们在做什么了
We want to just take these little dots
我们就把这些小的控制点
and pull them out to the edge of our image.
拉到图像边缘的位置
Okay, you can even go a little bit further outside of the edge there.
好了 你甚至可以把它们拉到图像边缘以外
Now these interior dots these are like your center point, Okay?
现在 这些内部的点就像是中心点 明白嘛?
So you want these relatively close to your subject.
所以你要让这些点相对接近主体
There we go.
好了
And then you want these to kind of go a little bit further up.
然后让这些再往上一点
Again, you want to zoom out when you’re doing this sort of thing.
再强调一下 做这些事情的时候 要缩小视图
That’s just gonna help you do make it look realistic.
这有助于让你的图片看起来更加真实
Okay, everything we do were,
好了 我们所做的一切
you know, obviously this is not in camera,
你知道的 显然 这并不是在摄影机里
but we kind of want to make it look like it’s in camera.
但我们想让它看起来像是在摄影机里
There we go.
好了
So as I zoom back in, you can see our subjects in focus,
所以当我放大的时候 你可以看到主体是在焦点的位置
and it’s kind of getting blurred as it goes out.
而越往边缘位置去 就越模糊
It’s a little bit too much of a blur.
有点太模糊了
So we just simply take our blur,
那么我们只需要选择“模糊”
and just bring it down
调低一下模糊度
to the point where
调低到
you can tell that there’s a blur, but it doesn’t look fake.
可以看到有模糊 但看上去又不会很假的地方就可以了
And that looks pretty good.
看起来很不错
So let’s hit OK there.
点击此处的“确定”
And let’s just zoom in, we’ll turn that off and on.
然后放大视图 把它关掉再打开
Just a little blur, and it’s only on the outside, it’s not on our subject.
只是有点模糊 而且只在外围区域 不在主体
Now the next thing what we want to do is duplicate this layer.
接下来我们要做的是复制这个图层
So we’ll click and drag it to the new layer icon.
那么点击这个图层并把它拖拽到新图层图标
We’re gonna zoom in a little bit here,
把视图稍微放大
Filter, Sharpen, and Unsharp Mask,
选择“滤镜”-“锐化”-“USM锐化”
and here you want to choose the radius that’s…
这里你要选择的半径是……
If you choose a too large of a radius, you’re just gonna get this weird fake effect.
如果你选择的半径太大 就会得到这种奇怪的假效果
So bring your radius down to
所以要把半径减小到
where it picks up the details of your image.
它能捕捉到图像细节的地方
Okay, but you’re not getting any of that weird haloing effect.
而且不会有任何奇怪的晕环效果
Okay, and then you can adjust your amount until you get something that looks nice.
好的 然后可以调整“数量” 直到图片看上去效果还不错
Let’s hit OK.
点击“确定”
And then on this layer,
然后在这一图层
remember this is where we did a little bit of sharpening.
记住 这是我们做了一些锐化处理的图层
I only want this to be visible over my subject,
我只想让锐化在我的主体上可见
and remember earlier, we created a layer mask for that.
记得之前 我们为此创建了一个图层蒙版
So it’s right down here.
就在这里
Vibrance and curves they share the same layer mask.
“自然饱和度”和“曲线”共用同一个图层蒙版
We’re going to hold ALT or OPTN and click and drag the layer mask right up here.
按住ALT/OPTN键 点击图层蒙版并将其拖拽到这里
And that’s to the sharpen. So I’m just gonna…
这就是锐化 然后要……
There we go, we’re just going to call that “sharpen”,
好了 然后把它命名为“锐化”
and this one we’re gonna call “blur”,
这个我们命名为“模糊”
just so you kind of see what we got going on.
这样你就能明白我们在做什么了
All right, well, let’s go ahead and show you the before and the after.
好吧 让我给你看处理前后的效果吧
Here’s our before,
这是处理之前的
and the after.
这是处理之后的
Now let’s zoom in a little bit,
现在我们把视图稍微放大一点
and show you our before and after.
看看处理前后的效果图
Here’s the before,
这是之前的
and the after.
这是之后的
So you can see we brighten up our subject a little bit
可以看到 主体变亮了一些
while darkening the background.
而背景变暗了些
We added a little bit more color to where our subject was,
我们给主体添加了一点色彩
and we even played with a blur in the background,
甚至给背景做了模糊处理
and sharpening the subject.
并且锐化了主体
All of these subtle changes take your attention from seeing the image as a whole,
所有这些细微的变化 都将关注从整体上转移开
bringing it right to your subject.
直接切入主体
And this is gonna work,
不管你拍的是什么类型的照片
no matter what type of photograph you’ve got.
这都是可行的
Thanks so much for watching, if you enjoyed this tutorial give us a big thumbs up.
非常感谢你的收看 如果你喜欢本教程 就给我们点个赞吧
And hit that subscribe button.
点击“订阅”的话
We’ll send you a free tutorial every single week.
我们每周都会给你推送免费教程
How about that?
考虑一下?
Thank you again, I’ll phlearn you later, bye everyone.
再次感谢大家 再见 后会有期

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

简单介绍如何在ps中衬托图片主体,比如做些模糊化的处理,添加一些色彩,锐化主体等等

听录译者

ABC

翻译译者

长安小盆友

审核员

审核员FW

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15qiidlu3iQ

相关推荐