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Titanic, the story you don’t know
The Titanic’s story is one that will live on for ages,
having inspired movies, documentaries and exhibitions.
You might think you know
everything there is to know about the great “unsinkable” ship
that was sent to a watery grave by an iceberg.
But did you know it had two sisters ships?
Or the events leading up to
and the day of its maiden voyage
actually sealed the ship’s fate?
If you are ready to learn
some amazing new facts about Titanic,
its passengers, and of course its tragic again,
Then keep on watching.
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R.M.S Titanic was built by
a British shipping company called White Star Line.
They focused on building comfortable and reliable ships.
However, they found themselves in heavy competition
with a North America base company called Cunard
which had built the most sophisticated and luxurious ships at the time,
the Mauretania and the Lusitania.
The Mauretania set a speed record that had held for 22 years.
And the Lusitania was renowned for its luxurious interiors.
White Star Line had their workout for them if they wanted to beat their rival.
So in order to crush the competition,
the chief executive of White Star Line,
Joseph Bruce Ismay
commissioned the creation of three enormous ships,
奥林匹克号 泰坦尼克号 巨人号
the Olympic, the Titanic, and the Gigantic.
Masses of workers started building the Titanic
at a Belfast, Ireland shipyard in March, 1909
and managed to completed it 3 years later.
R.M.S Titanic at 882 feet long
and as tall as a 17-story building,
was the largest moveable human-made object of the time.
People marveled at its creation.
And 100,000 people attended the unveiling.
The ship was the height of luxury.
Its interior was inspired
by the Ritz Hotel in London,
had it all the amenities:
a gym, a pool,
a Turkish bath,
a barber shop,
and its own newspaper.
It’s modest by today’s crew ship standards.
But keep in mind,
that is really impressive for the early 1900s.
The wealthiest passenger was John Jacob Astor IV,
who had a net worth of around 2 billion dollars by today’s standards.
And his wife came along for the ride.
There was also industrialist Benjamin Guggenheim,
the Irish Margreat “Molly” Brown,
and Macy’s department store co-owner, Isidor Straus
and his wife Ida.
They probably paid a pretty penny for their trip,
giving that the most expensive tickets
would be about 97,000 dollars today.
Most of the passengers were Third Class, though.
There were around 700 of them.
And they paid just 20 dollars to make the transatlantic crossing.
The ship was big, beautiful and innovative for its time.
However, there were some logistical mishaps that could have been prevented.
The Titanic only carried twenty lifeboats
which shot together could hold 1170 people.
Bad, man! there were seats available for only a third of the people on board.
To us today,
having enough lifeboats for everyone is a no-brainer.
But the Titanic
actually carried 4 more boats than was required by the law back then!
Perhaps if there had been enough spots for everyone,
over 1500 people wouldn’t have lost their lives.
And all those people would’ve been spared
if the ship itself hadn’t set sail in the first place.
And that actually was very close to becoming the case.
You see, on the day of departure,
the Titanic came within two feet of
crashing into a nearby ship in the dock.
And that was right in front of the eyes of
thousands of excited onlookers
who went to see the Titanic embark on its maiden voyage.
Head for New York, from Southampton,
on April 10, 1912,
with 2240 passengers and crew on board.
Had captain, Edward J. Smith
not missed the nearby ship,
the whole trip would be canceled.
But in reality,
the Titanic shouldn’t have been on the water in the first place.
Experts have now discovered
that the ship’s hull had been weakened by
a huge fire that broke out during the construction process
three weeks before the day of departure.
And White Star Line was fully aware of the damage that had been done.
But they decided to sweep it under the rug.
As fate would have it,
the iceberg hit this exact weakened spot,
tearing a huge hole in the ship,
allowing the water to flood in
and sending her to the depth of the ocean.
The Titanic made two successful stops in France and Ireland
before sailing off to New York.
On April 14,
the crew received reports of ice sightings from other ships.
But the Titanic’s path was clear
and the scene was come.
At 11:30 PM,
a lookout spotted a 100-foot-tall
iceburg straight ahead
and immediately warned the captain.
Because the ship was moving at top speed,
the crew only had 37 seconds
to try to avoid a collision.
The Titanic’s engines were reversed
and the ship was turned so that it wouldn’t hit
the iceburg straight on.
It instead grazed the ice
which punctured a 300-foot gash
in the side of the ship’s hull.
After the impact,
the captain sent out distress signals
which were picked up by the Carpathia,
one of Cunard ships.
The Carpathia immediately sailed at full speed to the rescue
while trying to avoid iceburgs itself.
The Olympic was on its way to New York
when it got the Titanic’s distress signal.
It turned around at once
and also sped off to assist its sinking sister.
Unfortunately, it had to travel
more than 500 miles to reach her.
Having calculated that the ship would only
stay afloat for an hour and half.
The captain and chief engineer rushed to order an evacuation.
And it took them almost an hour
to lower the first lifeboat
which had only 28 people on board,
versus the 65 it had space for.
In the end,
the Titanic actually stayed afloat for almost 3 hours.
During that time,
family were separated
as women and children was loaded onto the lifeboats first,
as the law of the sea dictated.
According to eyewitnesses,
when the Titanic started to sink,
Isidor Straus told his wife to take a lifeboat,
but she wouldn’t leave his side.
Isidor Straus himself refused to board one,
while there were still women and children on the ship.
Ida gave her seat and her coat to a maid
and decided to stay with her husband.
The director of White Star Line, Joseph Ismay,
stepped into a lifeboat as it was being lowered.
An act, he would forever be shameful by society.
Molly Brown did make it into a lifeboat.
But Benjamin Guggenheim went back to his room,
changed into a formal outfit,
and got ready to meet his fate.
The Titanic started sinking from the front,
lifting the back out of the water.
As it continued to sink at this angle,
people were thrown into the freezing, 28 degree water.
Once the bow was submerged,
船尾 或者说 后面的部分
its stern or the back part
couldn’t take the pressure and broke off.
The ship finally sank
at 2:20 AM
on April 15, 1912.
On the lifeboats,
Molly Brown tried to lift the spirits of her fellow passengers
and beg the crewmen to go back to find more survivors.
But they refused.
Because of her courage,
the press would dub her the “unsinkable Molly Brown”.
The ship’s baker, Charles Joughin,
swam in the water for two hours
without almost no effect to his health.
He said he hadn’t felt the cold
because of all the whisky he drank.
The survivors of the Titanic were rescued
by R.M.S Carpathia at 4 AM
and taken to New York where they were greeted by 40,000 people.
The exact number of people
who lost their lives in the catastrophe
has never been agreed upon.
Since the original passenger and crew list
had a lot of misspellings
and didn’t include members of the band.
Most experts put it around 1,503 casualties.
Some people actually had tickets for the trip
but didn’t board.
One of most powerful bankers of this time,
was supposed to be on that ship,
but had to cancel at the last minute.
Milton S. Hershey,
the founder of the chocolate company,
also had to cancel.
Just imagine how history would’ve changed,
had they decided to step foot on the doomed ship.
And they’re not the only members of the just-missed club.
The ship’s wreckage still lies
below the surface of the North Atlantic,
370 miles off the coast of Newfoundland.
It seems the cards just weren’t in it
for the “unsinkable” Titanic.
Do you know any interesting facts about the Titanic or her passengers?
Tell us in the comments below.
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And always remember to stay on the Bright Side of life.