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如何搭建以太矿机

How to Build an Ethereum Mining Rig

如何搭建以太矿机
以太币是一种类似比特币的加密电子货币
2017年因其价值快速增长而大受欢迎
你可以通过线上购买 或者搭建自己的以太矿机挖矿来获取以太币
Today we’re gonna be building an ethereum mining rig.
今天我们将来搭建一台以太矿机
These mining rigs run mathematical equations millions of times per second
这种矿机每秒可进行数百万次运算
in order to exstract ether from the ethereum network.
来挖掘出以太网中的以太币
While you probably won’t get filthy rich of building an ethereum mining rig,
虽然建个以太矿机不一定让你富得流油
you can make a decent amount of money,
但如果你电脑连了数量可观的GPU(图形处理器)
depending on how many GPUs you hook up to the computer.
就能赚一笔不错的收入
The total cost of building an ethereum mining rig
搭建以太矿机的总成本
can range anywhere around $800 to well over $3,000
在800美元到3000美元以上不等
depending on the quality of the components you use to build the computer.
取决于你搭建计算机所使用的配件的质量
In order to build an etherium mining rig,
搭建一台以太矿机
you’ll need a bunch of aluminum angles,
你需要一捆角铝
some cheap wooden blocks,
一些便宜的木板
a power supply unit,
一个电源装置
a motherboard,
一个主机板
power cables to connect all of them,
连接组件的电缆
random access memory(RAM),
随机存取存储器(RAM)
central processing unit(CPU).
中央处理器(CPU)
Here we have a heatsink span,
这里还需要一个散热器
which is used to help dispel heat from the CPU while it’s running.
帮助运作的CPU散热
These are powered risers.
这些是显卡转接线
These are going to be used to connect your GPU units to the motherboard
用来连接你的GPU到主机板上
while also keeping them elevated above the motherboard to help dissipate heat.
同时使GPU距主机板有一定高度 以便散热
These are the graphics processes units which would really make the Ethereum mining rig tick.
这些图形处理器是让这台以太矿机运作的关键
The same sorts of cards that are used to play video games.
它和电子游戏中使用的GPU是同一类
But in this case they’re going to be used to run the same operations
但在这里 这些GPU将反反复复执行同样的运算
over and over millions of times per second.
每秒执行数百万次
To actually go about building your mining rig,
开始真正着手建一台以太矿机
all you’re going to need is a pretty basic power drill,
你所需要的就是:一款非常基础的电钻
a small screwdriver
一把小螺丝刀
and maybe three dozen self-driving screws.
和大约36个自攻螺钉
Alright so first thing we’re going to do is we’re gonna build the computer’s case
好了 首先我们要搭建一个计算机机箱
just going to consists of aluminum angles cut to size.
我们需要用到切成一定大小的角铝
We have five that are cut to 24 inches,
其中五条切成24英寸
and eight that are cut to 14 inches.
八条切成14英寸
用螺钉将14英寸的角铝固定成两个正方形
用24英寸的角铝连接两个正方形底面
最后一个24英寸角铝用作隔条 来放置GPU
Alright so once you have your frame the next thing you’re going to do
好了 固定好框架 接下来
is add the wooden blocks where it’ll be mounting the motherboard.
要放上用来固定主机板的木板
用螺钉固定好木板条
Alright, now your frames are ready to go,
好了 这样框架就准备好了
It’s time to actually build the computer.
现在就可以开始搭建计算机了
So the first thing you’ll need to do is
首先
mount your motherboard to the wooden blocks you just screwed in.
将主机板固定在你刚刚安好的木板上面
For this, you’re going to want to use a screwdriver rather than a drill,
这一步最好用螺丝刀,而不是电钻
so you don’t damage the motherboard.
以避免伤害到主机板
So the next thing you want to do
接下来
once your motherboard has been attached to the woodblocks is
完成了上述操作
you’re going to want to put your CPU into the motherboard.
将你的CPU安置到主机板上
And very careful not to touch either part of the CPU.
一定注意不要触摸CPU或CPU插槽
As once the CPU is placed, you’re going to lock it in place with the cover.
CPU放好之后 将扣盖盖好使其固定
The next component that you’re going to add
接下来要安装的部件
is the heatsink for the CPU
是CPU的散热器
which is to be placed directly over it.
将安置在CPU的正上方
You’re just gonna wanna
直接将散热器的接头
plug that into the four-pins next to the heatsink.
插在散热器旁边的四针插槽上
Okay, next component is the stick of RAM.
好 下一个是RAM内存条
So once it’s lined up,
对齐好了之后
you’re just going to pop it into place.
就将其摁进去
Don’t be afraid to use a little bit of pressure there.
不用怕 可以稍微用点力气
Okay so the next element is going to be the power supply unit,
好 下一个组件是电源装置
and also there’s going to be all these holes in the back.
电源背面会有这样一些孔
Some of these are aligned with the holes on the motherboard,
其中一些孔和主机板上的孔是吻合的
so the main power input
因此主供电接口
is the 24-pin slot right here.
在24针插槽这里
And then there’s an 8 pin slot right here to connect the CPU.
然后CPU供电接口接在这里的8针插槽里
将24针接头接到主机板上
线的另一头连接电源装置
接着 用CPU的电源线连接主机板和电源
Alright the next component is going to be the powered risers,
好了 接下来是显卡转接线
which are going to be used to connect to the GPUs to the motherboard.
它将用于连接GPU到主机板上
Because these are powered risers you’re going to need to connect them to a power source.
显卡转接线 即显卡电源转接线 顾名思义 需要把它们连到电源上
So we’re going to take the ends of these cables,
因此我们把这些电线的一端
and we’re going to connect them.
连接起来
Alright now you got these connected,
好了 这一部分就连好了
and directs them over top like this.
像这样把它们放在上面
And you’re going to connect the end of the power cord to the power supply unit.
然后将电源线的一端连到电源装置上
And you’re going to want to take these USB connected chips,
再将这些连有USB电线的芯片
and plug them into the PCIe slots on the motherboard.
插到主机板上的PCIe插槽上
And now you’re ready to connect
现在可以开始
the powered risers to the GPUs
把显卡转接线连到GPU上了
So like the other chips you’ll notice that each GPU has a little indent on each end,
可能你会注意到 像其他芯片一样 GPU的各边上都有一个小凹槽
which matches up with the plastic on these,
它们和这上面的塑料凸起是匹配的
so there’s only one way that you can connect these,
连接它们的方式只有一种
You want to make sure those are aligned.
所以你连接的时候 要确保各个点是对齐吻合的
Alright to connect these,
要把这些连好
there’s going to be a hole
需要将这里的这个孔
towards the top of the graphics processes unit.
对着最上面的图形处理器
Final thing we have to do is hang these
最后要做的是将这些东西
in the space over here,
挂在这个区域内
because you don’t just want them balanced directly on top of the case.
因为你肯定不能直接把它们堆在机箱上 这样并不稳固
建议:用束线带操作 方便后期修理
The final component is going to be a power switch.
最后一个部件是电源开关
Doesn’t have to be anything fancy this is just a little quick button.
不需要花哨繁复 手里这只就是一个小的快捷开关
And that’s it for the hardware side of things.
以上就是硬件方面的内容
After this we’re going to move this near modem
做完了这些 我们要把设备搬到调制解调器(猫)附近
so we can connect it to the internet and get the mining software up and running.
才能联网并运行挖矿软件
So we have a 32 gigabyte USB stick
这里有一个32GB的U盘
preloaded with ethOS
里面已预装了ethOS系统
which is an operating system specifically made for mining ethereum.
它是专门用于挖掘以太币的操作系统
We have our Ethernet port connected to the Internet,
这里是用于联网的以太网端口
and now we’re ready to boot up.
现在我们可以开始启动了
So the computer will start.
那么计算机就启动了
You will notice the GPU fan start to spin.
你也会注意到GPU的扇叶开始转动
And by typing “show miner”
然后输入“show miner”
you’ll be able to see your mining activity.
你就能看到你的挖矿进程
Alright and at this point, your miner has started.
好了 目前你的挖矿程序已经开始工作了
Depending on how many GPUs you have,
GPU的数量
will depend on how long it takes to mine a single ether.
决定了挖一个以太币所花的时间
Now that you’ve got your mining rig up and running,
现在矿机已正常运转
all you have to do is sit back and let it do its thing.
你要做就是坐着好好休息 让它自己挖
It’s just going to be running millions of math problems every second
设备就将这样 每秒进行着数百万次的运算
and earning you some ether.
为你挖掘到以太币

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视频概述

手把手教你搭建以太矿机,轻松挖矿。

听录译者

TedLin

翻译译者

德芙鸭

审核员
视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3YMxGGXme8g

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