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如何发展一个强有力的研究问题 | 斯克里布尔

How to Develop a STRONG Research Question | Scribbr 🎓

A good research question is really like a lighthouse,
好的研究问题就像一座灯塔
it’s essential to guide your research paper.
对于指导研究性论文很重要
It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out
它准确地指明了你的研究方向
and gives your work a clear purpose and focus.
并让你明确工作的目标和重心
Hi, I’m Jessica from Scribbr,
嗨 我是来自Scribbr的Jessica
here to help you achieve your academic goals.
能帮你完成你的学术目标
Without further ado,
闲话少说
here are 5 steps to develop a strong research question.
以下五个步骤有助于展开一个强大的研究问题
Step 1, choose a broad topic.
第一步 选择一个宽泛的话题
Go with a topic that sparks your interest,
这个话题要能激发你的兴趣
since you’ll be spending quite some time with it.
因为你要在这个话题上花很多时间
For me, I’m thinking maybe something about social media.
比如我 可能会想到社交媒体方面的话题
Step 2, do some preliminary reading about the topic.
第二步 对该话题做些初步的阅读
Ok, so I’ve read a lot of newspaper writing about
我读过很多
how social media negatively impacts
关于社交媒体如何影响
high school students’ academic performances.
高中生学习成绩的负面报道
And they also happen to be
这群人恰巧也是
one of the most active age groups on social media.
社交媒体上最活跃的一群人
Step 3, narrow down to a specific niche.
第三步 将话题缩小到特定的范围
This way, you can make sure the research is within a feasible scope
这样 你就能确保该研究是在可行的范围内
instead of something too broad to achieve
而不会因话题太过宽泛
in a given timeframe.
而无法在给定的时间内实现
Since academic performance is too broad,
由于学习成绩研究起来太宽泛
let me narrow it down to attention span.
那就把它缩小到注意力广度
Step 4, identify a research problem.
第四步 确定研究问题
So we have already established that
我们已经确定
adolescences are one of the most active age groups on social media platforms.
青少年是社交媒体上最活跃的一群人
But only a scarce amount of research has been done on the effect of social media
但关于社交媒体对年轻一代
has on the younger generation’s attention span.
注意力广度影响的研究却很少
So this will be my research problem.
所以这将是我的研究课题
Step 5, write your research question!
第五步 写下你的研究问题
Turning your research problem into a question,
把你的研究课题变成一道问题
and it sounds something like:
听起来就像这样:
What effect does daily use of Twitter have on the attention span of people
每天使用Twitter对16到20岁年龄段人的
in the age group of 16 to 20?
注意力广度有什么影响?
Since this is the descriptive research,
因为这是描述性研究
the research question is also descriptive.
所以研究问题也是描述性的
But there are also other kinds of research questions,
但也有其他类型的研究问题
it all depends on the type of research you’ll do.
这完全取决于你要做的研究类型
For example comparative research,
例如对比性研究
descriptive research, or correlational research.
描述性研究 或相关性研究
Now we have a research question,
现在我们有了一个研究问题
but how do you know if it’s good or not?
但怎么知道它是好是坏呢?
Here’s a checklist for you.
这是给你的检查清单
A good research question should be focused.
好的研究问题应该聚焦在一点上
And focused it is.
“聚焦”这一步已完成
Since it focuses on a single problem of
因为它聚焦于
Twitter’s effect on the attention span of high school students.
“推特对高中生注意力广度的影响”这个单独的问题
It should be researchable.
所以它是可研究的
That means the answer to your question
这意味着你问题的答案
can be found by collecting empirical data
可以通过收集经验数据
or through existing literature.
或现有文献找到
In our case we can go for a quantative approach,
在我们的例子中 可以采用定量方法
like using eye-tracking or mouse-tracking
比如采用眼动轨迹和鼠标轨迹
to measure the attention span.
来测量注意力广度
It needs to be feasible.
这个问题必须是可行的
So is it doable within a certain timeframe?
那么它在确定时间段内是否可行呢?
Do you have access to the data you need
你能否获取你需要的数据
or the right kind of respondents?
或找到合适的受访者?
It really depends on your situation.
这真的取决于你的实际情况
But for this research question,
但这个研究问题
it would fit more into the timeframe of a longer project.
会更适合较长课题的时间范围
So it wouldn’t be feasible for an assignment
所以对于一个你月底就必须上交的任务来说
you have to hand in by the end of the month.
是不可行的
Be specific!
要明确
All the terms you use in the research question
在研究问题中使用的所有术语
should have clear meanings.
都应该有明确含义
Notice how I don’t use “often” but “daily” ?
注意 我没有用“经常” 而是“每天”
And instead of “adolescents”,
不是”青少年”
I use a specific age group.
而是“特定的年龄段”
The research question should also be complex enough.
研究问题也应该足够复杂
If the research question can be answered
如果研究问题可以用
with yes or no, or with easily found facts
是或否 或容易发现的事实来回答
then it’s NOT complex enough.
那么该问题还不够复杂
Last but not least, make sure your problem
最后但同样重要的是 确保你的研究问题
is relevant to your field of study or society!
与你的研究领域或社会相关
Well, social media is pretty much all we use now,
如今社交媒体几乎是我们都会使用的
so that’s definitely relevant to society.
所以该问题肯定与社会相关
It also targets a currently unanswered question,
它也指向了一个目前尚未回答的问题
and contribute knowledge that future research can build on.
并提供了未来研究可借鉴的知识
Now keep in mind, in a research paper or essay,
记住 在研究论文或论说文中
you’ll usually only write one research question.
你通常只会写一个研究问题
But for a bigger project, you can also develop
但对于一个更大的课题 可以围绕
multiple research questions around the same problem.
同一个问题展开更多的研究问题
For example, I can also ask:
例如 我还可以问
Does the infinite scroll function on Twitter
Twitter上的无限滚动功能
contribute to the effect on attention span?
对注意力广度有影响吗?
Follow the steps and checklist,
沿着以上步骤和清单
and you’ll end up with a research question
你最后会得到一个研究问题
as a solid foundation for your research!
作为你研究的坚实基础
Make sure you also check out our articles
请你务必也查阅我们
on writing the literature review and the methodology section!
关于撰写文献综述和方法论的文章
It’s link in the description.
文章链接在描述框里
Good luck writing! I’ll see you in our next video.
祝写作好运 下期视频见

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视频概述

五种研究问题的方法介绍

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Marie

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71-GucBaM8U

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