A writer for the Paris Review
once asked the great science fiction writer Ray Bradbury
where he did his writing.
“I can work anywhere.
“I wrote in bedrooms and living rooms
when I was growing up with my parents and my brother
in a small house in Los Angeles.”
“I worked on my typewriter in the living room
with the radio and my mother and my dad and my brother
all talking at the same time.
后来 也就是25年前 我需要一间工作室
later on, when I needed an office
and wanted to go write my novel Fahrenheit 451 25 years ago
I went up to UCLA and found a basement typing room
where, for 10 cents which you inserted into the typewriter
you could buy yourself 30 minutes of typing time.”
Now this seems a bit surprising at first
特别是其他著名的作家都有着 可以说 特殊的写作习惯
especially given all the other famous writers who had a very, let’s say，particular writing habits.
For instance, the author Gertrude Stein chose
her writing space on
whether or not she’d be able to see a cow walk by.
But Bradbury’s ability to work anywhere makes more senses
when you hear his answer to the interviewer’s followup
question about whether or not he enjoyed writing.
“Yes, it’s obvious that I do.
It’s the exquisite and madness of my life
and I don’t understand writers who have to work at it.
If I had to work at it, I would give up
because I don’t like working, I like to play.”
This is the kicker.
Bradbury’s intense love of writing is what enabled him do drown out all distractions.
He wrote because there was nothing else
he would rather be doing at the moment.
and you can probably think back to things that
have consumed your attention in a similar way.
For me, at different points in my life,
those things have been UI design, programming,
and most recently, playing the guitar.
When I’m playing guitar,
nothing is going to distract me
because that’s exactly what I want to be doing
and I get into it
but there are always less interesting things
that we just have to do
like calculus assignments,
and ironic essays about the Virgin Islands,
and crucially, as you’re interest in the work diminishes
the more important the optimization of your environment becomes.
So today, I want to explore what goes into creating
the perfect study space
one where you can easily slip into the flow state resist distractions
and actually get your work done fast enough to have some time
left over to play CaveStory before you got to go to bed.
And when it comes to creating a great study space,
the first thing we need to talk about is context.
You have a ton of choice when it comes to study spots.
You got libraries, you got coffee shops, you
got basements of academic buildings that nobody else knows about,
and then there is your dorm room or your bedroom,
but wherever you decide to study,
you want to make sure
that the place you select is exclusively for studying and nothing else.
That’s because context is everything.
Environmental factors influencea lot of our behavior.
So if you put yourself in the place where the purpose
is ambiguous, you’re going to be a lot more
likely to slip into the path of least resistance
which is usually takingquizzes to find out what your
Hogwarts house is.
Now this is definitelyeasier to do if you select the library or the academic basement
as you probably aren’t going to go there for any other reason.
But if you happen to pickyour dorm,
it’s much more important to consider.
So for example,
check out how my friend Martin set up his study space.
He did decide to study and work in his room,
but he divided that room up with a Shoji screen
so that way he had one isolated area
that was only for work.
Now you definitely don’t have to go
all out and buy a Shoji screen like he did.
In fact, he didn’t even buy it.
It was just laying around,but you can use his example
to tailor your own study space.
One alternative methodwould be to turn your desk
into a corner of the room and make sure that all
of your fiction books and your video games and any other
distracting materials are just out of your field of view.
That will make sure that what you’re looking at is exclusively
about the work you’re supposed to be doing. Secondly,
think about thequality of your lighting
because it really canaffect your productivity.
Now if you can get naturallight, that is definitely going
to be your best option
but if you have only artificial light to work with
you can work to control that
because it does make a difference.
While I was doing the research for this video,
I was especially interested in a German study
that looked at the affectsof color, temperature,
and light intensity on the productivity of students
at the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.
Now this study only tracked 50 students,
so this area of science could definitely use more fleshing out,
but what they did find
and that students were more creative under warm light at about 3,000 kelvin.
andthey were able to concentrate better under colder light,at about 6,000 kelvin.
To add to those findings,
another study done at Cornell University found that light that was too dim or too bright
also negativelyaffected productivity.
So with those findings in mind,
it might be a good idea
to experiment with lightingin your study area.
Maybe get a lamp foryour desk and experiment
with different color temperaturein the bulbs that you
choose for that lamp.
And on the brightness end of things, you definitely do
n’t have to go out and buy multiple bulbs at different levels of brightness ,
to figure out what works for you. Instead
for about 10 bucks,you can go to your local
hardware store and get a lamp side dimmer and if
you get a dimmable bulb, you can experiment just
by toggling the switch and seeing what works.
Now in addition to the colortemperature of your light,
the actual temperature in theroom matters a lot as well.
Not only can an environmentthat’s too hot or too cold
consciously distractyou and make you look up
and daydream and not want to do your work,
but it can also unconsciously cause you to make mistakes
while you’re actually working.
That same Cornell study that I referenced a couple of minutes ago
also looked at temperature and they
found among other things
” when temperatures”were low, 68 degrees or 20 degrees Celsius,
“employees made 44% moremistakes
than at optimal”room temperature, 77 degrees or 25 degrees Celsius.”
So if you have access to the thermostat in your study area,
make sure you’re setting it to an optimal
temperature for studying.
And if you don’t, maybetry a different location.
Regardless of where you decide to study,
you want to make sure that you have access to all the things you need for
the particular task that you’re doing.
That includes notebooks, textbooks,
如果你要制作学习抽认卡的话 还要准备索引卡 钢笔和铅笔
index cards if you’re going to make flashcards for studying, and pens and pencils.
And on the note of pens and pencils,
make sure that what you’re writing with is something that you actually
enjoy writing with.
Now some people definitely go away further than I would go with this.
In fact, there’s an entire podcast
out there with literally hundreds of episodes
call The Pen Addict that’s all about pens,
but I would say don’tgo for the cheapest pens
that are a pain to writewith because they’re just
让你分散注意力 并在书写过程中很不舒服 除此之外
going to distract you and make the process of writing notes down unenjoyable. Additionally, make sure
that you have a somewhat comfortable chair to sit in or maybe even experiment
with a standing desk.
Now I’ve got a standing desk In
my room right now that cost, well,
it cost a lot of money.
But back when I was in college, I actually tried
to build a much cheaper standing desk using tables from Walmart
and screws and a little bit of ingenuity.
But I’m going to be honest,
it wasn’t enough ingenuity because that standing desk kind of sucked.
But luckily, there are nowstanding desks for about $25
like the Spark standing deskthat are made of cardboard
that you can set up very, very easily,
so that might be something to try out. Also,
one additional thingthat you might not have thought of having with you
while you study is a notebook
or piece of scratch paperor maybe an app where you
write down things that cometo mind or distract you.
One of the things thatcan completely wreck my concentration
and absolutely kill a study session for me
is if somethingcomes to mind that
I just can’t get out of my head,
and it could be something stupid
like needing to do the laundry,
but if I take the time
to write that down ina system that I trust
where I know I can come back and see it later,
that allows me to get back into my work and let
that thing go. Additionally,
that piece of paper can also be a record
of the things that distract you.
Maybe your environment is really prone to having people
come in and ask you to do things,
or maybe it’s just really noisy.
If you write those things down,
you can start to consciously make improvements and maybe just select a different spot altogether.
Now in addition to thethings that you need to have available to you,
you shouldalso consider the things
that you shouldn’t have available to you.
This is often why yourroom is often not a good study area
and why you have to work hard to make it so
because remember, it’s context.
Your room has your videogames, your room has your bed,
your room has your nine foot tall stack of Cup O’ Ramen.
It’s not always the best place to study.
And speaking of things that you don’t need
while you’re studying, the big elephant in the room
is the thing that you’reusing to watch me right now,
which is the internet.
Now I know what you’re going to say.
I need the internet for research,
I need the internet to get on my math lab.
是的 有的时候你确实需要 但请记住
And yes, sometimes you do,but remember
tasks can almost always be broken down into individual sub tasks
or mini tasks.
This video that you’rewatching right now is a good
example of this because to make this video,
我不得不写出一份稿本 实质上 它更像一篇论文
I had to write a script, which is basically like an essay
and writing a scriptisn’t a singular task.
It’s a sequence of sub tasks.
There’s the research phase,there’s idea generation,
there’s the rough draftwriting phase, and finally,
the editing phase.
And guess what?
I only needed the internetfor one of those phases,
the research phase.
So during the other three phases,
especially that rough draft writing phase where I’m very prone
to distractions and I don’treally want to be writing for a lot of it,
I will often turn the internet off
或者我会用一个APP像Cold Turkey Writer
or I’ll use an app like Cold Turkey Writer
which will literallyblock my ability to do anything else but write.
Now the internet and itsmany, many cat pictures
is probably the greatestthreat to your concentration,
but there are many other things that can derail you as well.
So before you settle into your study spot
and start on your first task, make
a mental note of all the potential things that could derail you in the future.
If you’re going to get hungry or thirsty
during study session, make sure you bring a
snack or water bottle with you.
Or if you need your laptop for a task
and it has a really bad battery,
make sure you’ve packed your charging port.
I’ve had several times in my life where I go to a coffee shop,
I have every intention of working hard for several hours,
之后 当然了 我忘记带充电器了
and then, of course, I forgot
the charger, so I derail. Also,
when you finish studying for the day,
make sure you clear your space to neutral.
Bring it back to its clean, pristine state because
the next time you come to it, you do
n’t want to have to clean it up because it
‘s likely to make you procrastinate.
You want to be able to
just smoothly roll into the work immediately.
最后一点 可能这一点有点奇怪 但是尝试
And lastly, this is a bit of a weird one, but try
to view your study spaceas a work in progress.
I know we kind of talkedabout making the”perfect” study space here,
but if you’re always seeking out perfection,
you’re neveractually going to use
your study space to getwork done, so just view it
as a work in progress thatis constantly improving,
but that will never beperfect and that’s okay.
And one idea that mighthelp curb that perfectionism
and make your more productiveis to switch locations in between tasks.
This is something that Ireally enjoy doing myself
and I’m not alone.
The author Cal Newport does it as well and he calls it
the concentration circuit.
Here’s what he has to say about it.
Something about arrivingin a new and novel location,
somewhere different than where you normally work
provides a boost to your motivation and aids concentration.
“ Over time, this effect will wane,
but if you keep “ switching locations,
“you can keep re-stimulating this reaction again and again,
maintaining “an average level of concentration
that’s potentially “much higher than ifyou had slogged through
“the deep task in one literal sitting.”
综上所述 这个视频内覆盖的范围很广 我想要做一个
All right, so because we covered a lot of ground in this video, I want to do a
quick recap, just like we did last week.
First, make sure that yourstudy spot is exclusively for studying.
Context is king.
Second, keep your lightingin mind and opt for natural
lighting if you can.
Try studying near a window and if you can’t,
at least experiment with your light’s color, temperature,
and intensity until you find something that works for you.
Third, if you have control over it,
try adjusting the temperature of your study space as well. Ideally,
somewhere around77 degrees fahrenheit,
but it might vary for you.
第四点 在你开始学习之前 确保你有
Fourth, before you startstudying, make sure you have
access to all the materials that you’re going to need
and make sure that access is easy and quick, but
number five, also make sure you don’t have access
to things that you don’tneed because they are likely
to destroy your concentrationand make you procrastinate.
Number six, make plans inadvance to deal with possible
derailments in yourproductivity
and number seven try switching up locationsin between tasks.
Now taken by themselves,these tasks will hopefully
help you make some meaningfulimprovements to the place where you work
but it is also sometimes helpful to be able to see how other people work
and to get inspiration from them.
So to that end, I’ve set up the following website
called Study Spaces where you can see other people’s study spaces
and even submit your own.
Now the idea for this site popped I my head while
I was writing the script for this vide and once I
realized I could use the.es extension to get that cool-looking
domain name, I was ableto get it registered in just about 30 seconds over at Hover,
which is exactly where you should register your domain names as well.
Hover makes it incredibly easy to find and secure basically any domain name that’s out there
and available for the taking.
With extensions includingthe classics like.com
and.net and cooler oneslike.es like I used here
When you want to actually build a website for the domain name.
Hover’s connect feature will easily let you hook it up to tons of different web services,
including Square Space and Shopify.
And if you want to create a professional-looking email address attached to that domain,
then you can do that easily with Hover as well.
So if you have an idea for a fun side project that needs a domain name like I did,
or if you haven’t yet
secured a professionaldomain name for yourself in your job search, give Hover a try.
And if you’re among thefirst 100 people to grab your domain with the link below,
you’re going to get 10 % off of your first order.
I want to give Hover a big thanks for sponsoring this video.
And guys, as always, thank you so much for watching as well.
I really hope you found this video useful.
If you did, you can give this video a like to support
this channel and if youhaven’t already, maybe consider
sharing it with a friend as well.
同样 你也可以在这里订阅 以获取最新视频
You can also subscribe right there to get notified when
new videos come out and you can also click right there
if you want to get a free copy of my book
on how to earn better grades. Alternatively,
you might want to check out
our latest podcast episoderight there, or if you want
to watch another video on this channel,
click right there or slam your face into your phone.
That works as well.
Anyways, thanks so much for watching
and I will see you in the next video.