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This is Tuvalu.
You’re probably going to need to zoom
in because Tuvalu is the forth smallest country
in the world by area and second smallest bypopulation.
Only 10,000 people live there which is less than Kirksville, Missouri
—a town whose
main attraction is the Museum of OsteopathicMedicine.
Tuvalu lies about halfway between Sydney, Australia and Honolulu,
Hawaii, so it is isolated.
The main island stretches a mere 2,000 feet
across at it ‘s widest and space is so limited that,
when not used for flights,
the airport ’ s runway is used as a public park and gathering
place in Tuvalu.
Tuvalu also has the lowest total GDP of anycountry worldwide.
Of course it doesn’t help
that it ’ s the second least populous country and the least
populous country, the Vatican,
literally has a bathtub worth two billion dollars, but the
overall gross domestic product of this country is a mere $ 32 million.
Just for some reference,
that’s less than the amount the US government spends on printing
Just to be more clear,
that’s 85 times less than the amount the US government spends on
printing each year because the US government spends $ 2.7 billion
on printing every year.
But that’s not the point.
The point is that Tuvalu is very small,
very isolated, and very poor.
When you’re situated in the middle of the Pacific,
it can be tough to make money.
A lot of other Pacific island countries rely
on income from tourism, but it’s particularly
tough to get to Tuvalu.
Its airport only sees three flights a week from Nadi,
Fiji and this 650 mile trip costs
about $800 round trip.
In metric that’s too damn much. Auckland,
the nearest large city,
is also just as close to Antartica as it is to Tuvalu, so,
they make their money by killing… fish.That is
Not only do 42 % of Tuvaluans work in fishing,
but the country also has an enormous exclusive
economic zone in which they have
exclusive rights to resources so they sell fishing licenses
to foreign ships which provides a significant portion
of the government income, but the
country’s most interesting source of income came to them entirely by chance.
如果你还记得Half as Interesting 的第四集
If you remember Half as Interesting episode four,
back before all my jokes became terrible,
I talked about the International Organization
for Standardization which sets standards on
how to make tea among other things.
One of them is standard 3166
which defines two-letter codes for each and every country so,
比如说 日本以JP代替 罗马尼亚则是RO
for example, Japan got JP, Romania got RO,
and Guatemala got GT, but then the internet
In an internet address, there is generally a third-level domain,
a second-level domain,
and the top-level domain, which is what we’re interested in.
The top-level domain is the last part of a domain name such as.com,
.org .net .gov
Starting in 1985,
the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, which assigns top-level domains
and has a pretty terrible website
for the organization that basically runs the internet,
started creating top-level domains
for specific countries and rather than just choosing codes
for each country,
they took the ISO 3166 list and used the pre-set codes for each country,
and here’s where Tuvalu got really lucky.
Their code was “tv” and so their top-leveldomain was “.tv.”
As it turned out the internet
did not fail like journalist Clifford Stoll predicted when
he wrote in 1995, “you can’t tote a laptop to the beach.”
然而Nicholas Negroponte 麻省理工媒体实验室的主任
Yet Nicholas Negroponte, director of the MIT Media Lab,
predicts that we’ll soon buy books
and newspapers straight over the Internet. Uh,
A few people even starting watching video
on the internet and “.tv ” was the perfect
top-level domain for new streaming sites and so Tuvalu starting selling domains.
最初 一家名叫DotTv 的公司购买了
Originally a company called DotTv bought
the licensing rights for the.tv domain but in
2002 this company was acquired by Verisign which,
aside from being a nightmare of a name
for dyslexics, is the registrar
不同顶级域名的注册地 包括.com .net
for a bunch of different top-level domains including.com, .net,
It’ s believed
that the country of Tuvalu now receives $ 2-3 million per year from the
registration of different.tv domains.
Up until 2000, Tuvalu was not part
of the United Nations but they joined after this
deal went through because they could finally afford the $ 100,000 joining fee.
The revenues from this domain now amount to almost 10 %
of the country’s GDP and have
been used to pay for crucial development in this tiny island country.
If you want to learn how to join the United Nations,
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