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如何画好姿势 – 译学馆
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如何画好姿势

How to Draw Gesture

大家好 我是斯坦·普洛科朋科 感谢观看这期的节目
Hey there, I’m Stan Prokopenko, thanks forwatching Proko.
这是人物速写系列的
This is the first video of
第一个节目
the figure drawing series.
或许也是最重要的节目之一
And it’s probablyone of the most important.
在这节课中
In this lesson
我会重点解释“gesture”这种画法
I’ll be covering”gesture”
到底什么是“姿势”呢?
What the butt-munch is gesture anyway?
姿势 节奏 动作 行动 流动
Gesture, Rhythm, motion, action ,flow.
这些都是 常常可互换的词语
These are all words words that are used interchangeably
基本上是指同一样东西
and they basically mean the same thing.
它们都涉及物体之间的移动
They all refer to the movement between things.
它不是轮廓 外形或色调
It’s not the contour, or the form, or the tone.
而是关于轮廓 外形或色调的
It’s the movement that connects the contours,
移动
the forms and the tones.
例如
For example
如果你有三个球
if you have 3 balls,
姿势在这儿将会是条
the gesture here would be a c curve that describes the relationship
描述这些球关系的曲线
of these balls.
这是轮廓 而这条线是姿势
This would be the contour,but this is the gesture.
很容易理解
It’s simple to understand,
但当你实际画人体时难以应用
but difficult to put into practice when you’re actually drawing a human figure.
刻画关于骨骼和轮廓上所有的小凸起
We’re so tempted to draw the details
这些细节对我们来说 是多么具有诱惑
of the anatomy and all the little bumps of the contour
因为我们认为这些细节使我们的画看起来更好
because we think that detail will make our drawinglook better.
但是事实却是 这些细节
But the reality is, the detail
没有姿势什么都不是
is nothing without the gesture.
当你复制轮廓时
You mightaccidentally find some gesture while you’re
会偶然发现些姿势 但我不喜欢偶然
copying the contours, but I don’t like torely on accidents.
更好的方法是
A better approach would be to practice finding the gesture
多练习摸索出姿势
of the figure so many times that
使其成为一种本能
it becomes second nature.
速写是一种包括在几分钟之类画
Quicksketch is acommon exercise in art school that involves
真实的模特的 美术学校的常见练习
drawing the model from life within a few minutes.
典型速写持续2到3小时
A typical quicksketch session lasts 2-3 hours
每个姿势保持30秒到10分钟
with poses ranging from 30 seconds to 10 minutesper pose.
姿势是基本的关注点
Gesture is the primary concern.
做速写练习会训练你立刻看出姿势
Doing this exercise will train you to seethe gesture immediately.
你可以感受到它
You can feel it.
然后你将可以设计
Then you will be able to design the
细节来完善姿势而不是随意地
details to complement the gesture instead of copying
照样复制
details randomly.
掌握速写的旅程会即漫长又令人激动
Your journey of mastering quicksketch will be a long but exciting one.
要学的很多
There’s a lot to learn
每次练习都能提升速写
and everytime you learn your sketch will improve
一般学习时需要把每个地方都画25到100张
During a normal session you’ll finish anywhere from 25 to 100 drawings.
想想吧……
Think about that
几小时内忙于把人体画100次
drawing the human figure up to 100 times within a few hours.
如果你坚持这么做
If you do this on a regular basis,
你将会变得越来越厉害!
you’re going to get better.
最好的是 这确实挺有趣的
The best thing about it, is it’s actually fun,
你不会因此感到压力
If you don’t stress over it.
本片中 我将梳理一遍你需知的概念
In this video I’ll go over all concepts you need to know
为你能成功速写
for a successful quicketch
关于形体部分的概念
drawing that focuses completely on gesture.
在往后的视频里 我会将其作为基础
In future videos I’ll build on
并一起介绍更多的相互联系的概念
to that and introduce additional conceptsall of which come together.
然后
And in the end,
经过大量训练后
with enough practice you can use
你就能运用所有这些概念
all these concepts to produce a completed quicksketch
在5到10分钟内画一幅完整的速写
drawing in 5-10 minutes.
不止于人体形体存在于一切事物中
Gesture is in everything.Not just the figure.
云朵 海浪 树林 山川 都有形体
It’s in the cloulds,waves,trees, mountains.
所以在根本上 形体存在于我们周围的一切事物
So basically gesture is in everything aroundus.
这是一种你能用来
It’s an approach to drawing that you can
描绘一切事物的画技
use to draw anything.
通过捕捉肢体语言 用形体表达你的故事
Use gesture to tell a story by capturing thebody language.
不只是口头语言
We use our whole body, not
我们还能用肢体来交流想法和表达心情
just words to communicate ideas and emotions.
这才是形体该表达的
This is what the gesture should capture.
这个人在做什么?
What is the person doing?
他感受到了什么?
What is he feeling?
他刚做了何事?
Whatdid he just do?
或者 他打算做什么?
Or what is he going to do?
这可以仅通过少量线条表达
This can be told through just a few lines,
观者们会把这些线条看成身型
which the viewer will recognize as the body
还可以确认出这个人的所感所想
and can identify the emotions the person is feeling
就像我们可以直接辨认出
just like we can intuitively identify
周围的人的情绪
emotions of the people around us.
运用夸张来绘型是表达的很好方式
It’s a good idea to exaggerate the pose to tell a better.
随着你对夸张的运用越来越娴熟
As you become more skilled in exaggerating,
你还能增进刻画主题的能力
you will also improve in capturing the subtleties.
你可能在想 斯坦 又一个愚人节的笑话?
You’re probably thinking, stan, is this anotherApril fools joke?
你是在画一个火柴人吧?
Are you drawing another stick figure?
不…别这样想
No.. Don’t think of it as astick figure.
因为这会让你画得很呆板
Because that could make your drawing stiff..
这些不该是火柴棍
They’re not sticks.
它们不是直线
They’re not straight lines.
它们是线条
They’re action lines.
观察姿势并且分析动作
Observe the pose and analyze the movement.
它更关于感觉
It’s more about how it feels,
而不是看起来如何
rather than how it looks
之后 我们会增加更多结构
Later,we will add more structure
使画作感觉起来更加立体和真实
to these drawings to make the figures feel more solid and real.
所以 你们这些不觉得这样能激发灵感的人
So, for those of you who don’t findthis inspiring
和“我不想我画的人看起来就像面条”的人
and are thinking”I don’t want my people to look like spaghetti”
请记住 速写不一定是要完整地画
remember that this is not meant to be a finished drawing.
这是用来实践理念的练习
It’s an exercise to practice a concept.
你在训练自己的意识分辨出画中的韵律
You’re training your mind to see rhythm in everything
你在训练自己在定型的时候考虑得更多
you draw. You’re training your mind to consider more
而不只是画画轮廓这么简单
than just the contours when you’re drawing shapes.
这是一个重要的主观的概念
It’s an important concept that needsto be intuitive.
在现在你所看到的这样画里
In all these drawings that you’re seeing now
形体的和谐作用在于解剖学中
the element of gesture was applied to the anatomy
使形状生动起来
to make the figure dynamic.
我们在练习画姿势的时候
Let’s go over some important concepts to remember
要记住一些重要的概念
while practicing your gesture drawings.
中轴线
Longest axis
当你看一个物体并试着确定形体
When you look at a form and try to find the gesture,
注意它的中轴线
look at its longest axis.
沿着躯干延伸
Going down the length of the torso
沿着腿
down the length of the leg
沿着手臂延伸
down the length of the arm.
在每个部分的中轴线
It’s in the longest axis of each form
你能找到两个部分之间动作的连贯性
where you’ll find the fluid motion from one form to the next.
线条简练
CSI
为了减少画面不必要的杂乱
To eliminate the unnecessary information
并专注刻画形体
and to capture that gesture
你得用简单的线条
the lines you use should be simple.
除了C形曲线 S形曲线 直线
Don’t useanything more complicated than a c curve,
其他线条不要使用
than a c curve,s curve,or straight.
你可以在描形时
You can use combinations of these curves
混合使用这些曲线
as you move down the figure
但尽量用少量的线条完成
but attempt to do it in a few lines as possible
运用最简单的线条 C S或I
using the simplest lines, C S or I.
动态线
Line of Action
从找身体的最长的动态线开始
Start by finding the longest action line of the body.
尽量找到联系起头到脚指头 的曲线条
Try to find a curve that could connect the head to the toes.
不是所有的姿势都能有效地用一条线
Not all poses can be efficiently described with one long line
从头到脚概括
that connect the head to the toes,
但总有一条主要的线
but there is always one main line
展现姿势的起伏方向
that shows the directional flow of the pose.
这被称作动态线
This is called the”Lineof Action”.
在这个姿势中动态线
In this pose the line of action
是一个C形曲线
would be a c curve showing the major flow
显示出从躯干到腿部的起伏
from the torso to the legs.
但这么做不能体现所有
But this doesnt tell the whole story,
所以这个姿势就需要被细分为更多的部分
so this pose would need to be broken up into more parts.
我认为臀部的急转是很重要的
I think this sharp turn in the hips is important,
所以用一条柔软的曲线来概括是不适合的
so describing it with a soft curve isn’t right.
在这个例子中,
In this case,
我会使用多条c型曲线来勾勒躯干,
I would use a combination of a c curve for the torso,
和腿部s型曲线
and s curves for the legs.
松散而紧凑的曲线
Relaxed and tense curves
你所用的线条曲率
The”bendiness” of the curve you use
会改变姿势的感觉
changes how the gesture feels.
一条平滑流畅的曲线
A longer, fluid curve feels relaxed
让视线快速跟随移动
and moves the eye quickly throughthat flow.
当你增加曲线的弯曲度的时候
As you start to bend the curve more,
姿势将展现更多力量和紧凑感
you show more energy and more tension in the gesture.
最终当它弯到
Eventually when it’s bent
你能画之字形
far enough you can use a zig zag.
之字形具备紧凑 有尖角
A zig zag indicates tension, sharp corners,
在运动中会有变化
very sudden changes in the movement.
自然界的水在这方面就是一个很好的例子
Nature presents this very well with water.
水平静时波浪呈现
When the water is calm the waves flow in an
S形曲线韵律
S curve rhythm.
当有暴风有时 水会获得更多能量
During a storm, when there’s more energy in the water,
波浪呈之字形
the waves flow in a zig zag pattern.
当你想创造延展性时就想想曲折线条吧
so when you want to create tension, thinkzig zag.
当你想展现一种松弛的状态时
When you want to show something is relaxed,
就用流动的曲线
use a flowing curve.
身体的不对称性
Asymmetry of the body
从一边去考虑身体的不对称性
Consider the asymmetrical aspect of the bodyfrom the side.
从头 胸廓 骨盆 大腿到小腿
The forms alternate in angle
这些可替换的角度
from head, ribcage, pelvis, upper leg andlower leg.
由此交替的C曲线引导视线扫过身体
This causes alternating c curves that lead the eye through the body.
就像河水流过小溪
Like a river flowing through a stream…
我们倾向创造有魔力的东西
The tendency for us is to make things magical,
但这会使形体看起来很僵硬还会使
but this stiffens the gesture and makes the figure
其像一个雪人
look like a snowman
下周我会举些速写的例子
Next week I’ll show some examples
借此一步步指导你
of gesture quick sketches and guide you step by step through the process.
我建议你在下周看视频前先自己尝试
But I suggest you attempt to practice these concepts on your own
实践这些概念
before watching the step by step video next week.
你将会知道这是什么
You’ll have an idea of what it’s like and
而且从中获得更多信息
will be able to pull more information from it
因为你学会了该寻找什么
because you know what to look for.
你 将会集中于你的问题上
You’ll have questions you can focus on,
而且你也会比较我跟你做法的不同
and you can compare what you did with what I do.
如果你需要一些参考照片
If you need reference photos,
你可以登录proko.com/poses看参考
I have some posefile sets you can get at proko.com/poses.
如果你想了解更多例子
If you want to see a more detailed explanation and plenty
哦..拜托
oh cmon!
真的要这样?
Really?
如果你想了解更多例子
if you want to see a more detailed explanation,
还有很多高质量的视频
plenty of examples and additional videos
赶紧登录proko.com/figure.这个网址吧
check out proko.com/figure.
每个我上传的免费人体素描系列
For every freevideo that I post during this figure series,
都将上传在proko.con
I’m posting additional premium videos onproko.com.
所以去看一下吧
so,go check it out
如果你喜欢这个视频欢迎分享
If you like this video, share the wealth.
告诉你的朋友或者 转发到社交网站上
Tell your friends, post it on your favorite social network.
如果你想时时关注我们更新的视频
And click on this button here to subscribe to the Proko newsletter
那就点击这个按钮来订阅Proko吧 再见
if you want to be updated about new videos. bye bye!
另外……
The other is….

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