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从任何角度都能把头部画好 – 译学馆
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从任何角度都能把头部画好

How to Draw the Head from Any Angle

你好
Hey there!
我的名字叫 Stan Prokopenko
My name is Stan Prokopenko,
我要做一系列
I’m going to be doing a series of video tutorials on drawing
从不同角度画头像的视频教程
the head from various angles.
希望你们会有感兴趣
Hopefully there will be some interest and I
我会继续为你们
‘ll continue making more of these for you
制作更多的教程!
guys!
第一个视频
In this first video I’m going to
我将尝试总结和简化
*attempt* to summarize and simplify Andrew Loomis’ approach
ANDREW LOOMIS
to drawing the head.
的画头部的方法
Here we go..
如果我们把眼睛、
If we remove the eyes, nose,
鼻子 嘴唇和耳朵 从头部移开 就剩2个简单的块
lips, and ears from the head we are left with 2 simple masses.
第一个球是头盖骨
The first is a ball
第二个四四方方的形状是下巴
for the cranium and the second is a boxy shape for the jaw.
头盖骨呈球形 但侧面变平
The cranium is spherical, but with the sidesflattened. So,
所以从两边切下一块切片
chopping off a slice
让我们得到一个简单但具有代表性
from both sides gets us a simplified but close representation of
的头颅块画头时
the cranial mass.
我会先从球开始
When drawing the head, I’ll start with the circle for the ball.
尝试几次失败后
and after a few failed attempts…
暴躁想挠头
rip out your hair.
深吸一口气再次尝试
take a deep breath and try again.
实话说 确定它看起来
But seriously, make sure it looks like a circle and
像个圆圈
at least the height and width are the
至少宽高相同
same.
椭圆是有点麻烦
The oval is a bit more tricky.
无论你从哪个角度画头
The height will always be the same,
高度永远一样
no matter what angle you’re drawing the head from.
它的高度是圆圈的
It’s 2/3 the height of the circle.
2/3.
So I’ll usually look at the area
所以我通常会把从圆形中心到顶部的区域
From the center of the circle to the top, divide that
分成三等份 最上面1/3位置是椭圆顶部
area into thirds, and this top third will be where the oval begins.
底部
and the same for
也是一样
the bottom.
椭圆的宽取决于人看的方向
The width of the oval depends on the direction the person is looking.
比较前面与侧面的宽度
Compare the width of the front plane to the width of the side plane.
椭圆的顶部落在前额的拐角 这是前面与侧面相交处
The top portion of the oval falls on the corner of the forehead.
这个区域通常是圆润的
This is where the front plane meets the sideplane.
所以对艺术家的解释是开放的
This area is usually rounded so it’s open to the artist’s interpretation.
我发现它通常靠近眉毛的末端
I’ve found that it usually lies near the end of the eyebrow.
所以正如我刚才所说
So as I just showed we indicate the
我们用椭圆的宽来表示头部的左右转
left and right turn of the head by the width of the
现在我们需要
oval.
找到上下倾斜
Now we need to find the up and down tilt.
这通过沿着侧面的角度来表示
This is indicated by an angle along the sideplane.
如果头部向上倾斜
If the head is tilted up,
则角度将指向上方; 如果头部向下倾斜
the angle will point up and if the head is tilted down, the angle
则角度将指向下方
will point down.
倾斜的程度将决定如何画的这条线
The degree of the tilt will determine how steep to make this line.
我喜欢用耳朵到眉毛的角度从那儿
I like to use the angle from the ear to the brow.
我将把线延伸到前面
From there, I’ll continue that line over tothe front plane.
因为这条线代表眉毛
Since this line represents the brow,
注意从线的从这头到那头的角度
pay attention to the angle from one brow to the other. Then,
然后从椭圆底部画一条与第一条
draw a curve parallel to the the first one,
曲线平行的曲线
this time starting from the bottom of
这条线代表鼻子的底部
the oval.
再从椭圆顶部
This represents the bottom of the nose.
绘制相同的线
Drawing the same line again from the top of the oval,
这会是你的发际线
would bring you to the hairline.
因为脸部可以分解成几乎完美的三等分
Since the face can be broken down into nearly perfect thirds, chin,
下巴鼻子
nose, brow, and hair,
眉毛和头发我们可以用我们已找到的测量
we can use the measurements we’ve already found,
找到到下巴的长度
to find the length down to the chin.
观察下巴的
Observe the general shape of the jaw and draw
大体形状
in the major angles starting from the brow
从眉毛到下巴开始
coming down to the chin,
画出主要角度 并转到头部侧面
and going around to the side plane of the head.
它通常在椭圆形的一半左右
It’s usually about halfway into the oval,
或者稍微靠后一点
or a little bit further back.
我们已经找到头盖骨侧面 现在我们需要在面颊
We’ve already found the side plane of thecranium.
和下巴区域做同样的事情 有一个规律是从耳朵的顶部开始
Now we need to do the same thing with the cheek and jaw area.
向下弯曲到
There’s a rhythm that starts at the top
下巴外侧
of the ear and curves down to the outside of
然后找到脸的
the chin.
中心线
Then find the centerline of the face. Remember,
记住!这是前面的中心线
this is the center of the front plane,
而不是整个头部宽的中心
not the center of the whole head width.
画完脖子
and finish with the neck.
现在我们已经建立
Now that we have the foundation
了头部的基础
of the head established we can finish it by putting in
我们可以把眼睛、鼻子、嘴唇、耳朵、头发、下巴、脸颊等特征画上
all the features! eyes, nose, lips, ear, hair,jaw, cheeks, chin.
不要担心!! 我会在另一个视频
Don’t worry, I’ll explain this step
中更详细地解释这一步
in more detail in another video.
.每个功能都有它自己的教程
Each feature deserves it’s own tutorial.
这个方法真的能很好的
This approach is really good to establish the perspective of the head.
建立头部透视
A good exercise is to try to think
一个很好的练习就是试着把头部想象成一个简单
about the head as a simple elongated box.
的长盒子 发线 眉线 鼻孔
The angles in the front plane of the face such as hair line,
嘴唇下巴等脸部前面的角度
brow line, nostrils, lips,
与盒子前面的角度
and chin will be the same as the angles
相同
on the front plane of the box.
眉线与耳朵之间的角度与盒子
The angle on the brow line to ear is the same
侧面上的角度相同
as the angle on the side plane of the box.
这些角度是非常重要的
These angles are really important
因为它们将头部确定为三维空间
because they establish the head as a three dimensional
形式
form in space.
我们再来一次
Let’s go through that one more time.
从头颅开始
Start with a circle for the cranium.
头部侧面的椭圆形
Oval for the side plane of the head
角度显示人看向上或向下
Angle to show the person looking up or down.
绘制一条相同的曲线来找到鼻子位置
Draw an identical curve to find the nose
然后双倍距离找到下巴
And double that distance to find the chin
连接下巴 你有一个表示3维
Attach the jaw and you have a 3 dimensional representation
头部特征的画像
of the head ready for the features.
刚开始这种方法似乎有点技术性
At first this approach might seem a bit technical
需要记住很多重要的细节
with a lot of important details to remember
但是一旦掌握了这些细节 实际上就变得非常简单
but once you get the hang of it, it actually becomes really easy.
所以把速写簿拿出来 练习各种各样的
So get that sketchbook out and practice this a hundred times,
角度的头部一百遍
with various angles.
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Did you like this video?
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Your friends might too.
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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1EPNYWeEf1U

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