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伊隆马斯克的五个成功秘诀

How to Be as Productive as Elon Musk - 5 Essential Practices

在相当长的一段时间里 我对伊隆马斯克的能力很是着迷
For quite a while now I have been fascinated
他能克服难以想象的难题
by Elon Musk’s ability to accomplish incredibly difficult things and often
并且速度惊人
at a ridiculously fast pace.
无论你喜欢或者是讨厌他
Love him or hate him,
你都不能否认伊隆马斯克是一个富有成效的人
you can’t deny that Elon Musk is a pretty productive guy. And,
作为一个喜欢追究别人
as someone who loves digging in to see what makes
成功原因的人 我最近很好奇究竟是
successful people tick, I recently started to wonder what are the
何种习惯 练习以及心态促使
habits and practices and mindsets that drive Elon Musk’s ability
伊隆马斯克将事情做好
to get things done.
在读了阿什莉·万斯关于马斯克的传记
After reading AshleeVance’s biography on Musk
和仔细研究了他在Reddit AMAs(新闻网)和网上的采访之后
as well as digging into some of his Reddit AMAs and past online interviews,
我总结了五个 回答这个问题的答案
I came up with five lessons that answer this question. And,
这五个经验每个人都能 应用于自己的生活实践中
these five lessons are things that anybody can put into practice in their own lives. And,
我们从意外简单的一个开始讲
we’re gonna start withone that is deceptively simple.
2015年在Reddit上
At an AMA he did on Reddit in 2015,
(口误)
one of the most updot, updoted, updooted.
(口误 笑)
One of the most updooted (laughs).
我刚说错词了
I should just say updooted.
其中有一个问题是
One of the most updootedquestions was what daily habit
什么样的日常习惯对他生活的积极影响最大?
do you believe has thelargest positive impact on your life?
马斯克简单地回答“淋浴”
To which Musk simply replied,”Showering.” Now,
我承认一开始我认为这个答案是伊隆在和提问者开玩笑
I’ll admit that min initialreaction to this question was that Elon was basically
trolling this person. And,
嘿 确实有可能啊
hey, it’s possible that he was. But,
但是也有可能他是认真的
it’s also possible thathe was serious about it. And,
他的这个答案使我想起来
reading his answer mademe think about a broader,
自己之前学过的另外一个相关的大道理
but still related lessonthat I’ve learned myself.
如果我认真对待个人形象
When I take my personalappearance seriously,
我的工作也会更加认真
I take my work more seriously as well.
如果早晨起来后立刻洗个澡
If I wake up in the morning and I shower immediately
穿上让自己自信的衣服
and I wear clothes that make me feel confident,
我更能度过高效的一天
I’m likely to have a really productive day
即使我在家工作 没其他人看我
even if I’m working here at home where nobody can see me.
这也是很多企业家开始创业时
And, this is something that many entrepreneurs learn really early on
最先学到的 依靠的东西
when they start working for themselves. And,
这个道理对离开父母
it’s a lesson that many students
去大学上学的学生来讲
learn when they go to college and they get
也十分有必要
out of their parents’ houses. And,
生活中你的外部束缚越少
the fewer externalstructures you have in your life,
经理啊父母啊
you know, managers, parents,incredibly tough fairies
叫卓耿·冯·挣扎的困难精灵啊
named Jorgen Von Strangle,the more you have to rely
自律能力 意志力越强越能够做成事情
on your own self-discipline and willpower to get things done. And,
这两个特质出人意料地受个人卫生 个人形象
those two traits aresurprisingly influenced by your hygiene, by your
personal appearance,
个人环境整洁有序的影响
and by the organization andcleanliness of your environment. So,
如果想要每天在工作中更加高效 认真对待这些事
if you wanna be more productive in your work on a daily basis, take these things seriously.
每天洗澡或者至少经常洗澡 不至于闻起来
Shower every day, or at least often enough that you don’t smell
像用生气奥斯卡(芝麻街中人物)牌
like a beta tester for a cologne
古龙水的程序猿
made by Oscar the Grouch. And,
并注意穿着
dress well. And,
我并不是说
by that I don’t mean you have
必须要穿得西装革履
to wear a suit and tie to class, but
至少要穿得自信 看起来对自己认真
wear clothes that make you feel confident and that make it look like you’re taking yourself seriously.
关于马斯克我注意到的另外一点
Another thing that I noticed about Musk, which
也是我们要学习的第二个经验是
forms the basis of our second lesson, is
他为自己的团队树立榜样
that he sets an example for his team.
马斯克是一个非常严苛的CEO 希望自己的雇员
Musk is a famously demandingCEO, expecting his employees
长时间工作 时刻竞争
to work long hours,outwork the competition
基本放弃任何貌似的工作和生活的平衡
at every point, and basicallygive up any semblance of a work-life balance. And,
这让他看起来冷漠无情
this can make himseem abrasive and uncaring.
在特斯拉他跟他的一位雇员讲过这样一件事
Here’s one thing that he said to one of his employees at Tesla.
你要提前构思
“ I want you to think
每天用力思考 一直想到脑壳疼
ahead and think so hard every day “that your head hurts.
你要每天睡觉的时候 都(因思考)头疼
“ I want your head to hurt every night when you go to bed.” Now,
虽然这不太近人情 但是马斯克的
despite this abrasivenature, most of Musk’s current
现任和前任雇员都非常尊重他
and former employees havea lot of respect for him. And,
他们都乐意牺牲生活上的平衡
they’re willing to sacrifice a balanced life
以求得顺如他意
in order to meet his demands.
为什么呢
Why is this? Well,
一个原因就是马斯克不希望
one reason is that Musk doesn’t expect anyone
他团队中的任何一个人比他更努力
on his teams to work any harder than he does.
换就话说 他树立榜样
In other words, he sets the example.
马斯克每周工作85到100小时
Musk puts in anywhere between85 to 100 hours per week,
经常全周无休
often working the full seven days. And,
他也会尽全力完成自己的任务
he also has an intensesystem of bashing his tasks
以让每分钟都有意义
in order to wring every minutefor all that it’s worth. So,
马斯克的员工们努力工作的同时
while Musk’s employeesare working hard,
马斯克工作更加努力
he’s working harder.
当然 树立榜样的前提是
Of course, an integral part of setting an example,
确保榜样能够被看到
is making sure that example is visible to the
这样人们的士气才会受到鼓舞
people whose morale will benefit from it. And,
这是马斯克把自己的办公桌
that’s why Musk choseto put his desk at Tesla
放置在特斯拉工厂 与其他工程师同坐的原因
on the factory floor in the middle of all the other engineers’ desks.
特斯拉董事会成员之一的
Steve Jurvetson, who’s one of the board members
史蒂芬·尤尔维特松解释了马斯克的位置选择
at Tesla explained Musk’s reasoning for selecting this location.
他特意选择最能够被看到的位置
“He picks the mostvisible place on purpose.
每周六周日他都在特斯拉工作
“He’s at Teslas just aboutevery Saturday and Sunday
想让人们能够看到并找到他
“ and wants people to see him and know they can find him.
就是这样提高个人生产力的
here’s how this relatesto your personal productivity.
好 故意选择成为你圈子的榜样
” Now, Deliberately choosing to set a good example for those around you,
可以进一步激励你持续提升
will further motivate you to consistently improve.
当你知道别人在看的时候
When you know other people are watching,
尤其是被你下了命令的这些人
especially people that you’ve put demands on,
你不会容许荣誉受损的 此外
you’re not gonna rest on your laurels. Plus,
在做团队项目的时候
when you’re working on a group project,
或者需要管理他人的时候
or if you eventually get into a situation where
树立榜样
you’re managing other people, setting an example
能够帮助你的团队更具凝聚力 并且更加团结
is gonna help to makeyour team a more cohesive and effective unit. And,
对伊隆马斯克而言 他的团队
for Elon Musk, havinghis teams be cohesive
团结 高效至关重要 因为他常常会
and effective is crucialbecause he is constantly
制定弹性目标 这是我们学到的第三个道理
setting stretch goals, which is the basis for our third lesson.
马斯克最臭名昭著的性格特点
One of Musk’s most notorious character traits,
是倾向于为他公司的各种项目
is a tendency to set incredibly ambitious deadlines
设置难以置信的时间节点
for his companies’ various projects. And,
有的时候会非常不切实际
this can sometimes be unrealistic.
假如你熟悉特斯拉早期的历史的话
If you’re familiar with Tesla’s early history,
你也许会记得最初特斯拉保证
you might remember that they initially promised to
在2006年让特斯拉电动跑车上路
ship the first Roadster back in 2006,
日期一推再推 一直推迟到
a date that was furtherpushed back and back and back
直到2008年年末 特斯拉电动跑车才最终上市
until the Roadster finallyreleased in late 2008.
另一方面 这些看似不可能的期限对他的团队有巨大的影响
On the flip side, these seemingly impossible deadlines have a powerful effect on his teams.
以下是SpaceX的前执行人说的
Here’s how one formerexecutive at SpaceX put it.
他可以调动每个人的积极性去研发这辆车
“It’s like he has everyoneworking on this car
好像打算要用一箱汽油从洛杉矶开到纽约一样
“that is meant to get fromLos Angeles to New York “on one tank of gas.
一年努力研发并且 测试各个部分性能
“They’ll work on thecar for a year and test “all of its parts. “Then,
一年后出发前往纽约
when they set off forNew York after that year,
所有副理事长私下里都认为
“ all the vice presidents think privately “
车开到洛杉矶就不错了
that the car will be lucky to get to Las Vegas.
事实是车子开到了新墨西哥
“ What ends up happening is that the car gets “ to New Mexico,
是他们预期距离的两倍
twice as far as they ever expected,
伊隆太疯狂了
“and Elon is still mad.
他超出人们预期的两倍
“He gets twice as much asanyone else out of people.” And,
我要特别强调下这里的最后一句
I wan na put special emphasis on that last sentence there
因为它很好地说明了拉伸目标的力量
because it perfectly illustrates the power of stretch goals. Essentially,
本质上讲拉伸目标是指
a stretch goal is
制定的目标超过目前的能力
a goal that’s beyond your current capabilities
或者有时超过目前的感知能力
or sometimes your currentperception of your capabilities.
如果你觉得自己能做5个引体向上
If you think that you can do five pull-ups and you have
并且有教练告诉你跳起来抓住杆子
a coach who tells you to jump up on the bar and
做10个 他就为你 设定了一个拉伸目标
do 10, he’s just set a pretty challenging stretch goal for you. And,
很有可能 你没能做10个引体向上
what’s gon na happen is you ‘re probably not gon na get 10 pull-ups,
但是你做了7个
but you are gon na get seven.
很多时候表面看起来不可能的拉伸目标
Often the seemingly impossible stretch goal
确实能够帮助我们超越 之前预期的界限
is exactly what’s needed to push us past our previous conceived limits.
一定要有勇气去追逐一些
You have to have the guts to go for something
你目前认为自己不能实现的东西
that you don’t think you can currently achieve because
在追求的过程中 你会提升自己的技能以达到要求
in pursuit of it, you’re gon na bring your skills up to the level that they need to
然后最终成功
be at to actually get it done.
如果设定的目标
This kind of growth doesn’t happen when you
和之前做过的事情难度相当
keep aiming for things that are just as doable
是不可能有这种成长的
as what you’ve done before. And,
伊隆马斯克很清楚这一点
Elon Musk knows this well.
马斯克熟知的另外一件事是
Another thing that Musk knows well is the value
发展广泛的知识库的价值
of developing a wide knowledge base.
在所有科技公司的CEO中
Among the CEOs of all the tech companies out there,
马斯克是为数不多的真正懂
Musk stands out as one of the few who actually understands
自己公司制造的
a lot of the sciencebehind the cars and rockets
汽车 火箭的科学知识的人
that his companies create. And,
物理学 数学和工程学的广泛知识
this wide understandingof physics and math
这些知识让马斯克懂得
and engineering allows Muskto actually follow along
他的工程师向他解释的问题
when his engineersexplain problems to him. And,
并且他往往能够给出最后实际可行的建议
he can often suggestsolutions that do end up working. Additionally,
此外广泛的知识帮助
this wide breadth of knowledge allows
他克服心理障碍
him to push past mental roadblocks and to
激励他的团队创新
motivate his team to innovate and do things
做一些别人认为不可能的事情
that others thought were impossible.
回收火箭的主意就是一个很好的例子
The idea of reusing rocketsis a great example here.
在他的书中 阿什莉·万斯说到
In his book, Ashlee Vance notes that,
有一个营的太空专家认为马斯克
“There’s a camp of spaceexperts who think Musk
是在浪费时间 工程计算结果
“is flat-out wasting histime, and that engineering
已经证明重复使用的火箭
“calculations alreadyprove the reusable rockets
是异想天开的
“to be a fool’s errand.” And,
今年SpaceX第二次往太空
yet in March of thisyear, SpaceX launched
发射了猎鹰9号火箭
the same Falcon 9 rocket intospace for the second time.
成功回收火箭
Reusable rockets are here. Now,
马斯克关于科学 工程学的知识并不是他成为CEO之前的唯一成果
Musk’s knowledge of science and engineering isn’t solely a product of his pre-CEO years.
即使他为了运营公司工作
Even as he worked to run his companies,
他仍然努力学习工程师们工作的原理
he also strove to learn the fundamentals of what his engineers were building.
万斯书中有关于这部分的记载
Here’s a great passagefrom Vance’s book on this.
在SpaceX工厂 他会让工程师陷入窘境 询问工程师关于 阀门或者专门材料的问题
He would trap an engineer in the SpaceX factory and set to work grilling him about a type of valve or specialized material.
我一开始以为他是在
“ I though at first that he was
挑战我 看看我是否
challenging me “ to see if I knew
知晓我的工作 早期工程师之一的
my stuff,” said Kevin Brogan,
凯文布罗根说
one of the early engineers.
后来我发现他是想要学习
“Then I realized he wastrying to learn things.
他会一直追问直到他学到了 你所知晓的90%
“ He would quiz you until he learned 90 % of what you know.”
马斯克坚持学习关于 他公司产品建造的方方面面
Musk’s insistence on learning about every aspect of the engineering that goes into his companies’ products
证明他是个T形人格 这种人在某个领域
makes him a T-shaped person,somebody with a deep knowledge
特别精通 但是同时也
and skills in one particulararea, but also a shallower,
在其他的领域浅显但也很可观地知晓大量知识
yet still fairly substantialamount of knowledge in a broad array of other
topics and disciplines.
与之相对 I型人格的人是专家
By contrast, an I-shapedperson, a specialist,
在一个特定的领域有深厚知识
has a deep knowledgein one particular area,
但仅限于此
but that’s about it.
他们通常局限于他们的领域
They basically stay in their lane. And,
你也可以称之为破折号型人才
there’s also what you could call a dash-shaped archetype.
也就是每个领域都懂一些 但是什么也不精通的那种人
These are your jack of all trades, master of none type people.
在这三种类型之中
Out of these three archetypes,
你应该努力成为一个T型人格的人
you should be striving to become a T-shaped person, because doing so
这样能够集两者(优点)于一身
gives you the best of both world.
你可以在特定领域培养一定程度上
You develop expertise in one particular area to a degree where
真正可以做贡献的专家
you can make a truly meaningful contribution to it, but
但是在其他领域也有广泛知识
having broad knowledge in a lot of other areas
可以使你更有创造性
allows you to be more creative, and allows
可以使你从新的角度来理解事物
you to look at problems from a new perspective
并且用不一样的方法来解决
and solve things in a different way. And,
这就是关于马斯克最后也是最重要的一个经验
that brings us to our final and most important lesson from Musk.
总是认为自己还有进步的空间
Always assume that you can improve.
我想引用一句我最喜欢的马斯克的话作为这一部分的结尾
I wanna start this section off with what is hands-down my favorite quote from Elon Musk.
我认为有反馈环节非常重要
“I think it’s very importantto have a feedback loop,
你就可以不断思考自己做了什么
“where you’re constantlythinking about what you’ve done
并且如何做得更好
“and how you could be doing it better.
我认为这是最好的一条建议
“I think that’s the singlebest piece of advice:
不断想如何才能把事情做得更好 不断地询问自己
“constantly think about how youcould be doing things better “and questioning yourself.”
伊隆马斯克永远不会对自己现在的成就满足
Elon Musk is never satisfiedwith where he is now.
他可能会对自己的成就以及团队的成果感到骄傲
He may be proud of his accomplishments and what his companies have been able to achieve, but
但是他知道在任何一个领域
he knows that in every single area
都还有可以做得更好的空间
there’s always somethingthat could be done better.
永远有更好 更快 更酷 或者成本更低的方式来做事
There’s always a better, faster, cooler, or cheaper way to do it.
我最喜欢他的一个最疯狂的例子是
One of my favorite examples
在得到12万美元
of this mindset in action is when he got a $ 120,000 quote from a supplier
用于火箭研发的
for an electromechanicalactuator, which is a part
机电制动器方面的助资的时候
that needs to go into a rocket. Now,
大多数航空公司很可能都会接受助资 用于火箭研发
most aerospace companies probably would’ve accepted the quote price, shoved the part into their rocket,
然后让顾客买单 但是
and passed the expense on to their clients. But,
伊隆马斯克却嘲笑了这位赞助者
Elon Musk, instead,laughed at the supplier
并告诉他的一位雇员用5千美金的预算
and told an employee to gobuild the exact same part
按草稿重新开始制造一样的东西
from scratch with a budget of $5,000. And,
这位雇员的名字就是史蒂芬·戴维斯
that employee, whose name was Steve Davis,
最后他只用了3900美金完成这部分工作
ended up building the part for $ 3,900,
甚至比马斯克为猎鹰1号发射的预算还要少
which was even underthe budget that Musk set and that part ended up going to space in the Falcon 1 rocket. So,
所以 总会有更好 或者是案例中更廉价的方式来做事情
again, there is alwaysa better, or in this case, cheaper way to do it. Now,
这种思考方式有自己的命名
there’s a name forthis method of thinking.
它被称之为成长心态 有可能
It’s called the growthmindset and it’s potentially
这就是区分成功人士和不成功的人最重要的因素
the single most importantfactor that separates successful people from their
less successful counterparts.
有成长心态的人认为他们可以学习任何东西 并且乐于为之付出足够努力
A growth-minded person thinksthat they can learn anything as long as they’re willing
to put enough effort into it.
如果失败了 他们会再次尝试
If they fail, they’re gon na get back up and they’re gon na
下一次 运用新知识注意规避不该做的事情
try again, this time with new knowledge about what not to do. And,
在一天的结束
at the end of the day,
他们意识到他们的潜能只是被自己束缚
they realize that their potential is only limited by their willingness
直到他们更加努力 尝试用新方法 方可成功
to work hard and keeptrying new approaches until something works.
没有这种想法的人们有固定心态
People who don’t think thisway, have a fixed mindset.
他们倾向于用现有的方式看待世界
They tend to see the world as something that is the way it is,
并且一成不变
it’s not really gon na change. And,
他们自己并不真的是 那种想要变得优秀的人
that they themselves arenot really the kind of people that get better.
他们认为 现有的方式是最好的方法
They may also believe that the way they currently do things is the best way to do it.
他们并不认为
These are the kind of people that think
可以打破定律 修正方式
if it ain’t broke don’t fix it. But,
事实是 就是这种想法会让人陷于惯性
the thing is, this type of thinking is what gets people stuck in ruts.
会停滞不前
It causes stagnation. Meanwhile,
这些成长型的人才能进步
those who live a growth-oriented life are going to make progress. And,
即使进步很小
even if the progress they make
甚至每天1% 的进度 随着时间的增长 会积累增多
is small, even if it’s just 1 % per day, over time, well, that adds up. Now,
之前我们讨论了伊隆马斯克是
earlier on we talkedabout how Elon Musk
T型人格 有深厚的专业知识
is a T-shaped person, howhe has that deep level
并且不同领域的知识 使之变得更加广博
of expertise that’s augmentedby a broad knowledge base of many different topics. And,
你们也应该努力成为这样的人
this is something that you should be striving to become,
尤其是越来越多的公司
especially as more and more companies
依靠算法和自动化
are leaning on algorithms and automation
来解决简单的问题
to solve the reallystraightforward problems. If,
如果你是工科学生
say you’re an engineering student, you
你必然地要花费大量时间
definitely wan na spend most of your time focusing on
在类似流体动力学、算法这类知识上
the main things like fluid dynamics and algorithms. But,
但是如果你也能
if you spent some
在营销 平面设计 人工智能的机械学习
of your independent time also dabbling in things like marketing or graphic design
等不熟悉的科技领域方面花费
or maybe even a tech areathat you’re not familiar with
来进行学习 你就更能够有创造性地
like machine learning AI,you’re gonna be able to use
来运用你的主要技能 你会发现
your main skill set morecreatively and you might find
其实你的工作涉及两个领域
that you actually find a job at the intersection
然而这一点在一开始 你根本没有意识到
of two fields that you didn’t even know existed in the first place. And,
如果你想要在这些其他领域 构建一些基本的知识体系
if you wan na start building some initial competence in these outside areas,
应该要积极地实践
you should aim to do it actively. And,
Skillshare是学习的绝佳网站
one of the best places that you can do that is Skillshare.
它有超过1.7万种课程
Skillshare has over17,000 courses and a ton
还有大量不同主题的课程
on different topics including all the ones
包括我刚才提及的平面设计 人工智能 机器学习 营销等等
I just mentioned above: graphic design, AI and machine learning, marketing.
实际上 他们的营销课程非常棒
In fact, they have afantastic marketing course
是我最喜欢的作家塞斯·戈丁讲的
from Seth Godin who is one of my favorite authors
你们可以去看看
that you should definitely check out. And,
他们的课程最棒的一点就是
the best thing about all their courses is
他们有非常实用的组件
that they have hands-on, practical components. So,
不单单是看视频 你可以
instead of just watching videos, you’re gon
全心投入迎接一些挑战来
na be able to sink your teeth into some challenges that
延伸自己的能力加快学习的进度
will really stretch your capabilities and accelerate your learning. Now,
由于网站上有成千上万的课程学习
while they do have thousands of courses for you to choose from,
我向大家推荐
I do wan na recommend one course
这周的特别课程
in particular this week.
这就是Keith Yamashita的“讲故事”
And that’s Keith Yamashita’scourse on storytelling.
人们都喜欢故事
Human beings are wired to love stories.
如果你可以学习讲好故事的原理
So if you can learn the elements of good storytelling
并且自己来构思 你就
and how to craft one yourself, you’re gon
能够更轻松地和他人沟通
na have an easier time connecting with people and getting
让人们更加关注你的想法
them onboard with your ideas, whether you’re giving
不管你是在做演示还是面试
a presentation or interviewing for a job. So,
如果你想要学习这门课程
if you wan na go through that course or dig
或者是其他任何感兴趣的领域
into any other area that you’re interested in,
尝试访问一下 Skillshare吧
give Skillshare a try. And,
下方描述区里前500位
the first 500 people who click the link
点击链接并注册的观众
in the description down below and sign up, will
将会得到两个月无限制的免费学习
get a two-month free trial of unlimited learning.
在这之后每月将会有少于
After that, a premium subscription starts
10美元的溢价认购并且可以随时取消
at less than 10 bucks a month and you can cancel at any time. So,
所以去看看吧
go check’em out and I wan na
非常感谢Skillshare赞助 这则视频 并且会持续赞助这个频道
give a huge thanks to Skillshare for sponsoring this video and continually supporting this channel.
也非常感谢大家观看
Also a huge thanks toyou guys for watching. And,
如果你喜欢这个视频
if you like this video,
请务必点赞来支持这个频道
definitely give it a thumbs up to support this channel. And,
或许也可以分享给你的朋友
hey, maybe consider sharingit with a friend as well.
如果你还没有订阅 可以在这里订阅
If you’re not subscribed yet,you can subscribe right there
或者点击铃铛的图标
and maybe click that bell icon
以接收更新消息提醒
if you wan na get notifications right when I upload. Otherwise,
另外点击那里可以免费获取我的书《如何获得高分》
click rightthere to get a free copy of my book on how to earn better grades.
如果你要找新工作的话
You can also click right there to check out our
也可以点击那里来观看我们最近的播客
latest podcast episode which you might wan na do if you’re looking for a job any time soon. Otherwise,
此外我还有另外一则视频
I will have onemore video from this channel
你可以点击那里观看
right there that youcan click on and watch.
感谢观看 我们下个视频再见
Thanks for watching andas always I will see you in the next video.

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视频概述

介绍伊隆马斯克的五个成功秘诀供大家学习

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Jerry不爱吃鱼

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4cjNYGUaoA

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