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听诊器的前世今生| 视觉瞬间#7

How the stethoscope was invented | Moments of Vision 7 - Jessica Oreck

灵光一现……
In a Moment of Vision…
在1816年
It’s 1816.
一位名叫雷内·拉埃奈克的35岁医生
A 35-year-old doctor by the name of René Laennec
走在巴黎的街道上
is walking through Paris.
他停下来看见两个孩子
He pauses to watch as two children signal to each other
用一块长木板相互发信号
across a long piece of wooden board.
一个孩子将木板贴在自己耳朵上
One child holds the board to her ear.
另一个孩子在木板另一头刮擦
The other scratches the opposite end
将放大的声音通过木板传送到另一端
sending the amplified sound down the length of wood.
后来 拉埃奈克为被一位年轻女性诊治心脏疾病
Later, Laennec is called to assess a young woman with a heart condition.
鉴于患者是成年女性
The patient is purportedly quite well developed
拉埃奈克不方便
and Laennec expresses some hesitation
直接把耳朵伏于患者胸口听诊
in pressing his ear directly against her chest.
他想起那两个玩木板的孩子
Remembering the children with the board,
于是灵光一现 同时也是出于尊重
Laennec, in a moment of vision and dignity,
他便把一张纸紧紧地卷成筒状
tightly rolls a sheet of paper
然后把纸筒一头靠近自己的耳朵
and places one end to his ear
另一头贴在年轻女患者起伏的胸口上
and one end over the young woman’s heaving bosom.
令他高兴的是 他清楚地听到了声音
He is delighted by the clarity of the sound.
接着拉埃奈克花了三年开发测试
Laennec spends the next three years developing and testing various materials
各种各样的材料和机械
and mechanisms
最后终于设计出带有可拆卸塞子的中空木管
before settling on a hollow wooden tube with detachable plug.
他的这项发明
His device becomes the forerunner
成为了如今的金属 塑料以及橡胶制听诊器的前身
to the metal, plastic, and rubber stethoscope we still use today.

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视频概述

现在医生人手一个的听诊器是谁发明的?它是怎么来的?是什么做的?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

五花肉Keith

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自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bxiOMJAMW8

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