Let’s say you want to become pope,
head of the Catholic Church and shepherd to over 1 billion faithful.
What requirements must you have for this loftyposition:
1) Be a catholic and 2) Be a man.
Which seems a little thing
and while it’s technically possible for a regular Sunday Catholic to become pope,
the last time this happened was essentially never
because becoming pope isn’t like becoming president, you can’t just run for office.
Selecting the pope is an inside job and
the men who do it are the cardinals
and while in theory they can select any catholic man to become pope,
in practice they prefer to elevate one of their own.
The last time a non-cardinal become pope was more than 600 years ago
so while it isn’t an official requirement,
it’s an unofficial, official requirement.
Thus in order to be pope
you’ll first need to be a cardinal and to do that
you’ll need to start climbing the catholic corporate ladder.*
Step 1: Become a Priest.
Unlike some churches
where you can fill out a form online and – poof – ordained.
The Catholic Church treats becoming a priest as a real, you-need-training profession.
So you’re going to require a lot of education:
usually a college degree in Catholic Philosophy
and then a masters in divinity.
In addition to your educational qualifications,you must also be:
Willing to remain celibate forever.† If you meet these requirements,
working with the church, then you can be officially ordained as a priest.
Which basically means you get to run a Catholic Church,
or work with another priest who does.
But you want onward and to do
that you need to take the job of the man who just made you a priest.
步骤 2：成为主教 主教是一个精选出来的群体
Step 2: Become a BishopBishops are a much more select group: while
there are about 400,000 catholic priests world wide,
there are only about 5,000 bishops.
While priests get churches, bishops get cathedrals,
from which they oversee a number of local churches.
To advance your career
you must wait for your bishop in your area
to be forced into retirement at age 75 or die sooner than that freeing up space for you.
But you can’t just apply,
because there’s already a secret list of potential bishops
that’s updated every three years
based on who the current bishops in your area think
would make a good replacement for one of theirown.
To be on that list,
in addition to the obvious requirement of being a pious person, you should also:
Be least 35 years old Have been priest for at least five years
Have a doctorate in theology (or equivalent)Assuming you’re all these things, your name may,
or may not be on the secret list.
The local bishops then give that list to the pope’s ambassador for your country, known
knownas the Apostolic Nuncio.
The Nuncio picks three priests from the list,
does in-depth research on them, conducts interviews
and selects the one he thinks is best.
But it’s not over,
because the Nuncio sends his report to Vatican City and the congress
of bishops who work there reviewing potential appointments from around the world.
If the congress of bishops doesn’t like any of the three candidates,
they can tell the Nuncio to start over:
returning to the list, picking another three candidates
做更多的调查 更多的采访 然后发送结果
doingmore research, more interviews and sendingoff the results.
When the congress of bishops is happy with one of the Nuncio’s candidates
that name is given to the pope,
who can reject the candidate and start the whole process over.
It shouldn’t be a surprise that
from a vacancy to a bishop’s replacement can take months
and on occasion, years.
But assuming that a bishop in your area retired(or died) at the right time
and you were on the secret list of good priests and the
Nuncio picked you and you made it through his interview
and the congress of bishops approved you
and the pope didn’t veto you – poof now you’re now a bishop.
But you’re still not on top.
The penultimate promotion is…
Step 3: Become a Cardinal.
Despite the fancy name and snazzy red outfits
to match cardinals are not the bosses of bishops,
they are bishops,
just with an additional title and additional responsibilities
– the most notable of which is electing the newpope.‡
The only way to become a cardinal is
to get to current pope to appoint you as one
and of the 5,000 bishops, only about 200 are evercardinals.
But let’s say your ambition doesn’t go unnoticed
by the pope and he makes you a cardinal
– now it’s time to play the waiting game
for his death or retirement
and with pope’s death is vastly more likely.
When either happens the cardinals under the age
of 80 are brought to Vatican City where
they are isolated from the outside world –
presumably by taking away their cell phones and tablets and carrier pigeons.
Once sequestered, the election of a new popecan begin.
These elections are never exactly the same
because the ex-pope leaves instructions on how he wants his replacement to be picked,
but in general it works like this:
four times a day the cardinals go to the Sistine Chapel to vote
to become pope one of them must get a 2/3rds majority.
There’s a big dose of mustn’t-be-too-hasty here
as the cardinals don’t just raise their hands,
or use a modern preferential voting system,
but instead write down one name on a piece of paper
stand before the alter and say a long latin phrase, before officially casting the ballot.
Once all the cardinals have done this,
the votes are counted and then burned.
This why TV news stations covering the election
of the pope use super-modern-hd-livestreaming cameras to look at a chimney.
If the smoke is black, no new pope.
The high victory threshold, and tediously slow voting process,
is why it takes so long to elect a new pope.
每天四次投票 一周六天 通常至少需要两周
It’s usually at least two weeks of voting four times a day six days a week
with one day a week for prayer ) but the record length is three years.
Assuming you, eventually,
win the support of your fellow cardinals, you have one final thing
to do before becoming pope: pick yourselfa new name.
There is no formal rule,
you can name yourself anything you like
but it’s tradition to take the name of a previous pope.
Upon your acceptance of the job,
the final ballots are burned clean to make the smoke white
and announce to the world that a new pope has been selected.
So that’s the career path:
be born into the right half of the population,
become one of a billion catholics, then one of 400,000 priests,
then one of 5,000 bishops,
then one of 200 cardinals, wait for the current pope to die or retire,
并且使2/3的红衣主教信服你 选举你成为教皇 唯一的教皇
and convince 2/3rds of your fellow cardinals to select you as the one,the only pope.