ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

该怎么建设一个更好的城市? – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

该怎么建设一个更好的城市?

How to Build a Better City

未来35年里的每一天平均都有170000个人搬到或出生在
Every day for the next 35 years, an average of 170,000 people will move to, or be born
城市里,在发展中国家,大多在亚洲和非洲的快速发展地区。
in, cities in the developing world, mostly in fast-growing areas in Asia and Africa.
有很多喜欢城市的理由:他们充满了工作、艺术、社区
And there’s a lot to love about cities: they’re chock-full of jobs, art, jobs, community,
在扔硬币的公共喷泉里有一笔小财—还有工作!
a small fortune in coins tossed into public fountains — and jobs! Cities can be good
城市也有益于地球-他们的简单的自然资源是水,电,交通,建筑材料
for the planet, too – their compact nature means that water, power, transportation, building
和能被超高效率地利用的土地
materials, and land can be used super-efficiently.
除了城市不总是超简单的岛屿,我们有时想象中的极好的乌托邦式的之外
Except cities aren’t always the supercompact islands of utopian awesome we sometimes imagine.
这是因为他们通常充分利用城市的核心地区,那些地区很少被密集的居民区
That’s because they’re usually made up of urban cores surrounded by less dense residential,
商业区和扩张的工业地区等等等等等
commercial, and industrial zones that sprawl on and on and on and on and on and on and
等等等…所围绕
on and on and on…
我们大多数人觉得郊区是两旁围着栅栏的满是绿叶的车道和巨大的流着口水的狗
Many of us may think of the suburbs as leafy-green lanes lined with picket fences and giant slobbery
但郊区有很多种。住在郊区里的所有人都贪婪地抓住
dogs, but suburbia comes in many forms. And people in suburbs of all types gobble up more
更多的能源,水和其他资源,并且比更高更密集的城市社区排放更多的污染物
energy, water and other resources and emit more pollutants than those in taller, denser
他们去更远的地方工作和上学,有更多的车
urban neighborhoods. They travel further to work and school, have more cars and drive
并且把车开到很远的地方去,在更大的房子里供热或制冷,还往往加大码数,否认
them further, heat and cool bigger homes, and tend bigger yards, negating the compact
他们周围密集的城市中心的高效率
efficiency of the dense urban cores they surround.
所以被郊区包围的总体密度较低的城市有着比那些紧凑的城市更低的效率
So suburb-ringed cities with low overall densities are much less efficient than those that are
不幸地是,全世界的城市正在扩大到两倍
tightly-packed. And unfortunately, cities around the world are expanding twice as fast
人口和面积扩张的速度一样快,人均使用更多的土地和能源
in area as they are in population, using up more land and energy and stuff per person.
我们能够逆转这个趋势通过摆脱资源紧缺的郊区的扩张
We could reverse this trend by getting rid of resource-hungry suburban sprawl altogether.
但这不仅仅是城市如何有机地发展。在现实生活中,宽阔的高速公路
But that just isn’t how cities tend to develop organically. In reality, wide highways and
便宜的汽油往往会促进更多的车和乘客,限制高度的建筑
cheap gas tend to encourage more cars and commuters, and height limits on buildings
单独分区的房子和企业向外推动增长
and separate zoning of homes and businesses push growth outward.
因此政策允许我们影响城市的形态,这影响有好有坏。
So policies allow us to influence the shape of our cities, for bad or good. Investing
投资大规模的运输和提高石油价格鼓励人们抛下他们的车
in mass transit and boosting gas prices encourages people to ditch their cars and live closer
和彼此住的更近,当混合的分区制法律允许他们在离家近的地方工作和游玩时
to each other, while mixed zoning laws allow them to work and play closer to home. And
当人们住的很密集时,他们的资源使用就不那么紧张了
when people live densely, they use resources less intensely.
在城市里-在生活中-我们有一个选择:扩张或向上发展
In cities – as in life – we have a choice: sprawl or grow tall.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述
听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

收集自网络

审核员

自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRb52O76HxQ

相关推荐