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如何像达芬奇一样思考:达·芬奇的五个人生建议

How to Be a Genius: Leonardo da Vinci's 5 Rules

I don’t know about you
我不清楚你们是否这样
but I have always had a problem sticking with just one interest.
但我经常很难把一个兴趣爱好坚持下来
I wanna do everything.
我想做所有事
And I don’t just want to do everything,
而且我不想只是做一做
I want to get good at everything.
我想精通每件事
Now normally, this is a pretty poor strategy for building skills.
一般来说 如果你频繁在几件事之间切换
If you jump between things too frequently,
这对于培养技能不是明智之举
you’ll never put in the number of hours needed
这样你就不会花大量必需的
to get truly good at any one thing.
时间去真正地精通一件事
But given enough time, energy,
但有了充足的时间 精力
and let’s be honest here, unhealthy obsession,
直白些 还有些不健康的执念
one can become a Renaissance person.
你就能成为一个文艺复兴时期的人
Now one such Renaissance person, probably the OG Renaissance person was Leonardo da Vinci.
一位算做文艺先锋的人—莱昂纳多·达·芬奇
You might have heard of him before
你可能以前就听说过他
from this little-known project of his called the Mona Lisa
也许是因为那幅家喻户晓的画作《蒙娜丽莎》
or through his much more impressive accomplishment
或是《忍者神龟》
of being immortalized as a Ninja Turtle.
这部使人更加印象深刻的作品
More recently though,
但最近
he was also immortalized in a huge biographical tome
由沃尔特•艾萨克森撰写的一部自传巨作
called simply Leonardo da Vinci by Walter Isaacson.
《列奥纳多·达·芬奇》使他名垂千古
This book gives us some fascinating insights into
这本书向我们展示了
what made Leonardo the man that he was.
是什么造就了达芬奇的精彩剖析
And today I want to share some of those insights with you
今天我想与你们分享作者的一些观点
so that you can use them to become more powerful
这样你们也能用这些观点使自己
than you could possibly imagine,
变得比想象中的更强
or you know, at least a little bit more productive in your daily life.
或者至少在日常生活中能更有成效
So here are five lessons from the life of da Vinci,
那么接下来便是从达芬奇的一生总结而来的五个建议
or as my best friend Martin likes to call him, “My boy, Leo DV.”
我的挚友Martin称呼他为“老弟 Leo DV”
Lesson number one:
第一条:
Present yourself based on what you would like to become,
根据你想要成为的样子去展现你自己
not just on what you are right now
而不是现如今的样子
or what you have been in the past.
或是你以前的样子
Many of us know da Vinci as the mastermind
绝大多数人都知道达芬奇是创作了
behind the Mona Lisa or his painting The Last Supper,
《蒙娜丽莎》和《最后的晚餐》的天才
but there were actually periods in Leonardo’s life
但事实上 有段时间里
where he didn’t even want to look at a paintbrush.
达芬奇甚至不想看到画笔
During one of these episodes when he was looking for a new patron in Milan,
在米兰寻找新赞助者的那段时间
he drafted a letter describing his various talents
他在信中描述了自己多样的才能
mostly in engineering and military endeavors.
大部分是在工程和军事上的努力
The letter he drafted lists 10 specific areas
在信中 他详细地列举了十个
in which he might be of service.
他能从事的领域
Before mentioning painting, at all of which, he writes,
在提到绘画前 他写道
“Likewise in painting, I can do everything possible…”
“和绘画一样 我无所不能…”
Basically this is an early example of a custom-tailored resume
基本上这就是早期一份量身定制的简历模板
which Leonardo wrote to get the job that he wanted.
达芬奇通过这份简历获取心仪的工作
So here’s what you can take with this.
那么你可以从中学到一点
When you’re presenting yourself to others,
当你要向他人展示自己时
whether it’ll be in the form of a resume or even a Twitter bio,
不管是在简历中或甚至是在推特中
don’t talk about things that you don’t wanna be known about
不要提及你不想被别人知晓的东西
or that you don’t want to be doing in the near future.
或者是你近期不想做的事
Instead, work to highlight your current interests.
相反 要去强调你现在的兴趣
If you have to pad things out with your past experience,
如果一定要展现你过去的经历
you might need to do that but don’t put them first and foremost.
如果需要如此 那就不要把它们放到最前面
But on the other hand, don’t list things that you can’t actually do yet
另一方面 不要列举你想做但实际上
just because you want to do them.
还做不到的事情
You actually do have to be able to deliver to some degree.
你的能力必须要达到一定的程度
As it turns out, Leonardo actually hadn’t done many of the things
事实证明 达芬奇确实没做过那么多
that he listed in his letter.
他在信中列举的事情
A lot of them were just ambitions or ideas.
很多都只是他的抱负或想法
But, because he had this genius ability to innovate,
但因为他是个天才 有创新能力
usually things worked out pretty well for him.
所以事情通常做得相当不错
But today, things are a lot more competitive and people don’t want to waste time
但现在竞争更激烈 人们也不想把时间
with somebody who really doesn’t have experience.
浪费在没有实际经验的人身上
So make sure that you can back up what you’re talking about.
所以你要确保所做的能支撑你所说的
Make sure you have at least some of the skills and experience
确保自己至少有一些你想展现
that you want to present to the world.
给这个世界的技能或经验
Now that isn’t to say that you need years of experience in a particular discipline
但这也不是说在展现自己前 你在某一学科上
before you can present it.
需要有多少的经验
Because many things can actually be learned
因为很多事情是可以
in a very short period of time.
在很短的时间内就学会
For example, one of our friends
打个比方 我一个朋友
was applying for a job a few years ago
几年前申请一份工作
in which having experience with a LAMP Stack
这个工作要有LAMP堆栈的经验
which is a web hosting stack consisting of Apache, MySQL, and PHP all running on Linux
也就是由在Linux上运行的Apache MySQL和PHP组成的虚拟主机堆栈
would have been very beneficial
有经验就会非常占优势
So in just one weekend,
所以在仅仅一周内
he taught himself how to set this up,
他自学了如何搭建堆栈
because it’s a pretty easy skill to learn actually.
因为这实际上是一项很容易掌握的技能
And that experience actually helped him to land the job.
然后这次经验也帮他得到了工作
Lesson number two:
第二条:
Become a T-shaped person.
成为一个T型人才
And luckily I’ve got a head start on this
很幸运我在这方面已经开了个头
because my name starts with “T”.
因为我的名字就以字母T开头
For the rest of you guys, you may have to put a little bit more work into this.
你们可能就得在这方面多下点功夫了
But it’s worth it.
但一切都值得
Leonardo’s willingness to shift his focus to entirely new things
达芬奇愿意把注意力转移到全新的事物上
is part of what made him great.
这也是造就他伟大的部分原因
He didn’t get caught up in past identities,
他不会沉浸于自己过去的身份
and he didn’t limit himself based on what he was already good at.
也不会把自己局限于已经擅长的事情
Instead, he relentlessly followed his curiosity
相反 他不停地追随着自己的好奇心
wherever it led him .
不管这会指引他到何处
And he filled notebook after notebook
达芬奇记满的笔记本一本又一本
with constant observations and questions and thoughts.
这些笔记本中记满了他的观察 疑问和想法
And due to this constant practice,
由于这些不断的实践
he not only made himself familiar with many different disciplines
他不仅熟悉很多不同的学科
but he became quite knowledgeable in several of them.
并且在几门学科中有着非常渊博的知识
Human anatomy, optics, military engineering,
人体解剖学 光学 军事工程学
hydrodynamics, and theatrical productions,
流体力学以及戏剧创作学
just to name a few.
等等
Oh yes, and painting as well.
哦 对 还有绘画
And it was partially due to this variety
达芬奇能擅长各项技能
that he was able to excel in so many talents.
多样性也是部分原因之一
His creativity and understanding was bolstered heavily
通过理解并将一个学科的模式运用到另一个
by his ability to see and apply patterns from one discipline to another.
达芬奇的创造力和理解能力也得到了巨大的提升
For just one example, let’s take a look at the Mona Lisa’s smile.
举个例子 我们来看看《蒙娜丽莎的微笑》
The greatness of this smile in the painting was not an accident.
这副画中绝妙的微笑绝非偶然
It was informed by obsessive anatomical studies
这要通过达芬奇的强迫性解剖研究和
and a desire to understand each of the muscles that control facial expressions.
弄清每块控制面部表情肌肉才能展现出来
Without this extra layer of learning pour from,
没有其他层面的知识
the greatness of the painting overall would have suffered.
这副画整体的卓越性就会有所折损
Lesson number three: Know when you are wrong.
第三条:明白自己何时犯错
Leonardo thought deeply and critically about almost everything,
达芬奇对几乎所有事情都有深刻和评判的思考
which means that he was bound to be wrong at one point or another.
这意味着他在某一点或者其他地方一定会出错
Now in some circles, the practice of sticking to your guns
现在在一些圈子里 坚持己见
is seen as a good thing.
是一件好事情
And people who change their mind from one position to another
而那些改变自己立场的人
are often labeled flip-floppers.
经常被贴上墙头草的标签
But this kind of a mindset
但这种思维方式
can really keep you growing and reaching your highest potential.
可以让你成长并激发你最大的潜力
An important part of what made Leonardo who he was
能造就达芬奇的一个重要因素
was his willingness to adjust his beliefs
是他能改变自己的信念
to fit new information, not the other way around.
来适应新知识 而不是相反地去关注旧知识
And he did this even with beliefs and theories that he held dear.
他甚至会改变自己看重的信念和理论
For instance, he really liked to find the comparisons
比如 他非常喜欢
between the human body and the earth.
把人体和地球做对比
And one theory that he held for a while was
有段时间他秉持的一个理论是
that the earth’s waters might
地球的水循环
circulate similarly to that of the human body’s blood vessels.
可能和人体内的血液循环相似
But as meaningful as this analogy was to him,
这个类比对他来说很有意义
as beautiful as it seemed,
看起来也很出色
once he realized that it did not fit the facts,
他突然意识到这不符合事实
he dropped it and went looking for a new theory that did.
于是舍弃它去寻找一个符合事实的新理论
So follow in Leonardo’s footsteps in this area.
在这一方面要紧跟达芬奇的步伐
Don’t hold yourself to your past beliefs if they do not fit the facts.
如果你的信念不符合事实就舍弃它
Use the facts to find a more accurate theory to live by.
用事实去寻找一个更准确的理论
Lesson number four is to collaborate with others.
第四条:与他人合作
Popular culture often sees genius as a lonely trait.
大众都认为天才有孤独的特征
But genius doesn’t always hide out in solitude
但天才不会总是孤独地躲起来
just waiting for inspiration to strike.
然后等着灵感上门
Inspiration often comes from working with others.
通常和其他人一起工作时才会有灵感
And even when genius comes up with an idea on its own,
甚至当天才自己想出一个点子时
a team is often needed to realize and perfect that vision.
通常需要团队来实现和完善这个点子
For example, Terry Pratchett came together with Neil Gaiman
比如说 特里·普拉切特和尼尔·盖曼
to write Good Omens.
一起创作出了《好兆头》
All the engineers and technicians at NASA
所有NASA的工程师和技术员
put their collective heads together to get us to space.
集思广益把送我们进入太空
And of course where would Lil Jon be
当然 如果没有The East Boyz
without The East Side Boyz?
哪里会有Lil Jon呢?
In da Vinci’s time, paintings were often done collaboratively in studio,
在达·芬奇时代 画作往往是在画室里合作完成
And because of this,
正因如此
determining whether or not a work is an original Leonardo is difficult
要判断一幅作品是不是达芬奇的原创是很难的
because many of his works weren’t done alone.
因为他的很多作品都不是独自完成
Even if the original vision was his,
即使最初的点子是他的
the work itself was often done by a team
作品本身经常是团队完成的
both early in his career in his mentor Verrochio’s studio,
在早期的职业生涯中 他在导师韦罗基奥的画室
and then later on in his own studio.
后期在他自己的画室工作
Now this might seem crazy to think about at first,
一开始这看起来很不可思议
but given the time it’s really not that different
但仔细想想这其实和现在
than multiple people working together today
多人合作一部电影中的动画人物
to create an animated character in a movie or a video game.
或是合作一部电子游戏没什么不同
Most 3D characters are created by multiple artists,
大部分3D人物是由多名艺术家共同创作的
some works on textures, others work on rigging,
有的负责纹理 有的负责装备
and still others study reference material
而其他人为了确保动画的
to make sure the animation itself is realistic.
真实感会去研究参考材料
And even putting painting aside,
甚至除了绘画
many of the other great ideas da Vinci had
达·芬奇的很多奇妙的点子
were inspired by his conversations and his work with others,
是来自于他与其他人的交谈和合作
others whose names have been forgotten
这些人虽然名字已被遗忘
but whose contributions live on.
但他们的贡献会永存
As the Jesuit priest Father Strickland once said,
正如耶稣会牧师——斯特里克兰神父曾说
“A man may do an immense deal of good
“当一个人不在乎是谁得到荣誉时
if he does not care who gets the credit for it.”
他就会做很多的好事”
Today we seem to have this particularly strong fixation
现在 我们似乎非常迷恋于
with building a personal brand both online and offline.
在线上和线下树立自己的个人形象
We wanna make sure that our work has our name on it.
我们想确保作品有自己的名字
But if you can get away from this temptation a bit,
但如果你能远离这种诱惑一点点
you can embrace collaboration
你就能接受合作
and be quick to credit people for their ideas and contributions,
并且很快能称赞别人的点子和贡献
you’re gonna get a lot farther because your work will be better.
你的作品也会更好并且走得更远
Also, somewhat ironically, people will tend to like you more
有点讽刺的是 人们会因为你的称赞
if you’re quick to credit others because, well, you won’t look selfish.
更喜欢你 因为你看起来没那么自私
That brings us to lesson number five,
到第五条建议了
which is to be wary of perfectionism.
要提防完美主义
Looking at Leonardo’s accomplishments in retrospect
我们回顾一下达芬奇的成就
can make him look almost superhuman in his brilliance,
就会觉得他看起来几乎是个超级才子
but while he was still alive,
但当他还在世时
it wasn’t the only thing he was known for.
他不只是因为才华而出名
The same perfectionism that drove him to new heights
同样完美主义使他达到了新的高度
also kept him being very reliable to others.
也让他人对他非常信任
He rarely finished anything including some large projects
他很少能及时完成一些作品
that he had been paid to do and had agreed to finish.
包括已经收过钱并且同意完成的大项目
After procrastinating in what could have been one of his greatest achievements,
共同纪念安吉里之战的壁画一拖再拖
a mural commemorating The Battle of Anghiari,
这幅壁画原本可以成为他伟大杰作之一
eventually getting a new contract with a later deadline,
他最后拿到了一份完成时间更晚的新合同
failing that deadline as well,
到时间了又没完成
and then eventually, just abandoning the entire project altogether,
最后只能放弃整个作品
he never again received a public commission.
达芬奇再也没收到过一份社会工作
And not only did this trait make it difficult for Leonardo
不仅完美主义使达芬奇比其他
to find work compared to his more flexible peers.
会变通的同行更难找到工作
it also didn’t seem to sit well with Leonardo himself.
达芬奇对自己也不满意
As he obsessed with leaving a legacy
当沉浸在留下遗产时
while simultaneously leaving project after project unfinished,
同时也留下了一个又一个未完成的作品
he repeatedly scrawled in his notebooks,
他在反复地在笔记本上潦草地写道
“Tell me if anything was ever done.
“告诉我有没有做完的
Tell me. tell me. Tell me if I ever did a thing…
告诉我 告诉我 告诉我有没有做过一件事……
Tell me if anything was ever made.”
告诉我有没有一件事已经完成了”
Hundreds of years later,
几百年之后
Leonardo may now be more respected for his unwillingness
达芬奇可能会因为他不愿完成
to produce work that was just good enough.
不够完美的作品而受人尊敬
And you may well respect him for that yourself.
而且你也可能会因此尊敬他
But it’s also important to know when to just be done.
但知道什么时候该完成工作也很重要
It is okay to simply finish something to the best of your ability right now and move forward
尽你现在最大努力去完成工作 然后再继续是可以的
and it’s far better than just not finishing it at all.
而且这种方式比一点也没完成要好很多
And this is especially true
这很现实
because regardless of what you view as perfection right now,
因为不管你现在认为多完美
what you’re gonna be able to produce in the future will be far better.
你以后还会做得比现在更好
Every single time you finish a project,
每当你完成一个作品
you gain new skills, you gain new insight,
你就会学到一些新的技能 得到新的领悟
and you become more capable of creating better and better work.
从而能够创作出越来越好的作品
Now perfectionism is a big problem,
完美主义是个大问题
so let me imperfectly solve it here with just one quick tip.
那我略带瑕疵地快速提一个建议
Give your perfectionism constraints.
给你的完美主义一些限制
Don’t say I’m going to set out to make the best thing ever
不要说我要做到有史以来的最好
as that’s impossible.
因为那不可能
You could always put more time and energy and effort into it.
你会经常在这上面花费更多时间和精力
Instead, say I’m gonna make the best thing that I can reasonably make
相反 你要说在有限的时间和
within this time frame and this set of constraints.
限制条件里我要能做到最好
In the long term, just remember
从长远来看 要记住
that trying new things and making mistakes
尝试新事物和犯错误
is a large part of how we improve ourselves.
是提升自我的一个重要方法
Much like Frieza, you have to lose a few times
就像弗利萨 你必须经历几次失败
in order to reach your final form.
才能达到你最终的目标
And the faster and more often you can embrace imperfection,
在任何领域里 你能接受自己的不完美越多
the faster and closer you’ll get to your highest potential in any area,
就能越快也越接近你的最大潜能
your version of perfect.
和完美的自己
So to quickly summarize:
那么 下面快速总结一下:
1. Present yourself based on what you want to become.
1. 根据你想要成为的样子展现你自己
2. Become a T-shaped person.
2. 做“T型”人
3. Know when you’re wrong
3. 明白自己何时犯错
4. Collaborate with other people.
4. 与他人合作
and 5. Be wary of perfectionism.
5. 提防完美主义
Now in the intro of this video I mentioned
在视频的开头我说过
that all the lessons we just talked about
我们讨论的所有经验教训
were inspired by Walter Isaacson’s biography of Leonardo da Vinci
都来自于沃尔特·艾萨克森所著关于达芬奇的传记
which was simply titled Leonardo da Vinci.
就叫《列奥纳多·达·芬奇》
And if you’d like to experience this book for yourself
如果你想自己读这本传记
and also start learning a bit more about his life,
想了解更多达芬奇的人生
you can actually start listening to it today for free on Audible
今天就可以在Audible上免费收听
by going over to AUDIBLE. COM/THOMAS
登录网址AUDIBLE. COM/THOMAS
or by texting “Thomas” to 500-500 on your phone
或者发送手机短信“Thomas”至500-500
to activate a free 30-day trial of Audible service
来激活Audible的30天免费试听服务
and get a free audiobook download of your choosing.
还可以免费下载你想要的有声书
Audible is the Internet’s best place
Audible是一个在线上能收听
to get your hands on audiobooks.
各种有声书的好平台
Not only do they have all the bestsellers, lots of obscure titles,
不仅有所有的畅销书 晦涩难懂的书
but they also have titles across every kind of genre you’re going to want to listen to.
还有各种你想听类型的有声书
Science fiction, biographies, psychology titles…
科幻小说 传记 心理类……
And when you’re a member, you get one credit
而且加入会员后可以享有一项服务
that is good for any audiobook in their library every single month
每月可以收听平台上任意有声书
plus two Audible originals that you can not get anywhere else
及两本Audible的独家原创书籍
and access to over 100 different exercise
并有权使用超过100种不同的运动
and meditation programs.
和冥想程序
Additionally, they have a really well-designed app
另外 他们的app设计得很好
with a lot of great features including a sleep timer
有一些非常好的功能 包括睡眠计时器
and the ability to make notes
和任意听的一本
at specific timestamps in any audiobook you’re listening to.
有声书都能在具体的时间戳上做笔记
So once again, if you wanna start listening to Leonardo da Vinci
再说一遍 如果你想开始听《列奥纳多·达·芬奇》
or any other audiobook of your choosing,
或者你想听得的其它有声书
head over to AUDIBLE. COM/THOMAS
赶紧登录网址AUDIBLE. COM/THOMAS
or text “Thomas” to 500-500 on your phone
或者用发送短信“Thomas”到500-500
to get that free 30-day trial of Audible service
获取Audible上30天免费试听服务
along with a free audiobook download.
及免费下载有声书的服务
Big thanks as always to Audible
十分感谢Audible
for sponsoring this video and supporting my channel,
为我的视频和频道提供赞助和支持
and thanks to you for watching and supporting the channel as well.
也要感谢你们观看并支持我的频道
If you enjoyed this video, maybe hit that like button
如果你喜欢本视频 请在下方点赞
and also get subscribed right there
并记得点击上方的订阅
so you don’t miss out on new videos when they come out.
这样就不会错过新出的视频
And click right there to get a free copy of my book
点击上方就可以免费获取一本我的书
on how to earn better grades if you haven’t done so already.
是关于如果你还没准备好怎样获取更高分数的
Otherwise, you can watch one more video on this channel right here
另外 你可以继续观看本频道的视频
or listen to our podcast episode
或着在播客上收听这一集
on lessons from Leonardo da Vinci’s life
讲述从列奥纳多•达•芬奇的人生中得到的经验
which is a lot more in-depth than this video right over here.
播客上讲的会比视频更有深度
Thanks as always for watching and I’ll see you in the next video.
感谢一直以来的观看 下个视频我们再见

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视频概述

从达芬奇的一生中获得的五个经验如何使我们变得更强大呢?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

裘墨

审核员

审核员MS

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0UqD4UxBTE

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