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用铅笔画出逼真的木纹、砖纹和金属纹理 – 译学馆
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用铅笔画出逼真的木纹、砖纹和金属纹理

How To DRAW Realistic TEXTURES using PENCILS! - Wood, Brick & Metal

Hello everybody, my name is Dan.
大家好 我是Dan
Today I have for you another tutorial video
今天给大家带来另一个教学视频
on creating textures using pencils.
如何用铅笔画出纹理
So first we need to understand is that
首先我们需要理解
everything that exists has some kind of texture to it.
任何存在的东西都有某种纹理
All these materials and different surfaces
每种材料和不同的表面
each have their own properties
都有各自的特性
whether that smooth, roughed, detailed,
可能光滑 粗糙 细腻
the list can go on,
各种各样
but the appearance of different textures is very important in drawing
在绘画中 表现出不同的纹理非常重要
Because we have to create representations of all of these things,
因为只有创造出所有的细节表达
so that we can bring the drawing to life
才能让画面栩栩如生
whether the intention is to make the drawing look more realistic
无论你是想要让作品更写实
or simply just to suggest what a material and object in the draw might be.
还只是想表现画中的物品和材料是什么
So today we are going to be looking at creating about
那么 今天我们要来画
three of what is probably the most common textures
可能是最常见的三种纹理
which is wood, brick and metal.
木材 砖纹和金属
So I’ll also put timestamps in the description
我也会在简介中打上
for each of the different textures we create.
每个所画纹理的时间戳
With that being said, let’s jump straight into the first one.
好了 让我们开始第一个
Now I’ve quickly sketched out three boxes here
现在 我已经在这快速画出了三个方框
where I’ll be drawing the textures.
我将在方框内画出纹理
We are going to start with wood,
我们从木材开始
probably one of the most common materials out there.
这可能是最常见的材料之一
There’s loads of different types of wood with different appearances,
不同类型的木材有不同的外观
but here I’m going to go for an archetype of texture.
但现在 我要画一种最典型的
I’m going to start by creating some of these horizontal lines,
先从画一些水平线开始
and these will be the grain in the wood,
这就是木头上的纹理
so you see it quite often.
很常见的
On wooden surfaces this arrangement of grain
在木制表面 纹理的这种排列
that creates this sort of pattern.
形成了木纹图案
This is definitely the priority and the focus
这绝对是画木纹时的
when it comes to drawing a wooden texture.
先决元素和关键
I’m using a HB pencil here to start off
我用一根HB铅笔开始画
and then I’ll most likely switch to a 2B later,
等会要换成2B铅笔
and make some areas darker.
把一些区域加深
It’s probably worth me saying
值得一提的是
that you can also change the shade of the texture you are drawing
你也可以仅通过笔触的轻重
just by making lighter or darker marks with the pencil.
来改变所绘制纹理的明暗
It’s easier to create darker lines and shades with softer pencils.
用较软的笔更容易画出更深的线条和阴影
So use them if you want to get a darker result,
所以如果你想画更暗的效果就用它们
and likewise if you want a lighter shade of wood,
同样的 如果你要画较浅的木纹阴影
you can use harder pencils,
可以用硬一点的铅笔
and draw more lightly on the paper.
并在纸上更轻地画
So right now I’m really focusing on drawing these smooth natural-looking lines
现在 我正专注为木纹画出这些
for the grain of the wood.
平滑自然的线条
I’m going to speed this up a little bit,
我要加速一下
and then we can get on with the next stage.
然后我们进入下一阶段
So now I’m going to start drawing in some smaller lines
现在我要在我们已经画好的线之间
in between the ones that we’ve already created.
画一些更细小的线
I’m always drawing these in the same direction as the other ones,
我通常朝和其它线一样的方向画它们
so that it gives a smooth finish rather than a rough appearance.
那样能使切面看起来光滑而不粗糙
OK, we’ve drawn in most of these,
好 大部分已经画完了
and now we have this collection of
现在 我们得到了
what is just all these different pencil lines going in the same direction.
一些在同一方向的不同铅笔线条
What we need to do now is fill in the white spaces
现在我们需要填满这些
which is the background more or less.
算是背景的空白区域
And to do this, we just lightly sketch over what we have done,
画这一步时 只需要轻轻地描已经画好的
and shade this in.
并画上阴影
But always in the same motion and direction as the grains of the wood
但一定要顺着我们画好的木纹
that we’ve already created.
一样的方向
And finally once that is done,
最后一旦完成
you can touch up some areas if needs be.
需要的话你可以润色一下
But that is pretty much the wooden texture finished.
但基本上木纹的绘制就完成了
Next step we’re going to be drawing brick
下一个 我们来画砖纹
more like a brick wall side of texture.
更像是一面砖墙的纹理
So I’m trying to cover some of the most popular materials
我尽量画一些最常用的材质
that will be more useful,
那实用得多
and that you’ll probably use more often.
这样你更可能用的上
So first of all, I’m going to lightly sketch in my wall here
首先 我要轻轻勾勒出墙上的
with each of the few bricks and the mortar in between them.
每一块砖和它们之间砂浆的位置
So we have now what looks like a basic outline of a wall,
现在我们画出了一堵墙的基本轮廓
but it doesn’t look realistic, obviously it’s just outlines.
但它看起来不够逼真 显然仅仅是轮廓
So let’s start by go through
所以 让我们从
how to create each one of these bricks.
怎样画出墙上的每一块砖开始
We have a few options here in terms of the results that we want.
根据我们想得到的效果 这里有几种选择
For example, if I wanted to create an old weathered brick,
比如 我想画一块陈旧风化的砖
I’d be making more of a rough,
我会画出更多粗糙的部分
and detailed texture in comparison to
与未磨损的新砖相比
a smoother brick in better condition.
有着更多的细节
For this I’ll try and do a mixture in between,
为此 我会试着把这两者都画一些
so that we can cover both of the techniques.
由此我们能学到这两种技法
I’m going to start off by lightly shading on each of the bricks,
我先给每块砖上轻轻上一层底色
just ignoring the marks for now
现在先忽略这些草稿
because we can come back to that later.
因为我们可以之后再处理
Once we have a base layer of shade,
一旦我们画好这层底色
I can start outlining with a sharper,
就可以开始勾轮廓 用一支更尖
softer pencil like a 2B.
更软的笔 像2B铅笔
So right now I could outline each brick
现在我可以勾勒这每块有着
as a straight line like a perfect rectangle,
整齐的线条 像个完美矩形轮廓的砖块
and it will look like it’s in perfect condition.
看起来它们保存地很好
But bricks tend to be more weathered,
但是砖很容易风化
and have maybe some chips in them,
它们可能有一些缺口
or some rougher edges.
或者粗糙的边缘
So here I’m just going to create those
所以这里我要画出这些轮廓
with the outlines you can see that I’m creating
你看到我在用一种
more of a rough sort of style of an edge
比较粗糙的笔触画出边缘
instead of that straight box like rectangle.
而不是像矩形一样的整齐方框
Once that’s done, start adding some darker shades
画完后 开始给砖的部分区域
over some areas of the bricks,
添加一些阴影
then finally start to add some small dot-like details to the brick texture,
最后给砖纹增加一些小的点状细节
and maybe even some small finer marks
甚至一些更微小的瑕疵
to really bring out that realistic and weathered appearance.
才能真正展现出逼真而又饱经沧桑的外表
It’s probably good if each brick looks completely random
如果每一块砖看起来不尽相同完全随机
and none of them look the same.
那效果就达到了
There isn’t just one way to go about drawing them,
不仅仅只有一种画法
so you can shade in different areas
你可以在和其它砖比
compared to the other ones.
不同的位置画阴影
So I’m happy with how these appear now,
现在这个样子我觉得可以了
and I’m going to take a lighter pencil like a 2H
然后我要用一支像2H这样更硬的铅笔
for the mortar that’s in between
来画中间的砂浆
because obviously this needs to be lighter than the bricks.
因为显然它的颜色要比砖块浅
So lightly filling some of this with the pencil,
所以用铅笔轻轻填上一些
try to make the mortar that little bit darker
试着把在砖下的砂浆
when it’s underneath a brick.
加深一点
So it appears as if the brick is extruding forward a little bit.
看起来就好像砖块向前突出一些
Once we have this basic shading done,
一旦我们画完这些基本着色
finish off by using a very sharp pencil
最后用一支非常锋利的铅笔
and creating those fan dot like marks
像我们在砖上做的那样
the same as we did with the bricks
画出一些扇形斑
to create that rough texture.
营造粗糙的纹理
Now if you need to finish these off,
如果想把这些做完
you can take an eraser,
你可以用一块橡皮
and carefully erase some of the mortar
小心擦去一些砂浆
above each brick, so again.
每一块砖上都是如此
It gives that extra three-dimensional effect,
它带来了额外的三维效果
but other than that I think we are pretty much finished
但除此之外 我想我们已经基本
with this brick texture.
画完了这种砖块的纹理
So for this last one we are going to be creating a metal texture,
最后一块 我们要画金属材质
and by the way I will do some more videos
顺便说下 我会再做一些视频
expanding on this subject
作为这个主题的扩展
that covers more textures,
会涵盖更多的纹理
and also how to apply them onto your drawings as well.
以及如何将它们应用到你的画上
So if this we are going for a smooth,
如果我们要画一个平滑
shiny metal like surface,
有光泽的金属表面
now this one’s pretty straightforward.
这个很简单
I’m going to take a light 2H pencil,
我要用一支较硬的2H铅笔
and start by shading in this whole area.
给整个区域涂上底色
Once that’s done I’m going to take a HB pencil,
完成后 我要用一支
something that’s just a little bit softer,
稍微软一点的HB铅笔
and I’m going to create a darker area of shade
我要在水平方向画一个
in a horizontal direction.
更暗的区域
Now we are going to do a bit of blending,
现在我们要做一些混合
so you can either use a blending stump
所以你也可以用混合擦笔
or just use your finger, it doesn’t really matter that much.
或者就用你的手指 这并不重要
But lightly blend these areas
轻柔地晕染这些区域
until it looks all smoothed out,
直到一切看起来变得平滑
try and get that darker area of shade that we created
试着把我们画的那个比较暗的区域
to really blend an almost fade into the lighter area.
融入较浅的区域
So the next step we are going to take an eraser,
下一步我们要用到橡皮
and I recommend using one with a fine edge
我推荐用边缘较细的
like the one I’m using here.
就像我用的这个
I’ll put the names of all the equipment I’m using in the description.
我会把我使用的所有工具名称写在简介里
What we are going to do is start scratching away in that horizontal direction,
我们要做的是在水平方向不停擦拭
you want to pretty much do this all over the drawing,
你得在整个画面上都这么做
and trying get the lines that you create with the eraser
试着用尽可能尖锐的橡皮
as sharp and fine as possible.
擦出这些线条
Then once that’s done, do the exact same,
然后一旦完成 在对角线方向
but in a diagonal direction,
做同样的操作
trying make some of the lines you create longer than others.
试着画一些比其它更长的线条
So you should end up with something that looks like this.
然后你会得到像这样的成果
And depending on how you want your metal surface to appear,
你可以再拿橡皮完全擦除一些地方
you can always take the eraser again,
营造有光泽的效果
and completely remove some areas
这取决于你想让这个金属面
to give a shinier effect to it.
呈现出什么效果
But that concludes the drawing of this metal texture,
以上就是金属纹理的绘制
so there we go,
好了
that was probably three of the most common textures there is to draw.
这就是三种大概最常见的纹理的绘制
If you enjoyed the video,
如果你喜欢这个视频
and found it useful, make sure you give it a like.
觉得它很有用 一定要点个赞
And I can also do some other videos covering more textures,
我也会做一些其它包含更多纹理的视频
and also how to apply them on some examples of other drawings.
以及如何将它们应用到画中的例子
So thank you for watching this video,
谢谢大家收看本期视频
and I will see you in the next one.
下节课见

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视频概述

本文以木材材质、砖块材质和金属材质为例,详细介绍了如何用铅笔画出纹理。

听录译者

ABC

翻译译者

Shea

审核员

审核员1024

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3DCx0TzNRw

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