未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

如何在PS中制作酷酷的灯光效果

How to Create Lighting Effects in Photoshop

今天我将向你展示在PS中怎样创造灯光效果
Today I’m going to show you how to create lighting effects in Photoshop.
音乐
[music]
《PHLEARN》
PHLEARN
学习产生乐趣
Learning Made Fun.
嗨 欢迎来到Phlearn 我是Aaron Nace
Hey there and welcome to phlearn, my name is Aaron Nace,
你可以在Phlearn.com找到我 这里能让学习变得有趣
you can find me on phlearn.com where we make learning fun.
在今天的视频中 我们将向你展示如何在图片上创造灯光效果
And in today’s episode, we’re gonna show you how to create lighting effects for images.
这非常酷
This is super cool,
因为我们会将现有光线稍稍变暖或变冷
cause we’re gonna take the existing lights, making them warmer or a little bit cooler,
同时还会向你们展示如何让它们微微发光
also gonna show you how to give them a little bit of a glow
可以在整体上更加突显其存在感
and just make them a little bit more present in general.
这是今天的图片 你可以在phlearn.com进行下载
So here’s our image for today, and you can actually download this on phlearn.com,
你只需点击底部的链接即可
all you have to do is follow the link right down below.
我想做的第一件事是稍微分离一下图片中的部分光源
So the first thing I want to do is kind of isolate some of the light sources in my image.
做这件事最简单的办法就是使用你的“通道”面板
And the easiest way to do this is through your Channels dialog.
接下来我要点击一下“通道”
So I’m gonna click on Channels.
如果你没看到“通道”
If you don’t see Channels,
点击“窗口” 下拉找到“通道” 只需要确保勾选此框即可
go to Window and down to Channels just make sure it’s got a checkbox there.
首先我要点击我的红色“通道”
Now I’m gonna to click on my red Channel first,
然后是绿色和蓝色“通道”
then the green Channel and my blue Channel.
我想要的是 这种光源和背景之间
And what I’m looking for is the greatest amount of contrast
最强烈的对比效果
between my light sources and the background.
我觉得蓝色“通道”能给我这种反差
And I think the blue Channel’s giving me that contrast.
你可以看到光源部分都很明亮
You can see that light sources are pretty light
而其它地方都非常暗
but everything else stays it pretty dark.
这样就很完美
So this is actually perfect.
下一步 我们需要将它载入选区
Now the next thing we need to do is turn this into a selection
这很容易做到
and very easy to do.
你只需按住Ctrl或者Command键 并点击蓝色“通道”
All you have to do is hit Ctrl or Command and click right here on the thumbnail
这里的缩览图
for your blue Channel.
现在这里是一个选区
So now that this is a selection,
图片中一切亮的地方都已被选中
everything that’s light in this image is selected,
而一切暗的地方都未被选择
and everything that is dark is not selected.
现在我们有了这个选区 我们就可以把它载入图层蒙版
So now we have this selection, we can actually load it into a layer mask,
它将会控制新图层的能见度
and it will control the visibility of a new layer.
让我们来到“图层”面板
So let’s go into our Layers dialog.
接下来我要新建一个图层 我们就选取一个纯色填充的图层
I’m gonna create a new layer, we’re just grab a solid color fill layer,
好了
there we go.
因为我建立了一个纯色填充的图层 而且我还有一个选区
And because I create a solid color fill layer and I had a selection,
所以它自动将选区载入了图层蒙版
it automatically loaded that selection into the layer mask.
当我选择这里的颜色时
So as I choose my color here,
你可以看到它基本上显示在了较为明亮的区域
you can see it’s basically just showing up in the lighter areas,
这个图片就非常棒
the image is super cool,
让我们从暖色开始尝试
So let’s try a warm color to start with.
我们要点击这里的“确定”
We’re gonna hit OK there.
现在图片就看起来非常棒了
Now this does look pretty cool.
我想进一步对这个图层蒙版稍加改善
I want to further refine this layer mask a little bit more,
因为我其实只想让它在较为明亮的区域显示
because I really just wanted to show up in the brighter areas.
让我们按住Alt或者Option键 并点击图层蒙版
So let’s hold Alt or Option and click on the layer mask
这就是图层蒙版的模样
and this is what the layer mask looks like,
它和“通道”里的图片看起来完全相同
it looks exactly the same thing is the channels there.
现在我们要做的是调整图层蒙版这里的“色阶”
So now what we’re gonna do is just run a levels adjustment right here on our layer mask.
按住Ctrl或者Command键 再按下L键调出“色阶”
Just hit Ctrl or Command L for Levels
我在拖动这个黑色尖标 把它提高一点
and I’m take my black point and bring this up a little bit
这会使我的图层蒙版大部分区域变得更暗一点
which is just gonna make the majority of my layer mask a little bit darker.
我们要记住的是 这个是在对图层的能见度进行控制
And we want to keep in mind that what this is doing is controlling the visibility of a layer.
图层蒙版上任何黑色的区域都是不可见的
So anything that’s black on a layer mask, invisible,
任何白色的区域都是完全可见的
anything that’s white, totally visible,
而一切灰色的区域都是部分可见的
and anything that’s gray is gonna be partially visible.
我们可以看到 这里的背景区域完全不可见
So we can see this background area here, not at all visible,
我拍摄的主体所在的区域完全不可见
where my subject is, not at all visible.
在这里有很多的光 是可见的
We have a lot of lights here that are going to be visible.
然后地板上比如油漆这样的东西也是可见的
And then we have like some paint on the floor where it would be visible as well
还有一些小的自行车架之类的东西
and some little bike racks things.
我们对这个图层蒙版再进行一点加工就结束
So we’re gonna wind up working with the layer mask a little bit more.
现在这个样子很适合作为基础
But this looks great to start with.
让我们点击“确定”
So let’s hit OK there.
这是我们的图层蒙版
This is our layer mask
再次按住Alt或者Option键 并点击图层蒙版
and again hold Alt or Option and click on that layer mask
这能让我看到图层的实际模样
which just shows me what my actual layer looks like.
我们可以把这个点开或关闭
So we’ll just turn this off and on,
然后你会看到我的图层蒙版上较亮的区域都是可见的
and you can see wherever is the lighter areas on my layer mask is visible here.
让我们再次按住Alt或者Option键 并点击图层蒙版
Let’s hold Alt or Option again and click on that layer mask.
接着我们将会用到“刷子工具”
Then we’re going to use our Brush Tool,
我们要用“刷子工具”将它涂黑
so we’re gonna paint black with our Brush Tools,
按下B键调出“刷子工具”
we’ll hit B for the Brush Tool
确保你的前景色是黑色
and make sure your foreground color is black
然后我想把这里的地面涂黑
and then I just want to paint black right over top of the ground here.
这不是……我并非在试图创造什么地面上的效果
This is not… I’m not trying to make like ground effects here.
这是在创造灯光效果
This is lighting effects.
以及这些小自行车的痕迹也可以涂黑
and these little bicycle signs too.
但是其它一切看起来其实都挺不错
But everything else actually looks pretty good
或许我们可以把这里也涂黑
maybe we’ll just take that away there.
现在这样我就很开心 就算有余光散落在其它区域也是可以接受的
I’m pretty happy with this, it’s okay if some residual light gets in other places.
然而现在看起来其实就很不错了
but that actually looks really good.
重复一遍 我们是从“通道”开始
Again we just start with Channels,
在把它载入图层蒙版后我们进行了一些调整
we made a couple adjustments after we added this to a layer mask
这就是我们得到的效果
and this is what we have.
我们的光源在图层蒙版上
Our light sources on a layer mask.
真酷
Really cool.
现在我们要做的是按住Alt或者Option键
So now what we want to do is hold Alt or Option,
让我们点击图层蒙版的后端
let’s click back on our layer mask the end
然后我们会看到……boop
and we can see…boop
现在这个图层给我们的光源基本填好了颜色
this layer is now basically coloring our light sources.
因为这只是“正常混合模式”
Now because this is just a Normal Blending Mode,
所以它看起来的效果并非那么好
it doesn’t really look that good.
而我们一旦从“正常”切换到其它模式
As soon as we change this from Normal to something
比如“滤色” “叠加”或者“柔光”模式
like a Screen or Overlay or Soft Light.
让我们来看一下“叠加”模式下的效果 把它关掉再点开
Let’s check out Overlay for a second and turn this off and on.
你看 让我们把这里放大
And you can see, let’s just zoom in here.
我们的光源上出现了变暖的效果
It has a warming effect on our light sources.
让我们切换到“滤色”模式 好了
Let’s go to Screen, there we go.
你会看见它变得更暖且更亮了
And you can see it’s gonna be a little bit warmer and brighter.
让我们再回到“叠加”模式
So let’s go back to Overlay here.
我们先保持一会儿“叠加”模式
We’re just gonna stay on Overlay for just a second.
现在我可以双击这里的纯色填充图层
Now I can double click right here on this solid color fill layer
改变这里的颜色
and change the color here.
如果我想要选一种蓝色来看看
So if I wanted to be like a blue color, check that out,
我只需改变这些颜色
all I have to do is change these colors
然后它就会完全改变我的图片里所有光线的颜色
and it completely changes the colors of all the lights in my image.
如果我们愿意 我们还可以继续加以完善
Now we can continue to refine this if we want.
例如 如果我想在图层蒙版上涂色
For instance, if I wanted to paint on my layer mask
让我的图片上这边的光线是蓝色
and have the lights on this side of my image be blue
图片上那边的光线是橙色
and the lights on that side of my image should be orange,
我只需在这里复制出一个新图层
I just make a duplicate layer here
然后将我希望不可见的部分涂黑
and then paint black where I don’t want it to be visible.
这样超酷
It’s super cool.
让我们点击“确定”
Let’s hit OK.
假设我们希望这里再多一种效果
Let’s say we wanted even more of an effect here.
我们只需复制这个图层
All we have to do is duplicate this layer.
让我们按住Ctrl或者Command键 再按下J键 好了
So let’s hit Ctrl or Command J, there we go,
你可以看到我们得到了更强的效果
and you can see we have an even stronger effect.
接下来我打算切换到“滤色混合模式”
Now I’m gonna go ahead and pop this into a Screen Blending Mode.
当你想要图片变得更明亮时 “滤色”模式是很不错的选择
Screen is really nice when you want to make things lighter
让我们继续 把这些都切换成“滤色混合模式”
so let’s go ahead and put both these into the Screen Blending Mode.
好了
Alright.
你可以自由设置
And you can play around.
事实上我喜欢把一个设置为“叠加”模式 另一个设置为“滤色”模式
Actually I like one on Overlay and one set to Screen,
我觉得那是一个创造灯效时非常好的方法
I think that’s actually a really nice way to do it.
在这个具体例子中
And in this specific case,
我想让这些光线变得更暖一点
I want to warm these lights up a little bit,
让我们继续 双击这里
so let’s go ahead and double click here.
我们会给这里加一个漂亮的暖色
We’re gonna give this like a nice warm color.
好了
There we go.
有点偏黄色
Little bit towards yellow.
我们要在这里做同样的事情 让我们双击这里
And we’ll do the same thing here, so let’s double click here.
好 这次我们要偏红色一点
Okay and we’ll go maybe a little bit more towards red in this case.
现在好了
Now right.
下一步我想让它有种微微发光的效果
The next thing I want to do is give this a little bit of glow
我想呈现出一种像电影一样的感觉
I wanted to have a like a cinematic presence,
就像是图片本身存在一点雾气一样
almost like there’s a little bit of a haze in the image itself.
那我们接下来要做的就是复制其中一个图层
So what we’re gonna do is duplicate one of these layers,
只需点击并将其拖动到新图层的图标上
just click and drag it to the new layer icon.
好了
There we go.
然后我要改变一下颜色
And I’m gonna just change my color.
这种情形下我们要选择白色
In this case we’re gonna go all the way to white.

There we are.
我们基本上已经在图层蒙版里设置好了光源
And now that we have basically our light sources in our layer masks,
如果我想让我的光源四周微微发光
If I want a little bit of a glow around my light sources,
我只需将我的图层蒙版进行模糊
all I have to do is blur my layer mask
模糊就可以创造出发光的效果
and that blur is going to create that glow.
让我们点击这里的图层蒙版
So let’s click on this layer mask here.
我们要点开“滤镜” “模糊” 然后下拉找到“高斯模糊”
We’re gonna go to Filter, Blur, and down to Gaussian Blur.
好了
There we go.
当我改变图片中的模糊程度
And as I change the amount of blur in my image,
你会看见
You can see
看 我的光源现在可以发光
look that my light sources now have a glow to them.
如果我把模糊程度调低
So if I bring this down,
好了 我们得到的发光效果会减弱
there we go, we have less of a glow.
而我可以就选择这样 这就很好看了
And I can kind of just choose this, so that’s really nice.
我有点喜欢这样 我觉得它看起来很漂亮
Now I kind of like that, I think that looks pretty good.
好了
Here we go.
当然 你还可以做些调整 比如改变颜色
And of course you can still do things like change your colors
如果我双击这里 我想让光的色调变得更暖一点
so if I double click here, maybe I want to make this a bit warmer in color.
好了
There we go.
现在我们所有的光源仿佛都发散着暖光
Now we have like a warm glow coming from all of the light sources.
这太棒了 这就像光源部分蒙了一层雾 或者类似的感觉
It’s so cool, it’s like they’re a little bit foggy or something like that.
你可以把这个图层的模糊程度一点点不断调高
You can always blur this layer a little bit more.
如果你想的话 你可以随时双击这里并改变颜色
You can double click here at any time and change the color if you’d like.
如果你希望效果更加精致 降低你的不透明度即可
And if you want the effect to be more subtle, simply lower your opacity
或者你也可以改变你的混合模式
or you can change your blend mode.
现在我们正处于“滤色”模式
So right now we’re on Screen,
“颜色减淡”模式下效果会更强烈一点
Color Dodge is gonna be like a little bit more intense.
“叠加”模式会更加精致一点
Overlay is gonna be a little bit more subtle
而“柔光”模式会更加细致
and then Soft Light is gonna be even more subtle.
如果你设置的是“强光”和“亮光”模式
Then if you go into like your Hard Light and Vivid Light,
它们也会呈现出更为强烈的效果
these are gonna be more intense effects as well
而“实色混合”模式看起来比较有趣
and Hard Mix just looks fun.
就这样吧 我觉得“滤色”模式的效果其实就很不错
All right, well I think Screen actually does a really nice job.
或者你想给光增添一点颜色 我们可以在这里稍稍调高
Or you want to give it a little bit more color so we’re just gonna go up there.
就调高一点
Just a little bit more.
这样我们就让图片中的光源向外散发出了光
And there we have that glow coming from the light sources in our image.
因为我们改变了所有光源并让它们的色调更暖了一点
Now, because we changed all those light sources and made them a little bit warmer,
所以就像我 从个人角度出发
just like me, on a personal side,
作为对比 我有点想把阴影区域的色调变冷一点
I kind of want to see the shadows be a little bit cooler in comparison.
那么接下来我们要做的是
So what we’re gonna do
很快 我们只用创建一个“调整图层”
real quick, we’re just gonna grab our Adjustment Layer,
我们要下拉找到名为“可选颜色”的一栏
we’re gonna go all the way down to where it says Selective Color.
好了
There we go.
在“可选颜色”这里我将选取中性色
And here in Selective Color I’m gonna take my neutrals
我将把它调成偏青色
and I’m just gonna push them a little bit more towards cyan.
好的 你可以看到如果你继续调高 那就是得到的效果
Okay you can see if we go further that’s what it does
但我们只用稍微调成偏青色一点就好
but we’re just gonna push a little bit of cyan in there.
好了
There we go.
现在我们得到了一个漂亮的青色和橙色的效果
And now we have like a nice cyan orange look
我可以把它放到图层最底端
and I can pull this underneath those layers
然后它看起来就会像是在上面增添了这层光
and then they’ll just kind of like add to that glow right over top.
好了 我们要稍微减弱一点青色的效果
There we go, we’ll just lower the color of that cyan effect a little bit.
我们已经把这个看起来很棒的快照进行了调整
But we’ve taken this snapshot which did look very cool to start
使它更有电影的效果 并且显露出一点青色调
and just made it a little bit more cinematic with a little bit of that cyan coloring
但是这些光发出的光晕 各位 我觉得这就是我的卖点
but the glow on these lights, man, I think that’s what really sells it for me.
那么我们的效果教学就到这里 你可以在任何一张图片上应用这个效果
Well that’s it for our effect, you can do this with any image
因为我想再次说明一下 我们从使用“通道”开始
because again we started out using our Channels
就是为了创建一个光源的选区
just to make a selection of the light source itself.
然后把那些选区载入“纯色填充图层”的图层蒙版
Then go ahead and load those selections into a layer mask of a Solid Color Fill Layer.
然后别忘了要复制其中一个图层
And then don’t forget to duplicate one of those layers
再给图层蒙版加上“模糊”效果
and apply a Blur to the layer mask.
因为我们用的是“纯色填充图层” 所以你可以对颜色进行选择
And because we used a Solid Color Fill Layer, you could choose the color.
多试几种“混合模式” 试一下“叠加” “滤色” “柔光” 或许连“颜色减淡”也可以试试
Try a Couple Blend Modes, try Overlay, Screen, Soft Light, maybe even Color Dodge.
在我看来 它能让图片整体看起来更有趣一点
In my opinion, just makes the image look overall, a little bit more interesting.
非常感谢你观看今天的视频
Thank you so much for watching today’s episode.
如果你看得开心 可以点个赞
If you enjoyed it, hit the big thumbs up
并点击“响铃” 这样当我们每周发新视频时你就能收到提醒
and click on the bell so you get a notification when we create new episodes every single week.
如果你想观看我们所有的教程
And if you just want to see all of our tutorials,
点击你屏幕上的“订阅”按钮 这样你就会像在我们的俱乐部一样
hit that subscribe button on your screen so you’ll be like in the club.
非常感谢 我们将在之后的phlearn视频里再会
Thanks so much, I’ll phlearn you later.
拜拜 各位
Bye everyone!
PHLEARN.COM油管现在九折
PHLERN.COM/YOUTUBE 10% OFF NOW
欢迎来到PS俱乐部
Welcome to the club- Photoshop sup.
嗨 我能期待你的加入吗
Hey can I see your idea to get in?
实际上每个人都能够加入 嗯……
Actually psych everyone can get in. Ahh…
无论如何它都不算是独有的
It’s not exclusive in any way.
好吧 它只对想要加入的人开放
Well it’s exclusive to the people who want to be in it.
B-ing
B-ing

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

想要知道如何用PS在图片上创造出好看的灯光效果吗?观看这个视频,你就能找到答案。

听录译者

李门牙😄

翻译译者

薇枫

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8DlkmJGsu4

相关推荐