You tell your friend that eating fats can be part
of a healthy diet and he gets mad
and starts yelling at you,
“ Oh, so you want me to eat McDonald ’ s all day? !
You want me to eat trans fats all day?!
Is that what you call healthy?!”
他认为 他反驳了你的观点 然而
In his mind, he’s somehow rebutting yourargument. However,
what he ’ s done is
essentially twisted what you said into something that you didn ’ t say,
and now he’s attacking his own littleconstructed argument.
You tell him that you were thinking more
along the lines of nuts and seeds, but for some reason,
he continues to be very angry withyou.
You and your friend are debating the complex question
of how taxes should be collected.
You’re more fiscally conservative whilehe’s more fiscally liberal.
And so far,
the argument has been going great but all of a sudden he brings up Donald Trump
and all the bad things Trump has done in hislife.
He goes on and on about Trump maybe thinking
that he ’ s somehow strengthening his position,
but he ’ s essentially introduced something
that ’ s irrelevant to the debate, and his
argument of whether Trump is a good guy
or a bad guy really says nothing overall about
the merits of fiscal conservatism just
like whether Hillary is a sketchy lady or a nice
lady says nothing about the merits of fiscalliberalism.
You ’ re debating your friend
about a topic and you bring up some very valid points.
And instead of addressing those points,
he gets angry and starts telling you how you ’ re
wrong because you ’ re an asshole or
because you ’ re ugly implying that your character
or your physical attributes somehow have anything to do
with the validity of your argument.
ARGUMENT FROM IGNORANCE
A friend of yours asks you to explain
in detail everything since the start of the universe.
You tell him that even though we know quite a bit,
we don ’ t know every single detail
about everything but we ’ re looking
for evidence constantly and working on putting the puzzle together.
他嘲笑你道 看 你不会回答但是他会
He laughs in your face. See, you have no answers but he does.
He tells you that the spaghetti monster created everything with his loving tentacles.
You’ve just been served an argument fromignorance.
We don ’ t know certain things for sure,
therefore it must be the spaghetti monster.
ARGUMENT FROM AUTHORITY
Your friend tells you that he saw on TV that
if he eats some crazy herb every day, he won ’ t
get cancer anymore.
And you ’ re kind of skeptical and ask for more evidence,
and he tells you that it ’ s
true because the guy who said it
是著名的医生 而且他还是博士 不幸的是
on TV is this famous doctor and he also has a PhD. Unfortunately,
just because someone has a PhD
doesn ’ t mean that they ’ re not full of shit. And also unfortunately,
a lot of people don ’ t seem to understand this.