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初学者的书法和手写字母的教程+技巧! – 译学馆
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初学者的书法和手写字母的教程+技巧!

How To: Calligraphy & Hand Lettering for Beginners! Tutorial + Tips!

初学者手写字母与书法教程
嗨 我是阿曼达 欢迎回到我的频道
Hey everyone, it’s Amanda. Welcome back to my channel.
今天的视频是应大家的要求制作的
Today’s video was super highly requested.
之前很多观众都希望我能做一个有关书法的视频
A ton of you guys had asked me to do a video on my hand-lettering,
斜体印刷体 斜体书法等
slash brush-lettering, slash calligraphy.
我知道它算不上真正的书法
I know it’s not like actual calligraphy,
但也可以算是现代书法
but it’s modern calligraphy.
我觉得这个就有点像
Kind of like the stuff that I’m sure
许多人都在Pin或Ins看到过
a bunch of you have seen on Pinterest or on Instagram.
我花了挺长时间去学习
Um…It took me a while to learn.
其中肯定有不少技巧
There’s definitely a lot of tips and tricks
我认为挺有用
that I found helpful.
所以今天希望能把它们分享给大家
So hopefully today I can pass those on to you,
但愿它们有点帮助
and some of you find it useful.
我想尽量确保细致入微地去讲解
I want to make sure that is very detailed and in depth,
这样便于你们真正掌握它
so that you can really get the hang on of it,
同时对印刷体书法有一些了解
and learn about typography.
如果想看更多不同的视频 请给我留言
Let me know if you wanna see more rating videos
以后我可以把它做出来
and in the future I can definitely do that for you.
如果你想看一下的话 我也将把我的日志播放列表的
I’ll also have my whole bullet journal video playlist linked down below
链接附在下方 好的 闲话少说
if you want to check that out. But without futher do,
就让我们直奔这次辅导吧
let’s just get right into the tutorial.
好的 就从所需要的材料
Alright, so getting started with the materials and supplies
和用品开始
that you’ll need.
你有许多可以使用的不同选项
There’s a couple of different options that you can use.
第一种是最受欢迎的 Tombow双头毛笔
The first is the most popular, which is the Tombow Dual-Brush Pens.
这形状有点像标签画笔
These are kind of like a brush marker.
也有T家笔之佐系列毛笔
Then we also have the Tombow Fudenosuke Brush Pens.
有一丝丝像小号的双头毛笔
Kind of like the baby sister of the dual brush pens.
它们会更小更精细一些
These are smaller and more precise.
你也可以使用平常的画笔
You can also use regular brushes.
这只是自来水笔 所以里面灌着水
This one is a water brush, so it has the water in it.
标准的水彩画笔
Standard Watercolor Brushes.
当然你也可以用Crayola家的马克笔
Then also you can actually use Crayola Markers.
我用SupMar
I have the Supertips Markers,
但我听说Crayola家的大号标记笔同样很好用
but I’ve heard that the fatter crayola markers work as well.
还要大家看的是
I’m also going to be showing you guys
如何使用普通的勾线笔来写书法
how to use regular fineliners for calligraphy.
待会儿再展示哈
I’ll show you that later on.
但这些真的是标准的斜头嗯……勾线笔
But these are just standard fine tipped um… fineliners.
最后大家一直想问的
And lastly, you’re gonna wanna keep in mind
用什么纸张呢
the paper you’re using.
因为我们希望确保纸张能够比较光滑
Because you wanna make sure the paper is smooth
不要有太多纹理
and not textured in any way,
因为有纹理写的时候会刮纸
beacause the texture will actually fray
你使用的任何技巧
any marker tips that you use
可能会使之更难
and also make it harder for you to
得到顺滑的书法触感
get a smooth calligraphy stroke.
如果你完全是书法新手
If you are a complete beginner at calligraphy,
我建议你做以下练习
I recommend doing these exercices.
画一下波浪线
Just kind of doing a wavy line.
你需要确保的是
What you’re gonna wanna do is make sure
上划不要用太大力
that you are using less pressure on your up stroke,
下划要大力
and more pressure on the down stroke.
这会让你的
And this will make it so that
上划修长
your up strokes are thin,
下划有厚度
and your down strokes look thicker.
做这些练习会帮助你找到
Doing this exercise will also help you figure out
合适你的握笔方法
the proper grip you should be using.
你要确保你没有
You wanna make sure you’re not using
垂直纸张用力
the tip perpendicular to the paper.
加强训练让你自己能更好地控制
Kind of add diagnoal so that you have more control.
希望你能写好字母
and I’ll hope you when you’re constructing your letters.
现在让我们来看书法的基础知识
So now onto the basics of calligraphy and typrography.
我想聊聊这个
I want to talk about this
这会对你们有帮助
just because it will help you guys later on.
你可以看到我已经画出了线条
As you can see, I’ve drawn sort of like a guide.
像你在幼儿园时一样
Kinda like what you will do in kindergarten
当你学习写字母时
when you were learning to write letters.
中间的宽度足以写个x
The middle space is for your x-height.
上面的空间是写上升字母的
The top space is for ascending letters.
底下的空间写下降字母
And then the bottom space is for descending letters.
如果你想写x
So if you wanna go about x-height,
x的宽度类似于
x-height is basically the height of
其他中等大小的字母
all of these middle-sized letters.
像a和i和x还有n
Like “a” and “i” and “x” of course and “n”.
你可以看到它们很完美
As you can see, they fit perfectly
写在中间线条里
within those middle lines.
下降字母的特征
Characters that are descenders
很明显是下降到下面的行里
obviously descend into the lower space
但你可以看到 x的高度是一样的
But as you can see, the x-height is still the same.
它们在下降时只稍接触底行
They just hit that buttom line when they go down.
这些字母有p、j、q等等
So these letters will be your “p”s, your “j”s, your “q”s… all of that.
上升字母也是一样的
Same thing goes for letters that are ascenders,
像你的h、t、l
except these are for your “h”es, your “t”s, your “l”s.
都是接触上面笔触的
Anything that hits that top line.
我要推荐的是
What I will recommend is
练习所有的字母
to practise doing the whole alphabet.
这是你掌握的唯一方法
That’s the only way you’re gonna get the hang of it.
只是保证你写出修长的上划
Just make sure you do a thin up stroke
和厚重的下划
and a thick down stroke.
你可以用大量时间来练习
And you can practise this a ton of times.
这也可以发现你偏爱的风格
This is how you also find your stylistic preference.
因为你有不同的方法
Because there’re different ways
去写每一个单独的字母
that you can do every single letter.
还有我保证
As I’m sure a case in here,
在s和r之间有相似也有不同的变化
there’s like, different variations of “s”es that you can do, “r”s…
所有这些 你只有通过练习来找到你喜欢的风格
All that stuff. You’ll only find your favorite by practising it.
当你掌握了写字母后
When you get the hang of writing letters
所有的上划和下划
and all of the down strokes and up strokes,
是时候把它们放在一起了
it’s time to put it all together and
如果你练习好了书写字母会相当简单
this should be pretty simple if you’ve been practising your letters,
因为这就像一种无缝连接
because they kind of just seamlessly connect.
只要确保别写太慢或太快
Just make sure you’re not going too fast or too slow,
用稳定的一个速度
you wanna be at a steady pace.
如果你愿意
If you really want,
你也可以画出引导线
you can also draw those guide lines
我已事先画好了
that I drew earlier.
能帮你写好x的高度
And then it will help you to get your x-height
还有你基本的笔画也一样
and your base line all the same,
如果那是你想得到的
if that’s a look that you’re going for.
但是当然你想看到
But of course as you’re gonna see,
很快 你可以真的转换它们
very soon, you can actually switch things up
和改变x的高度和所有字母的书写
and change the x-height and base line of all these letters.
这是你可以做的
This is something that you can do
在当你对书法和书写
when you get a little bit more comfortable
感到有点开心的时候
with calligraphy and hand lettering.
这可以加上一点你的个性
Because it adds a little bit more personality
到你的书写上
to your hand lettering,
这看起来有点古怪有趣
it looks a little bit more whimsical and fun.
做这样事情没有公式
There really isn’t a formula for doing this.
你不能只写一次i
You cannot just get an “i” for once,
你要多次练习
you practise it a lot.
我先做个示范
Um…Here I’m just demonstrating
我所说的改变基线
what I mean by changing up the base line.
示范中会看到直线划过
The top example you can kind of draw
它们的下方
straight line across.
下面 你会看到
But the bottom one, as you can see,
基线在字母间改变着
the base line changes from letter to letter.
其他可以改变你书写的事情
Other things you can do to switch up your calligraphy
是改变你字母的空间
is change the spacing of your letters.
像我这样
So this one I’ve done it,
更往下一点更远一点
more space down and more kind of tele-sized.
然后相反的
And then on the flip side
我也给出了字母紧凑的示范
I’ve also done an example where I squashed the letters
写的更近 更瘦 更高
closer together and made them thinner and taller.
这完全是由你来掌控
So it’s really completely up to you.
我想向你们展示下
I want to show you guys the difference
我之前提到的每个工具的不同
between each of the tools that I mentioned earlier
算是讨论一下我对每种工具的要领和技巧
and kind of talked about my tips and tricks for each one,
因为它们完全不同
because they are completely different.
显而易见 这支我今天一直在用的
Obviously the one that I’ve been using this whole time
是Tombow家的双头笔刷
is the Tombow dual brush pen.
但是Tombow家的刀笔
But the Tombow fudenosuke pens,
正如我所说的 就像是双头笔刷的小妹妹
as I mentioned, are kind of like the baby sister of the dual brush pens.
它们都是一个硬头一个软头
They come in hard tip and soft tip.
我个人比较喜欢软的一头因为
I personally prefer the soft tip because
它最像双头笔刷
it’s the most similar to the dual brush pen.
适合写小字
These work a lot better for smaller lettering
因为它们很细
because they’re quite thin.
而且你确实要多用点力
And you do have to add a bit more pressure
比你用双头笔刷要用力才行
than you do on the dual brush pens.
如果你不知道它们
If you didn’t know,
你可以用Crayola家的马克笔写
you can actually do calligraphy with crayola markers,
一个便宜的替代选择
which is kind of like a cheap alternative
以达到笔刷的效果
to getting the brush pens.
用它需要一点适应的过程
This takes a little bit of getting used to,
你需要改变一下握笔的姿势
you’ll have to kind of adjust your grip.
上划要非常轻地去写
And be super light on your up strokes,
下划要写得很重
and very heavy on your down strokes
这样你才能写出花样
so you get that difference in the lines.
当然你也可以用水彩刷
Obviously you can use water-color-brushes as well.
我觉得它有点像毛笔
I guess this is kind of like the original brush.
一定要有颜料
The only thing is with watercolor
你确实需要反复去蘸颜料
you do have to re-dip your brush back into the paint
非常频繁地
quite often
不然就会有颜色渐淡的效果
or else it’s gonna have like a faded effect.
除非那就是你想要的效果
Unless of course that’s the look that you’re going for,
一种非常酷的效果
which is totally cool.
好的 现在我要向你们展示如何仿写书法
Okay, now I’m gonna show you guys how to fake calligraphy
如果你们不想买笔刷
if you don’t want to buy a brush pen.
那么我将用一个正常的笔
So I’m just using a normal fine liner
我已经写下了些草字
and I’ve gone heading down some cursive lettering.
你们要做的是
And what you gonna do is
在这些字母的下划
on the down stroke of the letter
附近多加笔划
you’re going to add an extra stroke next to it.
这样它就会显得厚重些
So it’s gonna make it look thicker
在字母的某一边
on one side of the letter.
你可以假装重写
You can kind of pretend to redraw the word.
然后再加重下划的笔划
Then on the down stroke add the extra stroke.
你也可以让它们像这样中空
You can even leave it hollow like this,
这看起来很酷
it kind of looks cool.
但如果你真的想模仿笔刷的效果
But if you want to really emulate the brush pen effect,
只需要涂满这些空
you just have to fill in those spaces.
就是这样
There you go.
你将拥有属于自己的书法
You have your very own full calligraphy.
当然这要费点时间
Obviously it takes a little bit more time,
但我觉得这会看上去更像
but I think it looks pretty accurate.
今天更像种快速概述
So this was kind of like a quick overview.
如果关于书写你想了解更多
But if you wanna learn even more about lettering,
我真诚的推荐你去看SkillShare
I definitely recommend you check out SkillShare.
我自己就是从这个网站学的如何书写
I personally learned how to do lettering through the website.
那里是最好的
It’s the best.
你可能不知道它是什么
You don’t know what it is,
它是一个拥有15000课程的关于设计 摄影 以及其他的
it’s an online learning community with over 15000 classes
网上学习社区
in design, photo and more.
你可以学课 也可以教课
You can take a class, you can teach one,
而且每个学员每月只需10美元
and it’s only 10 dollars a month for premium membership
就可以在线离线学习所有课程
with unlimited access to classes on mobile and offline.
我以前提到过SkillShare
I’ve mentioned SkillShare before,
因为我很信任这个网站
because I really do believe in what they’re doing.
我非常喜欢她们的平台
I love their platform so much,
这也是为什么我又一次推荐他们的理由了
which is why I partnered up with them again,
我会给你们两个月的免费体验机会
to give you guys a free two month trial
点击这个链接
for the first 250 people to click the link
和说明框的前250名用户即可享受
and the description box.
如果对学习新技能感兴趣的话一定要去看哦
Definitely check them out if you’re interested in learning new skills.
真的是一个很好的资源
It’s honestly such a great resource.
一定不会后悔的哦
You will not regret it.
好的朋友们 以上就是所有我个人关于手写和书法的
Alright guys, those were all of my personal tips and tricks
要诀和技巧
for hand lettering and calligraphy.
希望大家有所收获
I hope you guys learn something.
在Ins关注我
If you wanna follow me on Instagram,
查看更多我的艺术作品和书法 和其他东西
and see more of my art and calligraphy, and all that jazz.
可以查找@AmandarachLee关注我
you can follow me @AmandarachLee and add @ Amandarachdoodles
此外 记得一定要查看下描述栏哦
But other than that, make sure that you check the description box,
我将在那里放许多重要链接和信息
I’ll have a ton of important links and details there,
包括所有那些我在视频中用过的
including all of the materials and supplies
材料和用品
that I used in this video.
看到这里 可以点击下方铃形按钮
Um…While you were there, you might as well just click that little bell button
每次更新视频就会收到通知
so you’ll be notified every time I post a new video.
祝你一天愉快
I hope you have an awesome day and
期待下次再见到你们
I’ll talk to you in my next video.
拜拜
Bye, guys.

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视频概述

关于如何模仿书法及其材料工具的概述,希望可以帮助你们写出花样好字~

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欠你的两毛五oli

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBoVGqiSzr4

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