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如何绘制腹肌 – 解剖视角 – 译学馆
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如何绘制腹肌 - 解剖视角

How to Draw Abs - Anatomy

Skelly: 嗨 我在路上了 要我带什么东西吗?
Skelly: Hey, I’m on my way. Should I bring anything?
Skella:带着你的6块腹肌
Skella: Ya, just grab a 6-pack
Skella:哦 Skelly
Skella: Ugh Skelly
嗨! 我是Stan Prokopenko 欢迎观看Proko系列新的一期 每个动作人物都需要一组好腹肌
Hey! I’m Stan Prokopenko. Welcome to another episode of Proko. Every action figure needs a good set of abs.
我们先来解剖学开始 这样我们能理解如何构思和创造它们
Let’s learn the anatomy so we know how to invent and idealize them.
什么 & 哪里?
What & Where?
你可能知道他们叫做腹肌 依据你的体型 也许你可以称之为6块腹肌
You might know them as abs,and depending on your physique, you can call it a 6-pack;
或者 水桶
…or a keg
也许你早已知道六块腹肌 但我们还是来了解下基础知识 六块腹肌是
Chances are you already know something about the six-pack, but let’s go over basics anyway. A 6 pack
由6个12盎司的啤酒罐组成 你最爱的那种口味的 这一般用在…..腹直肌
is comprised of 6 12 oz cans of your favorite beer. It’s commonly used… The rectus abdominis
是一个长的 平的 矩形的肌肉 附着在你的躯干前面 它起于
is a long, flat, rectangular muscle that sits on the front of your torso. It originates
耻骨嵴 一直延伸到你的胸部 它插入到
off the pubic crest and travels all the way up to your chest. It inserts onto the anterior
你的第5 6 7号前肋软骨和剑突中
costal cartilage of your 5th, 6th, and 7th ribs, and the xiphoid process.
腹直肌是4块形成腹壁肌肉中的一块 每一块肌肉
The rectus abdominis is 1 of the 4 muscle layers of the abdominal wall. Each muscle
延伸的角度不同 这使得躯干可以朝任何方向运动
pulls at a different angle, allowing the torso to move in any direction. The function of
腹直肌的功能让脊柱能弯曲 或使躯干前曲 所以 当腹肌
the rectus abdominis is to flex the spine or bend the torso forward. So, as the abs
收缩时 在肋骨一侧的插入点会向盆骨起点处移动
compress, the insertion point at the rib cage moves closer to the origin at the pelvis.
然而 如果肋骨是固定的 骨盆则会向肋骨移动
However, if the rib cage is fixed in place, the pelvis will move up toward the rib cage.
如果两头都不固定 他们可以相向运动
When neither is fixed, they can be brought together.
腹直肌通过肌腱成形 外部的轮廓是
The rectus abdominis is nicely outlined for us by tendons. There’s the linea semilunaris
半月线 腹白线 也称中央线 还有横行的腱划
on the outside, the linea alba, also known as centerline, and the horizontal tendinous intersections.
这些肌腱出现浅槽的形式 当你运动时,肌肉组织会
These tendons appear as shallow grooves on the form. When you work out, the muscle tissue
收缩 并且其肌腱将保持相同的大小 这使得肌腱的纹路
will grow and the tendons will stay the same size. This makes the furrows of the tendons
更深入 这在肌肉发达的人身上更加明显
deeper and more obvious in muscular people.
腹白线作为腹直肌的中线 将腹直肌分成
The linea alba acts as the centerline of the rectus abdominis, dividing the abs into left
左右两部分 在侧弯腰时腹白线仅在肚脐上方弯曲 因为
and right halves. During lateral bending the linea alba only bends above the navel, because
它与背面腰椎的曲线相对应 脂肪会很快盖住
it’s matching the curve of the lumbar vertebrae in the back. Fat is quick to cover up the
腹白线 因此这不是在每个人身上都能看到的
linea alba so it’s not visible on everyone.
半月线是一种肌腱 它决定了横向边界 将腹直肌与
The linea semilunaris is a tendon that defines the lateral border, dividing the rectus abdominis
腹外斜肌分开 腹直肌的横向距离比乳头之间的距离稍窄
from the external obliques. It’s just a bit narrower than the distance between the nipples.
您可能还记得 腱划是嵌到肌肉里的肌腱
As you may remember, tendinous intersections are where tendons are embedded inside a muscle.
这在腹直肌处发生了三次 构成了横向的分隔
This happens three times in the rectus abdominis, creating the horizontal-ish divisions.
最高处的分隔是斜的 大体沿着胸导管的角度向下
The highest division is diagonal, roughly following the downward angle of the thoracic
最低的分隔横向穿过肚脐 通常是最明显的
arch. The lowest division is horizontal across the navel, and is usually the most visible
一条沟
furrow.
肚脐以上这些腱划 构成了6个矩形 我们称之为
Above the belly button these intersections create 6 rectangular forms known as the 6
6块腹肌 但还有更多 还有整个肚脐以下的部分
pack. But there’s more. There’s also this whole section below the belly button. Scott
Scott Eaton称之为 42oz的一大瓶啤酒 它的垂直中心线
Eaton calls this the 40-oz, which is a big bottle of beer. The vertical centerline on
不像6块腹肌那么清晰 通常你只会看到在顶端有
this 40 oz isn’t as clear as on the 6 pack. Usually you’ll see a separation only on the
一个分隔 就在肚脐正下方
top, just below the belly button.
您可能会看到肚脐下方的第四条腱划 但这需要一个少见的基因
You may see a 4th tendinous intersection below the navel, but that requires an uncommon gene
和一个很瘦的体格
and a very lean physique.
通常腱划不是对称的 角度和分割点在两边
Usually the intersections won’t be symmetrical. The angles and separations tend to be slightly
会有些差异 不会总是干净的直线 还可以是
different on the two sides. And they’re not always clean straight lines. They can also
C曲线或S曲线
be C curves or S curves.
腹肌部分会有很大差别 所以 有一个不对称的腹部 或者
The ab sections vary greatly. So, it’s totally normal to have an asymmetrical abdomen or
基因上未正常发育的部分 都是完全正常的 因此 你不必为你的6块腹肌
genetically underdeveloped portions. So you don’t need to be embarrassed about your 6-pack
感到尴尬- 我知道我不是
– 基因 饮食 和运动 都会使得腹直肌
anymore. I know I’m not. Depending on genetics, diet, and exercise, the rectus abdominis may
呈现1块 2块 4块 6块 8块 或者10块的情况
appear as a 1-pack, 2-pack, 4-pack, 6-pack, 8-pack or 10-pack.
额外资料广告
Premium Ad
如果你想了解更多的知识 我们有一个额外付费区
So, we have a premium section for students that want to learn more. The premium section
会对这个主题提供更多的扩展信息 还包括附加的绘画演示
has extended lessons with more information about the topic. It also has additional drawing
如果你每节课都做了作业 这些演示
demonstrations. If you do the assignments for each lesson, these demos serve as the
就算是作业的答案了 这样你可以检查自己的作业 我们还有个电子书版本的课程
answers for the assignment, so you can check your work. There’s an ebook version of each
你可以下载为PDF 把它们打印出来或者在设备上保存下来
lesson that you can download as a PDF. Print them out or keep them on your device so you
可以快速的复习课程 最后在付费区还有提供3D模型给你
can quickly review the lessons. And finally the Premium section has 3d models that you
可以旋转 研究 还有从任意角度绘制 如果你不希望你的画作
can spin around, study, and draw from any angle. If you don’t want your drawings to
长成这样 就去proko.com/anatomy吧
look like this, go to proko.com/anatomy.
如果你细化这个视频 别自私 向你的朋友们推荐吧
If you like this video don’t be all selfish, share it with your friends, and if you want to be
如果你打算 跟上新视频 点击这个按钮 或者打开proko.com/subscribe
updated about new videos click this button or go to proko.com/subscribe
哦 糟糕
Aw, suck!

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